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  1. Breast cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in women. Axillary lymph nodes dissection represents the treatment of choice in locally advanced breast cancer for prognostic and curative purposes. Seroma formation...

    Authors: Claudio Gambardella, Guglielmo Clarizia, Renato Patrone, Chiara Offi, Claudio Mauriello, Roberto Romano, Marco Filardo, Alessandra Conzo, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Andrea Polistena, Nicola Avenia and Giovanni Conzo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):125

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  2. The gold standard approach for surgical treatment of benign and malignant adrenal lesion is considered the laparoscopic one, due to a lot of advantages compared to open approach. The rapid propagation of this ...

    Authors: Renato Patrone, Claudio Gambardella, Roberto Maria Romano, Clarizia Gugliemo, Chiara Offi, Claudia Andretta, Antonio Vitiello, Ernesto Tartaglia, Luigi Flagiello, Alessandra Conzo, Claudio Mauriello and Giovanni Conzo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):123

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  3. Prophylactic central neck lymph-nodes dissection is still a topic of major debate in Literature. There is a lack of randomized controlled trials proving advantages in its application in terms of overall surviv...

    Authors: Claudio Gambardella, Renato Patrone, Francesco Di Capua, Chiara Offi, Claudio Mauriello, Guglielmo Clarizia, Claudia Andretta, Andrea Polistena, Alessandro Sanguinetti, Pietrogiorgio Calò, Giovanni Docimo, Nicola Avenia and Giovanni Conzo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):110

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  4. Primary aldosteronism (PA) is associated with an increased prevalence of anxiety and depression. Subnormal quality of life (QoL) scores in PA patients may be improved after surgical treatment. The aim of the s...

    Authors: Marilisa Citton, Giovanni Viel, Francesca Torresan, Gian Paolo Rossi and Maurizio Iacobone
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):105

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  5. Early Hypocalcemia is the most frequent complication after thyroid surgery. Several studies have tried to identify factors (patient caracteristics or surgical technique variations) affecting hypocalcemia follo...

    Authors: Paolo Del Rio, Matteo Rossini, Chiara Montana Montana, Lorenzo Viani, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Tommaso Loderer and Federico Cozzani
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):25

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  6. About 10% of cervico-mediastinal goiter need to associate cervicotomy with a total or partial sternotomy to allow a safe removal of the goiter.

    Authors: Claudio Casella, Sarah Molfino, Carlo Cappelli, Federica Salvoldi, Mauro Roberto Benvenuti and Nazario Portolani
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):20

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  7. Robotic thyroidectomy by transaxillary approach (RATS) is regarded as a feasible and safe alternative procedure in selected patients with benign disease or thyroid cancer of low risk, facilitating thyroidectom...

    Authors: Francesco Paolo Prete, Rinaldo Marzaioli, Serafina Lattarulo, Daniele Paradies, Graziana Barile, Maria Vittoria d’Addetta, Giovanni Tomasicchio, Angela Gurrado and Angela Pezzolla
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 18(Suppl 1):19

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  8. The indications for sacroiliac screw (SI) removal have been under debate. Data on complication rates of SI screw removal is missing in the current literature. The objective of this study was to compare the rat...

    Authors: Georg Osterhoff, Jonas Noser, Kai Sprengel, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:39
  9. Anastomotic leak is the most common and serious complication following esophagectomy. Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure (EVAC) is a promising method for treating anastomotic leak. We aimed to evaluate the eff...

    Authors: Yang Won Min, Taewan Kim, Hyuk Lee, Byung-Hoon Min, Hong Kwan Kim, Yong Soo Choi, Jun Haeng Lee, Poong-Lyul Rhee, Jae J. Kim, Jae Ill Zo and Young Mog Shim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:37
  10. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular lesions associated with early quiescence, late expansion, and, ultimately, infiltration and destruction of local soft tissue and bone. The extrem...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Hidenori Matsubara, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Hiroyuki Inatani and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:35
  11. We developed a dedicated blunt straight needle with No. 2 polydioxanone sutures (2-Monodiox®) for uterine compression sutures (UCSs) and aimed to assess the outcomes and complication rates of UCSs for postpart...

