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  1. The symptomatic (swelling and pain) salivary gland obstructions are caused by sialolithiasis and salivary duct stenosis, negatively affecting quality of life (QOL), with almost all candidates for clinical meas...

    Authors: Giulianno Molina Melo, Murilo Catafesta Neves, Marcello Rosano, Christiana Maria Ribeiro Salles Vanni, Marcio Abrahao and Onivaldo Cervantes
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:11
  2. Implant-based breast reconstruction is easy to be performed but has flaws that an unnatural appearance might be presented when no sufficient coverage existing. While autologous tissue reconstruction also has d...

    Authors: Jian-Xun Ma, Bi Li, You-Chen Xia, Wei-Tao You, Jie Zhang, Yi-Mou Sun, Xu Chang and Yue Lang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:10
  3. Bone fibrous dysplasia is a benign disease of bone tissue dysplasia. Vision impairment is the commonest neurological complication of craniofacial fibrous dysplasia. Most of the vision loss caused by craniofaci...

    Authors: Weijie Liu, Wenhao Jiang, Mingna Xu, Xiaozhou Hu, Mengting Wang, Haochen Jin, Yunhai Tu and Wencan Wu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:9
  4. A relationship between obesity and adverse outcomes in patients with post-sternotomy wounds undergoing pedicle flap reconstruction is not well-documented. In this study, we present a single-centre retrospectiv...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis and Afshin Rahmanian-Schwarz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:7
  5. Primary Ewing sarcoma (ES)/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNETs) are aggressive bone tumors that rarely occur in the axial skeleton, including the cranial bone and mobile spine. The purpose of t...

    Authors: Jun Chen, Shi-Zhou Wu, Jie Tan, Qing-Yi Zhang, Bo-Quan Qin, Yu Wang and Hui Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:4
  6. The primary aim of this study was to identify if there is an association between the operative time of the initial debridement for necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) and the mortality corrected for dis...

    Authors: Femke Nawijn, Mark van Heijl, Jort Keizer, Paul J. van Koperen and Falco Hietbrink
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:3
  7. To investigate the benefit of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for the treatment of endometrial peritoneal carcinomatosis compared to CRS alone.

    Authors: Manuel Gomes David, Naoual Bakrin, Julia Salleron, Marie Christine Kaminsky, Jean Marc Bereder, Jean Jacques Tuech, Kuno Lehmann, Sanket Mehta, Olivier Glehen and Frédéric Marchal
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:1
  8. Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients with MI who are candidates for early coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) can affect intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study w...

    Authors: Roxana Sadeghi, Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Reza Miri, Naser Kachoueian, Amir Nasser Jadbabaei, Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob, Fatemeh Omidi, Mahboobeh Ghazanfarabadi and Arash Sarveazad
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:449
  9. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to compare the safety and efficiency of nephroscopy and cystoscopy in transurethral cystolithotripsy (TUCL) for bladder stones (BS).

    Authors: Liping Gou, Zhenghao Wang, Ye Zhou and Xiaofeng Zheng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:448
  10. Congenital pericardial defects are rare congenital anomalies, often asymptomatic and incidentally detected during thoracic surgery.

    Authors: Yoshihito Iijima, Masahito Ishikawa, Shun Iwai, Aika Yamagata, Nozomu Motono, Shigeki Yamagishi, Kiyoshi Koizumi and Hidetaka Uramoto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:447
  11. Various abdominal pathologies end up with surgical resection of small intestine. When the small intestine remnant is too short for adequate fluid and micronutrients absorption, short bowel syndrome is diagnose...

    Authors: Mojtaba Shafiekhani, Nazanin Azadeh, Kiarash Ashrafzadeh, Maryam Esmaeili and Hamed Nikoupour
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:446
  12. Patients who undergo gastrectomy for gastric cancer (GC) are likely to have nutritional difficulty after surgery. Readmission due to nutritional difficulty is common in such patients. Thus, in this study, we a...

    Authors: Tomohiro Osaki, Hiroaki Saito, Wataru Miyauchi, Yuji Shishido, Kozo Miyatani, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Shigeru Tatebe and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:445
  13. Kidney transplantation is the most preferred type of renal displacement therapy for end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. More patients developed ESRD. The most important source is the donations from unrela...

    Authors: Utku Ozgen, Murat Ozban, Onur Birsen, Sevda Yilmaz, Belda Dursun, Mevlut Ceri, Mesut Eker and Huseyin Cagatay Aydin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:444
  14. To explore the effect of tumor thrombus growing against the direction of venous return (GADVR) tumor thrombus on the choice of surgical approach, the impact on the complexity of the surgery and the prognosis.

