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  1. Rectal resection surgery is often followed by a loop ileostomy creation. Despite improvements in surgical technique and development of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols, the readmission-rate aft...

    Authors: Johanna Van Butsele, Gabriele Bislenghi, André D’Hoore and Albert M. Wolthuis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:267

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Entero-colovesical fistula is a rare complication of various benign and malignant diseases. The diagnosis is prominently based on clinical symptoms; imaging studies are necessary not only to confirm the presen...

    Authors: Stefano Granieri, Francesco Sessa, Alessandro Bonomi, Sissi Paleino, Federica Bruno, Andrea Chierici, Ivano Massimiliano Sciannamea, Alessandro Germini, Riccardo Campi, Michele Talso, Antonio Facciorusso, Gianfranco Deiana, Sergio Serni and Christian Cotsoglou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:265

    Content type: Research

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  3. This study aimed to evaluate the compatibility of robotic single-site (RSS) myomectomy in comparison with the conventional robotic multi-port (RMP) myomectomy to achieve successful surgical outcomes with relia...

    Authors: So Hyun Ahn, Joo Hyun Park, Hye Rim Kim, SiHyun Cho, Myeongjee Lee, Seok Kyo Seo, Young Sik Choi and Byung Seok Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:264

    Content type: Research

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  4. The aims of this pilot study were (1) to assess the efficacy of 3D-printed custom-made hemipelvic endoprosthesis in restoring the natural location of acetabulum for normal bodyweight transmission; (2) to evalu...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Li Min, Minxun Lu, Yuqi Zhang, Jingqi Lin, Yi Luo, Yong Zhou and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:262

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The effectiveness of prophylactic lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in treating patients with lower rectal cancer remains controversial and has not been clearly established. Therefore, we aimed to retrospec...

    Authors: Hiroka Kondo, Shigeki Yamaguchi, Yasumitsu Hirano, Masayasu Aikawa, Hiroshi Sato, Kojun Okamoto, Shinichi Sakuramoto and Isamu Koyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:261

    Content type: Research

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  6. A new device has been added to the Chinese MicroHand surgical robot family, developed based on the successful application of control algorithms. As a benefit of using these specialized control algorithms, the ...

    Authors: Weizheng Li, Kang Kong, Pengzhou Li, Guohui Wang, Beibei Cui, Liyong Zhu and Shaihong Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:260

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant condition with a high rate of new mutation and variable expression. Diffuse neurofibroma of the epidermis invading deeper organs is rare.We report a case...

    Authors: Xian-shuai Li, Shu-qian He and Xian-guo Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:258

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Robot-assisted laparoscopic transverse colon tumor surgery requires precise tumor localization. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of nano-carbon and titanium clip combination la...

    Authors: Nan Lin, Jiandong Qiu, Junchuan Song, Changwei Yu, Yongchao Fang, Weihang Wu, Weijin Yang and Yu Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:257

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Although multiple methods have been proposed to treat auricular keloids, low curative effects and high recurrence rates are currently major clinical problems. Thereinto, surgery combined with radiotherapy and ...

    Authors: Qiang Sun, Er-te Yu, You Zhou, Shuang Tong, Kai-jian Zhou and Shu Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:256

    Content type: Research

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  10. The area which located at the medial pedicle, posterior vertebral body and ventral hemilamina is defined as the hidden zone. Surgical management of hidden zone lumbar disc herniation (HZLDH) is technically cha...

    Authors: Chunxiao Wang, Yao Zhang, Xiaojie Tang, Haifei Cao, Qinyong Song, Jiangwei Tan, Chengzhen Jin and Hongkai Song

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:255

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Phytobezoar formation is a complication of bariatric surgery and mostly occurs after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) operations. Here, we present an extremely rare case of late phytobezoar format...

    Authors: Shayan Aryannezhad, Yasaman Sadeghian, Parvin Shapoori, Majid Valizadeh and Maryam Barzin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:254

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Seventy percent of surgical procedures are currently performed in the outpatient setting. Although the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Classification ability to predict risk has been evalu...

    Authors: Colin Foley, Mark C. Kendall, Patricia Apruzzese and Gildasio S. De Oliveira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:253

    Content type: Research

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  13. A few reports have shown that unilateral transverse process-pedicle percutaneous kyphoplasty is a good choice for patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). However, this issue remains c...

    Authors: Wu Tao, Qin Hu, Yap San Min Nicolas, Xu Nuo, Huang Daoyu, Jin Zhen, Sun Jinpeng and Liu Jun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:252

    Content type: Research

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  14. Hemorrhoids are common. Hemorrhoidectomy should typically be offered to patients whose symptoms result from external hemorrhoids or combined internal and external hemorrhoids with prolapse (grades III/IV). How...

