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  1. Complete pathological response occurs in 10–20% of patients with rectal cancer who are treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy prior to pelvic surgery. The possibility that complete pathological respon...

    Authors: Surennaidoo P Naiken, Christian Toso, Laura Rubbia-Brandt, Theodoros Thomopoulos, Arnaud Roth, Gilles Mentha, Philippe Morel and Pascal Gervaz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:4
  2. Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) constitute a major health care problem, not only because of their high incidence but also because of their direct and indirect negative impacts on both patients’ health-r...

    Authors: Chia-Wei Yu, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Lih-Huei Chen, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Po-Liang Lai, Wen-Jer Chen, Wen-Chien Chen and Meng-Ling Lu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:3
  3. Although minimally invasive repair of giant hiatal hernias is a very surgical challenge which requires advanced laparoscopic learning curve, several reports showed that is a safe and effective procedure, with ...

    Authors: Luigi Marano, Michele Schettino, Raffaele Porfidia, Michele Grassia, Marianna Petrillo, Giuseppe Esposito, Bartolomeo Braccio, PierLuigi Gallo, Modestino Pezzella, Angelo Cosenza, Giuseppe Izzo and Natale Di Martino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:1
  4. Modified radical mastectomy remains the standard therapeutic surgical operation for breast cancer in most parts of the world. This retrospective study reviews mastectomy for management of breast cancer in a su...

    Authors: Temidayo O Ogundiran, Omobolaji O Ayandipo, Adeyinka F Ademola and Clement A Adebamowo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:59
  5. Demineralised bone matrix (DBM) has shown to be effective in enhancing posterior fusion of the spine. Several animal studies and clinical investigations in humans showed its successful remodelling. The use of ...

    Authors: Samy Bouaicha, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Georg Osterhoff, Guido A Wanner, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément ML Werner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:58
  6. To confirm the efficacy of preoperative workup, the authors analyse the results of a multicentre study in a surgical series of patients diagnosed with an adrenal incidentaloma.

    Authors: Mario Musella, Giovanni Conzo, Marco Milone, Francesco Corcione, Giulio Belli, Maurizio De Palma, Annunziato Tricarico, Luigi Santini, Antonietta Palazzo, Paolo Bianco, Bernadette Biondi, Rosario Pivonello and Annamaria Colao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:57
  7. Heterotopic pancreas is defined as finding of pancreatic tissue without anatomic and vascular continuity with the normal pancreas. Heterotopic pancreas is a rare condition difficult to diagnose and with contro...

    Authors: Marta Guimarães, Pedro Rodrigues, Gil Gonçalves, Mário Nora and Mariana P Monteiro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:56
  8. Upside-down stomach (UDS) is characterized by herniation of the entire stomach or most gastric portions into the posterior mediastinum. Symptoms may vary heavily as they are related to reflux and mechanically ...

    Authors: Tobias S Schiergens, Michael N Thomas, Thomas P Hüttl and Wolfgang E Thasler
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:55
  9. Odontoid fractures account for approximately 20% of all fractures of the cervical spine. They represent the most common cervical spine injury for patients older than 70 years, the majority being type II fractu...

    Authors: Max J Scheyerer, Stefan M Zimmermann, Hans-Peter Simmen, Guido A Wanner and Clément ML Werner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:54
  10. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment to obtain weight loss in severely obese patients. The feasibility and safety of bariatric robotic surgery is the topic of this review.

    Authors: Roberto Cirocchi, Carlo Boselli, Alberto Santoro, Salvatore Guarino, Piero Covarelli, Claudio Renzi, Chiara Listorti, Stefano Trastulli, Jacopo Desiderio, Andrea Coratti, Giuseppe Noya, Adriano Redler and Amilcare Parisi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:53
  11. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a frequently underestimated cause of lower back (LBP). A simple clinical test of sufficient validity would be desirable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value...

    Authors: Clément M L Werner, Armando Hoch, Lucienne Gautier, Matthias A König, Hans-Peter Simmen and Georg Osterhoff
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:52
  12. Intussusception is a relatively common cause of intestinal obstruction in children but a rare clinical entity in adults, representing fewer than 1% of intestinal obstructions in this patient population. Coloni...

    Authors: Ouadii Mouaqit, Hafid Hasnai, Leila Chbani, Abdelmalek Oussaden, Khalid Maazaz, Afaf Amarti and Khalid Ait Taleb
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:51
  13. Incisional hernia is the most frequently seen long term complication after laparotomy causing much morbidity and even mortality. The overall incidence remains 11-20%, despite studies attempting to optimize clo...

