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  1. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare abdominal tumors. Pretreatment biopsies may be used to diagnose a GIST and enable tailored treatment. Some experts are skeptical about biopsies because they fear...

    Authors: Jens Jakob, Rashad Salameh, David Wichmann, Nicos Charalambous, Anne-Christine Zygmunt, Inga Kreisel, Judith Heinz, Michael Ghadimi and Ulrich Ronellenfitsch
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:202
  2. Enhanced Recovery Pathways (ERP) have been shown to reduce racial disparities following surgery. The objective of this study is to determine whether ERP implementation mitigates racial disparities at a Veteran...

    Authors: C. Rentas, S. Baker, L. Goss, J. Richman, S. J. Knight, C. Key and M. Morris
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:201
  3. During the COVID pandemic there has been limited access to elective surgery including oncologic surgery in several countries world-wide. The aim of this study was to investigate if there was any lockdown effec...

    Authors: Carsten Palnæs Hansen, Jan Henrik Storkholm, Martin Hylleholt Sillesen, Paul Suno Krohn, Stefan Kobbelgaard Burgdorf and Jens Georg Hillingsø
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:200
  4. Selective neck dissection (SND) is the surgical treatment of choice in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) with suspected or manifest metastases in the cervical lymph nodes. For SND to be succ...

    Authors: Mattis Bertlich, Nina Zeller, Saskia Freytag, Jennifer L. Spiegel, Bernhard G. Weiss, Martin Canis, Frank Haubner and Friedrich Ihler
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:196
  5. Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of gastrointestinal surgery. Olanexidine gluconate (OLG) is a novel skin antiseptic that is effective against a wide range of bacteria. The purpose of thi...

    Authors: Naoki Kubo, Norihiko Furusawa, Daisuke Takeuchi, Shinichiro Imai, Hitoshi Masuo, Kentaro Umemura and Masaru Terada
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:194
  6. Previous studies have reported the surgical resection (SR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) could achieve comparable recurrence-to-death survival (RTDS). However, the impact of primary tumor burden on RTDS of...

    Authors: Youwei Wu, Wei Peng, Junyi Shen, Xiaoyun Zhang, Chuan Li and Tianfu Wen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:193
  7. Traditionally, patients with peritonitis Hinchey III and IV due to perforated diverticulitis were treated with Hartmann’s procedure. In the past decade, resection and primary anastomosis have gained popularity...

    Authors: Jean Pinson, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Mehdi Ouaissi, Murielle Mathonnet, François Mauvais, Estelle Houivet, Elie Lacroix, Julie Rondeaux, Charles Sabbagh and Valérie Bridoux
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:191
  8. Hypercoagulability is associated with an increased risk of microvascular complications and free flap failures. The authors present their experience and approach to diagnosing and treating patients with heteroz...

    Authors: Florian Falkner, Benjamin Thomas, Martin Aman, Eva-Maria Risse, Gerhard Wittenberg, Emre Gazyakan, Leila Harhaus, Amir K. Bigdeli, Ulrich Kneser and Christian A. Radu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:190
  9. This study aimed to analyze the risk factors for proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) for patients with chronic symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (CSOTLF) and kyphosis who underwent long-segment i...

    Authors: Qing-Da Li, Jun-Song Yang, Bao-Rong He, Tuan-Jiang Liu, Lin Gao, Xin Chai, Xin Tian and Ding-Jun Hao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:189
  10. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the risk factors for intraoperative acute diffuse brain swelling in patients with isolated traumatic acute subdural haematomas (ASDH).

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Chunbo Liu, Tao Ma, Geng Jia and Huaping Qin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:187
  11. High level of anion gap (AG) was associated with organic acidosis. This study aimed to explore the relationship between delta AG (ΔAG = AGmax − AGmin) during first 3 days after intensive care unit (ICU) admission...

    Authors: Kai Xie, Chao Zheng, Gao-Ming Wang, Yi-Fei Diao, Chao Luo, Ellen Wang, Li-Wen Hu, Zhi-Jian Ren, Jing Luo, Bin-Hui Ren and Yi Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:186
  12. Urogenital dysfunction is recognized as a serious complication affecting patient quality of life after rectal cancer surgery to treat rectal cancer; however, the studies focus on the urogenital function after ...

    Authors: Bo Tang, Gengmei Gao, Shanping Ye, Dongning Liu, Qunguang Jiang, Junhua Ai, Xiong Lei, Jun Shi and Taiyuan Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:185
  13. Many surgeons have reported results similar to those of anterior debridement and bone grafting in treating spinal tuberculosis in the lumbar region using only a posterior approach. However, there is still no c...

    Authors: Shuang Xu, Shuai Zhang, Gaoju Wang, Jin Yang, Yueming Song and Qing Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:184
  14. Previous studies reported that transnasal ileus tube was a new and useful method for rapid relief of small intestinal obstruction. However, no study reported the impacts of the transnasal ileus tube for Crohn’...

