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  1. Giant congenital melanocytic nevi (GCMN) are usually defined as nevi that exceed 20 cm in maximal diameter or 15% of the total body surface area. There have been reports of life-long malignant change risks ari...

    Authors: Ji-Young Kim, Se Yeon Lee, Yoonjin Kwak and Byung Jun Kim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:90
  2. Inflammation is a part of tumours, and inflammatory cells can affect the proliferation, invasion, and development of tumour cells. An increasing number of peripheral blood inflammatory markers have been found ...

    Authors: Yuanyi Ding, Zining Liu, Jing Li, Wenbo Niu, Chenhui Li and Bin Yu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:89
  3. The aim of this study was to present our initial experience and prove the feasibility of total intracorporeal laparoscopic ileal ureter replacement (TILIUR) in a single position for ureteral stricture based on...

    Authors: Guohao Wu, Haomin Li, Feng Luo, Handa Zheng, Yuanzhi Yuegao, Lishan Xie, Huilan Luo, Zhihui Chen, Dongming Ye and Caiyong Lai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:88
  4. The laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the treatment of choice for patients with benign biliary disease. It is necessary to evaluate survival after laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients over 80 years old to de...

    Authors: Camilo Ramírez-Giraldo, Luis Carlos Venegas-Sanabria, Susana Rojas-López and Violeta Avendaño-Morales
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:87
  5. To compare neuronavigation-assisted intracerebral hematoma puncture and drainage with neuroendoscopic hematoma removal for treatment of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage.

    Authors: Lei Jiang, Jinjie Tian, Chao Guo, Yi Zhang, Ming Qian, Xuejian Wang, Zhifeng Wang and Yang Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:86
  6. The efficacy of palliative primary tumor resection (PTR) in improving prognosis for patients with unresectable metastatic colorectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) has not been fully explored.

    Authors: Guozhi Yu, Shen Liu, Zhijie Wang, Qian Liu, Hongchang Ren and Wenhui Hu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:85
  7. Conversional surgery is common after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) because of suboptimal weight loss (SWL) or poor responders and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)...

    Authors: Mohamed Hany, Bart Torensma, Ahmed Zidan, Mohamed Ibrahim, Anwar Ashraf Abouelnasr, Ann Samy Shafiq Agayby and Iman El Sayed
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:84
  8. The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term outcomes of laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) and percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (PRFA) for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Authors: Fei Liu, Ling Tan, Lan Luo and Jun-jiang Pan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:83
  9. From year to year, the proportion of people living with overweight and obesity in China rises, along with the prevalence of diseases linked to obesity. Although bariatric surgery is gaining popularity, there a...

    Authors: Xiangxin Kong, Yuan Zhang, Ruoer Li, Lei Yang, Yin Xian, Ming He, Ke Song, Aimei Jia, Qin Sun and Yixing Ren
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:82
  10. Totally preperitoneal hernioplasty (TPP) is a concept which was introduced for distinguishing with totally extraperitoneal (TEP). There is few evidence reflecting the single incision laparoscopic totally prepe...

    Authors: Qing Huang, Xiaojun Wang, Xionghua Xiang, Changlei Qi, Ting Fei and Encheng Zhou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:81
  11. Gasless robot-assisted transaxillary hemithyroidectomy (RATH) is regarded as an alternative surgical option for thyroid operations. However, the associated steep learning curve is a clinical concern. This stud...

    Authors: Pengfei Xu, Qi Fang, Junhao Mai, Zheng Zhao, Fei Cao, Di Wu and Xuekui Liu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:78
  12. Subtotal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer (EC) is associated with high morbidity rates. Tight glycemic control using an artificial pancreas (AP) is one of the promising strategies to reduce postoperative in...

    Authors: Ryoko Miyauchi, Yuichiro Miki, Hiroaki Kasashima, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Mami Yoshii, Tatsuro Tamura, Masatsune Shibutani, Takahiro Toyokawa, Shigeru Lee and Kiyoshi Maeda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:77
  13. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the most lethal cancers worldwide, with an overall 5-year survival rate of only 5%. The effect of perioperative treatment factors including duration of su...

    Authors: Laura Marr Spore, Emilie Even Dencker, Eske Aasvang Kvanner, Carsten Palnaes Hansen, Stefan Kobbelgaard Burgdorf, Paul Suno Krohn, Sophie Louise Gisela Kollbeck, Jan Henrik Storkholm and Martin Sillesen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:76
  14. The lateral intercostal artery perforator (LICAP) flap aims at replacing the excised breast lump with axillary tissue rich blood supply. The purpose of this study is to report the initial results of a modifica...

    Authors: Islam M. Korayem, Rabie Ramadan and Haytham Fayed
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:75
  15. Nowadays, both lateral mass screw (LMS) and pedicle screw were effective instrumentation for posterior stabilization of cervical spine. This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of a new free-hand technique ...