    Authors: Zhuo Liu, Yuxuan Li, Xun Zhao, Liyuan Ge, Guodong Zhu, Peng Hong, Shiying Tang, Shudong Zhang, Xiaojun Tian, Shumin Wang, Cheng Liu, Hongxian Zhang and Lulin Ma
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:443
  15. The American Society of Surgery and American Society for Surgical Infections issued guidelines for surgical site infections (SSIs) in December 2016. These guidelines recommend a purse-string suture (PSS) for s...

    Authors: Koichiro Kojima, Mayu Goto, Yasuo Nagashima, Yoko Saito, Masaya Kawai, Shihori Takebe, Akiko Egawa, Mitsuko Tanba, Kazue Ishikawa, Hiroyoshi Matsuoka, Tadahiko Masaki, Eiji Sunami, Norihiko Ohura, Koji Teruya, Ken Eto, Keijiro Nozawa…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:442
  16. It is still controversial whether the addition of lateral pelvic lymph node (LPN) dissection (LPND) to total mesorectal excision (TME) can provide a survival benefit after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) ...

    Authors: Sicheng Zhou, Yujuan Jiang, Wei Pei, Jianwei Liang and Zhixiang Zhou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:441
  17. In this study, we aimed to investigate risk factors for the relapse of moderate and severe acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) patients after initial percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) and to identify the pred...

    Authors: Bai-Qing Chen, Guo-Dong Chen, Feng Xie, Xue Li, Xue Mao and Bao Jia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:439
  18. This study examined whether drain placement or not is associated with the postoperative outcomes of pediatric patients following trans-umbilical single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (TUSPLA) for complicated a...

    Authors: Yi-Wen Tsai, Shin-Yi Lee, Jyun-Hong Jiang and Jiin-Haur Chuang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:437
  19. Enterocutaneous fistula commonly occurs in the post-operative setting. However, a handful of cases have been reported to occur secondary to strangulation of hernia, mostly femoral due to the narrow femoral rin...

    Authors: Anup Chalise, Ashish Prasad Rajbhandari, Lok Bahadur Kathayat and Rabin Koirala
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:435
  20. The operating room nurses have encountered several challenges during the current COVID-19 Pandemic, which subsequently impact their clinical performance. The present study aimed to investigate the experiences ...

    Authors: Fateme Mohammadi, Banafsheh Tehranineshat, Mostafa Bijani, Khodayar Oshvandi and Zohreh Badiyepeymaiejahromi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:434
  21. There is a lack of data regarding the appropriateness of transperitoneal and retroperitoneal approaches for homolateral laparoscopic adrenalectomy. The aim of this study is to compare lateral transperitoneal a...

    Authors: Zhao Liu, Da-wei Li, Lei Yan, Zhong-Hua Xu and Gang-li Gu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:432
  22. The number of elderly patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer rises. Current information about outcomes in elderly patients undergoing thoracoscopic Ivor Lewis esophagectomy is limited. The objective of this...

    Authors: Friederike Martin, Dino Kröll, Sebastian Knitter, Tobias Hofmann, Jonas Raakow, Christian Denecke, Johann Pratschke and Matthias Biebl
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:431
  23. Acute abdomen is among the most common presentations observed in clinical practice. The present study describes a patient with isolated duodenal ischemia as an extremely rare etiology of acute abdomen.

    Authors: Elahe Meftah, Narjes Mohammadzadeh and Faeze Salahshour
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:429
  24. Two-port VATS (2-P-VATS) and three-port VATS (3-P-VATS) are well-established techniques for surgical therapy of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). However, comparisons of both techniques in terms of posto...

    Authors: Stephen Fung, Hany Ashmawy, Sami Safi, Anja Schauer, Alexander Rehders, Levent Dizdar, Georg Fluegen and Wolfram Trudo Knoefel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:428
  25. This study aims to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and radiological features of appendicular abscesses, compare the different approaches, and assess the safety and utility of laparoscopy in its managem...

    Authors: Atef Mejri, Khaoula Arfaoui, Mohamed Ali Mseddi, Mohamed Ben Slima, Sarra Saad and Marwen Yahyaoui
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:427
  26. When performing a restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), it is common practice to divide the ileocolic artery (ICA) if the patient has a tumor or dysplasia, or in order ...

    Authors: Emmanouil Tzatzarakis, Florian Herrle, Wolfgang Reindl, Nora Altmayer, Dominik Minas, Peter Kienle, Christoph Reissfelder and Flavius Şandra-Petrescu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:426
  27. Advancements in the field of oncological therapies during the last decades have led to a significantly prolonged survival of cancer patients. This has led to an increase in the incidence of spinal metastases. ...

