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  1. Robot-assisted (RA) technique has been increasingly applied in clinical practice, providing promising outcomes of inserting accuracy and cranial facet joint protection. However, studies comparing this novel me...

    Authors: Ren-Jie Zhang, Lu-Ping Zhou, Hua-Qing Zhang, Peng Ge, Chong-Yu Jia and Cai-Liang Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:52
  2. Cardiac surgery is associated with a widespread inflammatory response, by an additional release of free radicals. Due to the importance of these patient’s nutritional status, the present study was designed to ...

    Authors: Mona Norouzi, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Majid Maleki, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Saeid Hosseini, Mehdi Yaseri and Hamed Fattahi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:51
  3. Surgery to prevent aspiration has complications related to tracheostomy tube, such as the trachea-brachiocephalic artery fistula. Glottic closure procedure makes tracheostoma at a position higher than the firs...

    Authors: Yuji Kanazawa, Yasuhisa Kurata, Miki Nagai, Kenji Inoue, Fumihito Nozaki, Atsushi Mori, Mariko Ishihara, Mioko Mori, Tomohiro Kumada, Minoru Shibata, Takeo Kato, Masako Nakai and Makoto Kano
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:50
  4. Pure laparoscopic donor right hepatectomy (PLDRH) can provide better operative outcomes for the donor than conventional open donor right hepatectomy (CODRH). However, the complexity of the procedure typically ...

    Authors: Worakitti Lapisatepun, Sunhawit Junrungsee, Anon Chotirosniramit, Kanya Udomsin, Warangkana Lapisatepun, Phuriphong Chanthima, Settapong Boonsri and Suraphong Lorsomradee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:48
  5. Blood loss and incision-related complications caused by the surgical procedure to release gluteal muscle contracture (GMC) put negative effects on the surgical outcomes. Current procedures to prevent blood los...

    Authors: Jun Ma, ZeYu Huang, Qiang Huang, ZongKe Zhou, FuXing Pei and Bin Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:46
  6. The conventional microscopic overlayer myringoplasty is preferred because it allows a both hands technique, not reducing middle ear space, increasing the blood supply in the repaired area, and providing graft ...

    Authors: Kanokkarn Mahawerawat and Pornthep Kasemsiri
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:44
  7. Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) has been accepted worldwide for the treatment of local rectal lesions. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of TEM in the treatment of rectal neuroendocrine tumors...

    Authors: Wei-Kun Shi, Rui Hou, Yun-Hao Li, Xiao-Yuan Qiu, Yu-Xin Liu, Bin Wu, Yi Xiao, Jiao-Lin Zhou and Guo-Le Lin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:43
  8. Continuing antithrombic therapy (ATT) during surgery increases the risk of bleeding. However, it is difficult to discontinue the ATT in emergency surgery. Therefore, safety of emergency laparoscopic cholecyste...

    Authors: Kentaro Oji, Yasunori Otowa, Yuta Yamazaki, Keisuke Arai, Yasuhiko Mii, Keitaro Kakinoki, Tetsu Nakamura and Daisuke Kuroda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:42
  9. Periductal mastitis (PM) is a rare disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the terminal mammary ducts. Complete removal of terminal lactiferous ducts with Hadfield procedure is a previously defined te...

    Authors: Kubilay Dalci, Serdar Gumus, Ahmet Gokhan Saritas, Mehmet Onur Gul, Ahmet Rencuzogullari, Atilgan Tolga Akcam, Abdullah Ulku, Melek Ergin and Gurhan Sakman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:40
  10. Congenital abnormalities are not very common and are even rarer when two or more are combined. Congenital malformation of the superior mesenteric vein may not affect normal development, or it may lead to moder...

    Authors: Peter Dubovan, Miroslav Tomáš, Jana Pavlendová, Jozef Dolník, Ramadan Aziri and Daniel Pinďák
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:39
  11. Early structured mobilization has become a key element of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programs to improve patient outcomes and decrease length of hospital stay. With the intention to assess and improve ear...

