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  1. Although the infrared indocyanine green (ICG) imaging is an effective method to identify sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) of gastric cancer, its objectivity has not been verified.

    Authors: Naoto Takahashi, Hiroshi Nimura, Tetsuji Fujita, Shigeo Yamashita, Norio Mitsumori and Katsuhiko Yanaga
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:35
  2. Apart from transepicondylar axis, the native femoral sulcus was also reported to be used as a guide for the femoral component position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it was not shown in patients wi...

    Authors: Gangyong Huang, Jun Xia, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Jianguo Wu, Feiyan Chen, Jie Chen and Jingsheng Shi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:33
  3. Some studies have reported an association between complications and impaired long-term survival after cancer surgery. We aimed to investigate how major complications are associated with overall survival after ...

    Authors: Eirik Kjus Aahlin, Frank Olsen, Bård Uleberg, Bjarne K. Jacobsen and Kristoffer Lassen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:32
  4. Double-door laminoplasty is an effective method in treating patients with cervical spondylosis. Many patients with cervical spondylosis experience a set of atypical symptoms such as vertigo and tinnitus, and w...

    Authors: Yuqing Sun, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Kai Yan, Jie Yu, Shan Zheng and Wei Tian
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:31
  5. In liver resection, bile leakage remains the most common cause of operative morbidity. In order to predict the risk of this complication on the basis of various factors, we developed a clinical score system to...

    Authors: Takahiro Kajiwara, Yutaka Midorikawa, Shintaro Yamazaki, Tokio Higaki, Hisashi Nakayama, Masamichi Moriguchi, Shingo Tsuji and Tadatoshi Takayama
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:30
  6. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Curr...

    Authors: Stefan M. Zimmermann, Lukas W. Schwitter, Max J. Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:29
  7. Authors: Bruno Amato, Rita Compagna, Gianni Antonio Della Corte, Giovanni Martino, Tommaso Bianco, Guido Coretti, Roberto Rossi, Antonio Braucci, Giovanni Aprea, Pio Zeppa, Alessandro Puzziello and Claudio Terranova
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:24

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2012 12:S1

  8. Laparoscopic abdominal surgery may prove difficult in patients who have undergone previous abdominal procedures. No reports in the medical literature have presented an aborted laparoscopic procedure for failed...

    Authors: Daniel M Balkin, Quan-Yang Duh, Gabriel M Kind, David S Chang and Mary H McGrath
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:28

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2016 16:44

  9. Although the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system suggests that patients with stage B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) should be treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization instead of su...

    Authors: Xin Wang, Zusen Wang and Liqun Wu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:22
  10. Pancreatic cancer is a malignant neoplasm with a high mortality rate, often associated with a delayed diagnosis, the early occurrence of metastasis and an overall, poor response to chemotherapy and radiotherap...

    Authors: Łukasz Dobosz, Tomasz Stefaniak, Małgorzata Dobrzycka, Jagoda Wieczorek, Paula Franczak, Dominika Ptaszyńska, Katarzyna Zasada and Peter Kanyion
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:20
  11. Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a major postoperative complication after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PpPD) and sometimes causes reflux esophagitis. In most cases, this morbidity is controllable...

    Authors: Masahide Fukaya, Tetsuya Abe and Masato Nagino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:19
  12. Although there are many therapeutic options to manage patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease, there remains controversy over a gold standard method for treating such patients. Most studies regard...

    Authors: Ali Guner, Arif B. Cekic, Aydin Boz, Serdar Turkyilmaz and Uzer Kucuktulu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:18
  13. To identify factors affecting the harvest of lymph nodes (LNs) and to investigate the association between examining a minimum of 12 LNs and clinical outcomes in stage I-III colorectal cancer (CRC) patients.

    Authors: Hsiang-Lin Tsai, Ching-Wen Huang, Yung-Sung Yeh, Cheng-Jen Ma, Chao-Wen Chen, Chien-Yu Lu, Ming-Yii Huang, I-Ping Yang and Jaw-Yuan Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:17
  14. Surgery for benign disease is associated with a low-risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite a relatively low incidence of postoperative VTE in patients after elective cholecystectomy and abdom...

    Authors: Jan Ulrych, Tomas Kvasnicka, Vladimir Fryba, Martin Komarc, Ivana Malikova, Filip Burget, Radka Brzezkova, Jan Kvasnicka Jr, Zdenek Krska and Jan Kvasnicka
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:16
  15. Ethical concerns for surgical training on patients, limited working hours with fewer cases per trainee and the potential to better select talented persons for arthroscopic surgery raise the interest in simulat...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, Ilhui Wicki, Livia Holenstein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Christian Gerber
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:14
  16. Totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) using intracorporeal anastomosis has gradually developed due to advancements in laparoscopic surgical instruments. However, totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy...