    Authors: Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Takuji Tomimatsu, Satoshi Nakagawa, Satoko Matsuzaki, Tatsuya Miyake, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Aiko Kakigano, Kazuya Mimura, Yutaka Ueda and Tadashi Kimura
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:33
  12. Hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture is a common surgical procedure. A number of distinct approaches are used to access the hip joint. The most commonly used are the direct lateral approach (DLA), and the posteri...

    Authors: James Fullam, Paraskevas G. Theodosi, John Charity and Victoria A. Goodwin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:32
  13. The current standard treatment for resectable pancreatic cancer is surgical resection followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. Local recurrence rates are high even after curative resection; thus, the long-term outco...

    Authors: Jun Won Kim, Yeona Cho, Hyung Sun Kim, Won Hoon Choi, Joon Seong Park and Ik Jae Lee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:31
  14. Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare neoplasm that tends to occur in the lower limbs of children and adolescents. Metastatic breast tumors constitute 0.5–2.0% of all malignant mammary neoplas...

    Authors: Yuka Asano, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Sadao Tokimasa, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:30
  15. Subchondral bone is commonly affected in cases of giant cell tumour (GCT) of the proximal tibia. Numerous studies have stated that retaining a sufficient subchondral bone layer could decrease the possibilities...

    Authors: Minxun Lu, Jie Wang, Fan Tang, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:29
  16. Gastroparesis is a syndrome characterized by delayed gastric emptying with associated symptoms. It was reported that the symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis had been greatly improved by transpyloric stent place...

    Authors: Guo-Gang Liang, Qing-Kai Zhang, Gui-Xin Zhang and Mu-Cang Liu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:27
  17. Subdural effusion with hydrocephalus (SDEH) is a rare complication of traumatic brain injury, especially following decompressive craniectomy (DC) for posttraumatic cerebral infarction. The diagnosis and treatm...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Yun Ye, Tao Ma, Geng Jia and Huaping Qin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:26
  18. Monobloc resection of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) has a major impact on overall survival and local recurrence. Anatomical boundaries, such as the sciatic notch, increase the risk of fragmentation of the lesion...

    Authors: Elodie Gaignard, Dimitri Tzanis, Toufik Bouhadiba, David C. Kieser, Fabien Robin, Damien Bergeat, Bernard Meunier and Sylvie Bonvalot
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:24
  19. Percutaneous transhepatic portal embolization (PTPE) is useful for safe major hepatectomy. This study investigated the correlation between hepatic hypertrophy and hemodynamics of portal venous flow by ultrasou...

    Authors: Shingo Shimada, Toshiya Kamiyama, Hideki Yokoo, Tatsuya Orimo, Kenji Wakayama, Akihisa Nagatsu, Tatsuhiko Kakisaka, Hirofumi Kamachi, Daisuke Abo, Yusuke Sakuhara and Akinobu Taketomi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:23
  20. Although the effect of the recent Greek economic crisis and austerity on the population’s health and the health system effectiveness have been discussed a lot recently, data on common surgical conditions affec...

    Authors: Ioannis G. Karavokyros, George I. Kirkilessis, Demetrios Schizas, Georgios Chelidonis, Emmanouil Pikoulis and John Griniatsos
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:18
  21. Hepatic portal vein gas (HPVG) is a rare acute abdomen, which is not an independent disease. Meanwhile, HPVG combined with appendicitis has been rarely reported. We found only a similar report by looking for l...

    Authors: Haimin Chen, Qingsong Wu, Hongcai Fang, Bo Liang and Lu Fang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:17
  22. To evaluate the perioperative and long-term results of intrahepatic bile duct exploration lithotomy (IHBDIL) combined with hepatectomy for patients with complicated bilateral primary hepatolithiasis.

    Authors: En-liang Li, Rong-fa Yuan, Wen-jun Liao, Qian Feng, Jun Lei, Xiang-bao Yin, Lin-quan Wu and Jiang-hua Shao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:16
  23. To improve prognosis after esophageal surgery, intraoperative fluid optimization is important. Herein, we hypothesized that hydroxyethyl starch administration during esophagectomy reduce the total amount of fl...

