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  1. Research estimates of inadvertent harm to patients undergoing modern healthcare demonstrate a serious problem. Much attention has been paid to analysis of the causes of error and harm, but researchers have typ...

    Authors: Peter McCulloch and Ken Catchpole
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:23
  2. Hepatic resection is still associated with significant morbidity. Although the period of parenchymal transection presents a crucial step during the operation, uncertainty persists regarding the optimal techniq...

    Authors: Nuh N Rahbari, Heike Elbers, Moritz Koch, Thomas Bruckner, Patrick Vogler, Fabian Striebel, Peter Schemmer, Arianeb Mehrabi, Markus W Büchler and Jürgen Weitz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:22
  3. Surgical site infection (SSI) continues to be a major source of morbidity and mortality in developing countries despite recent advances in aseptic techniques. There is no baseline information regarding SSI in ...

    Authors: Brian Mawalla, Stephen E Mshana, Phillipo L Chalya, Can Imirzalioglu and William Mahalu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:21
  4. The median laparotomy is frequently used by abdominal surgeons to gain rapid and wide access to the abdominal cavity with minimal damage to nerves, vascular structures and muscles of the abdominal wall. Howeve...

    Authors: Joris J Harlaar, Eva B Deerenberg, Gabrielle H van Ramshorst, Harold E Lont, Ed CMH van der Borst, Willem R Schouten, Joos Heisterkamp, Helena C van Doorn, Huib A Cense, Frits Berends, Hein BAC Stockmann, Wietske W Vrijland, Esther CJ Consten, Reyer T Ottow, Peter MNYH Go, John J Hermans…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:20
  5. Biliary-enteric anastomosis (BEA) is a common surgical procedure performed for the management of biliary obstruction or leakage that results from a variety of benign and malignant diseases. Complications follo...

    Authors: Syed Nabeel Zafar, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Rushna Raza, Muhammad N Khan, Mahwash Kasi, Ammar Rafiq and Omer H Jamy
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:19
  6. In the year 2000, the organizational structure of the ICU in the Zaandam Medical Centre (ZMC) changed from an open to a closed format ICU. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of this organiz...

    Authors: Frederik J van der Sluis, Cornelis Slagt, Barbara Liebman, Jan Beute, Jan WR Mulder and Alexander F Engel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:18
  7. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major source of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population and surgery is often the only definitive management option. The suitability of surgical candidates based on age al...

    Authors: Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Hassaan Bari, Syed Nabeel Zafar and Syed Ahsan Raza
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:17
  8. Although liver resection has long been established for selected patients with benign hepatic disease, the success of surgical treatment of these patients cannot be evaluated exclusively through postoperative m...

    Authors: Carsten Kamphues, Sabine Engel, Timm Denecke, Roberta Bova, Michael Hippler-Benscheidt, Gero Puhl, Peter Neuhaus and Daniel Seehofer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:16
  9. Various agents and techniques have been introduced to limit intra-operative blood loss from skin lesions. No uniformity regarding the type of haemostasis exists and this is generally based on the surgeon's pre...

    Authors: Marieke D Groenewold, Astrid J Gribnau and Dirk T Ubbink
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:15
  10. Upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage is mainly caused by ulcers. Gastric varicosis due to portal hypertension can also be held responsible for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Portal hypertension causes the deve...

    Authors: Klaus T von Trotha, Marcel Binnebösel, Son Truong, Florian F Behrendt, Hermann E Wasmuth, Ulf P Neumann and Marc Jansen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:14
  11. Adhesions are fibrous bands of scar tissue, often a result of surgery, that form between internal organs and tissues, joining them together abnormally. Postoperative adhesions frequently occur following abdomi...

    Authors: Vanja Sikirica, Bela Bapat, Sean D Candrilli, Keith L Davis, Malcolm Wilson and Alan Johns
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:13
  12. Enterocutaneous fistulas (ECF) are debilitating and usually result following complex abdominal surgery. While there is an association with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a large number of fistulas occur aft...

    Authors: Goher Rahbour, Ailsa L Hart, Hafid O Al-Hassi, Mohammad R Ullah, Simon M Gabe, Stella C Knight, Janindra Warusavitarne and Carolynne J Vaizey
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:12
  13. The presence of lymph node metastases remains the most reliable prognostic predictor and the gold indicator for adjuvant treatment in colon cancer (CC). In spite of a potentially curative resection, 20 to 30% ...

    Authors: Daniel J Lips, Boukje Koebrugge, Gerrit Jan Liefers, Johannes C van de Linden, Vincent THBM Smit, Hans FM Pruijt, Hein Putter, Cornelis JH van de Velde and Koop Bosscha
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:11
  14. Higher closure rates of the open abdomen have been reported with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) than with other wound management techniques. However, the method has occasionally been associated with in...

