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  1. The ongoing SARS-COV-2 pandemic has severe implications for people and healthcare systems everywhere. In Germany, worry about the consequences of the pandemic led to the deferral of non-emergency surgeries. Tu...

    Authors: Thomas Dienemann, Frank Brennfleck, Alexander Dejaco, Robert Grützmann, Johannes Binder, Christian Krautz, Christian Stöß, Carsten Jäger, Helmut Friess, Hans Jürgen Schlitt and Stefan M. Brunner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:411

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Liver tumours between the root angle of the middle and right hepatic veins are a special type of liver segment VIII tumour. In this study, we designed a modified median hepatic fissure approach to remove these...

    Authors: Hongcheng Lu, Linquan Wu, Rongfa Yuan, Wenjun Liao, Jun Lei and Jianghua Shao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:410

    Content type: Research

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  3. Intestinal obstruction (IO) is a common cause of acute abdomen globally, it remains challenging as it increases surgical financial expenditure while also causing major morbidity. Clinically it presents with na...

    Authors: Arlene Muzira Nakanwagi, Stephen C. Kijjambu, Peter Ongom and Tonny Stone Luggya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:408

    Content type: Research

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  4. Anastomotic stenosis following esophagojejunostomy reconstruction by the overlap method with absorbable barbed sutures occurs only rarely in patients who have undergone laparoscopic surgery. We report anastomo...

    Authors: Daisuke Fujimoto, Keizo Taniguchi, Fumihiko Miura and Hirotoshi Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:406

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Hemangiopericytoma (HPC), also known as solitary fibrous tumor (SFT), is a type of soft tissue sarcoma with a special aggressive behavior. The HPC/SFT is locally aggressive with possibility of late recurrence ...

    Authors: Liyun Wang, Jianbo Yu, Dongping Shu, Bin Huang, Yumin Wang and Luyuan Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:405

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of closed fractures is a required indication for surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP). Guidelines contain recommendations on how best to prescribe SAP, however, adhe...

    Authors: Sarah Hassan, Vincent Chan, Julie Stevens, Ieva Stupans and Juliette Gentle

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:404

    Content type: Research

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  7. To compare the clinical outcomes between thoracoscopic approach and thoracotomy surgery in patients with Gross type C Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF).

    Authors: Shen Yang, Peize Wang, Zhi Yang, Siqi Li, Junmin Liao, Kaiyun Hua, Yanan Zhang, Yong Zhao, Yichao Gu, Shuangshuang Li, Yongwei Chen and Jinshi Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:403

    Content type: Research

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  8. To analyze the influence of inferior vena cava (IVC) interruption for perioperative and oncological results in patients with renal cell carcinoma and tumor thrombus and summarize the surgical strategies of IVC...

    Authors: Zhuo Liu, Qiming Zhang, Xun Zhao, Guodong Zhu, Shiying Tang, Peng Hong, Liyuan Ge, Shudong Zhang, Guoliang Wang, Xiaojun Tian, Hongxian Zhang, Cheng Liu and Lulin Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:402

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The Milan criteria are the universal standard of liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Numerous expanded criteria have shown outcomes as good as the Milan criteria. In Taiwan, living donor ...

    Authors: Hsin-Rou Liang, Chia-En Hsieh, Kuo-Hua Lin, Chih-Jan Ko, Yu-Ju Hung, Ya-Lan Hsu and Yao-Li Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:401

    Content type: Research

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  10. To investigate the clinicopathological features and clinical efficacy among 101 cases of rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to investigate the significance of imatinib mesylate (IM) neoadjuvant...

    Authors: Hongxin Yang, Chaoyong Shen, Xiaonan Yin, Zhaolun Cai, Qian Wang and Bo Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:400

    Content type: Research

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  11. The purpose of the current study was to compare the postoperative complications, overall survival and disease-free survival in young and old gastric cancer patients after gastrectomy using propensity score mat...

    Authors: Yu-Xi Cheng, Wei Tao, Xiao-Yu Liu, Chao Yuan, Bin Zhang, Wei Zhang and Dong Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research

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  12. Primary plantar hyperhidrosis (PPH) is an idiopathic disease, characterized by excessive sweating of the feet. It leads to significant disturbance in private and professional daily lifestyle, due to excessive ...

    Authors: Kyung Jae Hur, Hyong Woo Moon, Yong Hyun Park, Woong Jin Bae, Hyuk Jin Cho, U-Syn Ha, Ji Youl Lee, Sae Woong Kim and Sung-Hoo Hong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:397

    Content type: Research

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  13. Surgery remains the major treatment for early breast cancer (BC), but surgery itself is also a trauma which might induce alterations in lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in...

    Authors: Tao He, Zhu Wang, Yunhao Wu, Xinyi Zhang, Xu Li, Jiayuan Li, Liang Du, Jie Chen and Qing Lv

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:396

    Content type: Research

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  14. Postoperative complications continue to constitute a major issue for both the healthcare system and the individual patient and are associated with inferior outcomes and higher healthcare costs. The objective o...

