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  1. To explore the relationship between spino cranial angle (SCA) and loss of cervical lordosis (LOCL), and to determine whether SCA has the ability to predict LOCL for patients with cervical myelopathy.

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Jia-Xin Xu, Zhen Liu, Ruo-Yu Li, Zhi-Wei Wang, Heng-Rui Chang, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research

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  2. To investigate the clinical efficacy and therapeutic value of posterior decompression reduction, bone grafting fusion, and internal fixation for treatment of symptomatic old thoracolumbar fractures.

    Authors: Pan Li, Yunfei Huang, Zhuowen Liang, Lu Gan, Bin Wei, Zhengxu Ye, Mo Li and Zhuojing Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research

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  3. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammation of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. Intractable CRS cases are generally treated with endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Although the effect of ESS on CRS s...

    Authors: Salma S. Al Sharhan, Mohammed H. Al Bar, Shahad Y. Assiri, Assayl R. AlOtiabi, Deemah M. Bin-Nooh, Fozia K. AlSugair, Nada F. AlRashidi, Abdulmalik S. AlSaied and Amal A. Alghamdi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To describe the short-term outcomes of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) for uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) in patients with severe prolapse.

    Authors: Zhiying Lu, Yisong Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua and Changdong Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Paucity of RCTs of non-drug technologies lead to widespread dependence on non-randomized studies. Relationship between nonrandomized study design attributes and biased estimates of treatment effects are poorly...

    Authors: Saerom Youn, Shannon Avery Wong, Caitlin Chrystoja, George Tomlinson, Harindra C. Wijeysundera, Chaim M. Bell, Anna R. Gagliardi, Nancy N. Baxter, Julie Takata, Lakhbir Sandhu and David Robert Urbach

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) frequently occurs in elderly women, and more than 100 surgical procedures have been proposed to restore FTRP. The Gant-Miwa-Thiersch (GMT) procedure is the most used treat...

    Authors: Jinxi Wang, Huiyu Li, Xiaoming Ma, Gang Du, Jun Ma, Xiaojing Ren, Fang Zhang, Xiushan Dong, Haoliang Zhao and Chongren Ren

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research

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  7. Surgical closure of anal fistulas with rectal advancement flaps is an established standard method, but it has a high degree of healing failure in some cases. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors ...

    Authors: Claudia Seifarth, Kai S. Lehmann, Christoph Holmer and Ioannis Pozios

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research

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  8. In thyroid surgery, wrong-site surgery (WSS) is considered a rare event and seldom reported in the literature.

    Authors: Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Marco Raffaelli, Rocco Bellantone, Carmela De Crea, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli, Gabriele Materazzi, Antonio Ieni, Ettore Caruso, Daqi Zhang and Henning Dralle

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:281

    Content type: Case report

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  9. This study aimed to explore potential risk factors for 253 lymph node metastasis, and to identify the prognostic impact of 253 lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients.

    Authors: Shidong Hu, Songyan Li, Da Teng, Yang Yan, Haiguan Lin, Boyan Liu, Zihe Gao, Shengyu Zhu, Yufeng Wang and Xiaohui Du

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research

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  10. The drain output volume (DOV) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is an easily assessable indicator in clinical settings. We explored the utility of the DOV as a possible warning sign of complications after PD.

    Authors: Taro Fukui, Hiroshi Noda, Fumiaki Watanabe, Takaharu Kato, Yuhei Endo, Hidetoshi Aizawa, Nao Kakizawa, Masahiro Iseki and Toshiki Rikiyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research

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  11. Until now, several classification staging system and treatment algorithm for hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) has been presented. However, anatomical location is not taken into account in these staging systems. T...

    Authors: Wei Qin, Li Wang, Beiyuan Hu, Huan Tian, Cuicui Xiao, Huanxian Luo and Yang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Compared with conventional open surgery, endoscopic thyroidectomy via the oral vestibular approach (ETVOA) and endoscopic thyroidectomy via the areola approach (ETAA) avoided scarring of the skin, which may he...

    Authors: Shuang Shen, Xiaochi Hu, Rui Qu, Youming Guo, Libo Luo and Xin Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research

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  13. Transumbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for the treatment of processus vaginalis patency in boys has been practising recent years. The applicable instruments and skills are st...