    Authors: Jun-Young Jo, Wook-Jong Kim, Dae-Kee Choi, Hyeong Ryul Kim, Eun-Ho Lee and In-Cheol Choi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:15
  24. Chest wall necrosis can manifest as a late effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer. Only two cases of fistulas communicating with the respiratory tract as a result of radiation-induced necrosis of the lu...

    Authors: Ryuichi Azuma, Masahito Kajita, Satoshi Kubo and Tomoharu Kiyosawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:14
  25. Angiolipoma is a rare, benign tumor that primarily develops in the limbs and trunk. The occurrence of angiolipoma in the lungs is extremely rare; to date, only two cases of primary bronchial angiolipoma have b...

    Authors: Satoshi Kamata, Itaru Ishida, Takafumi Sugawara, Hiroshi Yaegashi and Hiroyuki Oura
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:13
  26. This study evaluated the perioperative complications and the long-term pancreatic survival outcomes in patients treated with radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) and distal pancreatectomy (DP).

    Authors: Quanyu Zhou, Fengwei-Gao, Jie Gong, Qingyun Xie, Yu Liu, Qing Wang and Zehua Lei
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:12
  27. Spinal arachnoid cysts are rare and have varied clinical manifestations depending on the affected spinal region and nerve roots. A complete cyst excision with fistula closure is the first choice of treatment. ...

    Authors: Guang-Yu Ying, Kai-Sheng Chang, Ya-Juan Tang, Chun-Yuan Cheng, Yong-Jian Zhu and Chien-Min Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:11
  28. Abdominal wall surgical site complications following renal transplantation can be challenging to manage. A sub-group of these recipients will require operative management or advanced wound care such as negativ...

    Authors: Ngee-Soon Lau, Nima Ahmadi and Deborah Verran
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:10
  29. Ileal ureter replacement is an alternative treatment for various length ureter defects. We present our experience and outcome of ileal ureter replacement in China.

    Authors: Wenlong Zhong, Peng Hong, Guangpu Ding, Kunlin Yang, Xuesong Li, Junsheng Bao, Guochang Bao, Liang Cui, Changping Men, Zhe Li, Peng Zhang, Ning Chu and Liqun Zhou
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:9
  30. Liver is a common location of colorectal metastasis, but intrabiliary growth of liver metastasis is not well recognized. Furthermore, intrabiliary metastasis that discovered over 10 years after excision has ra...

    Authors: Shin Sasaki, Yoriko Nomura, Shogo Fukutomi, Nobuhisa Shirahama, Hironori Kusano, Jun Akiba, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Osamu Nakashima, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Koji Okuda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:8
  31. Several studies have emphasized the importance of restoring thoracic kyphosis (TK) in the setting of AIS, but very few have discussed changes in cervical spine alignment following surgery. Aim of this study wa...

    Authors: W. Pepke, H. Almansour, R. Lafage, B. G. Diebo, B. Wiedenhöfer, F. Schwab, V. Lafage and M. Akbar
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:7
  32. Laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) has become a common procedure for repairing inguinal hernia. As a laparoscopic approach, pediatric surgical trainees require more training to learn LPEC...

    Authors: Soichi Shibuya, Naho Fujiwara, Takanori Ochi, Momoko Wada, Toshiaki Takahashi, Kyeong Deok Lee and Eiji Miyazaki
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:6
  33. Primary hepatic angiosarcoma (PHA) is a rare tumor entity. Radical surgical resection is currently considered the best treatment choice. The aim of this analysis is to report our experience with surgery for PHA.

    Authors: Verena Tripke, Stefan Heinrich, Tobias Huber, Jens Mittler, Maria Hoppe-Lotichius, Beate K. Straub and Hauke Lang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:5
  34. A variety of effective methods for treatment of hemorrhoids has been proposed. In recent years, there has been an increasing number of studies comparing transanal hemorrhoidal dearterilization (THD) and conven...

