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  1. Here we report a rare case of lumbar spine epidural abscess and facet joint septic arthritis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, which had spread to the iliopsoas muscles, leading to urine retention.

    Authors: Costansia Bureta, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takuya Yamamoto, Takao Setoguchi, Hideki Kawamura, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Masahiko Abematsu, Hironori Kakoi, Yasuhiro Ishidou and Setsuro Komiya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:16
  2. Regardless of developments in thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE), postoperative complications relative to gastric conduit reconstruction are common after esophagectomy. The aim of the present study was to evalua...

    Authors: Shinichiro Kobayashi, Kengo Kanetaka, Yasuhiro Nagata, Masahiko Nakayama, Ryo Matsumoto, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki and Susumu Eguchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:15
  3. Pylorotomy and pyloroplasty in thoracoabdominal esophagectomy are routinely performed in many high-volume centers to prevent delayed gastric emptying (DGE) due to truncal vagotomy. Currently, controversy remai...

    Authors: Stefan Fritz, Katharina Feilhauer, André Schaudt, Hansjörg Killguss, Eduard Esianu, René Hennig and Jörg Köninger
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:13
  4. The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12
  5. For early detection of cancer, we have previously developed the AminoIndex Cancer Screening (AICS) system, which quantifies 6 plasma-free amino acids (PFAAs) in blood samples. Herein, we examined the usefulnes...

    Authors: Kayoko Katayama, Akio Higuchi, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Atsuko Ikeda, Shinya Kikuchi and Manabu Shiozawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:11
  6. It’s difficult but urgent to achieve the individualized rational medication of the warfarin, we aim to predict the individualized warfarin stable dose though the artificial intelligent Adaptive neural-fuzzy in...

    Authors: Huan Tao, Qian Li, Qin Zhou, Jie Chen, Bo Fu, Jing Wang, Wenzhe Qin, Jianglong Hou, Jin Chen and Li Dong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:10
  7. The standard aftercare treatment in surgically treated trauma patients with fractures around or in a joint, known as (peri)- or intra-articular fractures of the lower extremities, is either non-weight bearing ...

    Authors: Pishtiwan H. S. Kalmet, Guido Meys, Yvette Y. v. Horn, Silvia M. A. A. Evers, Henk A. M. Seelen, Paul Hustinx, Heinrich Janzing, Alexander vd Veen, Coen Jaspars, Jan Bernard Sintenie, Taco J. Blokhuis, Martijn Poeze and Peter R. G. Brink
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:8
  8. Liver resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) with invasion of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and hepatic veins (HV) is a challenging procedure.

    Authors: Deniz Balci, Menekse Ozcelik, Elvan Onur Kirimker, Arda Cetinkaya, Evren Ustuner, Mehmet Cakici, Bahadir Inan, Zekeriyya Alanoglu, Sadik Bilgic and Ahmet Ruchan Akar
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:7
  9. Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6
  10. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3
  11. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is considered the gold standard technique for the treatment of benign small and medium size adrenal masses (<6 cm), due to low morbidity rate, short hospitalization and patient rapid...

    Authors: Giovanni Conzo, Claudio Gambardella, Giancarlo Candela, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Andrea Polistena, Guglielmo Clarizia, Renato Patrone, Francesco Di Capua, Chiara Offi, Mario Musella, Sergio Iorio, Giseppe Bellastella, Daniela Pasquali, Annamaria De Bellis, Antonio Sinisi and Nicola Avenia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:2
  12. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Programs (ERP) includes multimodal approaches of perioperative patient’s clinical pathways designed to achieve early recovery after surgery and a decreased length of hospital st...

    Authors: Eric Lambaudie, Alexandre de Nonneville, Clément Brun, Charlotte Laplane, Lam N’Guyen Duong, Jean-Marie Boher, Camille Jauffret, Guillaume Blache, Sophie Knight, Eric Cini, Gilles Houvenaeghel and Jean-Louis Blache
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:136
  13. An inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as “giant” if descending below the midpoint of the inner thigh of a patient in upright position. In developed countries this is a rare entity. In the literature different su...

