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  1. Isolated retroperitoneal cystic masses are uncommon with an estimated incidence of 1/5750 to 1/250,000. The majority present with size related symptoms, complications, or a mass. Approximately a third of patie...

    Authors: Julie Ahn, Manju D Chandrasegaram, Khaled Alsaleh, Benjamin L Woodham, Adrian Teo, Amithaba Das, Neil D Merrett and Christos Apostolou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:25
  2. Gorham’s disease is a rare osteolytic disorder characterized by progressive resorption of bone and replacement of osseous matrix by a proliferative non-neoplastic vascular or lymphatic tissue. A standardized t...

    Authors: Victoria Ohla, Ahmed B Bayoumi, Markus Hefty, Matthew Anderson and Ekkehard M Kasper
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:24
  3. Situs inversus is a rare and silent autosomal recessive disorder occurring in 1:5,000 to 1:20,000 individuals. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a standard treatment for gallbladder disease in the general populati...

    Authors: Natthawut Phothong, Thawatchai Akaraviputh, Vitoon Chinswangwatanakul and Atthaphorn Trakarnsanga
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:23
  4. Even though there is no consensus, many authors believe that in the cases of large hiatal defects, structurally altered crura and/or absence of peritoneal lining, a crural reinforcement should be performed. Re...

    Authors: Milos Bjelovic, Tamara Babic, Bratislav Spica, Dragan Gunjic, Milan Veselinovic and Violeta Bascarevic
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:22
  5. Endovascular aneurysm repair has revolutionized the therapeutic strategy for abdominal aortic aneurysm. However, hostile proximal aneurysmal neck and tortuosity of access vessels remain challenges in selecting...

    Authors: Qinglong Zeng, Lianjun Huang, Xiaoyong Huang and Mingliang Peng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:20
  6. Acute mesenteric ischemia is a life-threatening vascular emergency resulting in tissue destruction due to ischemia-reperfusion injury. Melatonin, the primary hormone of the pineal gland, is a powerful scavenge...

    Authors: Murat Ozban, Cagatay Aydin, Nural Cevahir, Cigdem Yenisey, Onur Birsen, Gulistan Gumrukcu, Berrin Aydin and Ibrahim Berber
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:18
  7. In Literature fractures of the mandible that involve the condyle ranges from 20% to 35% and various possible surgical options are described according to the varying pathological situations. Up to the present, ...

    Authors: Evaristo Belli, Gianmauro Liberatore, Mici Elidon, Giovanni Dell’Aversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Fabio Maglitto, Luciano Catalfamo and Giacomo De Riu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:16

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2015 15:70

  8. In the Netherlands about 18,000 procedures with implant removal are performed annually following open or closed reduction and fixation of fractures, of which 30-80% concern the foot, ankle and lower leg region...

    Authors: Manouk Backes, Siem A Dingemans, Niels WL Schep, Frank W Bloemers, Bart Van Dijkman, Frank P Garssen, Robert Haverlag, Jochem M Hoogendoorn, Pieter Joosse, Boj Mirck, Victor Postma, Ewan Ritchie, W Herbert Roerdink, Jan Bernard Sintenie, Nicolaj MR Soesman, Nico L Sosef…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:12
  9. Reduction en masse of inguinal hernia is a rare condition following manual reduction of an unrecognized incarcerated inguinal hernia. The preoperative diagnosis and surgical treatment via an inguinal approach ...

    Authors: Naoya Yamada, Atsushi Akai, Akihiko Seo, Yukihiro Nomura and Nobutaka Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:9
  10. Sciatic nerve injury is a disastrous adverse complication of surgery and can cause debilitating pain, functional impairment and poor quality of life. Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have...

    Authors: Ruiyu Liu, Jiawei Liang, Kunzheng Wang, Xiaoqian Dang and Chuanyi Bai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:14
  11. Extension of a single incision for the purpose of specimen extraction in single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) can undermine the merits of SPLS, either by hurting cosmesis or by increasing wound morbidity.

    Authors: Say-June Kim, Byung-Jo Choi and Sang Chul Lee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:10
  12. Laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) for stone can be carried out by either laparoscopic transcystic stone extraction (LTSE) or laparoscopic choledochotomy (LC). It remains unknown as to which app...

    Authors: Wei-jie Zhang, Gui-fang Xu, Qin Huang, Kun-lun Luo, Zhi-tao Dong, Jie-ming Li, Guo-zhong Wu and Wen-xian Guan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:7
  13. Traumatic acute bilateral mass-occupying lesions (TABML) is a common entity in head injury, with high morbidity and mortality. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the benefits of different treatment options ...

