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  1. Albumin is an important protein that transports hormones, fatty acids, and exogenous drugs; it also maintains plasma oncotic pressure. Albumin is considered a negative active phase protein because it decreases...

    Authors: Christian Ephata Issangya, David Msuya, Kondo Chilonga, Ayesiga Herman, Elichilia Shao, Febronia Shirima, Elifaraja Naman, Henry Mkumbi, Jeremia Pyuza, Emmanuel Mtui, Leah Anku Sanga, Seif Abdul, Beatrice John Leyaro and Samuel Chugulu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Granular cell tumor (GCT) of the thyroid is a rare benign tumor of Schwann cell origin with a favorable prognosis and only 10 cases have been reported so far in scientific literature. The present case study de...

    Authors: Yu-qin He, Hai-zhen Lu, De-zhi Li, Mo-qi Chen, Kai Wang, Zhen-gang Xu and Shao-yan Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  3. This is the response article to correspondence article received for our published article in BMC surgery titled “A prospective single-center protocol for using near-infrared fluorescence imaging with indocyani...

    Authors: Sachiyo Shirakawa, Hirochika Toyama, Masahiro Kido and Takumi Fukumoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:153

    Content type: Correspondence

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    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2020 20:225

  4. Gastric cancer (GC) has been considered as the 5th most common type of cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. The aim of this historical cohort study was to evaluate the survi...

    Authors: Atefeh Talebi, Afsaneh Mohammadnejad, Abolfazl Akbari, Mohamad Amin Pourhoseingholi, Hassan Doosti, Bijan Moghimi-Dehkordi, Shahram Agah and Mansour Bahardoust

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Right colectomy is the standard surgical treatment for tumors in the right colon and surgical complications are reduced with minimally-invasive laparoscopy compared with open surgery, with potential further be...

    Authors: Marcos Gomez Ruiz, Paolo Pietro Bianchi, Sanjay Chaudhri, Roger Gerjy, Ismail Gögenur, David Jayne, Jim S. Khan, Tero Rautio, Luis Sánchez-Guillén, Giuseppe Spinoglio, Alexis Ulrich and Philippe Rouanet

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:151

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. The surgical Apgar score (SAS) or modified SAS (mSAS) has been reported as a simple and easy risk assessment system for predicting postoperative complications in primary surgery for gastric cancer. However, fe...

    Authors: Masato Hayashi, Takaki Yoshikawa, Masahiro Yura, Sho Otsuki, Yukinori Yamagata, Shinji Morita, Hitoshi Katai and Toshirou Nishida

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:150

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a common and frustrating complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Studies suggest that surgical methods and other clinical characteristics may affect the occurrence of DG...

    Authors: Xianlei Cai, Miaozun Zhang, Chao Liang, Yuan Xu and Weiming Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Tuberculosis (TB) is classified according to the site of disease as pulmonary or extrapulmonary. Extrapulmonary TB is less common than its counterpart in which it can be found anywhere in the body including th...

    Authors: Vee Chuan Hoe, Allim Khairuddin, Jun Sam Tan, Mohd Sharifudin Sharif, Nornazirah Azizan and Firdaus Hayati

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:145

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Hepatic hemangioma (HH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver. In special conditions such as rapidly growing tumors, persistent pain, hemorrhage and when pressure effect on adjacent organs exist treatme...

    Authors: Hesameddin Eghlimi, Peyman Arasteh and Nazanin Azade

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:142

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Laparoscopic approach is now a widespread technique used worldwide, but there are few recent studies on risk factors for parastomal hernia. Therefore, this study was performed to analyze the incidence of paras...

    Authors: Takuya Shiraishi, Yuji Nishizawa, Koji Ikeda, Yuichiro Tsukada, Takeshi Sasaki and Masaaki Ito

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The mortality following pancreaticoduodenectomy has markedly decreased but remains an important challenge for the complexity of operation and technical skills involved. The present study aimed to clarify the i...

    Authors: Ke-Min Jin, Wei Liu, Kun Wang, Quan Bao, Hong-Wei Wang and Bao-Cai Xing

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:140

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The concept of single-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for the treatment of inguinal hernias repair in children has been practising recent years. The applicable instruments and skills are...

    Authors: Yuanhong Xiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:139

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Biliary metastasis of colorectal cancer is a manifestation of metastatic liver carcinoma, and is often difficult to differentiate from cholangiocarcinoma. Further, lower bile duct metastasis of colorectal canc...

