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Featured article: Beliefs of Trainee Surgeons towards Placebo

This is a survey on the attitudes and beliefs of British Orthopaedic trainee surgeons towards placebo in the context of surgical research as well as clinical practice. Results showed that most trainees believe that the placebo effect is real but its mechanisms of actions and its pervasive nature remain underappreciated.

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Aims and scope

BMC Surgery is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on surgical research, training, and practice.


Assistant Editor

  • Megan Barling, BMC, London

Section Editors

  • Marco Allaix, University of Torino, Italy
  • Mustafa Cikirikcioglu, University Hospital of Geneva
  • Maurits de Brauw, Slotervaart Hospital
  • René Fahrner, University Hospital Jena, Germany​​​​​​​
  • Mark Hammerberg, Denver Health Medical Center​​​​​​​

René Fahrner - Section Editor

Dr. René Fahrner graduated in medicine at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany and completed his doctoral thesis in the field of liver transplantation. His research interests are basic and clinical research in general and visceral surgery with the main focus on liver surgery including liver injury and regeneration as well as immunological aspects.

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