    Authors: Julia Isabelle Staubitz, Peter Gassmann, Daniel Wilhelm Kauff and Hauke Lang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:135
  14. Objectively measured levels of physical activity (PA) in patients undergoing Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) surgery remain essentially unchanged from before to one year after surgery. Effects from RYGB on obj...

    Authors: Fanny Sellberg, Mikaela Willmer, Per Tynelius and Daniel Berglind
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:133
  15. The incidence of pelvic ring fractures in the elderly significantly increased. Because of persistent pain and immobilization associated with this injury, surgical treatment is recommended. To minimise comorbid...

    Authors: Andreas Höch, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Christoph Josten and Jörg Böhme
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:132
  16. Insertion of a Totally Implantable Access Port (TIAP) can be performed either via Central Vein Puncture (CVP) or Brachiocephalic Vein Cut-down (venous section-VS). The primary success rate of TIAP implantation...

    Authors: Georgios Polychronidis, Roland Hennes, Cosima Engerer, Phillip Knebel, Daniel Schultze, Thomas Bruckner, Beat P. Müller-Stich and Lars Fischer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:131
  17. Controversy surrounding the role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is fed by the absence of large amounts of data concerning its outcomes, and many authors have maintained that there is no evidence to suppo...

    Authors: Ping Lu, Chien-Lung Chan, Nan-Ping Yang, Nien-Tzu Chang, Kai-Biao Lin and K. Robert Lai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:130
  18. Convalescence advice is often based on tradition and anecdote from health care providers, rather than being based on experiences from patients themselves. The aim of this study was to analyse recovery in terms...

    Authors: Esther V. A. Bouwsma, Johannes R. Anema, A. Vonk Noordegraaf, Henrica C. W. de Vet and Judith A. F. Huirne
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:129
  19. Antimicrobial resistance may be promoted by divergent routines and lack of conformity in antibiotic treatment, especially regarding the practice of antibiotic prophylaxis. The aim of the present study was to a...

    Authors: Gona Jaafar, Bahman Darkahi, Lars Lindhagen, Gunnar Persson and Gabriel Sandblom
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:128
  20. To evaluate the risk factor associated with total or subtotal meniscectomy for respective medial and lateral meniscus injury.

    Authors: Dong Jiang, Xiao Luo, Yingfang Ao, Xi Gong, Yong-jian Wang, Hai-jun Wang, Yu Miao, Nan Li, Ji-ying Zhang and Jia-kuo Yu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:127
  21. The robotic system has advantages of high-definition three-dimensional vision and articular instruments with high dexterity, allowing more precise dissection in the deep and narrow pelvic cavity.

    Authors: Ching-Wen Huang, Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Yung-Sung Yeh, Wei-Chih Su, Ming-Yii Huang, Chun-Ming Huang, Yu-Tang Chang and Jaw-Yuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:126
  22. The purpose of this review was to identify the relationship between the gut microbiome and the development of postoperative complications like anastomotic leakage or a wound infection. Recent reviews focusing ...

    Authors: Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Przemyslaw Pisarski, Lampros Kousoulas, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Carolin Hess and Roman Huber
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:125
  23. The choice of surgical methods for lumbosacral tuberculosis is controversial due to the complex anterior anatomy and peculiar biomechanics of the lumbosacral junction. The objective of this study was to explor...

    Authors: Weiwei Li, Jun Liu, Liqun Gong, Yongchun Zhou and Dapeng Duan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:124
  24. Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially ...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Jia Shi, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao and Bo Dong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:123
  25. Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. There are few reports of early-stage cases in which tumor invasion reached the lamina propria or muscularis mucosae, ...

    Authors: Shota Kuwabara, Yuma Ebihara, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:122
  26. Management of emergency general surgical conditions remains a challenge in rural sub-Saharan Africa due to issues such as insufficient human capacity and infrastructure. This study describes the burden of emer...

    Authors: Christophe Mpirimbanyi, Alexandre Nyirimodoka, Yihan Lin, Bethany L. Hedt-Gauthier, Jackline Odhiambo, Theoneste Nkurunziza, Joaquim M. Havens, Jack Omondi, Emile Rwamasirabo, Faustin Ntirenganya, Gabriel Toma, Joel Mubiligi, Scheilla Bayitondere and Robert Riviello
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:121
  27. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical value of a prophylactic minitracheostomy (PMT) in patients undergoing an esophagectomy for esophageal cancer and to clarify the indications for a PMT.