    Authors: Emilie Even Dencker, Alexander Bonde, Anders Troelsen, Kartik Mangudi Varadarajan and Martin Sillesen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research

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  15. Proximal gastrectomy is a widely performed procedure that has become more common with an increasing number of proximal gastric cancer cases. Several types of reconstructive procedures after proximal gastrectom...

    Authors: Zenichiro Saze, Koji Kase, Hiroshi Nakano, Naoto Yamauchi, Akinao Kaneta, Yohei Watanabe, Hiroyuki Hanayama, Suguru Hayase, Tomoyuki Momma and Koji Kono

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:392

    Content type: Research

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  16. Since the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in 1985, there has been much advancement in laparoscopic surgery in terms of reduction in number and size of ports. We report a new technique of performing min...

    Authors: Ali Warsi, Andrew Natsuki Wilson, Kin Seng Tong, Jonathan Gan and Ho Lun Chong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:391

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Parastomal hernia and stoma-site hernia are common stoma complications. Parastomal hernia repair is associated with high complication and recurrence rates. Insurance data can provide novel information on the c...

    Authors: Johan Nyman, Mikael Lindmark, Ulf Gunnarsson and Karin Strigård

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:390

    Content type: Research

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  18. Anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap and jejunal flap (JF) were commonly used in tissue reconstruction for pharyngoesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (PESCC) with worsening tissue adhesion and necrosis after ra...

    Authors: Si-Lu Sun, Bing Zhong, Sui-zi Zhou, Jun Liu, Ya-Feng Liu, Shi-Xi Liu and Fei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:389

    Content type: Research

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  19. With the development of minimally invasive surgery technology, patients with bladder cancer are increasingly receiving laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) or robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) treatm...

    Authors: Yuchen Bai, Shuai Wang, Wei Zheng, EnHui Li, Jing Quan, Fei Wei, Qi Zhang, XiaoLong Qi and DaHong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:388

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Currently, the reduction and support of comminuted medial cortex of humeral fracture remains a challenge, Therefore, a novel reduction and fixation technique that employs an anteromedial small locking plate wa...

    Authors: Yuelei Zhang, Lifu Wan, Lecheng Zhang, Chao Yan and Gang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:387

    Content type: Technical advance

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  21. Severe adhesions and fibrosis between the posterior wall of the gallbladder and liver bed often render total cholecystectomy after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) difficult, leading to h...

    Authors: Masafumi Ie, Morihiro Katsura, Yukihiro Kanda, Takashi Kato, Kazuya Sunagawa and Hidemitsu Mototake

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:386

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Understanding trends in limb amputation (LA) can provide insight into the prevention and optimization of health care delivery. We examine the influence of primary (first report) and subsequent (multiple report...

    Authors: Samuel Kwaku Essien, A. Gary Linassi, Colin Farnan, Kassondra Collins and Audrey Zucker-Levin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:385

    Content type: Research

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  23. Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a rare congenital heart disease, characterized by the coronary artery inappropriately originates from the aorta. It is usually classified according to th...

    Authors: Lihua Deng, Tiange Li, Yunfei Ling and Menglin Tang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:384

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Whether neutral alignment brings better clinical outcomes is controversial. Consideration of the preoperative knee condition of patients and some limitations of previous studies, we suggested that other index ...

    Authors: Shibai Zhu, Xiaotian Zhang, Xi Chen, Yiou Wang, Shanni Li, Wenwei Qian, Huiming Peng, Wei Wang, Jin Lin, Jin Jin and Xisheng Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:383

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To the best of our knowledge, splenic rupture caused by hit by a pitch (HBP) has not been previously reported. We present a patient who underwent emergency laparotomy for splenic rupture after being HBP during...

    Authors: Naoya Kobayashi, Hisao Kano, Tsukasa Kuwana, Katsuhiro Nakagawa, Masaru Matsuoka, Shingo Ihara, Nami Sawada, Junko Yamaguchi and Kosaku Kinoshita

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:382

    Content type: Case report

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  26. There are 80 million forcibly displaced persons worldwide, 26.3 million of whom are refugees. Many refugees live in camps and have complex health needs, including a high burden of non-communicable disease. It ...

    Authors: Sarah Rapaport, Hilary Ngude, Amber Lekey, Mohamed Abbas, Peter J. Winch, Kent Stevens and Zachary Obinna Enumah

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:381

    Content type: Research

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  27. This study investigated the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic splenectomy conducted in the contexts of both laparoscopic secondary surgery for isolated recurrence in the spleen and primary laparoscopic cy...

    Authors: Antonio Macciò, Elisabetta Sanna, Fabrizio Lavra, Giacomo Chiappe, Marco Petrillo and Clelia Madeddu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:380

    Content type: Research

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  28. Elucidating how robotic skills are best obtained will enable surgeons to best develop future robotic training programs. We perform a randomized controlled trial to assess the performance of robotic compared to...