    Authors: Yoichi Nakagawa, Atsuyuki Maeda, Kazuaki Seita and Yuji Kaneoka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:137

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Robotic surgery for rectal cancer, which is now performed worldwide, can be associated with elevated creatine kinase levels postoperatively. In this study, we compared postoperative complications between patie...

    Authors: Yuki Tsuchiya, Shinya Munakata, Ryoichi Tsukamoto, Yu Okazawa, Kosuke Mizukoshi, Kiichi Sugimoto, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima Yuichi Tomiki and Kazuhiro Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:136

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Perforated peptic ulcer disease is a surgical emergency with a high morbidity and mortality. The socio-demographic characteristic and the factors associated with morbidity and mortality seems to differ between...

    Authors: Jatani Arero Bupicha, Hailu Wondimu Gebresellassie and Abebe Alemayehu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:135

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The bony fusion of allograft bone using titanium mesh in the posterior-only surgical treatment of thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis has not been explained in detail. We aimed to analyze the effica...

    Authors: Bingjin Wang, Wenbin Hua, Wencan Ke, Yukun Zhang, Xianlin Zeng and Cao Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Our aim is to elucidate the true preoperative risk factors for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), making it possible to select POPF high-risk patients preoperatively re...

    Authors: Tomoki Kusafuka, Hiroyuki Kato, Yusuke Iizawa, Daisuke Noguchi, Kazuyuki Gyoten, Aoi Hayasaki, Takehiro Fujii, Yasuhiro Murata, Akihiro Tanemura, Naohisa Kuriyama, Yoshinori Azumi, Masashi Kishiwada, Shugo Mizuno, Masanobu Usui, Hiroyuki Sakurai and Shuji Isaji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Castleman’s disease (CD) is a rare non-clonal lymphadenopathy. Application of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATs) in intrathoracic unicentric Castleman’s disease (UCD) is rarely reported. This study is...

    Authors: Yan-qing Wang, Shan-qing Li and Feng Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:127

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The results of D1-plus lymphadenectomy following gastric resection are seldom investigated. The aim of this study was to compare results of D1-plus vs D2 resections and to provide a literature review.

    Authors: Laura Lorenzon, Rosina Giudicissi, Marco Scatizzi, Genoveffa Balducci, Stefano Cantafio, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Paolo Mercantini and Domenico D’Ugo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:126

    Content type: Research article

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  20. In children, fracture non-union is uncommon yet, curiously, non-union of distal fibula fractures are rarely reported. Historically, the most common treatment of a lateral malleolus fracture after an ankle spra...

    Authors: Marco Turati, Giulio Leone, Nicolò Zanchi, Robert J. Omeljaniuk, Lilia Brahim, Giovanni Zatti, Aurélien Courvoisier and Marco Bigoni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:125

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Weight loss outcomes after bariatric surgery are less favorable in super morbidly obese patients (BMI ≥50 kg/m2). Non-response, either defined as insufficient weight loss or weight regain after initial successful...

    Authors: M. M. Romeijn, W. K. G. Leclercq, A. A. P. M. Luijten, L. Janssen and F. M. H. van Dielen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:122

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Liver abscess due to gastrointestinal perforation by foreign bodies is rare. Furthermore, there are few case reports of liver abscess via the portal vein caused by perforation of the lower gastrointestinal tra...

    Authors: Seiji Natsuki, Yasuhito Iseki, Hishashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Masatsune Shibutani and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:121

    Content type: Case report

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  23. To explore the safety and effectiveness of a modified surgical technique which could shorten the time of renal ischemia in left renal cancer and Mayo level II to IV inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor thrombus.

    Authors: Liu Zhuo, Zhu Guodong, Zhao Xun, Tang Shiying, Hong Peng, Zhang Li, Li Liwei, Zhang Shudong, Wang Guoliang, Tian Xiaojun, Liu Cheng, Zhang Hongxian and Ma Lulin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:120

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Donor safety is the top priority in living-donor liver transplantation. Splenic hypertrophy and platelet count decrease after donor surgery are reported to correlate with the extent of hepatectomy, but other a...

    Authors: Rihito Nagata, Nobuhisa Akamatsu, Akiko Nakazawa, Junichi Kaneko, Takeaki Ishizawa, Junichi Arita and Kiyoshi Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:119

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Adult pancreatic hemangioma is an extremely rare type of benign vascular tumor. To date, about 20 cases have been reported in the English literature. Adult patients with pancreatic hemangiomas usually have no ...