    Authors: Yu Hu, Hong Sun, Yanqing Yuan, Qiang Li, Siqing Huang, Shu Jiang, Kaili Liu and Chaohua Yang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:6
  14. Patient with α-Fetoprotein (AFP)-producing gastric cancer usually has a short survival time due to frequent hepatic and lymph node metastases. Gastric cancer with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is rare and ...

    Authors: Shigetomi Nakao, Bunzo Nakata, Masashige Tendo, Kenji Kuroda, Takeshi Hori, Mayumi Inaba, Kosei Hirakawa and Tetsuro Ishikawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:5
  15. The federal and provincial governments in Canada have invested an enormous amount of resources to measure, report and reduce surgical wait times. Yet these measures under-report the wait period that patients’ ...

    Authors: Trafford Crump, Kevin Wing, Nick Bansback and Jason M Sutherland
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:4
  16. National Health Service (NHS) reforms have changed the structure of postgraduate healthcare education and training. With a Government mandate that promotes multi-professional education and training aligned wit...

    Authors: Jonathan RL Wild, J Edward F Fitzgerald and Andrew J Beamish
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:3
  17. The biological and clinical significance of multifocal and multicentric (MF/MC) breast cancers and the choice of appropriate surgical treatment for these tumors are still debated.

    Authors: Alessandro Neri, Daniele Marrelli, Tiziana Megha, Francesca Bettarini, Damiana Tacchini, Lorenzo De Franco and Franco Roviello
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:1
  18. Although studies have suggested that a relationship exists between hospital teaching status and quality improvement activities, it is unknown whether this relationship exists for trauma centres.

    Authors: Vikas P Chaubey, Derek J Roberts, Mauricio B Ferri, Niklas H Bobrovitz and Henry T Stelfox
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:112
  19. Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is most common in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The bi-directional spread is a key feature of LNM in patients with thoracic esophageal SCC (TE-SCC). The purpose of this ...

    Authors: Junqiang Chen, Sangang Wu, Xiongwei Zheng, Jianji Pan, Kunshou Zhu, Yuanmei Chen, Jiancheng Li, Lianming Liao, Yu Lin and Zhongxing Liao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:110
  20. We examined the effect of exogenous factor XIII (FXIII) concentrate in patients with prolonged air leak (PAL) after pulmonary lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer.

    Authors: Hidetoshi Inoue, Noritoshi Nishiyama, Shinjiro Mizuguchi, Koshi Nagano, Nobuhiro Izumi, Hiroaki Komatsu and Shigefumi Suehiro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:109
  21. Primary mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the kidney is an extremely rare malignant tumor. To our best knowledge, only 9 such cases have been reported so far.

    Authors: Vitalie Gherman, Ciprian Tomuleasa, Catalina Bungardean, Nicolae Crisan, Victor-Dan Ona, Bogdan Feciche, Alexandru Irimie and Ioan Coman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:107
  22. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is generally safe and well-accepted. In rare cases, it is associated with complications (intra- e postoperative bleeding, visceral injury and surgical site infection). Splenic...

    Authors: Girolamo Geraci, Antonino Picciurro, Andrea Attard, Giuseppe Modica, Massimo Cajozzo and Carmelo Sciumè
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:106
  23. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), which has been demonstrated to be safely applied on kinds of surgeries, may represent an improvement over conventional multi-port laparoscopic surgery. However, the...

    Authors: Dianbo Yao, Shuodong Wu, Yongnan Li, Yongsheng Chen, Xiaopeng Yu and Jinyan Han
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:105
  24. In terms of gynaecological laparoscopic surgery, major complications affecting great vessels, and especially the retroperitoneal ones, are unusual.

    Authors: Diana García-Alcázar, Beatriz García-Chapinal, Emma Batllori-Badia, Gregorio López-González, Estela Lorenzo-Hernando, Jesús S Jiménez-López, Leticia Muñoz-Hernando and José Luis Muñoz-González
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:104
  25. Skin closure during cesarean section is often performed with subcuticular running sutures by using a nonabsorbable suture material. However, this material has the risk of incomplete removal after wound healing...

    Authors: Ki-Jin Ryu, Ki Hoon Ahn and Soon Cheol Hong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:103
  26. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four major ligaments in the knee that provide stability during physical activity. A tear in the ACL is characterized by joint instability that leads to decreased ...