    Authors: Sandra Lindstedt, Malin Malmsjö, Johan Hansson, Joanna Hlebowicz and Richard Ingemansson
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:10
  15. Major colorectal surgery usually requires a hospital stay of more than 12 days. Inadequate pain management, intestinal dysfunction and immobilisation are the main factors associated with delay in recovery. The...

    Authors: José M Ramírez, Juan A Blasco, José V Roig, Sergio Maeso-Martínez, José E Casal, Fernando Esteban and Daniel Callejo Lic
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:9
  16. Breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer was developed as a method to preserve healthy breast tissue, thereby improving cosmetic outcomes. Thus far, the primary aim of breast-conserving surgery has been the...

    Authors: Nicole MA Krekel, Barbara M Zonderhuis, Hermien WH Schreurs, Alexander MF Lopes Cardozo, Herman Rijna, Henk van der Veen, Sandra Muller, Pieter Poortman, Louise de Widt, Wilfred K de Roos, Anne Marie Bosch, Annette HM Taets van Amerongen, Elisabeth Bergers, Mecheline HM van der Linden, Elly SM de Lange de Klerk, Henri AH Winters…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:8
  17. Due to the increase of cardiovascular diseases acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) has become one of the most frequently prescribed drugs these days. Despite the rising number of patients with ASA medication presenting...

    Authors: Dalibor Antolovic, Christoph Reissfelder, Anastasia Rakow, Pietro Contin, Nuh N Rahbari, Markus W Büchler, Jürgen Weitz and Moritz Koch
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:7
  18. The myofibroblasts play a central role in wound healing throughout the body. The process of wound healing in the colon was evaluated with emphasis on the role of myofibroblasts.

    Authors: Christophoros Kosmidis, Christoforos Efthimiadis, Georgios Anthimidis, George Basdanis, Stylianos Apostolidis, Prodromos Hytiroglou, Kalliopi Vasiliadou, John Prousalidis and Epameinondas Fahantidis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:6
  19. Adhesions formation is a significant postsurgical complication. At present, there is no effective method for preventing adhesions formation [1], although barrier products such as Dextran (Dex) [2] and sodium hyal...

    Authors: Qiang-Ye Zhang, Sheng Ma, Dong Xi, Wen-Tong Zhang and Ai-Wu Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:5
  20. Decision-making in patients with acute appendicitis poses a diagnostic challenge worldwide, despite much advancement in abdominal surgery. The Modified Alvarado Scoring System (MASS) has been reported to be a ...

    Authors: Emmanuel S Kanumba, Joseph B Mabula, Peter Rambau and Phillipo L Chalya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:4
  21. Malignant perivascular epitheliod cell tumor (PEComa) is a very rare entity composed of distinctive perivascular epitheliod cells with variable immunoreactivity for melanocytic and muscle markers. At present t...

    Authors: Federico Selvaggi, Domenico Risio, Roberta Claudi, Roberta Cianci, Domenico Angelucci, Daniela Pulcini, Alberto D'Aulerio, Margherita Legnini, Roberto Cotellese and Paolo Innocenti
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:3
  22. There is a rise in incidence of esophageal carcinoma due to increasing incidence of adenocarcinoma. Probably the only curative option to date is the use of neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgical resection. T...

    Authors: Surya SAY Biere, Kirsten W Maas, Luigi Bonavina, Josep Roig Garcia, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Camiel Rosman, Meindert N Sosef, Elly SM de Lange, H Jaap Bonjer, Miguel A Cuesta and Donald L van der Peet
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:2
  23. Unprovoked superficial thrombophlebitis and subsequent venous thromboembolism are well-described albeit rare presenting features of advanced visceral malignancy that often manifest too late for curative interv...

    Authors: Sri G Thrumurthy, Abeyratne HMP Anuruddha, Merrenna IM De Zoysa and Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:1
  24. Resorbable bone hemostasis materials, oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) and microfibrillar collagen (MFC), remain at the site of application for up to 8 weeks and may impair osteogenesis. Our experimental s...

    Authors: Jonathan K Armstrong, Bo Han, Kenrick Kuwahara, Zhi Yang, Clara E Magyar, Sarah M Dry, Elisa Atti, Sotirios Tetradis and Timothy C Fisher
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:37
  25. Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) to eliminate gram-negative bacteria is still not widely accepted, although it reduces the incidence of nosocomial infections. In a previous retrospective ...

    Authors: Franziska Näf, René Warschkow, Walter Kolb, Michael Zünd, Jochen Lange and Thomas Steffen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:36
  26. Intestinal atresia is a common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction, and management of this disease in limited setup of a developing country is very difficult.

