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  1. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is now considered the first option for gallbladder surgery. However, 20% to 30% of cholecystectomies are completed as open operations often on elderly and fragile patients. The ext...

    Authors: Axel Ros, Per Carlsson, Mikael Rahmqvist, Karin Bäckman and Erik Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:17

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    Recent developments in large bowel surgery are the introduction of laparoscopic surgery and the implementation of multimodal fast track recovery programs. Both focus on a faster recovery and shorter hospital s...

    Authors: Jan Wind, Jan Hofland, Benedikt Preckel, Markus W Hollmann, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Dirk J Gouma, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Jan Willem Fuhring, Cornelis HC Dejong, Ronald M van Dam, Miguel A Cuesta, Astrid Noordhuis, Dick de Jong, Edith van Zalingen, Alexander F Engel, T Hauwy Goei…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:16

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Acute appendicitis (AA) is a common surgical problem that is associated with an acute-phase reaction. Previous studies have shown that cytokines and acute-phase proteins are activated and may serve as indicato...

    Authors: Ulrich Sack, Birgit Biereder, Tino Elouahidi, Katrin Bauer, Thomas Keller and Ralf-Bodo Tröbs

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:15

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  4. Content type: Case report

    A laryngocele is usually a cystic dilatation of the laryngeal saccule. The etiology behind its occurrence is still unclear, but congenital and acquired factors have been implicated in its development.

    Authors: Tahwinder Upile, Waseem Jerjes, Fabian Sipaul, Mohammed El Maaytah, Sandeep Singh, David Howard, Colin Hopper and Anthony Wright

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:14

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Restorative proctocolectomy is increasingly being performed minimal invasively but a totally laparoscopic technique has not yet been compared to the standard open technique in a randomized study.

    Authors: Dalibor Antolovic, Peter Kienle, Hanns-Peter Knaebel, Jan Schmidt, Carsten N Gutt, Jürgen Weitz, Moritz Koch, Markus W Büchler and Christoph M Seiler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:13

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Solitary fibrous tumors (SFT) represent a rare entity of soft tissue tumors. Previously considered being of serosal origin and solely limited to the pleural cavity the tumor has been described in other locatio...

    Authors: Adrien Daigeler, Marcus Lehnhardt, Stefan Langer, Lars Steinstraesser, Hans-Ulrich Steinau, Thomas Mentzel and Cornelius Kuhnen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:10

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Peliosis is a rare condition characterised by multiple cyst-like, blood-filled cavities within the parenchyma of solid organs. Most commonly affecting the liver, isolated splenic peliosis is an even more uniqu...

    Authors: Daniel J Lashbrook, Roger W James, Andrea J Phillips, Anthony G Holbrook and Andrew C Agombar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:9

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  8. Content type: Research article

    With dwindling rates of postoperative mortality in perforated peptic ulcer that is attributable to H2-receptor blocker usage, there is a need to shift the focus towards the prevention of postoperative morbidity. ...

    Authors: Smita S Sharma, Manju R Mamtani, Mamta S Sharma and Hemant Kulkarni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:8

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  9. Content type: Case report

    The clinico-surgical implication and successful management of a rare case of factor five (V) deficiency with portal hypertension and hypersplenism due to idiopathic extra-hepatic portal venous obstruction is p...

    Authors: Srinivas Prabhu Chava, Sujoy Pal, Supriyo Ghatak, Rajat Kumar, Peush Sahni and Tushar Kanti Chattopadhyay

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:7

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    The initial treatment of acute necrotizing pancreatitis is conservative. Intervention is indicated in patients with (suspected) infected necrotizing pancreatitis. In the Netherlands, the standard intervention ...

    Authors: Marc GH Besselink, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Marja A Boermeester, Thomas L Bollen, Erik Buskens, Cornelis HC Dejong, Casper HJ van Eijck, Harry van Goor, Sijbrand S Hofker, Johan S Lameris, Maarten S van Leeuwen, Rutger J Ploeg, Bert van Ramshorst, Alexander FM Schaapherder, Miguel A Cuesta…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:6

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Plaster ingestion forming gastric bezoar is a strange way to attempt suicide and this method has not yet been reported. It may lead to a mechanical obstruction of the gut, especially the pyloric region, and co...

    Authors: Rooh- Allah Yegane, Mohammad Bashashati, Reza Bashtar and Mina Ahmadi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:4

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Idiopathic sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis (or abdominal cocoon) is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction, especially in adult population. Diagnosis is usually incidental at laparotomy. We discuss one s...