    Authors: Chong Jin, Jing-gang Mo, Hao Jiang, Lie-zhi Wang, Heng Zou and Kun-Peng Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:118

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Recent data support the use of bariatric surgery in adolescents with severe obesity following unsuccessful non-surgical treatments. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) have demonstrated...

    Authors: Daniëlle S. Bonouvrie, Andrew J. Beamish, Wouter K. G. Leclercq, Edgar G. A. H. van Mil, Arijan A. P. M. Luijten, Eric J. Hazebroek, Anita C. E. Vreugdenhil, Torsten Olbers and François M. H. van Dielen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:117

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. Monopolar energy (ME) is routinely used in appendectomy. This study aimed to investigate the degree of lateral thermal spread generated by ME and to evaluate the thermal injury sustained by the close-lying tis...

    Authors: Taras V. Nechay, Svetlana M. Titkova, Mikhail V. Anurov, Elena V. Mikhalchik, Kirill Y. Melnikov-Makarchyk, Ekaterina A. Ivanova, Alexander E. Tyagunov, Abe Fingerhut and Alexander V. Sazhin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:116

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Treatments for perimembranous ventricular septal defects (pmVSD) mainly include conventional surgical repair (CSR), transcatheter device closure (TDC), and perventricular device closure (PDC). We aimed to perf...

    Authors: Dongxu Li, Xu Zhou, Mengsi Li and Qi An

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:115

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Both tibial plateau fractures and extensor apparatus injuries are serious injuries to the knee joint that generally do not occur in the same patient. We report a rare case of open tibial plateau fracture combi...

    Authors: Daohong Zhao, Weiqiang Li, Luping Liu, Ning Lu, Leijie Chen and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:114

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Ewing’s sarcoma usually presents in paediatric patients with its primary location being bone tissue. Nevertheless, we present such an adult case which arises from the small intestine. We registered thirty one ...

    Authors: Andrej Kolosov, Audrius Dulskas, Kastytis Pauza, Veslava Selichova, Dmitrij Seinin and Eugenijus Stratilatovas

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:113

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Metronidazole (MNZ) has been clearly established as a medication for amebic liver abscess. In uncomplicated cases, surgical drainage should be avoided. We report a case of amebic liver abscess refractory to MN...

    Authors: Keita Kouzu, Takahiro Einama, Makoto Nishikawa, Makiko Fukumura, Hiromi Nagata, Toshimitsu Iwasaki, Yoichi Miyata, Yasuhiro Obuchi, Kazuo Hase, Hideki Ueno, Yoji Kishi and Junji Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Laparoscopy induces adhesion due to ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the detail pathomechanism is poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the impact of laparoscopy on mast cell and mesothelium ...

    Authors: Hery Poerwosusanta, Gunadi, Zairin Noor, Ika Kustiyah Oktaviyanti, Karyono Mintaroem, Bambang Pardjianto, Moch Aris Widodo and Edi Widjajanto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Computed tomography (CT) is widely used in the diagnosis of giant paraesophageal hernias (GPEH) but has not been utilised systematically for follow-up. We performed a cross-sectional observational study to ass...

    Authors: Henriikka Hietaniemi, Ilkka Ilonen, Tommi Järvinen, Juha Kauppi, Saana Andersson, Harri Sintonen and Jari Räsänen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:109

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Major breast cancer surgery especially with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), is associated with upper limb functional decline. Majority of stud...

    Authors: Kai Siang Chan, Ding Zeng, Joelle Hoi Ting Leung, Belinda Si Yin Ooi, Kit Teng Kong, Yi Heng Yeo, Jerry Tiong Thye Goo and Clement Luck Khng Chia

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:108

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Despite being a preventable complication of surgical procedures, surgical site infections (SSIs) continue to threaten public health with significant impacts on the patients and the health-care human and financ...

    Authors: Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Yared Asmare Aynalem, Tadesse Yirga Akalu and Pammla Margaret Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  36. A large plexiform neurofibroma in patients with neurofibromatosis type I can be life threatening due to possible massive bleeding within the lesion. Although the literature includes many reports that describe ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Yuki Honma-Koretsune, Yui Tsunoda, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Jiro Maegawa, Takashi Terauchi, Shintaro Nawata, Hiroyuki Kamide, Yoshinobu Ishiwata, Tabito Kino and Teruyasu Sugano

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:106

    Content type: Case report

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