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  1. Peliosis is a rare condition characterised by multiple cyst-like, blood-filled cavities within the parenchyma of solid organs. Most commonly affecting the liver, isolated splenic peliosis is an even more uniqu...

    Authors: Daniel J Lashbrook, Roger W James, Andrea J Phillips, Anthony G Holbrook and Andrew C Agombar
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:9
  2. With dwindling rates of postoperative mortality in perforated peptic ulcer that is attributable to H2-receptor blocker usage, there is a need to shift the focus towards the prevention of postoperative morbidity. ...

    Authors: Smita S Sharma, Manju R Mamtani, Mamta S Sharma and Hemant Kulkarni
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:8
  3. The clinico-surgical implication and successful management of a rare case of factor five (V) deficiency with portal hypertension and hypersplenism due to idiopathic extra-hepatic portal venous obstruction is p...

    Authors: Srinivas Prabhu Chava, Sujoy Pal, Supriyo Ghatak, Rajat Kumar, Peush Sahni and Tushar Kanti Chattopadhyay
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:7
  4. The initial treatment of acute necrotizing pancreatitis is conservative. Intervention is indicated in patients with (suspected) infected necrotizing pancreatitis. In the Netherlands, the standard intervention ...

    Authors: Marc GH Besselink, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Marja A Boermeester, Thomas L Bollen, Erik Buskens, Cornelis HC Dejong, Casper HJ van Eijck, Harry van Goor, Sijbrand S Hofker, Johan S Lameris, Maarten S van Leeuwen, Rutger J Ploeg, Bert van Ramshorst, Alexander FM Schaapherder, Miguel A Cuesta…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:6
  5. Plaster ingestion forming gastric bezoar is a strange way to attempt suicide and this method has not yet been reported. It may lead to a mechanical obstruction of the gut, especially the pyloric region, and co...

    Authors: Rooh- Allah Yegane, Mohammad Bashashati, Reza Bashtar and Mina Ahmadi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:4
  6. Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (or abdominal cocoon) is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction, especially in adult population. Diagnosis is usually incidental at laparotomy. We discuss one s...

    Authors: Costas Serafimidis, Ioannis Katsarolis, Spyros Vernadakis, George Rallis, George Giannopoulos, Nikolaos Legakis and George Peros
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:3
  7. Paraesophageal hernias are quite common and sometimes feared due to the risk of incarceration and strangulation of any herniated organ. The hereby reported combination of an incarcerated paraesophageal hernia ...

    Authors: Mikael Ekelund, Else Ribbe, Julian Willner and Thomas Zilling
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:1
  8. land-White-Garland syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is a rare disease which may result in myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and sometimes death du...

    Authors: N Barbetakis, A Efstathiou, N Efstathiou, P Papagiannopoulou, V Soulountsi and I Fessatidis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:23
  9. Chronic human sepsis often is characterised by the compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome (CARS). During CARS, anti-inflammatory cytokines depress the inflammatory response leading to secondary and o...

    Authors: Carsten J Krones, Bernd Klosterhalfen, Michael Anurov, Michael Stumpf, Uwe Klinge, Alexander P Oettinger and Volker Schumpelick
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:22
  10. Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is an epithelium-lined communication between the rectum and vagina. Most RVFs are acquired, the most common cause being obstetric trauma. Most of the high RVFs are repaired by conven...

    Authors: Saravanan S Kumaran, Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Alfie J Kavalakat, Ramakrishnan Parthasarathi and Murugayyan Neelayathatchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:20
  11. Despite dramatic improvements in the management of burns, infection still remains a serious risk for the burn patient. The aim of this study was to shed light on the impact of acute burn injury with or without...

    Authors: Lars Steinstraesser, Olaf Burkhard, Ming H Fan, Frank Jacobsen, Marcus Lehnhardt, Grace Su, Adrien Daigeler, Hans U Steinau, Daniel Remick and Stewart C Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:19
  12. Kupffer cell-dependent ischemia / reperfusion (I/R) injury after liver transplantation is still of high clinical relevance, as it is strongly associated with primary dysfunction and primary nonfunction of the ...

