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  1. Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most common complication following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). The data about active smoking in relation to gastric motility have been inconsistent and specifically the ef...

    Authors: Jana Enderes, Jessica Teschke, Martin von Websky, Steffen Manekeller, Jörg C. Kalff and Tim R. Glowka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research

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  2. Amyand’s hernia is a rare hernia defined as an inguinal hernia that contains the appendix within the hernia sac. Current treatment of Amyand’s hernia remains controversial. Our study retrospectively reviewed 6...

    Authors: Yijie Gao, Taotao Zhang, Min Zhang, Zhengxu Hu, Qiao Li and Xiangwen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research

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  3. Chronic strictures following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) are a troublesome complication that can lead to significant morbidity. The use of stents has been described but the need for X-ray and risk of migra...

    Authors: Adam Peter Skidmore

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:314

    Content type: Technical advance

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  4. This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) combined arterial thrombectomy versus simple arterial thrombectomy in the treatment of acute lower limb ischemia (ALI).

    Authors: Hongwei Ge, Bin Song, Xin Wang, Yunfeng Zhu, Yiming Huang, Weibin Huang and Yongbin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  5. For colorectal liver metastases, surgery is a high-risk procedure due to perioperative morbidity. The objective was to assess severity of complications after fast-track liver surgery for colorectal liver metas...

    Authors: Charlotte Egeland, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, Nicolai Aagaard Schultz, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Thomas Røjkjær Daugaard, Line Buch Thøfner, Allan Rasmussen and Jens G. Hillingsø

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Injuries to the thenar muscle mass or the thenar branch of the median nerve and resulting loss of thumb opposition lead to a massive impairment of hand function. For decades, reconstructive approaches were bas...

    Authors: Martin Aman, Arne H. Boecker, Mirjam Thielen, Camillo T. Mueller, Amir K. Bigdeli, Ulrich Kneser and Leila Harhaus

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research

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  7. Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common and usually requires surgical intervention. Intestinal plication is a traditional but critical strategy for SBO in certain scenarios. This study is to compare the short-...

    Authors: Song Liu, Qiongyuan Hu, Lihua Shao, Xiaofeng Lu, Xiaofei Shen, Shichao Ai, Ping Zeng, Meng Wang and Wenxian Guan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research

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  8. The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in gastric cancer with liver metastasis (GCLM) patients who were contraindicated for either hepatect...

    Authors: Bin Zhou, Ning He, Jiaze Hong, Tong Yang, Derry Minyao Ng, Xudong Gao, Kun Yan, Xiaoxiang Fan, Zhi Zheng, Ping Chen, Jianjun Zheng and Qi Zheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research

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  9. Proximal gastrectomy acts as a function-preserving operation for upper-third gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term surgical outcomes between proximal gastrectomy with gastric tube...

    Authors: Zhiguo Li, Yan Ma, Guiting Liu, Ming Fang and Yingwei Xue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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  10. 46XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) is a rare subtype of disorder of sex development (DSD). 46YY PGD is a congenital disease with atypical chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex development. The patient in ...

    Authors: Rui Lin, Nanbin Liu, Xiuyan Wang, Xuyou Zhu, Daojing Huang and Baomin Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:307

    Content type: Case report

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  11. The last procedure performed by the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is to extract the specimen through the smallest incision possible. This experiment aimed to explore the maximum diameter of specimens that ca...

    Authors: Yuanbi Huang, Tian Yi, Huajie He, Qiguang Li, Xian Long, Gaohua Hu, Qiwei Chen, Yongpeng Li, Rongchao Chen and Xianlin Yi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research

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  12. En bloc right hemicolectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy (RHCPD) is the optimum treatment to achieve the adequate margin of resection (R0) for locally advanced right-sided colon cancer with duodenal invasion. In...

    Authors: Xiao-Luan Yan, Kun Wang, Quan Bao, Hong-Wei Wang, Ke-min Jin, Jun-Yun Wang and Bao-Cai Xing

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Anastomotic leakage is one of the most serious postoperative complications of rectal cancer. Prophylactic ileostomy has been widely used to reduce the risk and severity of complications of anastomotic leakage....

    Authors: Dongxiao Bai, Lei Li, Zhiling Shen, Tianchen Huang, Qingbing Wang, Yanjun Wang, Yong Zhang, Zhipeng Guo, Kan Li and Jian an Xiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:300

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Hyperextension bicondylar tibial plateau fracture (HBTPF) is a particular form of tibial plateau fracture which has gained increasing interest recently but were rarely documented. In this study, we reported th...