    Authors: Qiuxiang Yu, Congcong Zhi, Lansi Jia and Hui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:251

    Content type: Research

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  15. Venous thromboembolism remains a common but preventable complication for cancerous lung surgical patients. Current guidelines recommend thromboprophylaxis for lung patients at high risk of thrombosis, while a ...

    Authors: Gu-Ha A-Lai, Ze-Guo Zhuo, Gang Li, Tie-Niu Song, Zhi-Jie Xu, Xu Shen, Peng Yao and Yi-Dan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:250

    Content type: Research article

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  16. The incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is high in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to analyze the incidence and predictive factors of postoperative VTE in patients with u...

    Authors: Norimitsu Shimada, Hiroki Ohge, Hiroki Kitagawa, Kosuke Yoshimura, Norifumi Shigemoto, Shinnosuke Uegami, Yusuke Watadani, Kenichiro Uemura and Shinya Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:247

    Content type: Research

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  17. The future liver remnant (FLR) faces a risk of poor growth in patients with cirrhosis-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after stage-1 radiofrequency-assisted ALPPS (RALPPS). The present study presents a s...

    Authors: Qiang Wang, Shu Chen, Jun Yan, Torkel Brismar, Ernesto Sparrelid, Chengming Qu, Yujun Ji, Shihan Chen and Kuansheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research

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  18. It is challenging to proceed thoracoscopic anatomic resection when encountering severe pleural adhesion or calcified peribronchial lymphadenopathy. Compared with multiple-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surg...

    Authors: Chen-Yu Wu, Ying-Yuan Chen, Chao-Chun Chang, Yi-Ting Yen, Wu-Wei Lai, Wei-Li Huang and Yau-Lin Tseng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:244

    Content type: Research

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  19. Prevention of incisional hernias with a prophylactic mesh in emergency surgery is controversial. The present study aimed to analyze the long-term results of prophylactic mesh used for preventing incisional her...

    Authors: A. Bravo-Salva, N. Argudo-Aguirre, A. M. González-Castillo, E. Membrilla-Fernandez, J. J. Sancho-Insenser, L. Grande-Posa, M. Pera-Román and J. A. Pereira-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically influenced the delivery of healthcare. In line with the UK Royal Colleges’ advice the management of acute appendicitis (AA) changed with greater consideration for non-operati...

    Authors: Heather C. M. Pringle, Urszula Donigiewicz, Melissa-Rose Bennett, Eleanor Walker, George E. Fowler, Sunil Narang, Susan Ball and Robert M. Bethune

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The effectiveness of surgery of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion in post-menopausal women needs to be investigated. This study evaluated the clinical significance of cold-knife conization in the diag...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Meihua Liu, Yurou Ji and Pengpeng Qu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:241

    Content type: Research

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  22. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric transplant outcomes and determine whether to continue pediatric transplant activity or not, and how policies intended our center has been effec...

    Authors: Mojtaba Shafiekhani, Kourosh Kazemi, Ali Bahador, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh and Parisa Karimzadeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:240

    Content type: Research

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  23. This study aimed to identify the most valuable predictors of prognosis in glioblastoma (GBM) patients and develop and validate a nomogram to estimate individualized survival probability.

    Authors: Nijiati Kudulaiti, Zhirui Zhou, Chen Luo, Jie Zhang, Fengping Zhu and Jinsong Wu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research

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  24. Pulmonary metastases from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are relatively rare. Systemic chemotherapy is the first choice of treatment in patients with distant metastases, and the role of metastasectomy...

    Authors: Taro Mashiko, Akira Nakano, Yoshihito Masuoka, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Soji Ozawa and Toshio Nakagohri

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research

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  25. Internal hernias occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) when small bowel herniates into the intermesenteric spaces that have been created. The closure technique used is related to the internal her...

    Authors: Adam Skidmore and Edo O. Aarts

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:301

  26. The aim of this study is to clarify the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life in patients who underwent renal transplantation (RT).

    Authors: Naif A. AlEnazi, Khaled S. Ahmad, Ilham A. Elsamahy and Mohamed S. Essa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The treatment of a displaced proximal humeral fracture is still a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to report outcomes at a long-term follow-up after fixation augmentation using peek (polyet...

    Authors: Jiantao Li, Yuan Gao, Caixia Yin, Hao Zhang, Shaobo Nie, Hui Guo, Chenliang Quan, Hua Chen and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:233

    Content type: Research

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  28. Cervicothoracic penetrating injury, considered to be relatively rare, has a complicated mechanism that is difficult to treat. In this report, a special case of cervicothoracic injury caused by foreign body pen...