    Authors: Jun Jiang, Chen-yu Song, Zheng-zheng Wu, Zuo-zhi Xie, Bo Shi, Tao Xu, Han Wang, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Ze-zhang Zhu and Yang Yu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:74
  16. Emergency laparotomy is a commonly performed surgical procedure that has higher post-operative morbidity and mortality than elective surgery. Previous research has identified that patients valued postoperative...

    Authors: Esha Khanderia, Ravi Aggarwal, George Bouras and Vanash Patel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:73
  17. Robotic-assisted complete mesocolic excision is an advanced procedure mainly because of the great variability in anatomy. Phantoms can be used for simulation-based training and assessment of competency when le...

    Authors: Peter Hertz, Claus Anders Bertelsen, Kim Houlind, Lars Bundgaard, Lars Konge, Flemming Bjerrum and Morten Bo Søndergaard Svendsen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:72
  18. The most common intestinal operation in Crohn’s disease (CD) is an ileocolic resection. Despite optimal surgical and medical management, recurrent disease after surgery is common. Different types of anastomose...

    Authors: Anouck E. G. Haanappel, Vittoria Bellato, Christianne J. Buskens, Alessandro Armuzzi, Jarmila D. W. van der Bilt, Nanne K. H. de Boer, Silvio Danese, Eline M. L. van der Does de Willebois, Marjolijn Duijvestein, Daniëlle van der Horst, Gianluca Pellino, Milan C. Richir, Francesco Selvaggi, Antonino Spinelli, Andrea Vignali, Riccardo Rosati…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:71
  19. ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) protocol is now proposed as the standard of care in elective major abdominal surgery. Implementation of the ERAS protocol in emergency setting has been proposed but his e...

    Authors: Pietro Bisagni, Vera D’Abrosca, Vincenzo Tripodi, Francesca Teodora Armao, Marco Longhi, Gianluca Russo and Michele Ballabio
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:70
  20. Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) requires a long learning curve because of the complicated surgical procedures. Infrapyloric (No. 6) lymph node dissection (LND) is one of the difficult procedures in LG, especiall...

    Authors: Chie Takasu, Masaaki Nishi, Kozo Yoshikawa, Takuya Tokunaga, Hideya Kashihara, Yuma Wada, Toshiaki Yoshimoto and Mitsuo Shimada
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:69
  21. To test the reliability and safety of a newly invented technique for minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy, intelligent pressure-controlled minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy (IPC-MPCNL).

    Authors: Zhongsheng Yang, Leming Song, Yongming Huang, Hua Chen and Ting Sun
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:68
  22. To investigate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopy combined with choledochoscopy in the treatment of elderly patients with cholecystolithiasis complicated with choledocholithiasis.

    Authors: Jin Zhao, Xin Liu and Tao Huang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:67
  23. Numerous factors can influence bowel movement recovery and anastomotic healing in colorectal surgery, and poor healing can lead to severe complications and increased medical expenses. Collagen patch cover (CPC...

    Authors: Pin-Yang Huang, Meng-Che Tsai, Kee-Thai Kiu, Min-Hsuan Yen and Tung-Cheng Chang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:66
  24. As a relatively new surgical technique, the learning curve of en bloc resection of bladder tumor (ERBT) in ex vivo models remains unaddressed. This study aimed to explore the learning curve of ERBT in an ex vivo ...

    Authors: Qiu Yao, Huizhong Jiang, Hui Niu, Guangmo Hu, Xiaolong Liu and Boxin Xue
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:65
  25. Small bowel obstruction is a common condition that requires emergency surgery. Slow recovery of bowel function after surgery or the occurrence of one or more complications can exacerbate the disease and result...

    Authors: Ze-zheng Wang, Zhe-kui Liu, Wen-xing Ma, Yun-hua Wu and Xiang-long Duan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:63
  26. Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is one of the critical conditions after an orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) and leads to severe problems if not corrected promptly. However, multiple treatments have been propo...

    Authors: Sahar Sohrabi Nazari, Mohammad Eslamian, Erfan Sheikhbahaei, Hamidreza Zefreh, Mohammad Mehdi Lashkarizadeh, Alireza Shamsaeefar, Kourosh Kazemi, Hamed Nikoupour, Saman Nikeghbalian and Pooya Vatankhah
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:62
  27. Needle-knife papillotomy (NKP) is widely performed when biliary cannulation is difficult during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, its safety and efficacy in different types of duo...

    Authors: Yunxiao Lyu, Shenjian Ye and Bin Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:61
  28. Functional role of filum terminale (FT) was not well studied though it contains structure basis for nerve impulse conduction. We aimed to explore the possible functions of the FT from the perspective of trigge...

    Authors: Yizi Cai, Rui Wang, Junlu Wang, Qijia Zhan, Min Wei, Bo Xiao, Qiang Wang and Wenbin Jiang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:60
  29. To identify the predictors for the achievement of minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in functional status among elderly patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) undergoing lumbar de...