    Authors: Jeroen Nieuwenhuizen, Hasan H Eker, Lucas Timmermans, Wim CJ Hop, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink, Johannes Jeekel and Johan F Lange
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:48
  14. Most offered pancreases are not transplanted. This study investigates the factors that inform and influence the transplant surgeon’s decision to select an offered pancreas.

    Authors: Julika Loss, Karl P Drewitz, Hans J Schlitt and Martin Loss
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:47
  15. Medical errors are inherently of concern in modern health care. Although surgical errors as incorrect surgery (e.g., wrong patient, wrong site, or wrong procedure) are infrequent, they are devastating events t...

    Authors: Arvid Steinar Haugen, Shamini Murugesh, Rune Haaverstad, Geir Egil Eide and Eirik Søfteland
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:46
  16. Perioperative prophylactic antibiotic treatment significantly influences intestinal microflora, resulting in impaired bowel functioning in some patients, sometimes requiring further investigations. This may le...

    Authors: Gianluca Pellino, Guido Sciaudone, Giuseppe Candilio, Antonio Camerlingo, Rosa Marcellinaro, Serena De Fatico, Federica Rocco, Silvestro Canonico, Gabriele Riegler and Francesco Selvaggi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S57

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  17. Transanal microscopic surgery is an important application of minimally invasive surgery of rectum, allowing realization of complex transanal intervention.

    Authors: Stefano Perrotta, Gennaro Quarto, Vincenzo Desiato, Gianluca Benassai, Bruno Amato and Giacomo Benassai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S56

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  18. Dysphagia consists in alteration of the swallowing mechanism, due to different pathological conditions, which can occur at different levels. The exact prevalence of dysphagia is unclear, even if some AA sugges...

    Authors: Alfonso Reginelli, Francesca Iacobellis, Lucia Del Vecchio, Luigi Monaco, Daniela Berritto, Graziella Di Grezia, Eugenio Annibale Genovese, Melchiore Giganti and Salvatore Cappabianca
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S54

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  19. Ultrasound is considered the best diagnostic method for the detection of metastatic cervical lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). According to current guidelines, all patients ...

    Authors: Giuseppina Napolitano, Antonio Romeo, Gianfranco Vallone, Michele Rossi, Luca Cagini, Gabriele Antinolfi, Mario Vitale, Luca Brunese and Eugenio Annibale Genovese
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S52

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  20. Infectious complications are observed in 40-70% of all patients with severe acute pancreatitis. Infections are associated with a significant increase in mortality rates.

    Authors: Bruno Cacopardo, Marilia Rita Pinzone, Salvatore Berretta, Rossella Fisichella, Maria Di Vita, Guido Zanghì, Alessandro Cappellani, Giuseppe Nunnari and Antonio Zanghì
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S50

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  21. Malignant tumours of minor salivary glands are uncommon, representing only 2-4% of all head and neck cancers. In the larynx, minor salivary gland tumours rarely occur and constitute less than 1% of laryngeal n...

    Authors: Domenico Testa, Germano Guerra, Giovanni Conzo, Michele Nunziata, Gioacchino D'Errico, Maria Siano, Gennaro Ilardi, Mario Vitale, Francesco Riccitiello and Gaetano Motta
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S48

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  22. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a rare, lethal disease associated with a median survival of 6 months despite the best multidisciplinary care. Surgical resection is not curative in ATC patients, being often ...

    Authors: Anna Guerra, Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Alfredo Garzi, Mariapia Cinelli, Chiara Carlomagno, Massimo Tonacchera, Pio Zeppa and Mario Vitale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S44

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  23. Fibrosarcoma (FS) accounts for about 3% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It may arise in any area of the body, but it is relative rare in the head and neck district. Fine-needle cytology (FNC) is widely used in th...

    Authors: Immacolata Cozzolino, Alessia Caleo, Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Mariapia Cinelli, Chiara Carlomagno, Alfredo Garzi and Mario Vitale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S42

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  24. Breast Cancer in elderly patients is a significant health problem representing an important source of morbidity and mortality. Although the most common presentation is the presence of a palpable lump there may...