    Authors: José L. Boerrigter, Sven J. G. Geelen, Mark I. van Berge Henegouwen, Willem A. Bemelman, Susan van Dieren, Janneke M. de Man-van Ginkel, Marike van der Schaaf, Anne M. Eskes and Marc G. Besselink
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:38
  12. A novel robotic-assisted bipolar radiofrequency (RF) multifunctional vessel seal-and-transection instrument (SynchroSeal, Intuitive Surgical, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA) has been developed. The objective of the curre...

    Authors: Cristina Ibanez Jimenez, Adrit Lath and Forrest Ringold
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:37
  13. Bertolotti’s syndrome (BS) is characterized by the enlargement of transverse processes in caudal lumbar segments, causing chronic and persistent low back pain or sciatica. The present study aimed to describe o...

    Authors: Chun-Jen Chang, You-Pen Chiu, Hui-Ru Ji, Chang-Hung Chu and Cheng-Di Chiu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:36
  14. Malrotation with bowel ischemia is classically thought of as a disease of infants. However, the true prevalence of malrotation in both the pediatric and adult population is unknown due to the unclear number of...

    Authors: Marisa E. Schwab, Sage P. Kramer, Aya Bashi, Taehyun P. Chung and Claudia M. Mueller
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:35
  15. Fungal spondylodiscitis is a rare infectious disease. The secondary lumbar spinal stenosis and postoperative discal pseudocyst were even rarer. The surgical interventions were disputed, yet endoscopic and robo...

    Authors: Chao Wang, Lu Zhang, Hao Zhang, Derong Xu and Xuexiao Ma
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:34
  16. The optimal acute management of patients with blunt straddle injury to the bulbar urethra remains in question. Conventionally, suprapubic diversion with delayed urethroplasty can always be considered, if neces...

    Authors: Jianwei Wang, Zhengqing Bao, Xiao Xu, Zhenhua Liu, Guizhong Li, Guanglin Huang and Libo Man
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:33
  17. Tongue defect reconstruction is one of the key components of tongue cancer surgery. In this study, we used an L-shaped flap design adopted as a simple and efficient method to repair tongue defects after hemigl...

    Authors: Xi Rui, Zixian Huang, Jiyuan Zuo, Yan Wang, Qixiang Liang, Tingting Jin, Jianguang Wang, Shaohai Chang and Zhiquan Huang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:32
  18. To investigate the safety and effectiveness of modified facet joint fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases and compare them with those of posterolateral fusion.

    Authors: Zhimin Li, Zheng Li, Xin Chen, Xiao Han, Kuan Li and Shugang Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:29
  19. There have been no reports of tracheal intubation for airway obstruction after acute thyroid swelling following fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid gland.

    Authors: Junko Kousaka, Tsuneo Imai, Masayuki Saito, Hirona Banno, Yukie Ito, Mirai Ido, Manami Goto, Takahito Ando, Yukako Mouri, Kimihito Fujii and Shogo Nakano
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:28
  20. We report our experiences with Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) among breast cancer (BC) patients in our region.

    Authors: Vahid Zangouri, Hamid Nasrollahi, Ali Taheri, Majid Akrami, Peyman Arasteh, Seyed Hassan Hamedi, Masoumeh Ghoddusi Johari, Nazanin Karimaghaee, Aliye Ranjbar, Mohammad Yasin Karami, Sedigheh Tahmasebi, Ahmad Mosalaei and Abdolrasoul Talei
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:26
  21. Laparoscopic Ladd’s procedure for malrotation in children is still a controversial approach. Although some retrospective studies have compared the outcomes of the two types of procedure with inconsistency outc...

    Authors: Weike Xie, Zhongwen Li, Qi Wang, Lei Wang, Yongkang Pan and Chaoxiang Lu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:25
  22. There is still no consensus on the management of colorectal anastomotic leakage after low anterior resection. The goal was to evaluate the outcomes of patients who underwent transanal endoluminal repair + lapa...

