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  1. Primary amyloidosis of the breast is an unusual benign disease that mostly occurs in postmenopausal elderly women. Amyloidosis is the deposition of amorphous protein within tissues. Breast biopsy is necessary ...

    Authors: Wakako Tsuji, Eiji Takeuchi, Satoshi Oka, Taro Yamashita and Fumiaki Yotsumoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:62
  2. Leiomyosarcoma of vascular smooth muscle is a very rare entity. A fair number of cases of vascular leiomyosarcomas have been reported, and the vast majority of these tumors arose from the inferior vena cava.

    Authors: Antje E. Gohrbandt, Torsten Hansen, Christian Ell, Stefan S. Heinrich and Hauke Lang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:60
  3. Health professionals often manage medical problems in critical situations under time pressure and on the basis of vague information. In recent years, dual process theory has provided a framework of cognitive p...

    Authors: Matthias Goos, Fabian Schubach, Gabriel Seifert and Martin Boeker
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:57
  4. Patient selection for surgical treatment of subaxial cervical spine fractures (S-CS-fx) may be challenging and is dependent on fracture morphology, the integrity of the discoligamentous complex, neurological s...

    Authors: Hege Linnerud Fredø, Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Mehran Rezai, Pål Rønning, Bjarne Lied and Eirik Helseth
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:56
  5. Psoas abscess is a rare clinical disease of various origins. Most common causes include hematogenous spread of bacteria from a different primary source, spondylodiscitis or perforated intestinal organs. But ra...

    Authors: Matthias Mehdorn, Tim-Ole Petersen, Michael Bartels, Boris Jansen-Winkeln and Woubet Tefera Kassahun
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:55
  6. Obesity is a known risk factor for complications after digestive surgery. Body mass index (BMI) is commonly used as an index of obesity but does not always reflect the degree of obesity. Although some studies ...

    Authors: Masashi Takeuchi, Kenjiro Ishii, Hiroaki Seki, Nobutaka Yasui, Michio Sakata, Akihiko Shimada and Hidetoshi Matsumoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:54
  7. Infected nonunion of the humeral diaphysis is a challenging problem for orthopedic surgeons. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of using a locking compression plate (LCP) as a definitive external fixator...

    Authors: Cong Xiao, Fan Tang, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang, Yi Luo, Hong Duan and Chongqi Tu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:53
  8. The aim of the study was to describe the technique of two-trocar laparoscopic appendectomy and compare the outcome between two- and three-trocar techniques in children.

    Authors: Martin Salö, Emil Järbur, Mette Hambraeus, Bodil Ohlsson, Pernilla Stenström and Einar Arnbjörnsson
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:52
  9. Therapy-refractory persistent hypoparathyroidism after extensive neck surgery is a rare but severe complication. Parathyroid allotransplantation may represent a definitive treatment option.

    Authors: Ayman Agha, Marcus Nils Scherer, Christian Moser, Thomas Karrasch, Christiane Girlich, Fabian Eder, Ernst-Michael Jung, Hans Juergen Schlitt and Andreas Schaeffler
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:51
  10. The value of liver-directed therapy (LDT) in patients with metastasic renal cell carcinoma (MRCC) is still an active field of research, particularly in the era of tyrosinkinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy.

    Authors: Hans Michael Hau, Florian Thalmann, Christoph Lübbert, Mehmet Haluk Morgul, Moritz Schmelzle, Georgi Atanasov, Christian Benzing, Undine Lange, Rudolf Ascherl, Roman Ganzer, Dirk Uhlmann, Hans-Michael Tautenhahn, Georg Wiltberger and Michael Bartels
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:49
  11. Thoracic disc surgeries make up only a small number of all spine surgeries performed, but they can have a considerable number of postoperative complications. Numerous approaches have been developed and studied...

    Authors: Luiz Henrique Dias Sandon, Gun Choi, EunSoo Park and Hyung-Chang Lee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:47
  12. Five to 22 % of the adult Western population has gallstones. Among them, 13 to 22 % become symptomatic during their lifetime. Cholecystectomy is the preferred treatment for symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. Rem...

    Authors: P. R. de Reuver, A. H. van Dijk, S. Z. Wennmacker, M. P. Lamberts, D. Boerma, B. L. den Oudsten, M. G. W. Dijkgraaf, S. C. Donkervoort, J. A. Roukema, G. P. Westert, J. P. H. Drenth, C. J. H. van Laarhoven and M. A. Boermeester
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:46
  13. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the standard treatment for gallbladder diseases. Intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) can reduce biliary complications of LC; however, with the emergence of magnetic resona...

    Authors: Jinfeng Zang, Yin Yuan, Chi Zhang and Junye Gao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:45
  14. The use of Hartmann’s procedure in the old and frail and/or in patients with fecal incontinence is increasing, even though some data have reported high postoperative rates of pelvic abscesses. Abdominoperineal...

    Authors: Kenneth Smedh, Ingvar Sverrisson, Abbas Chabok and Maziar Nikberg
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:43
  15. The significance of pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and portal venous gas (PVG) is controversial. This retrospective study evaluated the risk factors for bowel necrosis in patients with PI and/or PVG.

    Authors: Kazuya Higashizono, Hideaki Yano, Ouki Miyake, Kunihiro Yamasawa and Masanori Hashimoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:42
  16. Lymph node dissection in Rouviere’s sulcus (RS) is essential during left-sided hepatectomy and caudate lobectomy for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. However, the small segmental or subsegmental arteries (SA/SSA) are...

    Authors: Shuichi Aoki, Masamichi Mizuma, Hiroki Hayashi, Kei Nakagawa, Takanori Morikawa, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takeshi Naitoh, Shinichi Egawa and Michiaki Unno
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:40
  17. The McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a rare depletion syndrome caused by a secretory villous adenoma or a carcinoma of the rectosigmoid tract. An aggressive hydroelectrolyte rebalancing is often needed, and cur...