    Authors: Raffaele Serra, Rita Compagna, Raffaele Grande, Paolo Perri, Gianluca Buffone, Vincenzo Gasbarro, Antonello Accurso, Michele Danzi, Giovanni Aprea, Bruno Amato and Stefano de Franciscis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S39

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  25. Bladder exstrophy occurs in approximately 1 in 35,000 live births and is associated with an increased incidence of bladder cancer.

    Authors: Giovanni Di Lauro, Fabrizio Iacono, Antonio Ruffo, Leo Romis, Salvatore Mordente, Umberto Pane, Ester Illiano, Giuseppe Romeo, Domenico Prezioso and Bruno Amato
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S36

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  26. Pulmonary sequestration is an uncommon disease, accounting for only approximately 1.5% of all congenital pulmonary malformations. In most cases, the diagnosis is a result of accidental radiological findings; i...

    Authors: Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Paolo Laperuta, Filomena Napolitano, Chiara Carlomagno, Alfredo Garzi and Mario Vitale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S34

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  27. Choriocarcinoma is a germ cell tumor containing syncytiotrophoblastic cells and secreting human Beta-HCG. Primary choriocarcinoma of the lung is extremely uncommon. The prognosis of this tumor is extremely poo...

    Authors: Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Paolo Laperuta, Filomena Napolitano, Chiara Carlomagno, Alfredo Garzi and Mario Vitale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S33

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  28. The mechanical stapler is routinely used in thoracic surgery practice to attend resection of bronchus and vessels. Herein, we reported a very rare complication as the migration of a titanium surgical clip thro...

    Authors: Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Paolo Laperuta, Filomena Napolitano, Chiara Carlomagno, Michele Danzi, Bruno Amato, Alfredo Garzi and Mario Vitale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S32

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  29. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis is a life-threatening complication of an oropharyngeal infection that requires prompt and aggressive medical and surgical therapy. Herein, we report unusual case of man suf...

    Authors: Vincenzo Di Crescenzo MD, Paolo Laperuta MD, Filomena Napolitano MD, Chiara Carlomagno MD, Michele Danzi, Bruno Amato, Alfredo Garzi MD and Mario Vitale MD
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S31

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  30. Groin hernia is one of the most frequently encountered pathologies occurring in old age and it is often the cause of emergency procedures. In our study we evaluate the impact of emergency procedures in over 75...

    Authors: Rita Compagna, Roberto Rossi, Francesca Fappiano, Tommaso Bianco, Antonello Accurso, Michele Danzi, Salvatore Massa, Giovanni Aprea and Bruno Amato
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S29

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  31. Inguinal hernioplasty is well established as a day-surgery procedure, our purpose is to assess the safeness of this approach in elderly patients.

    Authors: Bruno Amato, Rita Compagna, Francesca Fappiano, Roberto Rossi, Tommaso Bianco, Michele Danzi, Antonello Accurso, Raffaele Serra, Giovanni Aprea and Salvatore Massa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S28

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  32. With the increase in life expectancy, the incidence of head and neck cancer has grown in the elderly population. Free tissue transfer has become the first choice, among all the reconstructive techniques, in th...

    Authors: Francesco Turrà, Simone La Padula, Sergio Razzano, Paola Bonavolontà, Gisella Nele, Sergio Marlino, Luigi Canta, Pasquale Graziano, Giovanni Dell'Aversana Orabona and Fabrizio Schonauer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S27

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  33. Old age is associated with comorbidity and decreased functioning which influences treatment decisions in elderly breast cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for complications...

    Authors: Nicola Rocco, Corrado Rispoli, Gennaro Pagano, Giuseppe Rengo, Rita Compagna, Michele Danzi, Antonello Accurso and Bruno Amato
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S25

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2015 15:2

  34. Aim of this study is to present our standardized laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal hernia repair (TAPP) technique, and to study our experience in the elderly as far as concerns preoperative and postope...

    Authors: Alessia MDG Ferrarese, Stefano Enrico, Mario Solej, Alessandro Falcone, Silvia Catalano, Enrico Gibin, Silvia Marola, Alessandra Surace and Valter Martino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S24

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  35. Laparoscopic approach for wound defects is a procedure that aims to reduce surgical aggressiveness against the abdominal wall by using minimal incisions and dedicated instruments.

    Authors: Alessia G Ferrarese, Valter Martino, Stefano Enrico, Alessandro Falcone, Silvia Catalano, Enrico Gibin, Silvia Marola, Alessandra Surace and Mario Solej
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S23

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  36. Laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical procedures performed in the world. We aimed to compare laparoscopic and open appendectomy in the elderly in our experience.