    Authors: Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Keita Itatsu and Masato Nagino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:120
  28. In order to reduce the incidence of adjacent segment disease (ASD), the current study was designed to establish Chinese finite element models of normal 3rd~7th cervical vertebrae (C3-C7) and anterior cervical ...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yibo Tang and Hongxing Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:119
  29. Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118
  30. Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117
  31. It has been reported that median arcuate ligament syndrome is closely associated with gastric or pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms. Hemodynamic state plays an important role in the formation of the aneurysm...

    Authors: Tetsuro Toriumi, Takuro Shirasu, Atsushi Akai, Yuichi Ohashi, Takatoshi Furuya and Yukihiro Nomura
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:116
  32. Thyroid hemorrhage is considered to be an uncommon complication following blunt trauma to the neck. This condition is potentially life-threatening due to airway compression and may therefore require emergency ...

    Authors: Johannes Lemke, Markus N. Schreiber, Doris Henne-Bruns, Gregor Cammerer and Andreas Hillenbrand
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:115
  33. The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 classifies acute cholecystitis (AC) into three grades and recommends appropriate therapy for each grade. For grade II AC, either early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or percutaneou...

    Authors: Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Takanori Morikawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata and Hiroo Naito
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:114
  34. Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112
  35. In cardiothoracic and abdominal surgery, postoperative complications remain major clinical problems. Early mobilization has been widely practiced and is an important component in preventing complications, incl...

    Authors: Masatoshi Hanada, Yuichi Tawara, Takuro Miyazaki, Shuntaro Sato, Yosuke Morimoto, Masato Oikawa, Hiroshi Niwa, Kiyoyuki Eishi, Takeshi Nagayasu, Susumu Eguchi and Ryo Kozu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:111
  36. The UICC/AJCC TNM staging system classifies lymph nodes as N0 and N1 in pancreatic cancer. Aim of the study is to determine whether the number of examine nodes, the nodal ratio (NR) and the logarithm odds of p...

    Authors: Giovanni Ramacciato, Giuseppe Nigri, Niccolo’ Petrucciani, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Matteo Ravaioli, Elio Jovine, Francesco Minni, Gian Luca Grazi, Piero Chirletti, Giuseppe Tisone, Fabio Ferla, Niccolo’ Napoli and Ugo Boggi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:109
  37. Current risk factors for lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer have been primarily determined in Asian countries; however their applicability to Western nations is under discussion. The aim of our stud...

    Authors: Rimantas Bausys, Augustinas Bausys, Indre Vysniauskaite, Kazimieras Maneikis, Dalius Klimas, Martynas Luksta, Kestutis Strupas and Eugenijus Stratilatovas
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:108
  38. Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107
  39. To identify the rate of and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia (CIH) after unilateral inguinal hernia repair in adult male patients.

    Authors: Cheng-Hung Lee, Yu-Ting Chiu, Chi-Fu Cheng, Jin-Chia Wu, Wen-Yao Yin and Jian-Han Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:106
  40. Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) reduces postoperative morbidity, hospital stay and recovery as compared with open distal pancreatectomy. Many authors believe that robotic surgery can overcome the diff...

    Authors: Gian Piero Guerrini, Andrea Lauretta, Claudio Belluco, Matteo Olivieri, Marco Forlin, Stefania Basso, Bruno Breda, Giulio Bertola and Fabrizio Di Benedetto
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:105
  41. Pelvic fractures are severe injuries with frequently associated multi-system trauma and a high mortality rate. The value of the pelvic fracture pattern for predicting transfusion requirements and mortality is ...

    Authors: Fabio Agri, Mylène Bourgeat, Fabio Becce, Kevin Moerenhout, Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier Borens, Bertrand Yersin, Nicolas Demartines and Tobias Zingg
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:104
  42. The latest news shows several cases of contaminated heroin that is found in different parts all over Europe. This information can be helpful for the emergency doctors to find the correct diagnosis of wound bot...

    Authors: M. Schulte, U. Hamsen, T. A. Schildhauer and T. Ramczykowski
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:103

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