    Authors: John J. Kanitra, Nashwa Khogali-Jakary, Sahil B. Gambhir, Alan T. Davis, Michael Hollis, Caroline Moon, Rama Gupta, Pamela S. Haan, Cheryl Anderson, Deborah Collier, David Henry and Srinivas Kavuturu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:379

    Content type: Research

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  29. It was controversial to operate on the primary site of breast cancer (BC) with bone metastasis only. We investigated the impact of surgery on BC patients with bone metastases via a SEER database retrospective ...

    Authors: Pai Peng, Jiang-Yuan Chen, Yun-Tao Han, Xin Chen, Hong-Yuan Li, Chao-Hua Hu and Jin-Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:378

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The bone transport using the unilateral external fixator, one of the Ilizarov techniques, is widely practiced in lower limb reconstructive surgery. Pin tract infection (PTI), one of most common complication, h...

    Authors: Kai Liu, Alimujiang Abulaiti, Yanshi Liu, Feiyu Cai, Peng Ren and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:377

    Content type: Research

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  31. Pilonidal sinus is a common health problem. The current study aimed to compare the impact of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with that of minimally invasive techniques in terms of pain reduction, return ...

    Authors: Can Yahya Boztug, Tulay Karaagac Akyol, Cigdem Benlice, Mehmet Ali Koc, Beyza Doganay Erdogan, Osman Ilhami Ozcebe, Mehmet Ayhan Kuzu and Cihangir Akyol

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:373

    Content type: Research

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  32. Contrary to adult inguinal hernia surgery, large-scale investigations using registries or administrative data are missing in paediatric surgery. We aimed to fill this gap by analysing German administrative hos...

    Authors: Andreas Heydweiller, Ralf Kurz, Arne Schröder and Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:372

    Content type: Research

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  33. Modified radical mastectomy is the procedure of choice in centers with little to no radiotherapy services. Studying the in-hospital outcome and complications associated with the procedure is important in low-i...

    Authors: Giziew Bawoke, Segni Kejela, Abebe Alemayehu and Girmaye Tamirat Bogale

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:371

    Content type: Research

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  34. Surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common healthcare-associated infection, and gastrointestinal surgery is frequently followed by a high incidence of SSI. Epidemiological analysis of the temporal tren...

    Authors: Tomoko Takahashi and Hiroshi Nishiura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:370

    Content type: Research

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  35. Determining the modifiable risk factors for postoperative complications is particularly significant in patients undergoing colorectal surgery since those are associated with worse long-term outcomes.

    Authors: B. Balci, G. Kilinc, B. Calik and C. Aydin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:369

    Content type: Research

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  36. Primary lung acinic cell carcinoma is very rare. Here we report a young female patient who suffered the largest primary lung acinic cell carcinoma with severe mediastinal deviation which has never been reporte...

    Authors: Xueyu Chen, Yajie Zhang, Fangxiu Luo and Hecheng Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:368

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Jejunal feeding is an invaluable method by which to improve the nutritional status of patients undergoing neoadjuvant and surgical treatment of oesophageal malignancies. However, the insertion of a feeding jej...

    Authors: Sotiris Mastoridis, Giada Bracalente, Christine-Bianca Hanganu, Michela Neccia, Antonio Giuliani, Richard Gillies, Robert Marshall, Nicholas Maynard and Bruno Sgromo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a common complication following splenectomy. It affects between 5 and 55% of patients undergoing surgery with no clearly defined pre-operative risk factors. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Guillaume Péré, Hubert Basselerie, Charlotte Maulat, Armando Pitocco, Pierrick Leblanc, Antoine Philis, Charles Henri Julio, Géraud Tuyeras, Etienne Buscail and Nicolas Carrere

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:366

    Content type: Research

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  39. Umbilical hernia repair, despite its perceived simplicity, is associated with recurrence between 2.7 and 27%, in mesh repair and non mesh repair respectively. Many factors are recognized contributors to recurr...

    Authors: Jennifer Mannion, Mohamed Khalid Hamed, Ritu Negi, Alison Johnston, Magda Bucholc and Michael Sugrue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:365

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Robot-assisted surgery is being increasingly adopted in treating colorectal cancer, and the transition from laparoscopic surgery to robot-assisted surgery is a trend. The evidence of the benefits of robot-assi...

    Authors: Pedja Cuk, Andreas Kristian Pedersen, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Michael Festersen Nielsen, Per Helligsø, Ismail Gögenur and Mark Bremholm Ellebæk

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:363

    Content type: Study protocol

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  41. Laparoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (LTGN) has been used in treatment of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON) for more than a decade. However, the safety and effectiveness of LTGN for WON with sinistral por...

    Authors: Feng Cao, Ang Li, Xiaohui Wang, Chongchong Gao, Jia Li and Fei Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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