    Authors: Guoyun Bu, Weitang Sun, Yandong Lu, Meng Cui, Xi Zhang, Jie Lu, Jinli Zhang and Jie Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:299

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Bariatric surgery may be indicated in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to achieve and maintain the degree of weight loss required to ensure therapeutic effects. However, bariatric surgery...

    Authors: Luyang Wei, Mengyi Li, Na Zeng, Yang Liu, Rixing Bai, Nengwei Zhang, Jinghai Song, Pin Zhang, Qiyuan Yao, Zhenghan Yang, Xinyan Zhao, Yun Zhang, Peng Zhang and Zhongtao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:298

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  16. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of CIP2A (cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A) and the NLR (neutrophil–lymphocyte ratio) in the serum of patients with CRC (colorectal cancer) aft...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Hong-Jun Yi, Xiao-Qiong Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Xing-kui Tang, Jun-Wen Ye, Xiang Peng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Lin Liang and Mei-Jin Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:297

    Content type: Research

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  17. Laparoscopic anterior resection with trans-rectal specimen extraction (NOSES) has been demonstrated as a safe and effective technique in appropriate patients with upper rectal cancer (RC). However, improper se...

    Authors: Zhen-Yu Zhang, Zhe Zhu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Li Ni and Bing Lu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research

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  18. To investigate the urogenital fascia (UGF) anatomy in the inguinal region, to provide anatomical guidance for laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR).

    Authors: Yi Li, Changfu Qin, Likun Yan, Cong Tong, Jian Qiu, Yamin Zhao, Yang Xiao and Xiaoqiang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:295

    Content type: Research

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  19. Intestinal obstruction is defined as a blockage or partial blockage of the passage of the intestinal contents. It is a potentially risky surgical emergency associated with high morbidity and mortality. Its pat...

    Authors: Mulatie Atalay, Abinet Gebremickael, Solomon Demissie and Yonas Derso

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:293

    Content type: Research

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  20. To explore the relationship between spino cranial angle (SCA) and loss of cervical lordosis (LOCL), and to determine whether SCA has the ability to predict LOCL for patients with cervical myelopathy.

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Jia-Xin Xu, Zhen Liu, Ruo-Yu Li, Zhi-Wei Wang, Heng-Rui Chang, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:291

    Content type: Research

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  21. To investigate the clinical efficacy and therapeutic value of posterior decompression reduction, bone grafting fusion, and internal fixation for treatment of symptomatic old thoracolumbar fractures.

    Authors: Pan Li, Yunfei Huang, Zhuowen Liang, Lu Gan, Bin Wei, Zhengxu Ye, Mo Li and Zhuojing Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:290

    Content type: Research

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  22. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common inflammation of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. Intractable CRS cases are generally treated with endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Although the effect of ESS on CRS s...

    Authors: Salma S. Al Sharhan, Mohammed H. Al Bar, Shahad Y. Assiri, Assayl R. AlOtiabi, Deemah M. Bin-Nooh, Fozia K. AlSugair, Nada F. AlRashidi, Abdulmalik S. AlSaied and Amal A. Alghamdi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:288

    Content type: Research article

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  23. To describe the short-term outcomes of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) for uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) in patients with severe prolapse.

    Authors: Zhiying Lu, Yisong Chen, Xiaojuan Wang, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua and Changdong Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:286

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Paucity of RCTs of non-drug technologies lead to widespread dependence on non-randomized studies. Relationship between nonrandomized study design attributes and biased estimates of treatment effects are poorly...

    Authors: Saerom Youn, Shannon Avery Wong, Caitlin Chrystoja, George Tomlinson, Harindra C. Wijeysundera, Chaim M. Bell, Anna R. Gagliardi, Nancy N. Baxter, Julie Takata, Lakhbir Sandhu and David Robert Urbach

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:285

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Full-thickness rectal prolapse (FTRP) frequently occurs in elderly women, and more than 100 surgical procedures have been proposed to restore FTRP. The Gant-Miwa-Thiersch (GMT) procedure is the most used treat...