    Authors: Steffen P Luntz, Kristina Unnebrink, Monika Seibert-Grafe, Hartwig Bunzendahl, Thomas W Kraus, Markus W Büchler, Ernst Klar and Peter Schemmer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:18
  13. In vitro studies show that new miniature cryoprobes are suitable for cryoablation of bone tissue. The aim of this animal trial on 24 sheep was to examine the perioperative complications, particularly the dange...

    Authors: Frank Popken, Peter Meschede, Heike Erberich, Timmo Koy, Marfalda Bosse, Jürgen H Fischer and Peer Eysel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:17
  14. Duodenal ulcer perforations are a common surgical emergency, but literature is silent on the exact definition, incidence, management and complications of large perforations of duodenal ulcers.

    Authors: Sanjay Gupta, Robin Kaushik, Rajeev Sharma and Ashok Attri
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:15
  15. Over the last decade, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has gained worldwide acceptance and considered to be as "gold standard" in the surgical management of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. However, the incidence ...

    Authors: Yavuz Selim Sari, Vahit Tunali, Kamer Tomaoglu, Binnur Karagöz, Ayhan Güneyİ and İbrahim KaragöZ
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:14
  16. Delirum is common in hospitalized elderly patients and may be associated with increased morbidity, length of stay and patient care costs. Delirium (acute confusional state) is defined as an acute disorder of a...

    Authors: Vanni Agnoletti, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Rabbih Chattat, Angelo De Cataldis, Gianfranco Di Nino, Claudio Franceschi, Stefano Gagliardi, Rita Maria Melotti, Antonella Potalivo and Mario Taffurelli
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:12
  17. Drains are usually left after thyroid surgery to prevent formation of hematoma and seroma in the thyroid bed. This is done to reduce complications and hospital stay. Objective evaluation of the amount collecte...

    Authors: Jotinder Khanna, RS Mohil, Chintamani, Dinesh Bhatnagar, MK Mittal, M Sahoo and Magan Mehrotra
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:11
  18. The Leapfrog Group recommended that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery should be done at high volume hospitals (>450 per year) without corresponding surgeon-volume criteria. The latter confounds proce...

    Authors: Thomas J Papadimos, Robert H Habib, Anoar Zacharias, Thomas A Schwann, Christopher J Riordan, Samuel J Durham and Aamir Shah
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:10
  19. The targets of minimally invasive surgery (MIVA) could be summarised by: achievement of the same results as those obtained with traditional surgery, less trauma, better post-operative course, early discharge f...

    Authors: Massimo Ruggieri, Andrea Straniero, Alessandra Mascaro, Mariapia Genderini, Massimino D'Armiento, Patrizia Gargiulo, Angela Fumarola and Pierpaolo Trimboli
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:9
  20. Risk adjustment and stratification play an important role in quality assurance and in clinical research. The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) i...

    Authors: Elfriede Bollschweiler, Thomas Lubke, Stefan P Monig and Arnulf H Holscher
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:8
  21. The closure of the abdomen after median laparotomy is still a matter of debate among surgeons. Further well designed and performed randomised controlled trials determining the optimal method of abdominal fasci...

    Authors: Hanns-Peter Knaebel, Moritz Koch, Stefan Sauerland, Markus K Diener, Markus W Büchler and Christoph M Seiler
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:3
  22. Abdominal surgical site infections are among the most common complications of inpatient admissions and have serious consequences for outcomes and costs. Different risk factors may be involved, including age, s...

    Authors: Seyd Mansour Razavi, Mohammad Ibrahimpoor, Ahmad Sabouri Kashani and Ali Jafarian
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:2
  23. Ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common injuries to the knee joint. Arthroscopic ACL replacement by autologous tendon grafts has established itself as a standard of care.

    Authors: Dirk Stengel, Gerrit Matthes, Julia Seifert, Volker Tober, Sven Mutze, Grit Rademacher, Axel Ekkernkamp, Kai Bauwens, Michael Wich and Dirk Casper
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:1
  24. Perineodynia (vulvodynia, perineal pain, proctalgia), anal and urinary incontinence are the main symptoms of the pudendal canal syndrome (PCS) or entrapment of the pudendal nerve. The first aim of this study w...