    Authors: Lingyun Zuo, Lei Cao, Chengliang Ding, Hongfei Tu, Cheng Wei, Lili Yuan, Huali Wang and Bin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:183
  15. This study proposes a new surgical alternative for the most common deformity in the ears, the so-called "protruding/prominent ears", which is a condition that affects 5% of the Caucasian population (Goulart et...

    Authors: Marcelo Souza Assis and Leila Souto Miranda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:182
  16. Colorectal cancer (CRC) with para-aortic lymph node metastasis (PALNM) is an intractable clinical situation, and the role of radical lymphadenectomy in the treatment of CRC with PALNM is still controversial. T...

    Authors: Pengyue Zhao, Xingpeng Yang, Yang Yan, Jiaqi Yang, Songyan Li and Xiaohui Du
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:181
  17. Although the risk calculator of the National Clinical Database (RC-NCD) has been widely used to predict the occurrence of mortality and major morbidity in Japan, it has not been demonstrated whether a correlat...

    Authors: Nozomu Motono, Masahito Ishikawa, Shun Iwai, Aika Yamagata, Yoshihito Iijima and Hidetaka Uramoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:180
  18. According to the different numbers and locations of cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) and anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), three-level hybrid surgery (HS) has many constructs. The purpose of the ...

    Authors: Kangkang Huang, Han Wang, Hao Liu, Yang Meng, Chen Ding, Beiyu Wang, Tingkui Wu and Ying Hong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:179
  19. Ankle distraction arthroplasty and supramalleolar osteotomy were both options for post-traumatic varus ankle arthritis (VAA), but their comparative effectiveness was scarcely reported. This study aimed to comp...

    Authors: Zongyu Yang, Liang Cui, Shiwu Tao, Jianyong Zhao, Li Wang, Fengqi Zhang and Xinzhong Shao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:178
  20. To investigate the effect of the ratio of the medial tibial plateau width to the total tibial plateau width on the therapeutic efficacy of high tibial osteotomy (HTO) on the medial side for the treatment of kn...

    Authors: Long Yuan, Shuaishuai Niu, Chuanxing Zhai, Sen Li, Jichao Bian, Xiaowei Zhao, Yuanmin Zhang and Guodong Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:177
  21. The most common complications of myomectomy are intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative adhesion. The key point to overcome this problem is to improve suture quality. However, to date, there is still no co...

    Authors: Xi Zeng, Lin Li, Hui Ye and Mingrong Xi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:175
  22. In gastrectomies, especially subtotal gastrectomies and operations on the gastroesophageal junction, identifying the exact location of the tumor and establishing the appropriate resection line is very importan...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Sagawa, Masaki Saito, Sunao Ito, Shunsuke Hayakawa, Shohei Ueno, Tomotaka Okubo, Tatsuya Tanaka, Ryo Ogawa, Hiroki Takahashi, Yoichi Matsuo, Akira Mitsui, Masahiro Kimura and Shuji Takiguchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:174
  23. To compare the surgical outcomes between the transoral-vestibular robotic thyroidectomy (TOVRT) and bilateral axillo-breast approach robotic thyroidectomy (BABART).

    Authors: Qingqing He, Jian Zhu, Xiaolei Li, Meng Wang, Gang Wang, Peng Zhou, Dan Wang, Changrui Liu, Luming Zheng, Dayong Zhuang, Ziyi Fan, Fang Yu, Yunhan Ma, Xianjiao Cao, Suai Wang, Tao Yue…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:173
  24. Symptomatic pseudarthrosis and cage migration/protrusion are difficult complications of transforaminal or posterior lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF/PLIF). If the patient experiences severe radicular symptoms due...

    Authors: Masato Tanaka, Zhang Wei, Akihiro Kanamaru, Shin Masuda, Yoshihiro Fujiwara, Koji Uotani, Shinya Arataki and Taro Yamauchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:172
  25. Treatment for regional lymph node recurrence after initial treatment for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) differs among institutions. Though some retrospective cohort studies have shown that lymphaden...

    Authors: Takashi Shigeno, Akihiro Hoshino, Shiho Matsunaga, Rumi Shimano, Naoya Ishibashi, Hajime Shinohara, Hiroyuki Shiobara, Chiharu Tomii, Katsumasa Saito, Naoto Fujiwara, Yuya Sato, Kenro Kawada, Masanori Tokunaga and Yusuke Kinugasa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:171
  26. Laparoscopic surgery for cancer located in the transverse colon or splenic flexure is difficult because of vascular variability in this region and adjacent vital organs such as the pancreas, spleen, and duodenum.

    Authors: Toshihiro Nakao, Mitsuo Shimada, Kozo Yoshikawa, Takuya Tokunaga, Masaaki Nishi, Hideya Kashihara, Chie Takasu, Yuma Wada, Toshiaki Yoshimoto, Syoko Yamashita and Yosuke Iwakawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:170
  27. Intussusception recurrence (IR) induced by intestinal lymphoid hyperplasia (ILH) in children is rare, and surgical treatment is the final resort if IR is refractory to medications and non-surgical intervention...