    Authors: Jinxi Wang, Huiyu Li, Xiaoming Ma, Gang Du, Jun Ma, Xiaojing Ren, Fang Zhang, Xiushan Dong, Haoliang Zhao and Chongren Ren

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:284

    Content type: Research

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  26. Surgical closure of anal fistulas with rectal advancement flaps is an established standard method, but it has a high degree of healing failure in some cases. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors ...

    Authors: Claudia Seifarth, Kai S. Lehmann, Christoph Holmer and Ioannis Pozios

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:283

    Content type: Research

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  27. In thyroid surgery, wrong-site surgery (WSS) is considered a rare event and seldom reported in the literature.

    Authors: Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Marco Raffaelli, Rocco Bellantone, Carmela De Crea, Carlo Enrico Ambrosini, Paolo Miccoli, Gabriele Materazzi, Antonio Ieni, Ettore Caruso, Daqi Zhang and Henning Dralle

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:281

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. This study aimed to explore potential risk factors for 253 lymph node metastasis, and to identify the prognostic impact of 253 lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer patients.

    Authors: Shidong Hu, Songyan Li, Da Teng, Yang Yan, Haiguan Lin, Boyan Liu, Zihe Gao, Shengyu Zhu, Yufeng Wang and Xiaohui Du

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The drain output volume (DOV) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is an easily assessable indicator in clinical settings. We explored the utility of the DOV as a possible warning sign of complications after PD.

    Authors: Taro Fukui, Hiroshi Noda, Fumiaki Watanabe, Takaharu Kato, Yuhei Endo, Hidetoshi Aizawa, Nao Kakizawa, Masahiro Iseki and Toshiki Rikiyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research

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  30. Until now, several classification staging system and treatment algorithm for hepatocelluar carcinoma (HCC) has been presented. However, anatomical location is not taken into account in these staging systems. T...

    Authors: Wei Qin, Li Wang, Beiyuan Hu, Huan Tian, Cuicui Xiao, Huanxian Luo and Yang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:278

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Compared with conventional open surgery, endoscopic thyroidectomy via the oral vestibular approach (ETVOA) and endoscopic thyroidectomy via the areola approach (ETAA) avoided scarring of the skin, which may he...

    Authors: Shuang Shen, Xiaochi Hu, Rui Qu, Youming Guo, Libo Luo and Xin Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:277

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Transumbilical two-port laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure for the treatment of processus vaginalis patency in boys has been practising recent years. The applicable instruments and skills are st...

    Authors: Yuanhong Xiao and Zhou Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:275

    Content type: Research

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  33. To present a surgical technique of single-incision laparoscopic-assisted endorectal pull-through (SILEP) with suspension sutures using conventional instruments for Hirschsprung disease (HD) and its long-term f...

    Authors: Liem Thanh Nguyen, Anh Tho Nguyen, Quang Thanh Nguyen, Quynh Anh Tran, Hau Duc Bui and Hien Duy Pham

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:274

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  34. Ileum obstruction due to internal hernia beneath external iliac artery after pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is extremely rare. We reported a case of acute strangulated internal hernia between the left ext...

    Authors: Zhenxing Zhang, Gengyuan Hu, Minfeng Ye, Yu Zhang and Feng Tao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:273

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Closure of the appendix stump presents the most critical part of laparoscopic appendectomy. The aim of the present study was to compare the medical outcomes and cost analysis of laparoscopic appendectomy with ...

    Authors: Peter Ihnát, Milan Tesař, Lubomír Tulinský, Lucia Ihnát Rudinská, Okaikor Okantey and Štefan Durdík

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:272

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Intussusception has a low incidence rate in adults. Many cases in adults are caused by tumors. Intussusception results from conditions other than tumors are uncommon. This is the first case report about intuss...

    Authors: Qiang Hu, Yuanshui Sun and Jianfeng Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:271

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:304

  37. Free bone fragments were difficult to be fixed in many comminuted midshaft clavicle fractures, and the absence of cortical alignment in comminuted fractures had direct influence on the stability of fixation. T...

    Authors: Gui Wu, Yao-qing Chen, Chun-yong Chen, Zhang-xiong Lin, Qi-yang Xie, Jun-jian Ye and Yun Xie

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:270

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. A case report of two patients who underwent auxiliary liver transplantation and two staged hepatectomy was recently published in BMC Surgery. The surgical technique utilised is described as novel but has been ...

    Authors: Pål-Dag Line, Silvio Nadalin and Deniz Balci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:268

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:166

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