    Authors: Xiaofei Hou, Hailiang Hu, Peng Cui, Chao Kong, Wei Wang and Shibao Lu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:59
  30. Unilateral biportal endoscopy (UBE)is a minimally invasive spine surgery with reduced traumatization of the posterior lumbar ligament and muscular structures. This study reports contralateral translaminar appr...

    Authors: Wei Cheng, Wenshuo Gao, Chengyue Zhu, Rongxue Shao, Dong Wang, Hao Pan and Wei Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:58
  31. This updated systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of perioperative corticosteroid administration versus placebo for esophageal cancer patients following scheduled esopha...

    Authors: Wan-wan Zou, Hsiao-Pei Mok, Qi-kun Zhu, Jing Luo, Song Yang, Jian-zheng Cen and Qiang Gao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:57
  32. In this study, we aimed to develop a multiparameter prediction model to improve the diagnostic accuracy of invasive adenocarcinoma in pulmonary pure glass nodules.

    Authors: Mengchao Xue, Rongyang Li, Kun Wang, Wen Liu, Junjie Liu, Zhenyi Li, Guanqing Chen, Huiying Zhang and Hui Tian
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:56
  33. Inguinal hernia repair is a common pediatric procedure. We studied postoperative recovery times in children undergoing laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair with anesthesia induced by fentanyl versus sufentanil.

    Authors: Wen Chen, Hongyun Guoyang, Hui Yu and Yutong Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:55
  34. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) has an extremely poor prognosis. A previous study proved that low-dose radiotherapy (RT) could prolong the prognosis of HCC patients with P...

    Authors: Ying Xiao, Keren Li, Ying Zhao, Shizhong Yang, Jun Yan, Canhong Xiang, Jianping Zeng, Qian Lu, Chen Zhang, Gong Li, Guangxin Li and Jiahong Dong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:54
  35. Breast cancer surgeries involving MS-TRAM/DIEP breast reconstruction has traditionally been collaborative efforts between breast surgeons and plastic surgeons. However, in our institution, this procedure is pe...

    Authors: Shunrong Li, Songliang Zhang, Xiaolan Zhang, Jingwen Yan, Shuai Wang, Luyuan Tan, Nanyan Rao, Kai Chen and Liling Zhu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:53
  36. The aim of this study was to determine if minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for rectal cancer is non-inferior to open surgery (OPEN) regarding adequacy of cancer resection in a population based setting.

    Authors: Josefin Petersson, Peter Matthiessen, Kaveh Dehlaghi Jadid, David Bock and Eva Angenete
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:52
  37. Several studies conducted worldwide revealed the magnitude of early relaparotomy and its outcome among patients undergoing laparotomy. However, there was very little evidence on the magnitude of early relaparo...

    Authors: Eyobel Amentie, Badhaasaa Beyene, Mekonnen Sisay, Muluwas Amentie Zelka and Shambel Nigussie
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:51
  38. There is no criterion to guide and evaluate the anastomosis of laparoscopic low anterior resection (LAR). We developed a new technique for precise anastomosis. This study endeavored to evaluate the effectivene...

    Authors: Bobo Zheng, Ben Wang, Zeyu Li, Yaqi Qu and Jian Qiu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:50
  39. In this study, we investigated the effect of preservation of the pulmonary branches of the vagus nerve during systematic dissection of mediastinal lymph nodes, when performing radical resection of lung cancer,...

    Authors: Wencong Huang, Jiantian Yang, Huiwen Chen, Peijian Li and Wei Wei
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:49
  40. The Achilles tendon is the strongest tendon in the human body, but it is prone to injury, especially in modern times when recreational sports are growing in popularity. As a result, Achilles tendon rupture is ...

    Authors: Fabijan Čukelj jr, Dejan Blažević, Fabijan Čukelj, Srećko Sabalić, Ivan Benčić, Tomislav Ćuti, Dinko Pivalica, Bore Bakota and Dinko Vidović
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:47
  41. It’s difficult to treat segmental tibial fractures (STFs), which are intricate injuries associated with significant soft tissue damage. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical effect of hexaxial exte...

    Authors: Zhiming Zhao, Hengsheng Shu, Peng Jia, Xu Chen, Feng Guo, Yabin Liu, Bowen Shi, Guoqi Ji, Chengkuo Cai and Yidong Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:44
  42. The selection of prophylactic antibiotics for preventing post-operative pulmonary infections in smoking patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lung surgery (VATLS) is not clear.

    Authors: Guangjie Wu, Jianhua Lu, Meng Li, Dong Liu and Yan He
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:42
  43. Sciatic scoliosis can be seen in patients with lumbar disc herniation. Percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) is a common surgical method for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. The difference b...

    Authors: Jitao Yang, Haopeng Luan, Jiawei Ren, Jiyuan Tao, Weibin Sheng, Hailong Guo and Qiang Deng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2024 24:41

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