    Authors: Hui Wang, Hongyan Li, Wang Xin, Liandi Xu, Guoqing Zhang and Qingtao Yan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:169
  28. The COVID-19 pandemic caused a global health crisis in 2020. This pandemic also had a negative impact on standard procedures in general surgery. Surgeons were challenged to find the best treatment plans for pa...

    Authors: Mirhasan Rahimli, Cora Wex, Felix Wiesmueller, Frederike Weber, Maximilian Dölling, Alexander Rose, Sara Al-Madhi, Mihailo Andric, Roland Croner and Aristotelis Perrakis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:168
  29. To develop and validate a prediction model to evaluate the perioperative hypoglycemia risk in hospitalized type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients undergoing elective surgery.

    Authors: Huiwu Han, Juan Lai, Cheng Yan, Xing Li, Shuoting Hu, Yan He and Hong Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:167
  30. Gynecologic patients undergoing day surgery are discharged in an intermediate stage of recovery. The quality of discharge teaching and discharge readiness are important to patients’ postsurgical outcomes, but ...

    Authors: Huaxuan You, Anjiang Lei, Xin Li, Xu Liao and Jing Chang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:166
  31. In clinical practice, acetabular posterior wall fracture combined with femoral head fracture is rare. However, with the increasing number of engineering and traffic accidents, such fractures, have increased si...

    Authors: Shichao Lian, Zhong Yang, Zongliang Hu and Weidong Mu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:165
  32. Preserving the left colic artery (LCA) during anterior resection for rectal cancer is controversial, and robust evidence of the outcomes of LCA preservation plus apical lymph node dissection is lacking. The pu...

    Authors: Huichao Zheng, Fan Li, Xingjie Xie, Song Zhao, Bin Huang and Weidong Tong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:164
  33. This study aimed to externally evaluate the accuracy of four predictive scores for conversion to open surgery after rectal laparoscopic resection. None of the four scores achieved external validation previously.

    Authors: Hamza Sekkat, Amine Souadka, Lise Courtot, Ali Rafik, Laila Amrani, Amine Benkabbou, Pierre Peyrafort, Urs Giger-Pabst, Elias Karam, Raouf Mohsine, Anass M. Majbar and Mehdi Ouaissi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:162
  34. With the widespread use of the posterior surgery, more and more surgeons chose posterior surgery to treat thoracic and lumbar tuberculosis. But others still believed that the anterior surgery is more conducive...

    Authors: Jincheng Qiu, Yan Peng, Xianjian Qiu, Wenjie Gao, Tongzhou Liang, Yuanxin Zhu, Taiqiu Chen, Wenjun Hu, Bo Gao, Zhihuai Deng, Anjing Liang and Dongsheng Huang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:161
  35. Although some factors that predict the prognosis in pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) have been confirmed, the predictive value of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in the prognosis of pNETs remains conflicting...

    Authors: Zheng Zhang, Fei Wang, Zheng Li, Zeng Ye, Qifeng Zhuo, Wenyan Xu, Wensheng Liu, Mengqi Liu, Guixiong Fan, Yi Qin, Yue Zhang, Xuemin Chen, Xianjun Yu, Xiaowu Xu and Shunrong Ji
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:160
  36. Transvaginal intestinal evisceration is an extremely rare surgical emergency with potentially fatal consequences. Only a few more than 100 cases with this pathology have been described in the literature. Aetio...

    Authors: Elena Arabadzhieva, Dimitar Bulanov, Zhivko Shavalov, Atanas Yonkov and Sasho Bonev
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:157
  37. Relapsed childhood polymicrobial osteomyelitis associated with dermatophytosis has not been reported in the literature.

    Authors: Ping Kong, Youliang Ren, Jin Yang, Wei Fu, Ziming Liu, Zhengdao Li, Wenbin He, Yunying Wang, Zhonghui Zheng, Muliang Ding, Edward M. Schwarz, Zhongliang Deng and Chao Xie
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:156
  38. To investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of a novel vertebral osteotomy technique, transpedicular opening-wedge osteotomy (TOWO) was used to correct rigid thoracolumbar kyphotic deformities in patients...

    Authors: Guang Bin Zheng, Zhenghua Hong, Zhangfu Wang and Binbin Zheng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:155
  39. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage is one of the major complications after endoscopic endonasal surgery. The reconstructive nasoseptal flap is widely used to repair CSF leakage. However, it could not be utilize...

    Authors: Chang Ki Jang, Soo Jeong Park, Eui Hyun Kim, Jin Mo Cho, Ju Hyung Moon, Kyoung Su Sung, Je Beom Hong, Jaejoon Joon Lim, Minkyun Na, Chang-Ki Hong, Tae Hoon Roh and Jiwoong Oh
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:151

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