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  1. Gastrointestinal lymphomas like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are rare complications of ulcerative colitis (UC), and only a few studies have reported intestinal ulcers caused by DLBCL, which got perfor...

    Authors: Takafumi Suzuki, Kazutsugu Iwamoto, Ryoichi Nozaki, Yasumitsu Saiki, Masafumi Tanaka, Mitsuko Fukunaga and Kazutaka Yamada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:50

    Content type: Case report

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  2. To evaluate the use of a human fibrin glue (Tisseel) for minor bleeding control and approximation of ovarian defect during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy (TNOOC) of benign and non-endometrioti...

    Authors: Yu-Ying Su, Yu-Shan Lin, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan, Yi-Ting Huang, Cindy Hsuan Weng, Kai-Yun Wu and Chin-Jung Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Recently, due to increasing reports of stenosis after esophagojejunostomy created using circular staplers and a transorally inserted anvil (OrVil™) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and total g...

    Authors: Eiji Nomura, Hajime Kayano, Takatoshi Seki, Rin Abe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Shuji Uda, Akihito Kazuno, Hideki Izumi, Soichiro Yamamoto, Masaya Mukai and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:47

    Content type: Technical advance

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  4. Inguinal hernia repair has often been used as a showcase to illustrate practice variation in surgery. This study determined the degree of hospital variation in proportion of patients with an inguinal hernia un...

    Authors: Carmen S. S. Latenstein, Floris M. Thunnissen, Mitchell Harker, Stef Groenewoud, Mark W. Noordenbos, Femke Atsma and Philip R. de Reuver

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  5. One of the major issues related to the living donor liver transplantation recipient outcome is still the high rate of biliary complication, especially when multiple biliary ducts are present and multiple anast...

    Authors: Salvatore Gruttadauria, Alessandro Tropea, Duilio Pagano, Sergio Calamia, Calogero Ricotta, Pasquale Bonsignore, Sergio Li Petri, Davide Cintorino and Fabrizio di Francesco

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The prolapse of a ruptured and extruded bladder after vaginal hysterectomy is rare in clinical practice. We report the case of a significant mass that prolapsed from the vagina after a vaginal hysterectomy in ...

    Authors: Piao-Piao Ye, Xiao-Jian Yan, Yasmeen Bano, Hong-Qin Zhao, Feng-Feng Xie, Fang-Yi Zhang, Yu-Feng Wang, Hui Xie and Hai-Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:43

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a common and serious complication following esophagectomy. We aimed to provide an up-to-date review and critical appraisal of the efficacy and safety of all previous interventions a...

    Authors: Emma J. M. Grigor, Suha Kaaki, Dean A. Fergusson, Donna E. Maziak and Andrew J. E. Seely

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has extraordinarily impacted global healthcare. Neuro-oncological surgery units have peculiar features that make them highly relevant in the strategic reaction ...

    Authors: N. U. Farrukh Hameed, Yixin Ma, Zili Zhen, Shuai Wu, Rui Feng, Weiping Li, Guodong Huang, Jinsong Wu and Zhongping Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) using slender epiduroscope and a holmium YAG laser is one of the minimally invasive surgical options for lumbar disc herniation. However, the learning curv...

    Authors: Seong Son, Chan Jong Yoo, Byung Rhae Yoo, Woo Seok Kim and Tae Seok Jeong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Chemotherapy can cause thymic atrophy and reduce T-cell output in cancer patients. However, the thymus in young adult patients has regenerative potential after chemotherapy, manifesting as thymic hyperplasia w...

    Authors: Lei Qiu, Yi Zhao, Yang Yang, He Huang, Zhen Cai and Jingsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:38

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Laparoscopic procedure has inherent merits of smaller incisions, better cosmesis, less postoperative pain, and earlier recovery. In the current study, we presented our method of purely laparoscopic feeding jej...

    Authors: Hsin-I. Tsai, Ta-Chun Chou, Ming-Chin Yu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Meng-Ting Peng, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Po-Jung Su, Chiao-En Wu, Yung-Chia Kuo, Chien-Chih Chiu and Chao-Wei Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Guidelines do not recommend surgery for patients with oligometastatic disease from esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (EGAC), although some studies suggest a more favorable survival. We analyzed the outcome of oli...

    Authors: Mira Runkel, Rasmus Verst, Julia Spiegelberg, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Jens Hoeppner and Torben Glatz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Diabetic foot ulcers complications are the major cause of non-traumatic major limb amputation. We aimed at assessing the clinical profiles of diabetic foot ulcer patients undergoing major limb amputation in th...