    Authors: V. Popov, A. Yonkov, E. Arabadzhieva, E. Zhivkov, S. Bonev, D. Bulanov, V. Tasev, G. Korukov, L. Simonova, N. Kandilarov, A. Taseva and V. Dimitrova
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:4
  35. Intrahepatic subcapsular hematoma (ISH) is an extremely rare, life-threatening complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Only few cases have been reported. Herein, we reported a rare giant ISH afte...

    Authors: Qiao-fei Liu, Ling-ling Bian, Meng-qing Sun, Rong-hua Zhang, Wei-bin Wang, Yong-ning Li and Jun-chao Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:3
  36. The spontaneous rupture of the gallbladder is extremely rare, majority of ruptures occur secondary to traumatic injuries. Here, we report a case of spontaneous rupture of the gallbladder with probably cause of...

    Authors: Zhilong Ma, Bin Xu, Long Wang, Yukan Mao, Bo Zhou, Zhenshun Song and Tingsong Yang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:2
  37. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate morbidity, mortality, postoperative function and recurrences in patients treated by Altemeier’s rectosigmoidectomy for complete rectal prolapse in a referral...

    Authors: Mario Trompetto, Roberta Tutino, Alberto Realis Luc, Eugenio Novelli, Gaetano Gallo and Giuseppe Clerico
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:1
  38. Liver transplantation is the best treatment for end-stage liver disease. The interruption of the blood supply to the donor liver during cold storage damages the liver, affecting how well the liver will functio...

    Authors: Duilio Pagano, Elisabetta Oliva, Simone Khouzam, Fabio Tuzzolino, Davide Cintorino, Sergio Li Petri, Fabrizio di Francesco, Calogero Ricotta, Pasquale Bonsignore, Alessandro Tropea, Sergio Calamia, Federico Costanzo, Angelo Luca and Salvatore Gruttadauria
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:122
  39. The diagnosis of paraduodenal hernia is still a challenge in clinical practice due to lacking of specific symptoms. Case presentation: An 83-yr-old male patient presented to our department due to severe abdomi...

    Authors: Chong Jin, Jinggang Mo, Guoyu Wang, Hao Jiang, Yifu Feng and Song Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:120
  40. Spleen leaves its normal anatomical position and appears in other locations, which is called ectopic spleen. It is most commonly found in the abdomen or pelvis with seeding of the peritoneum, omentum or mesent...

    Authors: Yumeng Niu, Wenzhou Liu, Lei Xian, Tao Liu, Chusheng Huang and Shengzhuang Yang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:119
  41. Laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) has been identified to be effective and safe for elderly patients (≥70 years). This study aims to assess the short-and long-term outcome of totally laparoscopic liver resection fo...

    Authors: Xin Yu, Yan Chun Yan, Gang Chen and Hong Yu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:118
  42. Based on epidemiological and clinical data acute appendicitis can present either as uncomplicated (70–80%) or complicated (20–30%) disease. Recent studies have shown that antibiotic therapy is both safe and co...

    Authors: J. Haijanen, S. Sippola, J. Grönroos, T. Rautio, P. Nordström, T. Rantanen, M. Aarnio, I. Ilves, S. Hurme, H. Marttila, J. Virtanen, A. Mattila, H. Paajanen and P. Salminen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:117
  43. Synovial cyst of the hip joint is a rare clinical condition in need of evidence-based guidelines for its diagnosis and management. Normally, synovial cyst of the hip joint requires no treatment, but when it in...

    Authors: Jingjing Wang, Jiang Shao, Chenyang Qiu, Yu Chen and Bao Liu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:113
  44. The timing of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) performed after the mild acute biliary pancreatitis (MABP) is still controversial. We conducted a review to compare same-admission laparoscopic cholecystectomy (...

    Authors: Yun-Xiao Lyu, Yun-Xiao Cheng, Hang-Fei Jin, Xin Jin, Bin Cheng and Dian Lu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:111
  45. Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the “Spigelian belt”, but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, ...

    Authors: Zhou Ye, Mo-Jin Wang, Li-Fen Bai, Han-Xiang Zhuang and Wen Zhuang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:109

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