    Authors: Costas Serafimidis, Ioannis Katsarolis, Spyros Vernadakis, George Rallis, George Giannopoulos, Nikolaos Legakis and George Peros

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:3

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Paraesophageal hernias are quite common and sometimes feared due to the risk of incarceration and strangulation of any herniated organ. The hereby reported combination of an incarcerated paraesophageal hernia ...

    Authors: Mikael Ekelund, Else Ribbe, Julian Willner and Thomas Zilling

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2006 6:1

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  14. Content type: Case report

    land-White-Garland syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is a rare disease which may result in myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure and sometimes death du...

    Authors: N Barbetakis, A Efstathiou, N Efstathiou, P Papagiannopoulou, V Soulountsi and I Fessatidis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:23

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Chronic human sepsis often is characterised by the compensatory anti-inflammatory response syndrome (CARS). During CARS, anti-inflammatory cytokines depress the inflammatory response leading to secondary and o...

    Authors: Carsten J Krones, Bernd Klosterhalfen, Michael Anurov, Michael Stumpf, Uwe Klinge, Alexander P Oettinger and Volker Schumpelick

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:22

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  16. Content type: Technical advance

    Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is an epithelium-lined communication between the rectum and vagina. Most RVFs are acquired, the most common cause being obstetric trauma. Most of the high RVFs are repaired by conven...

    Authors: Saravanan S Kumaran, Chinnusamy Palanivelu, Alfie J Kavalakat, Ramakrishnan Parthasarathi and Murugayyan Neelayathatchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:20

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Despite dramatic improvements in the management of burns, infection still remains a serious risk for the burn patient. The aim of this study was to shed light on the impact of acute burn injury with or without...

    Authors: Lars Steinstraesser, Olaf Burkhard, Ming H Fan, Frank Jacobsen, Marcus Lehnhardt, Grace Su, Adrien Daigeler, Hans U Steinau, Daniel Remick and Stewart C Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:19

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    Kupffer cell-dependent ischemia / reperfusion (I/R) injury after liver transplantation is still of high clinical relevance, as it is strongly associated with primary dysfunction and primary nonfunction of the ...

    Authors: Steffen P Luntz, Kristina Unnebrink, Monika Seibert-Grafe, Hartwig Bunzendahl, Thomas W Kraus, Markus W Büchler, Ernst Klar and Peter Schemmer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:18

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  19. Content type: Research article

    In vitro studies show that new miniature cryoprobes are suitable for cryoablation of bone tissue. The aim of this animal trial on 24 sheep was to examine the perioperative complications, particularly the dange...

    Authors: Frank Popken, Peter Meschede, Heike Erberich, Timmo Koy, Marfalda Bosse, Jürgen H Fischer and Peer Eysel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:17

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Duodenal ulcer perforations are a common surgical emergency, but literature is silent on the exact definition, incidence, management and complications of large perforations of duodenal ulcers.

    Authors: Sanjay Gupta, Robin Kaushik, Rajeev Sharma and Ashok Attri

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:15

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  21. Content type: Technical advance

    Over the last decade, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has gained worldwide acceptance and considered to be as "gold standard" in the surgical management of symptomatic cholecystolithiasis. However, the incidence ...

    Authors: Yavuz Selim Sari, Vahit Tunali, Kamer Tomaoglu, Binnur Karagöz, Ayhan Güneyİ and İbrahim KaragöZ

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:14

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  22. Content type: Study protocol

    Delirum is common in hospitalized elderly patients and may be associated with increased morbidity, length of stay and patient care costs. Delirium (acute confusional state) is defined as an acute disorder of a...

    Authors: Vanni Agnoletti, Luca Ansaloni, Fausto Catena, Rabbih Chattat, Angelo De Cataldis, Gianfranco Di Nino, Claudio Franceschi, Stefano Gagliardi, Rita Maria Melotti, Antonella Potalivo and Mario Taffurelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:12

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Drains are usually left after thyroid surgery to prevent formation of hematoma and seroma in the thyroid bed. This is done to reduce complications and hospital stay. Objective evaluation of the amount collecte...