    Authors: Vikal C Shakya, Chandra S Agrawal, Pramod Shrestha, Prakash Poudel, Sudeep Khaniya and Shailesh Adhikary
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:35
  27. To assess safety, risk factors and clinical outcomes in elderly patients with spinal stenosis after decompressive laminectomy.

    Authors: Asgeir S Jakola, Andreas Sørlie, Sasha Gulati, Øystein P Nygaard, Stian Lydersen and Tore Solberg
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:34
  28. Currently, there is no consensus opinion regarding the optimal procedure of choice in super-super-morbid obesity (Body mass index, BMI > 60 kg/m2). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with failure to...

    Authors: Bruno Dillemans, Sebastiaan Van Cauwenberge, Sanjay Agrawal, Els Van Dessel and Jan-Paul Mulier
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:33
  29. Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and ...

    Authors: Michael J Goldacre, Louise Laxton, Ewen M Harrison, Jennifer MJ Richards, Trevor W Lambert and Rowan W Parks
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:32
  30. For many years there has been a debate as to which is the method of choice in treating patients with esophageal perforation. The literature consists mainly of small case series. Strategies for aiding patients ...

    Authors: Michael Hermansson, Jan Johansson, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Göran Hambreus, Per Jönsson, Ramon Lillo-Gil, Ulrika Smedh and Thomas Zilling
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:31
  31. Penetrating injuries of the abdomen and spinal canal that involve organic material of animal origin are extremely rare and derive from domestic and wild animal attacks or fish attacks.

    Authors: Despoina Georgiadou, George N Zografos, Dennis Vaidakis, Spiridon Avlonitis, Angeliki Katopodi, Emmanouil N Tzirakis, Panagiotis Sioutos, Charalambos Drossos, Penelope Lampropoulou and George Papastratis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:30
  32. Recently, excellent results are reported on laparoscopic lavage in patients with purulent perforated diverticulitis as an alternative for sigmoidectomy and ostomy.

    Authors: Hilko A Swank, Jefrey Vermeulen, Johan F Lange, Irene M Mulder, Joost AB van der Hoeven, Laurents PS Stassen, Rogier MPH Crolla, Meindert N Sosef, Simon W Nienhuijs, Robbert JI Bosker, Maarten J Boom, Philip M Kruyt, Dingeman J Swank, Willem H Steup, Eelco JR de Graaf, Wibo F Weidema…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:29
  33. An upper limb arteriovenous (AV) fistula is the access of choice for haemodialysis (HD). There have been few reports of saphenofemoral AV fistulas (SFAVF) over the last 10-20 years because of previous suggesti...

    Authors: João A Correa, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Adilson C Pires, João R Breda, Yumiko R Yamazaki, Alexandre C Fioretti, Vitor E Valenti, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Hugo Macedo Junior, Eduardo Colombari and Fausto Miranda Junior
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:28
  34. Hepatectomy is recommended as the most effective therapy for liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRCLM). It is crucial to elucidate the prognostic clinicopathological factors.

    Authors: Michihiro Hayashi, Yoshihiro Inoue, Koji Komeda, Tetsunosuke Shimizu, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Fumitoshi Hirokawa, Yoshiharu Miyamoto, Junji Okuda, Atsushi Takeshita, Yuro Shibayama and Nobuhiko Tanigawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:27
  35. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance frequently occur in critically ill and in morbidly obese (MO) patients. Both conditions are associated with altered serum levels of cytokines and adipokines. In addition, o...

    Authors: Andreas Hillenbrand, Uwe Knippschild, Manfred Weiss, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Doris Henne-Bruns, Markus Huber-Lang and Anna M Wolf
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:26
  36. Persisting abdominal complaints are common after an episode of diverticulitis treated conservatively. Furthermore, some patients develop frequent recurrences. These two groups of patients suffer greatly from t...

    Authors: Bryan JM van de Wall, Werner A Draaisma, Esther CJ Consten, Yolanda van der Graaf, Marten H Otten, G Ardine de Wit, Henk F van Stel, Michael F Gerhards, Marinus J Wiezer, Huib A Cense, Hein BAC Stockmann, Jeroen WA Leijtens, David DE Zimmerman, Eric Belgers, Bart A van Wagensveld, Eric DJA Sonneveld…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:25
  37. Conservative treatment of uncomplicated or mild diverticulitis usually includes antibiotic therapy. It is, however, uncertain whether patients with acute diverticulitis indeed benefit from antibiotics. In most...