    Authors: Yang Hui, Xinxin Yang, Dengdian Ma, Mengwei Yao, Xinying Liu, Yunbing Dai, Qinyuan Huang, Tao Liu, Jing Xu and Xiaoyu Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:232

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Previous research on parastomal hernia repair following ileal conduit urinary diversion is limited. This nationwide cohort study aims to present the results of keyhole and Sugarbaker techniques in parastomal h...

    Authors: Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Jaana Vironen, Markku Vaarala, Pia Nordström, Anu Välikoski, Jyrki Kössi, Ville Falenius, Aristotelis Kechagias, Anne Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Tom Scheinin and Tero Rautio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Conservative surgery has proven advantageous in controlling hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) and preserving speech and swallowing function in carefully selected patients, typically with early T-st...

    Authors: Wenming Li, Dongmin Wei, Ye Qian, Shengda Cao, Dayu Liu, Dapeng Lei and Xinliang Pan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Enhanced Recovery Surgical Programs were initially applied to colorectal procedures and used as multimodal approach to relieve the response to surgical stress. An important factor that negatively impacts the s...

    Authors: Fábio Lopes de Queiroz, Antonio Lacerda-Filho, Adriana Cherem Alves, Fábio Henrique de Oliveira, Paulo Rocha França Neto and Rodrigo de Almeida Paiva

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Appendectomy for acute appendicitis is the most common procedure performed emergently by general surgeons in the United States. The current management of acute appendicitis is increasingly controversial as non...

    Authors: John P. Skendelas, Victor S. Alemany, Vincent Au, Devika Rao, John McNelis and Peter K. Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:228

    Content type: Research

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  33. Preperitoneal herniation is a rare complication after transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) and may be caused by inadequate peritoneal closure. We herein report two cases of postoperative small bowe...

    Authors: Zhenyu Zou, Yilin Zhu, Fan Wang, Jinxin Cao, Yuchen Liu, Huiqi Yang and Minggang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:227

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Forearm autotransplantation after parathyroidectomy has turned into the standard method for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) treatment in chronic kidney disease patients. Our study aimed to explore the eff...

    Authors: Bin Zhou, Lei Zhu, Cheng Xiang, Feng Cheng, Xi Zhu, Yi Zhou and Yong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. In our present study, we aimed to investigate (1) whether cervical facet degeneration (FD) affects the clinical functional scores of patients with cervical radiculopathy after single-segment anterior cervical ...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Zhen Liu, Zhi-Wei Wang, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:225

    Content type: Research

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  36. Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the ampulla of Vater (AmV) is exceedingly rare with more aggressive behavior and worse prognosis than adenocarcinoma. The finding of ASC at the AmV in combination to the gastri...

    Authors: Shuo Li, Mengqing Sun, Yingxin Wei, Yunlu Feng, Xiaoyan Chang, Yan You, Ziwen Liu and Xianlin Han

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:224

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  37. Due to improvements in operative techniques and medical equipment, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has become a mainstay of thoracic surgery. Nevertheless, in multiport thoracoscopic surgery, there have b...

    Authors: Haitao Xu, Shuai Ren, Tianyu She, Jingyu Zhang, Lianguo Zhang, Teng Jia and Qingguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Free flap surgery is an essential procedure in soft tissue reconstruction. Complications due to vascular compromise often require revision surgery or flap removal. We present hyperspectral imaging (HSI) as a n...

    Authors: Lukas H. Kohler, Hannes Köhler, Simon Kohler, Stefan Langer, Rima Nuwayhid, Ines Gockel, Nick Spindler and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:222

    Content type: Research

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  39. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common epithelial tumor of the esophagus. Upper endoscopy with multiple minimally invasive biopsies should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Leiomyoma of esophagus is r...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab, Safoora Hejazinia and Hossein Saedi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:221

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. A novel trauma workflow system called the hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER), which combines a sliding CT scanner system with interventional radiology features (IVR-CT), was initially instituted in our emergenc...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito, Kazuhisa Yoshiya, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:219

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  41. Despite increasing acceptance in colorectal surgery, natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer is still in its infancy, especially via the transrectal approach, whi...

    Authors: Haipeng Meng, Jinchao Liu, Hui Xu, Song Wang, Yu Rong, Yanling Xu and Gang Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:218

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  42. Variation of the vertebral artery bifurcation is rare. This branching abnormality can cause unexpected vertebral artery damage and bleeding during thoracoscopic esophagectomy. There are few reports of abnormal...

    Authors: Yuta Sato, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Takeharu Imai, Yuji Hatanaka, Naoki Okumura, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi and Kazuhiro Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:217

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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