    Authors: Yuanhong Xiao and Zhou Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research

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  14. To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term f...

    Authors: Liem Thanh Nguyen, Anh Tho Nguyen, Quang Thanh Nguyen, Quynh Anh Tran, Hau Duc Bui and Hien Duy Pham

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:274

    Content type: Technical advance

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  15. Ileum obstruction due to internal hernia beneath external iliac artery after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is extremely rare. We reported a case of acute strangulated internal hernia between the left ext...

    Authors: Zhenxing Zhang, Gengyuan Hu, Minfeng Ye, Yu Zhang and Feng Tao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:273

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Closure of the appendix stump presents the most critical part of laparoscopic appendectomy. The aim of the present study was to compare the medical outcomes and cost analysis of laparoscopic appendectomy with ...

    Authors: Peter Ihnát, Milan Tesař, Lubomír Tulinský, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Okaikor Okantey and Štefan Durdík

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:272

    Content type: Research

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  17. Free bone fragments were difficult to be fixed in many comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures, and the absence of cortical alignment in comminuted fractures had direct influence on the stability of fixation. T...

    Authors: Gui Wu, Yao-qing Chen, Chun-yong Chen, Zhang-xiong Lin, Qi-yang Xie, Jun-jian Ye and Yun Xie

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:270

    Content type: Research

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  18. A case report of two patients who underwent auxiliary liver transplantation and two staged hepatectomy was recently published in BMC Surgery. The surgical technique utilised is described as novel but has been ...

    Authors: Pål-Dag Line, Silvio Nadalin and Deniz Balci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:268

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:166

  19. Rectal resection surgery is often followed by a loop ileostomy creation. Despite improvements in surgical technique and development of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, the readmission-rate aft...

    Authors: Johanna Van Butsele, Gabriele Bislenghi, André D’Hoore and Albert M. Wolthuis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Entero-colovesical fistula is a rare complication of various benign and malignant diseases. The diagnosis is prominently based on clinical symptoms; imaging studies are necessary not only to confirm the presen...

    Authors: Stefano Granieri, Francesco Sessa, Alessandro Bonomi, Sissi Paleino, Federica Bruno, Andrea Chierici, Ivano Massimiliano Sciannamea, Alessandro Germini, Riccardo Campi, Michele Talso, Antonio Facciorusso, Gianfranco Deiana, Sergio Serni and Christian Cotsoglou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:265

    Content type: Research

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  21. This study aimed to evaluate the compatibility of robotic single-site (RSS) myomectomy in comparison with the conventional robotic multi-port (RMP) myomectomy to achieve successful surgical outcomes with relia...

    Authors: So Hyun Ahn, Joo Hyun Park, Hye Rim Kim, SiHyun Cho, Myeongjee Lee, Seok Kyo Seo, Young Sik Choi and Byung Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research

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  22. The aims of this pilot study were (1) to assess the efficacy of 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic endoprosthesis in restoring the natural location of acetabulum for normal bodyweight transmission; (2) to evalu...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Li Min, Minxun Lu, Yuqi Zhang, Jingqi Lin, Yi Luo, Yong Zhou and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The effectiveness of prophylactic lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in treating patients with lower rectal cancer remains controversial and has not been clearly established. Therefore, we aimed to retrospec...

    Authors: Hiroka Kondo, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Yasumitsu Hirano, Masayasu Aikawa, Hiroshi Sato, Kojun Okamoto, Shinichi Sakuramoto and Isamu Koyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:261

    Content type: Research

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  24. A new device has been added to the Chinese MicroHand surgical robot family, developed based on the successful application of control algorithms. As a benefit of using these specialized control algorithms, the ...

    Authors: Weizheng Li, Kang Kong, Pengzhou Li, Guohui Wang, Beibei Cui, Liyong Zhu and Shaihong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition with a high rate of new mutation and variable expression. Diffuse neurofibroma of the epidermis invading deeper organs is rare.We report a case...

    Authors: Xian-shuai Li, Shu-qian He and Xian-guo Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:258

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Robot-assisted laparoscopic transverse colon tumor surgery requires precise tumor localization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nano-carbon and titanium clip combination la...

    Authors: Nan Lin, Jiandong Qiu, Junchuan Song, Changwei Yu, Yongchao Fang, Weihang Wu, Weijin Yang and Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Although multiple methods have been proposed to treat auricular keloids, low curative effects and high recurrence rates are currently major clinical problems. Thereinto, surgery combined with radiotherapy and ...