    Authors: Yi-Chang Chen, Yuan-Yao Tsai, Tao-Wei Ke, Abe Fingerhut and William Tzu-Liang Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:24
  23. Portal vein shunt is common in chronic hepatic diseases and after a liver transplant. Ensuring a satisfactory portal flow is essential to support a rapid liver recovery, of paramount importance to meet the rec...

    Authors: Alessandro Tropea, Marco Barbàra, Duilio Pagano, Gianluca Marrone, Ioannis Petridis, Sergio Li Petri, Davide Cintorino and Salvatore Gruttadauria
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:23
  24. Screw migration following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is a very rare complication and it is often related to device failure. Even more exceptional is the extrusion of an intervertebral graft.

    Authors: Raquel Gutiérrez-González, Álvaro Zamarrón, Celia Ortega, Frank Hamre, Teresa Kalantari and Gregorio Rodríguez-Boto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:22
  25. The choice of surgical strategy for patients with rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) remains controversial. This study aims to address whether the surgical procedure [local excision (LE) vs. radical ...

    Authors: Jianchang Wei, Junbin Zhong, Zhuanpeng Chen, Qing Huang, Fang Wei, Qiang Wang and Jie Cao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:21
  26. In the present matched-cohort study, we investigated the efficacy of olanexidine gluconate in comparison with chlorhexidine-alcohol as an antiseptic agent in thoracic esophagectomy.

    Authors: Takeo Fujita, Naoya Okada, Takuji Sato, Kazuma Sato, Hisashi Fujiwara, Takashi Kojima and Hiroyuki Daiko
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:20
  27. High-risk surgical procedures represent a fundamental part of general surgery practice due to its significant rates of morbidity and mortality. Different predictive tools have been created in order to quantify...

    Authors: Sebastian Valenzuela, Laura Niño, Danny Conde, Felipe Girón, Lina Rodríguez, David Venegas, Carlos Rey, Ricardo Nassar, Marco Vanegas and Daniel Jiménez
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:19
  28. Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases. Pulmonary regurgitation is the most common and severe comorbidity after transannular patch (TAP) repair of TOF patients. ...

    Authors: Xiaodong Wei, Tiange Li, Yunfei Ling, Zheng Chai, Zhongze Cao, Kerun Chen and Yongjun Qian
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:18
  29. Performing major hepatectomy for patients with marginal hepatic function is challenging. In some cases, the procedure is contraindicated owing to the threat of postoperative liver failure. In this case report,...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Kato, Yukio Asano, Masahiro Ito, Satoshi Arakawa, Norihiko Kawabe, Masahiro Shimura, Daisuke Koike, Chihiro Hayashi, Takayuki Ochi, Kenshiro Kamio, Toki Kawai, Hironobu Yasuoka, Takahiko Higashiguchi and Akihiko Horiguchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:17
  30. Obesity has been shown to increase the rates of morbidity and occasionally mortality in patients undergoing nonbariatric elective surgery. However, little is known about the impact of obesity on outcomes after...

    Authors: Woubet Tefera Kassahun, Matthias Mehdorn and Jonas Babel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:15
  31. The present study aimed to identify the predictive value of duration of postoperative hyperlactatemia in screening patients at high risk of recurrent fistula after major definitive surgery (DS) for intestinal ...

    Authors: Ming Huang, Weiliang Tian, Shikun Luo, Xi Xu, Zheng Yao, Risheng Zhao and Qian Huang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:14
  32. Microvascular decompression (MVD) is the first choice in patients with classic trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) that could not be sufficiently controlled by pharmacological treatment. However, neurovascular conflict...

    Authors: Juan Li, Min Zhou, Yuhai Wang, Sze Chai Kwok and Jia Yin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:13
  33. Mastery of technical skills is one of the fundamental goals of surgical training for novices. Meanwhile, performing laparoscopic procedures requires exceptional surgical skills compared to open surgery. Howeve...