    Authors: Jotinder Khanna, RS Mohil, Chintamani, Dinesh Bhatnagar, MK Mittal, M Sahoo and Magan Mehrotra

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:11

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The Leapfrog Group recommended that coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery should be done at high volume hospitals (>450 per year) without corresponding surgeon-volume criteria. The latter confounds proce...

    Authors: Thomas J Papadimos, Robert H Habib, Anoar Zacharias, Thomas A Schwann, Christopher J Riordan, Samuel J Durham and Aamir Shah

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:10

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  25. Content type: Technical advance

    The targets of minimally invasive surgery (MIVA) could be summarised by: achievement of the same results as those obtained with traditional surgery, less trauma, better post-operative course, early discharge f...

    Authors: Massimo Ruggieri, Andrea Straniero, Alessandra Mascaro, Mariapia Genderini, Massimino D'Armiento, Patrizia Gargiulo, Angela Fumarola and Pierpaolo Trimboli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:9

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Risk adjustment and stratification play an important role in quality assurance and in clinical research. The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) i...

    Authors: Elfriede Bollschweiler, Thomas Lubke, Stefan P Monig and Arnulf H Holscher

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:8

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    The closure of the abdomen after median laparotomy is still a matter of debate among surgeons. Further well designed and performed randomised controlled trials determining the optimal method of abdominal fasci...

    Authors: Hanns-Peter Knaebel, Moritz Koch, Stefan Sauerland, Markus K Diener, Markus W Büchler and Christoph M Seiler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:3

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Abdominal surgical site infections are among the most common complications of inpatient admissions and have serious consequences for outcomes and costs. Different risk factors may be involved, including age, s...

    Authors: Seyd Mansour Razavi, Mohammad Ibrahimpoor, Ahmad Sabouri Kashani and Ali Jafarian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:2

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  29. Content type: Study protocol

    Ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common injuries to the knee joint. Arthroscopic ACL replacement by autologous tendon grafts has established itself as a standard of care.

    Authors: Dirk Stengel, Gerrit Matthes, Julia Seifert, Volker Tober, Sven Mutze, Grit Rademacher, Axel Ekkernkamp, Kai Bauwens, Michael Wich and Dirk Casper

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:1

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Perineodynia (vulvodynia, perineal pain, proctalgia), anal and urinary incontinence are the main symptoms of the pudendal canal syndrome (PCS) or entrapment of the pudendal nerve. The first aim of this study w...

    Authors: Jacques Beco, Daniela Climov and Michèle Bex

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:15

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  31. Content type: Technical advance

    Biliary-enteric anastomosis especially Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy is frequently used for biliary diversion in benign biliary strictures. In this study, we present the results of hepaticojejunostomy with ext...

    Authors: Erdal Göçmen, Mehmet Keskek, Mesut Tez, Sebat Karamürsel, Mahmut Koç and Mehmet Kılıç

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:14

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In view of the disturbed esophageal peristaltic activity and abnormal esophageal motility in gastroesophageal reflux disease, (GERD), we investigated the hypothesis that these changes result from a disordered ...

    Authors: Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El-Sibai, Ismail Shafik and Ali Shafik

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:13

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  33. Content type: Study protocol

    Infectious complications are the major cause of death in acute pancreatitis. Small bowel bacterial overgrowth and subsequent bacterial translocation are held responsible for the vast majority of these infectio...

    Authors: Marc GH Besselink, Harro M Timmerman, Erik Buskens, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Louis MA Akkermans and Hein G Gooszen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:12

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Post-operative complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing surgery. However, there is little research in the emerging field of perioperative medicine beyond cardia...

    Authors: Nadia A Khan, Taha Taher, Finlay A McAlister, Andre Ferland, Norman R Campbell and William A Ghali

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:11

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Leucocyte recruitment and inflammation are key features of high dose radiation-induced tissue injury. The inflammatory response in the gut may be more pronounced following radiotherapy due to its high bacteria...

    Authors: Louis Banka Johnson, Amjid Ali Riaz, Diya Adawi, Lena Wittgren, Sven Bäck, Charlotte Thornberg, Nadia Osman, Virgil Gadaleanu, Henrik Thorlacius and Bengt Jeppsson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:10

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  36. Content type: Case report

    The molecular events, following ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) of the liver during transplantation are largely unknown. There is evidence that apoptotic and necrotic events may take place, and occasionally res...

    Authors: George N Tzimas, Mohammad Afshar, Eric Chevet, Anouk Emadali, Hojatollah Vali and Peter P Metrakos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:9

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