    Authors: Ke Chen, Yang He, Jia-Qin Cai, Yu Pan, Di Wu, Ding-Wei Chen, Jia-Fei Yan, Hendi Maher and Yi-Ping Mou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:13
  17. To retrospectively evaluate postoperative genital function, local recurrence rate and survival rate after total mesorectal excision (TME) combined with or without pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP) in ...

    Authors: Zhihua Liu, Meijin Huang, Liang Kang, Lei Wang, Ping Lan, Ji Cui and Jianping Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:12
  18. Preclinical and early clinical external pelvic stabilization using commercially available devices has become common in trauma patient care. Thus, in the emergency department an increasing number of patients wi...

    Authors: Jörg Bayer, Thorsten Hammer, Dirk Maier, Norbert Paul Südkamp and Oliver Hauschild
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:11
  19. Complex proximal humerus fractures with metaphyseal comminution remain challenging regarding reduction and stability. In most fracture patterns the hard bone of the bicipital groove remains intact. In this cas...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Bastian Marquaß, Johannes Fakler, Hanno Steinke, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:10
  20. The aim of this study was to assess curative effect of hysteroscopic and laparoscopic myomectomy for type II submucous myomas between 3 and 5 cm in diameter and explore the optimal surgical indications.

    Authors: Haibo Wang, Jinrong Zhao, Xiujuan Li, Ping Li, Caihong Lu, Shujuan Tian and Zhong-hua Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:9
  21. Polypropylene meshes are widely used in hernia repairs. Hernia meshes have been developed incorporating coatings of active agents. One commercially available mesh has a fish oil coating which is promoted as ha...

    Authors: Chia Yew Kong, Lee Lee Lai, Amanda Yin Yen Khoo, Nazarina Abdul Rahman and Kin Fah Chin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:8
  22. Severe knee flexion contractures greater than 80° are rare and challenging to manage. Previous studies have demonstrated unsatisfactory clinical results after correcting these deformities because residual flex...

    Authors: Qiang He, Lin Xiao, Jianbing Ma and Guanghui Zhao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:7
  23. The interaction of depression and anesthesia and surgery may result in significant increases in morbidity and mortality of patients. Major depressive disorder is a frequent complication of surgery, which may l...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Ghoneim and Michael W. O’Hara
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:5
  24. This study aimed to compare Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO), poly-segmental wedge osteotomy (PWO) and pedicular subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in patients with rigid thoracolumbar kyphosis primarily caused by anky...

    Authors: Xumin Hu, Ashish Jung Thapa, Zhaopeng Cai, Peng Wang, Lin Huang, Yong Tang, Jichao Ye, Keng Cheng and Huiyong Shen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:4
  25. Preoperative hypercapnia and hypoxemia are reportedly risk factors for postoperative complications. This study aimed to establish the long-term survival risk associated with abnormal preoperative arterial bloo...

    Authors: Shinjiro Mizuguchi, Takashi Iwata, Nobuhiro Izumi, Takuma Tsukioka, Shoji Hanada, Hiroaki Komatsu and Noritoshi Nishiyama
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:3
  26. Patients with cervical spondylosis myelopathy (CSM) and complicated with hypertension are often experiencing a blood pressure decrease after taking cervical decompressive surgery in clinical observations, but ...

    Authors: Hong Liu, Hai-Bo Wang, Lin Wu, Shi-Jun Wang, Ze-Chuan Yang, Run-Yi Ma, Kathleen H. Reilly, Xiao-Yan Yan, Ping Ji and Yang-feng Wu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:2
  27. Authors: Tjibbe J. Gardenbroek, Thomas D. Pinkney, Saloomeh Sahami, Dion G. Morton, Christianne J. Buskens, Cyriel Y. Ponsioen, Pieter J. Tanis, Mark Löwenberg, Gijs R. van den Brink, Ivo A. M. J. Broeders, Hendrikus J. M. Pullens, Tom Seerden, Maarten J. Boom, Rosalie C. Mallant-Hent, Robert E. G. J. M. Pierik, Juda Vecht…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:1

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2015 15:30

  28. Splenectomy after combined colosplenic trauma or iatrogenic splenic injury during colorectal surgery associates with worse short- and long-term outcomes, including reduced survival in patients with colorectal ...

