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Open vs laparoscopic repair of abdominal hernia: a case control study in over 60 years old patients
BMC Surgery volume 13, Article number: A19 (2013)
About 15 % of patients who have been undergone to a laparotomy may develope abdominal wall hernia and the risk increases with age. In last years the Laparoscopic treatment of ventral hernia (LVHR) is becoming increasingly widespread in surgical community thanks to the good outcomes of this technique [1, 2]. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of our surgical centers in order to establish the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of LVHR using composite mesh and tacks (Figure 1) compared to the open technique (OVHR).
Between January 2001 and March 2013, 523 patients were admitted to the Specialistic Surgery Centers ( Aosta " U. Parini Hospital and Naples "Federico II " Hospital ) and treated for abdominal wall hernia. Two groups (Open and Laparoscopic Repair), each one of 100 patients, with similar characteristics have been selected from these(mean age, sex, BMI, ASA risk and for type and size of surgical defects, Table 1): the first group was treated by laparoscopic repair and the second by open hernia repair. Mean age was 66 years old (range: 60-72) in open group and 68 years old (range: 63-73) in Laparoscopic group. Study outcomes were : operative time, complications, postoperative pain, analgesic therapy duration, intestinal function restoration, mean hospital stay, mortality and rate of recurrence at oneyear follow-up.
Outcomes data are shown in Table 2 . In LVHR group the 55% of patients presented incisional hernia and 45% epigastric or umbilical hernias. In OVHR group the 52% of patients presented incisional hernia and 48% epigastric or umbilical hernias. The mean size of surgical defects was 11.4+9.7 cm in Laparoscopic group and 12.6+9.2 cm in Open group. Mean operative time was 61+22 min in Laparoscopic group and 105+27 min. The post-operative complications rate was 14% in Open group and 5% in Laparoscopic group. Patients who underwent LVHR presented a more rapid restoration of intestinal function, less postoperative pain and subsequently shorter analgesic therapy compared with the OVHR group. Postoperative complication rate is higher in the OVHR than LVHR group but the mortality rate was 0% for both tecniques. Mean hospital stay expressed in days is significantly reduced in LVHR. At one-year follow-up, we observed 7% in OVHR vs 4% in LVHR of hernia recurrence.
LVHR is an effective and safe procedure with very low morbidity and recurrence rates [3, 4]. It is associated with less postoperative pain and respiratory complications in over 60 years old patients thanks to less p.o. pain that doesn't compromise the diaphragmatic respiratory movements .
By our experience and the datas of Literature we can conclude that the Laparoscopic treatment of abdominal wall hernias (Incisional and not) presents more advatages compared to Open procedures related to reduced global complications and hospital stay with better comfort of patients.
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Fabozzi, M., Allieta, R., Grimaldi, L. et al. Open vs laparoscopic repair of abdominal hernia: a case control study in over 60 years old patients. BMC Surg 13, A19 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2482-13-S1-A19
- Postoperative Pain
- Open Group
- Incisional Hernia
- Ventral Hernia
- Laparoscopic Group