    Authors: Alessia G Ferrarese, Valter Martino, Stefano Enrico, Alessandro Falcone, Silvia Catalano, Giada Pozzi, Silvia Marola and Mario Solej
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S22

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  37. We aimed to analyze outcomes of early and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the elderly in our General Surgery Division.

    Authors: Alessia G Ferrarese, Mario Solej, Stefano Enrico, Alessandro Falcone, Silvia Catalano, Giada Pozzi, Silvia Marola and Valter Martino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S21

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  38. Gallbladder carcinoma is a rare high malignancy neoplasm. The incidence of intra or post-operative incidental gallbladder carcinoma diagnosis is estimated between 0,2 and 2,8%. Primary aim of our study is to e...

    Authors: Alessia G Ferrarese, Mario Solej, Stefano Enrico, Alessandro Falcone, Silvia Catalano, Giada Pozzi, Silvia Marola and Valter Martino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S20

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  39. Chronic pain after prosthetic inguinal hernioplasty is one of the most important current issues in the current literature debate. Mechanisms related to pain development are only partially known. Influence of a...

    Authors: Marcello Donati, Giovanna Brancato, Angelita Giglio, Antonio Biondi, Francesco Basile and Angelo Donati
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S19

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  40. The interest of the case lies in an unexpected delayed bleeding following an endoscopic procedure in a patient with post-polycythemia myelofibrosis. The case gives the opportunity to discuss the medical manage...

    Authors: Fabrizio Cardin, Maria Luigia Randi, Marco Mosele, Claudio Terranova and Carmelo Militello
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S18

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  41. Overall cancer incidence rates decreased in the most recent time period in both men and women, largely due to improvements in surgical therapeutic approaches (tertiary prevention) and screening programs (secon...

    Authors: Stefania Rametta, Giuseppe Grosso, Fabio Galvano, Antonio Mistretta, Stefano Marventano, Francesca Nolfo, Silvio Buscemi, Santi Gangi, Francesco Basile and Antonio Biondi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S17

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  42. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in males and the second in females with a progressive increase in prevalence in industrialized countries. The loss of health due to the cance...

    Authors: Stefano Marventano, Maria Joao Forjaz, Giuseppe Grosso, Antonio Mistretta, Gabriele Giorgianni, Alessio Platania, Santi Gangi, Francesco Basile and Antonio Biondi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S15

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  43. Hypocalcemia caused by transient or definitive hypoparathyroidism is the most frequent complication after total thyroidectomy (TT). We aimed to compare the impact of age and the clinical usefulness of oral cal...

    Authors: Salvatore Tolone, Ruggiero Roberto, Gianmattia del Genio, Luigi Brusciano, Domenico Parmeggiani, Vincenzo Amoroso, Giuseppina Casalino, Ignazio Verde, Alfonso Bosco, Antonio D'Alessandro, Raffaele Pirozzi, Gianluca Rossetti, Paolo Limongelli and Ludovico Docimo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S11

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  44. Axillary lymphadenectomy or sentinel biopsy is integral part of breast cancer treatment, yet seroma formation occurs in 15-85% of cases. Among methods employed to reduce seroma magnitude and duration, fibrin g...

    Authors: Giovanni Docimo, Paolo Limongelli, Giovanni Conzo, Simona Gili, Alfonso Bosco, Antonia Rizzuto, Vincenzo Amoroso, Salvatore Marsico, Nicola Leone, Antonio Esposito, Chiara Vitiello, Landino Fei, Domenico Parmeggiani and Ludovico Docimo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S8

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  45. The significance of nodal metastases, very common in papillary thyroid cancer, and the role of lymph node dissection in the neoplasm management, are still controversial. The impact of lymph node involvement on...

    Authors: Giovanni Conzo, Giovanni Docimo, Daniela Pasquali, Claudio Mauriello, Claudio Gambardella, Daniela Esposito, Ernesto Tartaglia, Cristina Della Pietra, Salvatore Napolitano, Antonia Rizzuto and Luigi Santini
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S3

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

  46. At the present time, 50 to 60% of the population above 70 years of age suffers from a hearing impairment and from 0.6 to 1.1% has a severe to profound loss, which cannot benefit from an hearing aid. Moreover, ...

    Authors: Benatti Alice, Montino Silvia, Girasoli Laura, Trevisi Patrizia and Bovo Roberto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13(Suppl 2):S1

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 13 Supplement 2

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