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  1. Excisional haemorrhoidectomy is the gold standard technique in patients with III and IV degree haemorrhoidal disease (HD). However, it is associated with a significant rate of post-operative pain. The aim of o...

    Authors: G. Gallo, S. Di Saverio, G. Clerico, A . Sturiale, M. Manigrasso, A. Realis Luc, M. Trompetto and G. Sammarco

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:251

    Content type: Research article

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  2. With the mature application of laparoscopy in hepatobiliary surgery, laparoscopic treatment of hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) has made certain progress. But, due to the inherent limitations of laparoscopy ...

    Authors: Yu-Peng Li, Zhi-Gang Ma, Tuerhongjiang Tuxun, Zhi-De Li, Yuan Meng and Xiong Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:249

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Delirium after cardiac surgery affects mortality, but the mechanism remains unclear. Previous studies have reported gut microbiota are associated with brain activity. Systemic inflammation and antibiotics can ...

    Authors: Masaki Maekawa, Kenji Yoshitani, Musashi Yahagi, Takashi Asahara, Yoshiyuki Shishido, Satsuki Fukushima, Naoki Tadokoro, Tomoyuki Fujita and Yoshihiko Ohnishi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:247

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Double primary cancers have a low incidence rate, and synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma and gallbladder adenocarcinoma are rarely reported. Here, we report such a case— the 12th case of synchronous double p...

    Authors: Yan Xu, Quan-Ning Chen, Hui Wang, Nan-Bin Liu and Bao-Min Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:246

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Although spinal schwannomas generally grow very slowly, it has been reported that these clinical growths and their associated neurological symptoms accelerate during pregnancy. Because these cases are rare, su...

    Authors: Koki Kawaguchi, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Tatsuya Kurata, Kuniaki Toriyabe, Tomoaki Ikeda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:245

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) is a common disease in children. Laparoscopic hernia repair (LHR) has developed rapidly in recent years, but there are still different opinions compared with traditional open he...

    Authors: Jie Liu, XiongWei Wu, WenLi Xiu, XiWei Hao, Jing Zhao, Bin Wei and Qian Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:244

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To compare the efficacy of total and conventional laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (TLH and CLH) in children with choledochal cysts (CDCs).

    Authors: Fei Liu, Xiaogang Xu, Menglong Lan, Boyuan Tao, Le Li, Qiang Wu, Chengwei Chai and Jixiao Zeng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:243

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A retained surgical sponge, also known as a gossypiboma, is a rare cause of serious postoperative complications. Diverse retained surgical materials including instruments such as clamps and sutures have been r...

    Authors: Mustapha S. Kabba, Martha Y. Forde, Kevin S. Beckley, Bernadette Johnny, Ann-Marie B. M. Jah-Kabba, Samuel B. Seisay, Alusine M. Dawoh and Temidayo Ogundiran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:242

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is still a common and feared complication after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer. The multifactorial pathophysiology of AL and lack of standardised treatment options requ...

    Authors: M. D. Slooter, K. Talboom, S. Sharabiany, C. P. M. van Helsdingen, S. van Dieren, C. Y. Ponsioen, C. Y. Nio, E. C. J. Consten, J. H. Wijsman, M. A. Boermeester, J. P. M. Derikx, G. D. Musters, W. A. Bemelman, P. J. Tanis and R. Hompes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:240

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Acute abdominal wall hernia complications usually require a prompt surgical treatment. The aim of this case series is to report our experience with some unusual cases of apparent acute and subacute hernia comp...

    Authors: Michela Zanatta, Giovanna Brancato, Guido Basile, Francesco Basile and Marcello Donati

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:239

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Pneumoperitoneum to maintain a constant gas flow to assist various surgeries is known to cause severe bradycardia and has been linked to heart failure;; however, a recent study demonstrated that it is not link...

    Authors: Fumito Yamabe, Yozo Mitsui, Orie Hoshino, Tomo Shimizu, Mizuki Kasahara, Hideyuki Kobayashi and Koichi Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:238

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Surgical fixation is recommended for type II and III odontoid fractures (OFx) with major translation of the odontoid fragment, regardless of the patient’s age, and for all type II OFx in patients aged ≥50 year...

    Authors: Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Eirik Helseth, Pål Rønning, Jalal Mirzamohammadi, Marianne Efskind Harr, Tor Brommeland, Mads Aarhus, Christina Teisner Høstmælingen, Håvard Ølstørn, Pål Nicolay Fougner Rydning, Magnus Mejlænder-Evjensvold, Nils Christian Utheim and Hege Linnerud

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The rise in deaths attributed to opioid drugs has become a major public health problem in the United States and in the world. Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is associated with a faster postoperative recovery...