    Authors: Takashi Mori, Koji Ikeda, Nobuyoshi Takeshita, Koichi Teramura and Masaaki Ito
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:12
  34. The symptomatic (swelling and pain) salivary gland obstructions are caused by sialolithiasis and salivary duct stenosis, negatively affecting quality of life (QOL), with almost all candidates for clinical meas...

    Authors: Giulianno Molina Melo, Murilo Catafesta Neves, Marcello Rosano, Christiana Maria Ribeiro Salles Vanni, Marcio Abrahao and Onivaldo Cervantes
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:11
  35. Implant-based breast reconstruction is easy to be performed but has flaws that an unnatural appearance might be presented when no sufficient coverage existing. While autologous tissue reconstruction also has d...

    Authors: Jian-Xun Ma, Bi Li, You-Chen Xia, Wei-Tao You, Jie Zhang, Yi-Mou Sun, Xu Chang and Yue Lang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:10
  36. Bone fibrous dysplasia is a benign disease of bone tissue dysplasia. Vision impairment is the commonest neurological complication of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia. Most of the vision loss caused by craniofaci...

    Authors: Weijie Liu, Wenhao Jiang, Mingna Xu, Xiaozhou Hu, Mengting Wang, Haochen Jin, Yunhai Tu and Wencan Wu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:9
  37. Spinal tumor surgery usually involved long operation time, large area of soft tissue resection and long wound, and was prone to hypothermia during the operation. Therefore, actively promoting insulation and op...

    Authors: Juan Liu, Chunyan Gao, Hailong Fu, Xiaonan Zhou, Li Zhang, Xiaomei Tang, Yanru Wu, Hui Zhu, Sisi Yang, Yafeng Qu, Yajuan Yang and Haiqin Yang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:8
  38. A relationship between obesity and adverse outcomes in patients with post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction is not well-documented. In this study, we present a single-centre retrospectiv...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis and Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:7
  39. The frequency of gallstones is higher in patients who have undergone gastrectomy than in the general population. While there have been some studies of gallstone formation after open gastrectomy, there are few ...

    Authors: Shohei Fujita, Masaru Kimata, Kenji Matsumoto, Yuichi Sasakura, Toshiaki Terauchi, Junji Furukawa, Yoshiro Ogata, Kenji Kobayashi and Hiroharu Shinozaki
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:5
  40. Primary Ewing sarcoma (ES)/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNETs) are aggressive bone tumors that rarely occur in the axial skeleton, including the cranial bone and mobile spine. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Jun Chen, Shi-Zhou Wu, Jie Tan, Qing-Yi Zhang, Bo-Quan Qin, Yu Wang and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:4
  41. The primary aim of this study was to identify if there is an association between the operative time of the initial debridement for necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) and the mortality corrected for dis...

    Authors: Femke Nawijn, Mark van Heijl, Jort Keizer, Paul J. van Koperen and Falco Hietbrink
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:3
  42. We have improved and named a new reverse rolling-mat type lymph node dissection, which effectively solves the dilemma faced by the traditional lymph node dissection in hand-assisted laparoscopic D2 radical gas...

    Authors: Peng Shu, Long Cheng, Chuan Xie, Jun Zhou, Qianjun Yu, Xin Dai, Siping Chen, Qiang Wang, Yongkuan Cao and Tao Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:2
  43. To investigate the benefit of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the treatment of endometrial peritoneal carcinomatosis compared to CRS alone.

    Authors: Manuel Gomes David, Naoual Bakrin, Julia Salleron, Marie Christine Kaminsky, Jean Marc Bereder, Jean Jacques Tuech, Kuno Lehmann, Sanket Mehta, Olivier Glehen and Frédéric Marchal
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:1
  44. Congenital pericardial defects are rare congenital anomalies, often asymptomatic and incidentally detected during thoracic surgery.

    Authors: Yoshihito Iijima, Masahito Ishikawa, Shun Iwai, Aika Yamagata, Nozomu Motono, Shigeki Yamagishi, Kiyoshi Koizumi and Hidetaka Uramoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:447

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