    Authors: Annamaria Agnes, Domenico Novelli, Giovanni Battista Doglietto and Valerio Papa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:39
  18. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized disorder, characterized by massive IgG4+ lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration, storiform fibrosis, causing enlargement, nodules or thickening of the vari...

    Authors: Dimitar Bulanov, Elena Arabadzhieva, Sasho Bonev, Atanas Yonkov, Diana Kyoseva, Tihomir Dikov and Violeta Dimitrova
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:37
  19. Although the infrared indocyanine green (ICG) imaging is an effective method to identify sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) of gastric cancer, its objectivity has not been verified.

    Authors: Naoto Takahashi, Hiroshi Nimura, Tetsuji Fujita, Shigeo Yamashita, Norio Mitsumori and Katsuhiko Yanaga
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:35
  20. Bochdalek hernia (BH) is generally congenital, presenting with respiratory distress. However, this pathology is rarely detected in adults. Some adult cases of BH present with symptoms attributed to the hernia,...

    Authors: Satoru Kikuchi, Masahiko Nishizaki, Shinji Kuroda, Shunsuke Kagawa and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:34
  21. Apart from transepicondylar axis, the native femoral sulcus was also reported to be used as a guide for the femoral component position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it was not shown in patients wi...

    Authors: Gangyong Huang, Jun Xia, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Jianguo Wu, Feiyan Chen, Jie Chen and Jingsheng Shi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:33
  22. Some studies have reported an association between complications and impaired long-term survival after cancer surgery. We aimed to investigate how major complications are associated with overall survival after ...

    Authors: Eirik Kjus Aahlin, Frank Olsen, Bård Uleberg, Bjarne K. Jacobsen and Kristoffer Lassen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:32
  23. Double-door laminoplasty is an effective method in treating patients with cervical spondylosis. Many patients with cervical spondylosis experience a set of atypical symptoms such as vertigo and tinnitus, and w...

    Authors: Yuqing Sun, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Kai Yan, Jie Yu, Shan Zheng and Wei Tian
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:31
  24. In liver resection, bile leakage remains the most common cause of operative morbidity. In order to predict the risk of this complication on the basis of various factors, we developed a clinical score system to...

    Authors: Takahiro Kajiwara, Yutaka Midorikawa, Shintaro Yamazaki, Tokio Higaki, Hisashi Nakayama, Masamichi Moriguchi, Shingo Tsuji and Tadatoshi Takayama
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:30
  25. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Curr...

    Authors: Stefan M. Zimmermann, Lukas W. Schwitter, Max J. Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:29
  26. Authors: Bruno Amato, Rita Compagna, Gianni Antonio Della Corte, Giovanni Martino, Tommaso Bianco, Guido Coretti, Roberto Rossi, Antonio Braucci, Giovanni Aprea, Pio Zeppa, Alessandro Puzziello and Claudio Terranova
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:24

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2012 12:S1

  27. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery may prove difficult in patients who have undergone previous abdominal procedures. No reports in the medical literature have presented an aborted laparoscopic procedure for failed...

    Authors: Daniel M Balkin, Quan-Yang Duh, Gabriel M Kind, David S Chang and Mary H McGrath
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:28

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2016 16:44

  28. Although the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system suggests that patients with stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) should be treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization instead of su...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Zusen Wang and Liqun Wu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:22
  29. Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm with a high mortality rate, often associated with a delayed diagnosis, the early occurrence of metastasis and an overall, poor response to chemotherapy and radiotherap...

    Authors: Łukasz Dobosz, Tomasz Stefaniak, Małgorzata Dobrzycka, Jagoda Wieczorek, Paula Franczak, Dominika Ptaszyńska, Katarzyna Zasada and Peter Kanyion
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:20
  30. Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a major postoperative complication after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PpPD) and sometimes causes reflux esophagitis. In most cases, this morbidity is controllable...

    Authors: Masahide Fukaya, Tetsuya Abe and Masato Nagino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:19
  31. Although there are many therapeutic options to manage patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease, there remains controversy over a gold standard method for treating such patients. Most studies regard...

    Authors: Ali Guner, Arif B. Cekic, Aydin Boz, Serdar Turkyilmaz and Uzer Kucuktulu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:18
  32. To identify factors affecting the harvest of lymph nodes (LNs) and to investigate the association between examining a minimum of 12 LNs and clinical outcomes in stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

    Authors: Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ching-Wen Huang, Yung-Sung Yeh, Cheng-Jen Ma, Chao-Wen Chen, Chien-Yu Lu, Ming-Yii Huang, I-Ping Yang and Jaw-Yuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:17
  33. Surgery for benign disease is associated with a low-risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite a relatively low incidence of postoperative VTE in patients after elective cholecystectomy and abdom...

    Authors: Jan Ulrych, Tomas Kvasnicka, Vladimir Fryba, Martin Komarc, Ivana Malikova, Filip Burget, Radka Brzezkova, Jan Kvasnicka Jr, Zdenek Krska and Jan Kvasnicka
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:16
  34. Ethical concerns for surgical training on patients, limited working hours with fewer cases per trainee and the potential to better select talented persons for arthroscopic surgery raise the interest in simulat...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, Ilhui Wicki, Livia Holenstein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Christian Gerber
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:14
  35. Totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) using intracorporeal anastomosis has gradually developed due to advancements in laparoscopic surgical instruments. However, totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy...

    Authors: Ke Chen, Yang He, Jia-Qin Cai, Yu Pan, Di Wu, Ding-Wei Chen, Jia-Fei Yan, Hendi Maher and Yi-Ping Mou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:13

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