    Authors: Marieke J. Krimphove, Xi Chen, Maya Marchese, David F. Friedlander, Adam C. Fields, Lina Roa, Daniel Pucheril, Adam S. Kibel, Nelya Melnitchouk, Richard D. Urman, Luis A. Kluth, Prokar Dasgupta and Quoc-Dien Trinh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:235

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) applied in gynecology has been developed recent years and been evolving. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and effect...

    Authors: Xiaojuan Wang, Junwei Li, Keqin Hua and Yisong Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  15. For ventral hernia, endoscopic sublay repair (ESR) may overcome the disadvantages of open sublay and laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh repair. This retrospective study presents the preliminary multicente...

    Authors: Rui Tang, Huiyong Jiang, Weidong Wu, Tao Wang, Xiangzhen Meng, Guozhong Liu, Xiaoyan Cai, Jianwen Liu, Xijun Cui, Xianke Si, Nan Liu and Nina Wei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:233

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Bariatric surgery (BS) is considered as an effective solution to control morbid obesity. Food restrictions resulting from the operation may decrease dietary nutrient intakes, particularly during the first year...

    Authors: Maryam Ziadlou, Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Hassan Mozaffari Khosravi, Farhad Hosseinpanah, Maryam Barzin, Alireza Khalaj and Majid Valizadeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:232

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The management for subacute or chronic fistula after bariatric surgery is very complicated and with no standard protocol yet. It is also an Achilles’ heel of all bariatric surgery. The aim of this case report ...

    Authors: Hung-Hsuan Yen, Yu-Ting Lin, Jin-Ming Wu, Kao-Lang Liu and Ming-Tsan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:231

    Content type: Case report

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  18. There is a high probability of gastroesophageal reflux after laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of the oesophagogastric junction (AEG). Various anti-reflux anastomotic methods are emerging in...

    Authors: Baohua Wang, Yupeng Wu, Haijun Wang, Haiqiang Zhang, Liting Wang and Zhanxue Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:230

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Spontaneous gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) is a rare complication with a high fatality rate in spite of aggressive management. Clinical spectrum of GFPLA can mimic hollow viscus perforation as it u...

    Authors: Thuong Pham Van, Son Vu Ngoc, Ngoc Anh Nguyen Hoang, Doan Hoang Huu and Tung Anh Dinh Duong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:228

    Content type: Case report

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  20. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy (RARLA) for large pheochromocytomas (PHEOs; size≥6 cm) compared with retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalecto...

    Authors: Sheng-Qiang Fu, Chang-Shui Zhuang, Xiao-Rong Yang, Wen-Jie Xie, Bin-Bin Gong, Yi-Fu Liu, Ji Liu, Ting Sun and Ming Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:227

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The incidence of fractures around the femoral prosthesis among patients undergoing hip arthroplasty is increasing and has become the third leading cause of hip revision. While numerous methods for the surgical...

    Authors: Jian-Ning Sun, Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jia-Ming Zhang, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Immunosuppressed patients, including individuals with organ transplantation, have been among susceptible groups with regard to COVID-19, on the other hand pediatric patients more commonly undergo a mild clinic...

    Authors: Hamed Nikoupour, Kourosh Kazemi, Peyman Arasteh, Saba Ghazimoghadam, Hesameddin Eghlimi, Naghi Dara, Siavash Gholami and Saman Nikeghbalian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Pancreatic fistula is one of the serious complications for patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy, which leads to significant morbidity. The aim of our study is to compare linear stapling closure plus conti...

    Authors: Takeshi Aoki, Doaa A. Mansour, Tomotake Koizumi, Kazuhiro Matsuda, Tomokazu Kusano, Yusuke Wada, Tomoki Hakozaki, Kodai Tomioka, Takahito Hirai, Tatsuya Yamazaki, Makoto Watanabe, Koji Otsuka, Ahmed Elewa Abbas Gahin and Masahiko Murakami

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:223

    Content type: Technical advance

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  24. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization. Patients with cancer are more likely to incur poor clinical outcomes. Due to the prevailing pandemi...

    Authors: Yu-xuan Li, Chang-zheng He, Yi-chen Liu, Peng-yue Zhao, Xiao-lei Xu, Yu-feng Wang, Shao-you Xia and Xiao-hui Du

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:222

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Small bowel volvulus (SBV) is a benign gastrointestinal surgical condition in which there is a torsion of all or parts of a segment of small bowel on its mesenteric axis. It has been contributed significant bu...