    Authors: Qiang Sun, Er-te Yu, You Zhou, Shuang Tong, Kai-jian Zhou and Shu Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:256

    Content type: Research

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  28. The area which located at the medial pedicle, posterior vertebral body and ventral hemilamina is defined as the hidden zone. Surgical management of hidden zone lumbar disc herniation (HZLDH) is technically cha...

    Authors: Chunxiao Wang, Yao Zhang, Xiaojie Tang, Haifei Cao, Qinyong Song, Jiangwei Tan, Chengzhen Jin and Hongkai Song

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Phytobezoar formation is a complication of bariatric surgery and mostly occurs after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) operations. Here, we present an extremely rare case of late phytobezoar format...

    Authors: Shayan Aryannezhad, Yasaman Sadeghian, Parvin Shapoori, Majid Valizadeh and Maryam Barzin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:254

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Seventy percent of surgical procedures are currently performed in the outpatient setting. Although the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Classification ability to predict risk has been evalu...

    Authors: Colin Foley, Mark C. Kendall, Patricia Apruzzese and Gildasio S. De Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:253

    Content type: Research

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  31. A few reports have shown that unilateral transverse process-pedicle percutaneous kyphoplasty is a good choice for patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). However, this issue remains c...

    Authors: Wu Tao, Qin Hu, Yap San Min Nicolas, Xu Nuo, Huang Daoyu, Jin Zhen, Sun Jinpeng and Liu Jun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:252

    Content type: Research

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  32. Hemorrhoids are common. Hemorrhoidectomy should typically be offered to patients whose symptoms result from external hemorrhoids or combined internal and external hemorrhoids with prolapse (grades III/IV). How...

    Authors: Qiuxiang Yu, Congcong Zhi, Lansi Jia and Hui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:251

    Content type: Research

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  33. Venous thromboembolism remains a common but preventable complication for cancerous lung surgical patients. Current guidelines recommend thromboprophylaxis for lung patients at high risk of thrombosis, while a ...

    Authors: Gu-Ha A-Lai, Ze-Guo Zhuo, Gang Li, Tie-Niu Song, Zhi-Jie Xu, Xu Shen, Peng Yao and Yi-Dan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:250

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is high in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to analyze the incidence and predictive factors of postoperative VTE in patients with u...

    Authors: Norimitsu Shimada, Hiroki Ohge, Hiroki Kitagawa, Kosuke Yoshimura, Norifumi Shigemoto, Shinnosuke Uegami, Yusuke Watadani, Kenichiro Uemura and Shinya Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:247

    Content type: Research

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  35. The future liver remnant (FLR) faces a risk of poor growth in patients with cirrhosis-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after stage-1 radiofrequency-assisted ALPPS (RALPPS). The present study presents a s...

    Authors: Qiang Wang, Shu Chen, Jun Yan, Torkel Brismar, Ernesto Sparrelid, Chengming Qu, Yujun Ji, Shihan Chen and Kuansheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research

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  36. It is challenging to proceed thoracoscopic anatomic resection when encountering severe pleural adhesion or calcified peribronchial lymphadenopathy. Compared with multiple-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surg...

    Authors: Chen-Yu Wu, Ying-Yuan Chen, Chao-Chun Chang, Yi-Ting Yen, Wu-Wei Lai, Wei-Li Huang and Yau-Lin Tseng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:244

    Content type: Research

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  37. Prevention of incisional hernias with a prophylactic mesh in emergency surgery is controversial. The present study aimed to analyze the long-term results of prophylactic mesh used for preventing incisional her...

    Authors: A. Bravo-Salva, N. Argudo-Aguirre, A. M. González-Castillo, E. Membrilla-Fernandez, J. J. Sancho-Insenser, L. Grande-Posa, M. Pera-Román and J. A. Pereira-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically influenced the delivery of healthcare. In line with the UK Royal Colleges’ advice the management of acute appendicitis (AA) changed with greater consideration for non-operati...

    Authors: Heather C. M. Pringle, Urszula Donigiewicz, Melissa-Rose Bennett, Eleanor Walker, George E. Fowler, Sunil Narang, Susan Ball and Robert M. Bethune

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research article

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