    Authors: Ahmed Shabhay, Pius Horumpende, Zarina Shabhay, Andrew Mganga, Jeff Van Baal, David Msuya, Kondo Chilonga and Samwel Chugulu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  14. This study was conducted to assess the long-term outcomes of elderly patients among propensity-score-matched gastric cancer patients after curative gastrectomy and to propose the proper management of elderly g...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Ryo Ishiguro, Wataru Miyauchi, Yuji Shishido, Kozo Miyatani, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Shuichi Takano, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Soichiro Honjo, Hiroaki Saito and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  15. It is uncertain whether increases in PaCO2 during surgery lead to an increase in plasma potassium concentration and, if so, by how much. Hyperkalaemia may result in cardiac arrhythmias, muscle weakness or paralys...

    Authors: Laurence Weinberg, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chrisdan Gan, Damian Ianno, Alexander Ho, Luke Fletcher, Daniel Banyasz, Shervin Tosif, Daryl Jones, Rinaldo Bellomo and Dharshi Karalapillai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  16. A hibernoma, also known as a brown fat tumor, is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, which originates from brown adipose tissue remaining in the fetus after the gestational period. It is often detected in adult m...

    Authors: Chao Huang, Lian Zhang, Xiaohan Hu, Quanzhe Liu, Wenrui Qu and Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:30

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Anastomotic leaks (AL) are among the most serious complications due to the substantial impact on the quality of life and mortality. Inspite of the advance in diagnostic tools such as laboratory tests and radio...

    Authors: Selmy Awad, Ahmed Ibrahim Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf Abbas, Waleed Althobaiti, Shaker Alfaran, Saleh Alghamdi, Saleh Alharthi, Khaled Alsubaie, Soliman Ghedan, Rayan Alharthi, Majed Asiri, Azzah Alzahrani, Nawal Alotaibi, Ashraf Shoma and Mohamed Samir Abou Sheishaa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Managing surgical site infections, with negative culture report in routine diagnosis is a common dilemma in microbiology accounting more than 30% worldwide. The present study attempted to identify the presence...

    Authors: Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Nirupama Chayani, Madhusmita Bal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Sanghamitra Pati, Sashibhusan Das and Manoranjan Ranjit

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Primary facial spasm accompanied by arrhythmia is a rare clinical phenomenon and has not been reported before. We describe this phenomenon and discuss its mechanism and treatment.

    Authors: Yufei Liu, Jihu Yang, Xiejun Zhang, Fanfan Chen, Liwei Zhang and Guodong Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Several training devices have been developed to train anastomotic skills in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). However, assessment of trainees’ improvement remains challenging. The goal of this ...

    Authors: Shota Yasuda, Jef Van den Eynde, Katrien Vandendriessche, Munetaka Masuda, Bart Meyns and Wouter Oosterlinck

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, multisystemic histiocytic disorder, and commonly manifesting as lymphadenopathy in the young male. Abdominal manifestations of RDD are extremely rare.

    Authors: Xuewu Yang, Chuang Fang, Yuanpu Sha, Qi Li, Xing Zhang, Furong Du and Weijun Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:24

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) for diffusely spreading bile duct cancer (DSBDC) usually involves a major hepatectomy and a concomitant pancreatoduodenectomy, and is still challenging surgery because of post...

    Authors: Kapil Nagaraj, Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:23

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) are increasing, as are acute and chronic pain episodes and progressive spinal deformities. However, there are no clear surgical treatment criteria f...

    Authors: Zhengwei Xu, Dingjun Hao, Liang Dong, Liang Yan and Baorong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  24. An annular closure device (ACD) could potentially prevent recurrent herniation by blocking larger annular defects after limited microdiscectomy (LMD). The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of ...

    Authors: Jenny C. Kienzler, Sofia Rey, Oliver Wetzel, Hermien Atassi, Sabrina Bäbler, Felice Burn and Javier Fandino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Impaction of jujube pits in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a special clinical condition in the northern Chinese population. Endoscopic removal is the preferred therapy, but there is no consensus on t...

    Authors: Ji-Tao Song, Xiao-Hua Chang, Shan-Shan Liu, Jing Chen, Ming-Na Liu, Ji-Feng Wen, Ying Hu and Jun Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Transanal dissection of the rectum has been recently introduced for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in UC showing promising results. Thanks to the precise identification of the rectotomy site the risk of l...

    Authors: G. T. Capolupo, F. Carannante, G. Mascianà, S. Lauricella, E. Mazzotta and M. Caricato

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The treatment of hepatic injury can be complex. Medical clinical centers are often the first line hospitals for the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic trauma in China. The aim of the study is to summarize the ...