    Authors: Jan-Sven Jarvers, Maximilian Lange, Samuel Schiemann, Jan Pfränger, Christoph-Eckhard Heyde and Georg Osterhoff
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:423
  28. The SARS-CoV2 virus has been identified in abdominal cavity of the COVID-19 patients. Therefore, the potential viral transmission from any surgical created smoke in these patients is of concern especially in l...

    Authors: Voraboot Taweerutchana, Tharathorn Suwatthanarak, Asada Methasate, Thawatchai Akaraviputh, Jirawat Swangsri, Chainarong Phalanusitthepha, Atthaphorn Trakarnsanga, Thammawat Parakonthun, Nicha Srisuworanan, Thikhamporn Tawantanakorn, Rosarin Ratanalekha, Varut Lohsiriwat and Vitoon Chinswangwatanakul
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:422
  29. Appendix’ anatomical variations are a rare occurrence which can mislead diagnosis and delay appropriate treatment.

    Authors: Stalin Isaías Cañizares Quisiguiña, Lucía Vanessa Guamán Maldonado, Iván Marcelo Hidalgo Jaramillo, Tatiana Paola Borja Herrera and Cecilia de los Ángeles Carrión Guzmán
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:421
  30. To evaluate the efficacy and safety of our new surgical procedures for primary intra- and extrahepatic hepatolithiasis. Hepatolithiasis is an intractable disease with frequent recurrences.

    Authors: HongTian Xia, XiangFei Meng, XianLei Xin, Tao Yang, Yang Liu, Bin Liang and Jing Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:420
  31. To evaluate clinical outcomes of the application of induced membrane followed by trifocal bone transport technique in the treatment of massive tibial defect caused by osteomyelitis.

    Authors: Yimurang Hamiti, Maimaiaili Yushan, Cheng Lu and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:419
  32. Two-dimensional shear-wave elastography (2D-SWE) is an ultrasound elastography technique that uses shear waves to quantitatively measure tissue stiffness and it has recently been developed as a safe, real-time...

    Authors: Jun Zhang, Wanfu Zhang, Huihui Zhou, Lin Sang, Lina Liu, Yuanyuan Sun, Xue Gong, Hao Guan and Ming Yu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:418
  33. Simulation is an important adjunct to aid in the acquisition of surgical skills of surgical trainees. The simulators used to adequately enable trainees to learn, practice and be assessed in surgical skills nee...

    Authors: L. Heskin, C. Simms, O. Traynor and R. Galvin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:417
  34. Robotic-assisted pancreatic surgery (RPS) has fundamentally developed over the past few years. For subgroups, e.g. elderly patients, applicability and safety of RPS still needs to be defined. Given prognostica...

    Authors: Karl H. Hillebrandt, Sebastian Knitter, Lea Timmermann, Matthäus Felsenstein, Christian Benzing, Moritz Schmelzle, Johann Pratschke and Thomas Malinka
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:415
  35. Oncoplastic Breast surgeries (OBS) in breast cancer have evolved to preserve the cancerous breast rather than its amputation to improve postoperative cosmetic results. The lack of evidence to support the oncol...

    Authors: Selmy Awad, Ahmed Tarabay, Fahad H. Qahtani, Faisal S. Alsulaimani, Mohamed M. Shaat, Mazin A. Ali, Ahmad H. Khalid, Qasem M. Alharthi, Musab A. ALThomali, Shabab S. Althobaiti, Nadiah G. AlAmri, Abdullah M. Alturkistani, Abdullah A. Alshamrani, Amal A. Ali, Ahmed H. Alsufyani, Fahad M. AlSofyani…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:414
  36. This study evaluated the impact of time to surgery (TTS) on overall survival (OS), disease free survival (DFS) and postoperative complication rate in patients with upfront resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA).

    Authors: M. Brugel, O. Bouché, R. Kianmanesh, L. Teuma, A. Tashkandi, J. M. Regimbeau, P. Pessaux, B. Royer, R. Rhaiem, C. Perrenot, C. Neuzillet, T. Piardi and S. Deguelte
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:413
  37. The ongoing SARS-COV-2 pandemic has severe implications for people and healthcare systems everywhere. In Germany, worry about the consequences of the pandemic led to the deferral of non-emergency surgeries. Tu...

    Authors: Thomas Dienemann, Frank Brennfleck, Alexander Dejaco, Robert Grützmann, Johannes Binder, Christian Krautz, Christian Stöß, Carsten Jäger, Helmut Friess, Hans Jürgen Schlitt and Stefan M. Brunner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:411
  38. Liver tumours between the root angle of the middle and right hepatic veins are a special type of liver segment VIII tumour. In this study, we designed a modified median hepatic fissure approach to remove these...

    Authors: Hongcheng Lu, Linquan Wu, Rongfa Yuan, Wenjun Liao, Jun Lei and Jianghua Shao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:410

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