    Authors: Bora Karip, Metin Mestan, Özgen Işık, Metin Keskin, Kafkas Çelik, Yalın İşcan and Kemal Memişoğlu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:129
  29. Incisional surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most frequent complications that occur after colorectal surgery. Surgery for colorectal perforation carries an especially high risk of incisional SSI beca...

    Authors: Takehito Yamamoto, Takeshi Morimoto, Ryosuke Kita, Hideyuki Masui, Hiromitsu Kinoshita, Yusuke Sakamoto, Kazuyuki Okada, Junji Komori, Akira Miki, Masato Kondo, Kenji Uryuhara, Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Hiroki Hashida, Satoshi Kaihara and Ryo Hosotani
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:128
  30. The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety of bioabsorbable plates and screws in humans.

    Authors: Mehmet Isyar, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Gurdal Nusran, Olcay Guler, Sercan Yalcin and Mahir Mahirogullari
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:127
  31. Metastases to the pancreas are rare, accounting for less then 2 % of all pancreatic malignancies. However, both the benefit of extended tumor resection and the ideal oncological approach have not been establis...

    Authors: Georg Wiltberger, Julian Nikolaus Bucher, Felix Krenzien, Christian Benzing, Georgi Atanasov, Moritz Schmelzle, Hans-Michael Hau and Michael Bartels
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:126
  32. Although neuroendocrine tumors are most commonly found in the digestive system, neuroendocrine tumors originating from the bile duct are rare, and neuroendocrine carcinomas derived from the perihilar bile duct...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Kihara, Hiroshi Yokomizo, Takahiro Urata, Michiko Nagamine and Toshihiko Hirata
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:125
  33. In a previous report, we described a method of reconstruction using tumor-bearing autograft treated by liquid nitrogen for malignant bone tumor. Here we present the first case of bone deformity correction foll...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Toshiharu Shirai, Hideji Nishida, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Koji Watanabe, Shinji Miwa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:124
  34. The prognosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is worse when the tumor is located in the pancreatic body or tail, compared to being located in the pancreatic head. However, for localized, resectable ...

    Authors: Dietrich A. Ruess, Frank Makowiec, Sophia Chikhladze, Olivia Sick, Hartwig Riediger, Ulrich T. Hopt and Uwe A. Wittel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:123
  35. Pancreaticoduodenectomy remains the exclusive technique for surgical resection of cancers located within both the pancreatic head and periampullary region. Amongst peri-procedural complications, hemorrhage is ...

    Authors: Chad G. Ball, Elijah Dixon, Charles M. Vollmer and Thomas J. Howard
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:122
  36. The reported incidence of hollow viscus injuries (HVI) in blunt trauma patients is approximately 1 %. The most common site of injury to the intestine in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is the small bowel followed...

    Authors: Michail G. Vailas, Demetrios Moris, Stamatios Orfanos, Chrysovalantis Vergadis and Alexandros Papalampros
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:121
  37. Radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) is a relatively new modification of the standard distal pancreatosplenectomy. In this method, dissection proceeds from right-to-left to achieve negative p...

    Authors: Masaaki Murakawa, Toru Aoyama, Masahiro Asari, Yusuke Katayama, Koichiro Yamaoku, Amane Kanazawa, Akio Higuchi, Manabu Shiozawa, Satoshi Kobayashi, Makoto Ueno, Manabu Morimoto, Naoto Yamamoto, Takaki Yoshikawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda and Soichiro Morinaga
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:120
  38. There is still not any standardized operative strategy that is well-accepted all over the world for lumbarhernia. We are here to investigate the feasibility of the trans-abdominal partial extra-peritoneal (TAP...

    Authors: Jing Sun, Xin Chen, Jianwen Li, Yun Zhang, Feng Dong and Minhua Zheng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:118
  39. Breast-preserving surgery (Bp) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SNB) are established as standard treatment for axillary lymph node-negative early breast cancer.

    Authors: Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yuka Asano, Kento Kurata, Tamami Morisaki, Satoru Noda, Hidemi Kawajiri, Tsutomu Takashima and Kosei Hirakawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:117
  40. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether variant meso-Rex bypass with transposition of abdominal autogenous vein can be used as an alternative treatment modality for selected patients with symptomatic ext...

    Authors: Tae-Yong Ha, Kyung-Mo Kim, Gi-Young Ko, Seak Hee Oh, Tae-Won Kwon, Yong-Pil Cho and Sung-Gyu Lee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:116

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