    Authors: Atalel Fentahun Awedew, Woldemariam Beka Belay, Bedemariam Tadesse Amsalu and Dawit Zerihun Yalewu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:221

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Splenic rupture is an emergency condition and a vast number of cases are secondary to trauma. Several underlying pathologies have also been associated with splenic rupture, such as hematological diseases, mali...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Mobayen, Saeed Yousefi, Mohammadsadegh Mousavi and Amin Shafighi Anbaran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:220

    Content type: Case report

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  27. The prognostic significance of peripheral blood-derived inflammation markers in patients with gastric cancer (GC) has not been elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between systemic infl...

    Authors: Lihu Gu, Mian Wang, Xuena Cui, Jiahang Mo, Lingling Yuan, Feiyan Mao, Kang Zhang, Derry Minyao Ng, Ping Chen and Dongjie Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:219

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To observe cumulative morbidity of postoperative inguinal hernia (PIH) and identify risk factors associated with its development in patients who underwent retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), laparoscopic p...

    Authors: Lijia Liu, Haoxiang Xu, Feng Qi, Shangqian Wang, Kamleshsingh Shadhu, Dadhija Ramlagun-Mungur and Shui Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:218

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Gastrointestinal injury following blunt abdominal trauma is uncommon; a combined stomach and duodenal perforating injury is even more rare. Because these two organs are located in different spaces in the abdom...

    Authors: Chun-Chi Lai, Hung-Chang Huang and Ray-Jade Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:217

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Several topical hemostats are available to help control surgical bleeding. Cutanplast is a highly absorbent and porous gelatin product that is available in Fast sponge and powder forms. This study investigated...

    Authors: Valerio Antonio Paternò, Alessandro Bisin and Alessandro Addis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:215

    Content type: Research article

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  31. The critical view of safety (CVS) method can be achieved by avoiding vasculo-biliary injury resulting from misidentification during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although achieving the CVS has become popu...

    Authors: Shuichi Fujioka, Keigo Nakashima, Hiroaki Kitamura, Yuki Takano, Takeyuki Misawa, Yu Kumagai, Taigo Hata, Tadashi Akiba, Toru Ikegami and Katsuhiko Yanaga

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:214

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding diathesis in patients with no previous personal or family bleeding history. The diagnosis of this disease often delays due to unfamiliarity of physicians with it,...

    Authors: Umar Zeb Khan, Xiangwu Yang, Matiullah Masroor, Abdul Aziz, Hui Yi and Hai Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:213

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease (PSD) is an infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue at the upper part of the natal cleft of the buttocks. Excision and healing by granulation “lay-open” method is s...

    Authors: Mohamed M. Gohar, Reda F. Ali, Khaled A. Ismail, Taha A. Ismail and Nahla A. Nosair

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:212

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Perioperative complications cause significant pediatric morbidity and mortality in low- and lower middle -income countries. This study investigates factors associated with prolonged length of stay, 90-day read...

    Authors: Sarah Peiffer, Anna E. Ssentongo, Laura Keeney, Forster Amponsah-Manu, Richard Yeboako, Richard Ofosu-Akromah, Temitope Ebenezer Arkorful, Eric Agyemang, Anthony Tsai, John Oh and Paddy Ssentongo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:211

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The continuously increasing survivorship of female breast cancer makes the monitoring and improvement of patients’ quality of life ever so important. While globally there is a growing body of research on healt...

    Authors: Aris Yfantis, Pavlos Sarafis, Ioannis Moisoglou, Maria Tolia, George Intas, Ioanna Tiniakou, Konstantinos Zografos, George Zografos, Marianna Constantinou, Athanasios Nikolentzos and Michalis Kontos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  36. This report presents updated data and mid-term follow-up information to a former study introducing the novel technique of percutaneous-perventricular device closure of doubly committed subarterial ventricular ...

    Authors: Long Wang, Lin Xie, Weiqiang Ruan, Tao Li, Changping Gan and Ke Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:208

    Content type: Research article

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  37. We present a living donor case with an unexpected large-volume pneumothorax diagnosed using lung ultrasound during a laparoscopic hepatectomy for liver transplantation (LT).

    Authors: Min Suk Chae, Jueun Kwak, Kyungmoon Roh, Minhee Kim, Sungeun Park, Ho Joong Choi, Jaesik Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon and Sang Hyun Hong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:206

    Content type: Case report

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  38. To reduce the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak, clinicians utilize a filling material placed in the sella followed by floor reconstruction with various materials, including glue sealing. Cyano-acrylic glue Glu...

    Authors: Majid Bani-Ata, Firas Alzoubi, Bashar Abuzayed, Ala”a A. Alhowary and Abdelwahab J. Aleshawi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:205

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Intrapulmonary teratoma (IPT) is a rare type of extra gonadal teratoma which often presents with non-specific symptoms and can be misdiagnosed as other diseases. Here we report a patient with IPT which was ini...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Reyhaneh Naseri, Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Damoun Fouladi and Keivan Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:203

    Content type: Case report

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