    Authors: Weidong Hu, Zipeng Xu, Xu Shen, Yanyan Gu, Zhengxing Dai, Jie Chen, Zhenghai Zhu, Ying Zhou, Wanwen Zhao and Chaobo Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A horseshoe kidney is a congenital malformation involving the fusion of the bilateral kidneys and is often accompanied by anomalies of the ureteropelvic and vascular systems. When performing resection of color...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Yoshizawa, Kuniyuki Gomi, Arano Makino, Ryo Hisamune, Sinsuke Sugenoya, Kou Shimada, Kiyotomi Maruyama, Motohiro Mihara and Shoji Kajikawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:15

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Esophageal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare tumor that constitutes less than 1% of all malignant esophageal tumors. Concurrent occurrence of esophageal leiomyosarcoma with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is even r...

    Authors: Hamed Gheibollahi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Negar Taheri, Saeid Tavanafar, Seyede Sona Mousavi, Hamidreza Abbasi and Mohammadreza Sasani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:14

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumour that leads to various symptoms. Haemoptysis is rarely caused by a pheochromocytoma occurring outside the bronchus or thoracic cavity. Here, we report the ca...

    Authors: Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Masanori Odaira, Takahiro Yokose, Kaori Kameyama and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:13

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Partial peri-cystectomy (PPC) is one of the major surgical approaches for hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) and has been practiced in most centers worldwide. Cysto-biliary communication (fistula, leakage, rup...

    Authors: Paizula Shalayiadang, Tiemin Jiang, Yusufu Yimiti, Bo Ran, Abudusalamu Aini, Ruiqing Zhang, Qiang Guo, Ayifuhan Ahan, Abuduaini Abulizi, Hao Wen, Yingmei Shao and Tuerganaili Aji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury is one of the most common nerve injuries in the lower extremities and the motor functional recovery of injured common peroneal nerve (CPN) was often unsatisfactory, the mecha...

    Authors: Zhenhui Liu, Maimaiaili Yushan, Yanshi Liu and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  33. A diagnostic sign on magnetic resonance imaging, suggestive of posterior extrauterine adhesion (PEUA), was identified in patients with placenta previa. However, the clinical features or surgical outcomes of pa...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Nagase, Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Takeya Hara, Aiko Okada, Kazuya Mimura, Kosuke Hiramatsu, Aiko Kakigano, Erika Nakatsuka, Tatsuya Miyake, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Yutaka Ueda, Takuji Tomimatsu and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  34. This study aimed to explore mid-term clinical results of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with modified trochanteric osteotomy in Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

    Authors: Jing-Yao Jin, Taek-Rim Yoon, Kyung-Soon Park, Sheng-Yu Jin, Dong-Min Jung and Qing-Song Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Decreased mean platelet volume (MPV) predicts poor prognosis in some cancers. However, its significance as a prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unclear.

    Authors: Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Ei Uchinaka, Masaki Morimoto, Takehiko Hanaki, Joji Watanabe, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Soichiro Honjo and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  36. With the recent emerge of dynamic prediction model on the use of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and renal failure, and its advantage of providing timely predicted results according to the fluctuation of the...

    Authors: Runwen Liu, Yunqiang Cai, He Cai, Yajia Lan, Lingwei Meng, Yongbin Li and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Incisional surgical site infection (SSI) is a significant source of postoperative morbidity resulting in increased length of stay and cost. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the association between thickn...

    Authors: Bikas Thapa, Edward Sutanto and Raju Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Mesentericoportal vein (MPV) resection in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surgery has become a common procedure. A few studies had described the use of falciform ligament (FL) for MPV reconstruction an...

    Authors: Yi Shao, Jiaojiao Feng, Yuancong Jiang, Zhenhua Hu, Jian Wu, Min Zhang, Yan Shen and Shusen Zheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  39. We aimed to explore the relationship between the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the early clinical outcomes in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) associated with pulmonary arterial hyperten...

    Authors: Xiaoqiang Yin, Mei Xin, Sheng Ding, Feng Gao, Fan Wu, Jian Wang, Jie Chen, Li Jiang, Xiaochen Wu, Xianying Wang, Jingzhen Liu, Jinbao Zhang and Siyi He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:3

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy that is strongly associated with chronic liver disease. Isolated hepatic tuberculosis is an uncommon type of tuberculosis. Concomitant...

    Authors: Hind S. Alsaif, Ali Hassan, Osamah Refai, Khaled Awary, Haitham Kussaibi, Mona H. Ismail and Ibrahim Alghnimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:2

    Content type: Case report

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  41. It has been postulated that the hyperadrenergic state caused by surgical trauma is associated with worse outcomes and that β-blockade may improve overall outcome by downregulation of adrenergic activity. Esoph...

    Authors: Souheil Reda, Rebecka Ahl, Eva Szabo, Erik Stenberg, Maximilian Peter Forssten, Gabriel Sjolin, Yang Cao and Shahin Mohseni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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