    Authors: Jacques Beco, Daniela Climov and Michèle Bex
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:15
  25. Biliary-enteric anastomosis especially Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy is frequently used for biliary diversion in benign biliary strictures. In this study, we present the results of hepaticojejunostomy with ext...

    Authors: Erdal Göçmen, Mehmet Keskek, Mesut Tez, Sebat Karamürsel, Mahmut Koç and Mehmet Kılıç
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:14
  26. In view of the disturbed esophageal peristaltic activity and abnormal esophageal motility in gastroesophageal reflux disease, (GERD), we investigated the hypothesis that these changes result from a disordered ...

    Authors: Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El-Sibai, Ismail Shafik and Ali Shafik
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:13
  27. Infectious complications are the major cause of death in acute pancreatitis. Small bowel bacterial overgrowth and subsequent bacterial translocation are held responsible for the vast majority of these infectio...

    Authors: Marc GH Besselink, Harro M Timmerman, Erik Buskens, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Louis MA Akkermans and Hein G Gooszen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:12
  28. Post-operative complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing surgery. However, there is little research in the emerging field of perioperative medicine beyond cardia...

    Authors: Nadia A Khan, Taha Taher, Finlay A McAlister, Andre Ferland, Norman R Campbell and William A Ghali
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:11
  29. Leucocyte recruitment and inflammation are key features of high dose radiation-induced tissue injury. The inflammatory response in the gut may be more pronounced following radiotherapy due to its high bacteria...

    Authors: Louis Banka Johnson, Amjid Ali Riaz, Diya Adawi, Lena Wittgren, Sven Bäck, Charlotte Thornberg, Nadia Osman, Virgil Gadaleanu, Henrik Thorlacius and Bengt Jeppsson
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:10
  30. The molecular events, following ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) of the liver during transplantation are largely unknown. There is evidence that apoptotic and necrotic events may take place, and occasionally res...

    Authors: George N Tzimas, Mohammad Afshar, Eric Chevet, Anouk Emadali, Hojatollah Vali and Peter P Metrakos
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:9
  31. The use of grafts with multiple renal arteries has been considered a relative contraindication because of the increased incidence of vascular and urologic complications The aim of this study is to determine wh...

    Authors: Cagatay Aydin, Ibrahim Berber, Gulum Altaca, Bulent Yigit and Izzet Titiz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:4
  32. According to some reports, left hemidiaphragmatic paralysis due to phrenic nerve injury may occur following cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to document the effects on phrenic nerve injury of who...

    Authors: Suat Canbaz, Nilda Turgut, Umit Halici, Kemal Balci, Turan Ege and Enver Duran
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:2
  33. Clinical characteristics and complications of Duchenne muscular dystrophy caused by skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration are well known. Gastro-intestinal involvement has also been recognised in these pati...

    Authors: Justus-Martijn Brinkman, Jorg R Oddens, Barend J Van Royen, Jan Wever and Jan G Olsman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:1
  34. Local flaps are widely used in reconstructive surgery. Tri-lobed skin flap is a relatively new flap and there has been no experimental model of this flap. This flap can be used for repair of full thickness def...

    Authors: Eray Copcu, Mesut Yazici, Barlas Etensel, Yakup Yüreklý and Muharrem Balkaya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:13
  35. A wide range of foreign bodies has been retrieved from the gut and reported. The presentation may be in the form of complications like intestinal obstruction, perforation and formation of abscesses etc but the...

    Authors: Chintamani, Anuj Mishra and Dinesh Bhatnagar
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:12
  36. Latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap is one of the most frequently performed reconstructive techniques in surgery. Latissimus dorsi muscle has two arcs of rotation. It is classified as type V muscle. This mu...

    Authors: Eray Copcu, Nazan Sivrioglu, Alper Aktas and Yucel Oztan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:11

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