    Authors: Çağdaş Ünlü, Niels de Korte, Lidewine Daniels, Esther CJ Consten, Miguel A Cuesta, Michael F Gerhards, Anna AW van Geloven, Edwin S van der Zaag, Joost AB van der Hoeven, Rutger Klicks, Huib A Cense, Rudi MH Roumen, Quirijn AJ Eijsbouts, Johan F Lange, Paul Fockens, Corianne AJM de Borgie…
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:23
  38. Development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has a strong impact on the course of disease. Number of patients with this complication increases during the...

    Authors: Dejan V Radenkovic, Djordje Bajec, Nenad Ivancevic, Vesna Bumbasirevic, Natasa Milic, Vasilije Jeremic, Pavle Gregoric, Aleksanadar Karamarkovic, Borivoje Karadzic, Darko Mirkovic, Dragoljub Bilanovic, Radoslav Scepanovic and Vladimir Cijan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:22
  39. Randomised controlled trials with a long term follow-up (3 to 10 years) have demonstrated that mesh repair is superior to suture closure of incisional hernia with lower recurrence rates (5 to 20% versus 20 to ...

    Authors: Christoph Seiler, Petra Baumann, Peter Kienle, Andreas Kuthe, Jens Kuhlgatz, Rainer Engemann, Moritz v Frankenberg and Hanns-Peter Knaebel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:21
  40. Postoperative adhesions occur when fibrous strands of internal scar tissue bind anatomical structures to one another. The most common cause of intra-abdominal adhesions is previous intra-abdominal surgical int...

    Authors: Reinhold Lang, Petra Baumann, Karl-Walter Jauch, Claudia Schmoor, Christine Weis, Erich Odermatt and Hanns-Peter Knaebel
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:20
  41. Colonic intussusception is a rare congenital abnormality, mostly manifesting before the age of two with abdominal pain and acute intestinal obstruction with or without bleeding. In adults it may occur idiopath...

    Authors: Carolin Reiser-Erkan, Mert Erkan, Erika Ulbrich, Jörg Nährig and Jörg Kleeff
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:19
  42. The present developments in colon surgery are characterized by two innovations: the introduction of the laparoscopic operation technique and fast recovery programs such as the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (...

    Authors: Jurrian C Reurings, Willem R Spanjersberg, Henk JM Oostvogel, Erik Buskens, John Maring, Flip Kruijt, Camiel Rosman, Peter van Duivendijk, Cees HC Dejong and Cees JHM van Laarhoven
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:18
  43. Few patients with lung metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) are candidates for surgical therapy with a curative intent, and it is currently impossible to identify those who may benefit the most from thoraco...

    Authors: Ulrich Landes, John Robert, Thomas Perneger, Gilles Mentha, Vincent Ott, Philippe Morel and Pascal Gervaz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:17
  44. Incidence of liver hydatid cyst (LHC) rupture ranged 15%-40% of all cases and most of them concern the bile duct tree. Patients with biliocystic communication (BCC) had specific clinic and therapeutic aspect. ...

    Authors: Hadj Omar El Malki, Yasser El Mejdoubi, Amine Souadka, Raouf Mohsine, Lahcen Ifrine, Redouane Abouqal and Abdelkader Belkouchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:16
  45. Immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) increases the risk of renal dysfunction after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Controlled trials have shown improvement of renal function in patients ...

    Authors: Armin D Goralczyk, Andreas Schnitzbauer, Tung Y Tsui, Giuliano Ramadori, Thomas Lorf and Aiman Obed
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:15
  46. The objective of this clinical study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Activ-L Artificial Disc for treatment of single-level degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine in patients who have ...

    Authors: James J Yue and Fred F Mo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:14
  47. Multilevel spinal fusion surgery has typically been associated with significant blood loss. To limit both the need for transfusions and co-morbidities associated with blood loss, the use of anti-fibrinolytic a...

    Authors: Kushagra Verma, Thomas J Errico, Kenneth M Vaz and Baron S Lonner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:13
  48. Intestinal tuberculosis is a common problem in endemic areas, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. An isolated primary caecal perforation of tubercular origin is exceptionally uncommon.

    Authors: Devendra K Jain, Gaurav Aggarwal, Parvinder S Lubana, Sonia Moses and Nitin Joshi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:12
  49. Transplantation is the only treatment offering long-term benefit to patients with chronic kidney failure. Live donor nephrectomy is performed on healthy individuals who do not receive direct therapeutic benefi...

    Authors: Leonienke FC Dols, Niels FM Kok, Turkan Terkivatan, TC Khe Tran, Frank CH d'Ancona, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Ingrid RAM zur borg, Ian PJ Alwayn, Mark P Hendriks, Ine M Dooper, Willem Weimar and Jan NM IJzermans
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:11

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