    Authors: Brian W Wu, Max Berger, Jonathan C Sum, George F Hatch III and E Todd Schroeder
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:102
  27. Laparoscopy for bariatric surgery became the surgery of choice for surgeons worldwide. However, it is also more difficult to learn and has a great potential for complications. The specific training is fundamen...

    Authors: Fabio R Thuler, Wilson R de Freitas Jr, Elias J Ilias, Paulo Kassab and Carlos Alberto Malheiros
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:101
  28. Hydatid disease is endemic in certain areas of the world and it is located mostly in the liver. Intraperitoneal rupture is rare. Rupture may result from trauma or may occur spontaneously from increased pressur...

    Authors: Manel Limeme, Sana Yahyaoui, Houneida Zaghouani, Mosaab Ghannouchi, Abdelmajid Khnissi, Habib Amara, Rached Letaief, Dejla Bakir and Chakib Kraiem
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:99
  29. A steady decline in gastric cancer mortality rate over the last few decades is observed in Western Europe. However it is still not clear if this trend applies to Eastern Europe where high incidence rate of gas...

    Authors: Antanas Mickevicius, Povilas Ignatavicius, Rytis Markelis, Audrius Parseliunas, Dainora Butkute, Mindaugas Kiudelis, Zilvinas Endzinas, Almantas Maleckas and Zilvinas Dambrauskas
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:98
  30. Comorbidity is a predictor of postoperative complications (PCs) in gastrectomy. However, it remains unclear which comorbidities are predictors of PCs in patients who undergo laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (L...

    Authors: Mikito Inokuchi, Keiji Kato, Hirofumi Sugita, Sho Otsuki and Kazuyuki Kojima
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:97
  31. Operating room to intensive care unit handoffs are high-risk events for critically ill patients. Studies in selected patient populations show that standardizing operating room to intensive care unit handoffs i...

    Authors: Meghan B Lane-Fall, Rinad S Beidas, Jose L Pascual, Meredith L Collard, Hannah G Peifer, Tyler J Chavez, Mark E Barry, Jacob T Gutsche, Scott D Halpern, Lee A Fleisher and Frances K Barg
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:96
  32. Benign anorectal conditions are fairly common. Physicians of various specialties usually see patients with these conditions before being referred to colorectal specialists, frequently with an incorrect diagnosis.

    Authors: Constantine P Spanos, Apostolos Tsapas, Manolis Abatzis-Papadopoulos, Eleni Theodorakou and Giorgios N Marakis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:95
  33. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) reflects the balance between pro- and anti-tumor immune activities. We evaluated whether NLR is associated with pathologic tumor response and prognosis in rectal cancer patien...

    Authors: Ik Yong Kim, Sei Hwan You and Young Wan Kim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:94
  34. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is known for its wide variability in biological behaviors and it is difficult to predict its malignant potential. The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics a...

    Authors: Ming Wang, Jia Xu, Yun Zhang, Lin Tu, Wei-Qing Qiu, Chao-Jie Wang, Yan-Ying Shen, Qiang Liu and Hui Cao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:93
  35. Scoring models are widely established in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the importance in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) remains unclear. Our aim was to analyze scoring system...

    Authors: Felix Krenzien, Ivan Matia, Georg Wiltberger, Hans-Michael Hau, Moritz Schmelzle, Sven Jonas, Udo X Kaisers and Peter T Fellmer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:92
  36. The acute inflammatory response following mesh implantation has been often evaluated in vitro and in animal models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute inflammatory response near the prosthesis in ...

    Authors: Rosalia Patti, Anna Maria Caruso, Paolo Aiello, Giuseppe Livio Angelo, Salvatore Buscemi and Gaetano Di Vita
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:91
  37. Although Mirizzi syndrome is widely reported in literature, little is known about acute acalcholous cholecystitis determinig the findings of a Mirizzi syndrome.

    Authors: Marco Milone, Mario Musella, Paola Maietta, Dario Guadioso, Anna Pisapia, Guido Coretti, Giovanni De Palma and Francesco Milone
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:90

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2018 18:69

  38. An emerging field of research describes the role of pre operative health behaviours, known as prehabilitation. The preoperative period may be a more physically and emotionally salient time to introduce and foster...

    Authors: Daniel Santa Mina, Andrew G Matthew, William J Hilton, Darren Au, Rashami Awasthi, Shabbir MH Alibhai, Hance Clarke, Paul Ritvo, John Trachtenberg, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Duminda Wijeysundera, Armen Aprikian, Simon Tanguay and Franco Carli
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:89

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