Volume 13 Supplement 1

Abstracts from the 26th National Congress of the Italian Society of Geriatric Surgery

Open Access

Open vs laparoscopic repair of abdominal hernia: a case control study in over 60 years old patients

  • Massimiliano Fabozzi1,
  • Rosaldo Allieta1,
  • Luciano Grimaldi2,
  • Stefano Reggio2,
  • Bruno Amato2 and
  • Michele Danzi2Email author
BMC Surgery201313(Suppl 1):A19

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2482-13-S1-A19

Published: 16 September 2013

Background

About 15 % of patients who have been undergone to a laparotomy may develope abdominal wall hernia and the risk increases with age. In last years the Laparoscopic treatment of ventral hernia (LVHR) is becoming increasingly widespread in surgical community thanks to the good outcomes of this technique [1, 2]. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of our surgical centers in order to establish the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of LVHR using composite mesh and tacks (Figure 1) compared to the open technique (OVHR).
Figure 1

intraoperative image Laparoscopic repair of incisional hernia.

Methods

Between January 2001 and March 2013, 523 patients were admitted to the Specialistic Surgery Centers ( Aosta " U. Parini Hospital and Naples "Federico II " Hospital ) and treated for abdominal wall hernia. Two groups (Open and Laparoscopic Repair), each one of 100 patients, with similar characteristics have been selected from these(mean age, sex, BMI, ASA risk and for type and size of surgical defects, Table 1): the first group was treated by laparoscopic repair and the second by open hernia repair. Mean age was 66 years old (range: 60-72) in open group and 68 years old (range: 63-73) in Laparoscopic group. Study outcomes were : operative time, complications, postoperative pain, analgesic therapy duration, intestinal function restoration, mean hospital stay, mortality and rate of recurrence at oneyear follow-up.
Table 1

Patients data and operative parameters

 

Open abdominal wall hernia repair

Laparoscopic abdominal wall hernia repair

Patients number

100

100

Age (years)

65.4±4.5

67.7±3.1

Sex

56 F / 44 M

49F / 51M

BMI (kg/m 2 )

27.1±1.9

29.3±3.6

Asa i

43

32

Asa ii

47

49

Asa iii

10

19

Wall defects size (cm)

12.6±9.2

11.4±9.7

Ng tube removal

after the operation

after the operation

Urinary catheter removal

evening of surgery

after the operation (only in parapubic repair)

Water assumption

evening of surgery

evening of surgery

Time of refeeding

3rd p.o. day

1st p.o. day

Results

Outcomes data are shown in Table 2 . In LVHR group the 55% of patients presented incisional hernia and 45% epigastric or umbilical hernias. In OVHR group the 52% of patients presented incisional hernia and 48% epigastric or umbilical hernias. The mean size of surgical defects was 11.4+9.7 cm in Laparoscopic group and 12.6+9.2 cm in Open group. Mean operative time was 61+22 min in Laparoscopic group and 105+27 min. The post-operative complications rate was 14% in Open group and 5% in Laparoscopic group. Patients who underwent LVHR presented a more rapid restoration of intestinal function, less postoperative pain and subsequently shorter analgesic therapy compared with the OVHR group. Postoperative complication rate is higher in the OVHR than LVHR group but the mortality rate was 0% for both tecniques. Mean hospital stay expressed in days is significantly reduced in LVHR. At one-year follow-up, we observed 7% in OVHR vs 4% in LVHR of hernia recurrence.
Table 2

Outcomes

Outcomes

Open abdominal wall hernia repair

Laparoscopic abdominal wall hernia repair

Operative time (min.)

105±27

61±22

Intra-operative complications

0

0

Laparotomy size (cm)

16±7

No

First peristalsis (days)

2.1±0.9

1.1±0.7

First defecation (days)

3.1±1.6

1.6±1.3

Permanence of drain (days)

2.3±1.6

No

Post-operative pain (VAS pain scale)

6.6

1.7

Anesthetic tap block

No

Yes

Analgesic duration terapy(days)

4. 8±1.5

1.1±1.5

Post-operative complications (number, rate)

14 (14%)

5 (5%)

Hospital stay (days)

5.6±1.2

1.9±1.8

Mortality

0

0

Conclusions

LVHR is an effective and safe procedure with very low morbidity and recurrence rates [3, 4]. It is associated with less postoperative pain and respiratory complications in over 60 years old patients thanks to less p.o. pain that doesn't compromise the diaphragmatic respiratory movements [5].

By our experience and the datas of Literature we can conclude that the Laparoscopic treatment of abdominal wall hernias (Incisional and not) presents more advatages compared to Open procedures related to reduced global complications and hospital stay with better comfort of patients.
Table 3

Complications

 

Open abdominal wall hernia repair

Laparoscopic abdominal wall hernia repair

Hematoma

6 %

1 %

Seroma

4 %

3 %

Visceral lesions

0

0

Sub-occlusion

0

0

Respiratory infections

1 %

0

Infections of prosthesis

0

0

Fascial necrosis

0

0

Postop. Pain (6 mesi)

3 %

1 %

Recurrence

7 %

4 %

Mortality

0

0

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Department of General Surgery, “U. Parini” Hospital
(2)
Department of Specialized Surgery, Division of Gastrointestinal Surgery Rehabilitation of Election and Emergency, “Federico II” University

References

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Copyright

© Fabozzi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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