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  1. Content type: Research article

    Risk adjustment and stratification play an important role in quality assurance and in clinical research. The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) i...

    Authors: Elfriede Bollschweiler, Thomas Lubke, Stefan P Monig and Arnulf H Holscher

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:8

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  2. Content type: Study protocol

    The closure of the abdomen after median laparotomy is still a matter of debate among surgeons. Further well designed and performed randomised controlled trials determining the optimal method of abdominal fasci...

    Authors: Hanns-Peter Knaebel, Moritz Koch, Stefan Sauerland, Markus K Diener, Markus W Büchler and Christoph M Seiler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:3

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Abdominal surgical site infections are among the most common complications of inpatient admissions and have serious consequences for outcomes and costs. Different risk factors may be involved, including age, s...

    Authors: Seyd Mansour Razavi, Mohammad Ibrahimpoor, Ahmad Sabouri Kashani and Ali Jafarian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:2

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  4. Content type: Study protocol

    Ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are common injuries to the knee joint. Arthroscopic ACL replacement by autologous tendon grafts has established itself as a standard of care.

    Authors: Dirk Stengel, Gerrit Matthes, Julia Seifert, Volker Tober, Sven Mutze, Grit Rademacher, Axel Ekkernkamp, Kai Bauwens, Michael Wich and Dirk Casper

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2005 5:1

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Perineodynia (vulvodynia, perineal pain, proctalgia), anal and urinary incontinence are the main symptoms of the pudendal canal syndrome (PCS) or entrapment of the pudendal nerve. The first aim of this study w...

    Authors: Jacques Beco, Daniela Climov and Michèle Bex

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:15

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  6. Content type: Technical advance

    Biliary-enteric anastomosis especially Roux-en Y hepaticojejunostomy is frequently used for biliary diversion in benign biliary strictures. In this study, we present the results of hepaticojejunostomy with ext...

    Authors: Erdal Göçmen, Mehmet Keskek, Mesut Tez, Sebat Karamürsel, Mahmut Koç and Mehmet Kılıç

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:14

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  7. Content type: Research article

    In view of the disturbed esophageal peristaltic activity and abnormal esophageal motility in gastroesophageal reflux disease, (GERD), we investigated the hypothesis that these changes result from a disordered ...

    Authors: Ahmed Shafik, Olfat El-Sibai, Ismail Shafik and Ali Shafik

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:13

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Infectious complications are the major cause of death in acute pancreatitis. Small bowel bacterial overgrowth and subsequent bacterial translocation are held responsible for the vast majority of these infectio...

    Authors: Marc GH Besselink, Harro M Timmerman, Erik Buskens, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Louis MA Akkermans and Hein G Gooszen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:12

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Post-operative complications are a significant source of morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing surgery. However, there is little research in the emerging field of perioperative medicine beyond cardia...

    Authors: Nadia A Khan, Taha Taher, Finlay A McAlister, Andre Ferland, Norman R Campbell and William A Ghali

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:11

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Leucocyte recruitment and inflammation are key features of high dose radiation-induced tissue injury. The inflammatory response in the gut may be more pronounced following radiotherapy due to its high bacteria...

    Authors: Louis Banka Johnson, Amjid Ali Riaz, Diya Adawi, Lena Wittgren, Sven Bäck, Charlotte Thornberg, Nadia Osman, Virgil Gadaleanu, Henrik Thorlacius and Bengt Jeppsson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:10

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  11. Content type: Case report

    The molecular events, following ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) of the liver during transplantation are largely unknown. There is evidence that apoptotic and necrotic events may take place, and occasionally res...

    Authors: George N Tzimas, Mohammad Afshar, Eric Chevet, Anouk Emadali, Hojatollah Vali and Peter P Metrakos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:9

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  12. Content type: Research article

    The use of grafts with multiple renal arteries has been considered a relative contraindication because of the increased incidence of vascular and urologic complications The aim of this study is to determine wh...

    Authors: Cagatay Aydin, Ibrahim Berber, Gulum Altaca, Bulent Yigit and Izzet Titiz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:4

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  13. Content type: Research article

    According to some reports, left hemidiaphragmatic paralysis due to phrenic nerve injury may occur following cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to document the effects on phrenic nerve injury of who...

    Authors: Suat Canbaz, Nilda Turgut, Umit Halici, Kemal Balci, Turan Ege and Enver Duran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:2

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Clinical characteristics and complications of Duchenne muscular dystrophy caused by skeletal and cardiac muscle degeneration are well known. Gastro-intestinal involvement has also been recognised in these pati...

    Authors: Justus-Martijn Brinkman, Jorg R Oddens, Barend J Van Royen, Jan Wever and Jan G Olsman

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2004 4:1

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Local flaps are widely used in reconstructive surgery. Tri-lobed skin flap is a relatively new flap and there has been no experimental model of this flap. This flap can be used for repair of full thickness def...

    Authors: Eray Copcu, Mesut Yazici, Barlas Etensel, Yakup Yüreklý and Muharrem Balkaya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:13

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  16. Content type: Case report

    A wide range of foreign bodies has been retrieved from the gut and reported. The presentation may be in the form of complications like intestinal obstruction, perforation and formation of abscesses etc but the...

    Authors: Chintamani, Anuj Mishra and Dinesh Bhatnagar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:12

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap is one of the most frequently performed reconstructive techniques in surgery. Latissimus dorsi muscle has two arcs of rotation. It is classified as type V muscle. This mu...

    Authors: Eray Copcu, Nazan Sivrioglu, Alper Aktas and Yucel Oztan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:11

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  18. Content type: Study protocol

    There are two ways to open the abdominal cavity in elective general surgery: vertically or transversely. Various clinical studies and a meta-analysis have postulated that the transverse approach is superior to...

    Authors: Margot A Reidel, Hanns-Peter Knaebel, Christoph M Seiler, Christine Knauer, Johann Motsch, Norbert Victor and Markus W Büchler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:9

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Perforation of gut by sharp metallic objects is rare and rarer still is their migration to sites like liver. The symptoms may be non-specific and the discovery of foreign body may come as a radiological surpri...

    Authors: Chintamani, Vinay Singhal, Parminder Lubhana, Rakesh Durkhere and Shabnam Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:8

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Renal impairment is one of the predictors of mortality in cardiac surgery. Usually a binarized value of serum creatinine is used to assess the renal function in risk models. Creatinine clearance can be easily ...

    Authors: Jörg Walter, Amir Mortasawi, Bert Arnrich, Alexander Albert, Inez Frerichs, Ulrich Rosendahl and Jürgen Ennker

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:4

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  21. Content type: Research article

    So far, modern miniature cryoprobes were used for local destruction of soft tissue tumours without damaging the adjacent healthy tissue. In this study, cryoablation methodology was applied to bone and the cool...

    Authors: Frank Popken, Marc Land, Heike Erberich, Marfalda Bosse, Dietmar-Pierree König and Peer Eysel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:3

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  22. Content type: Case report

    There is only one previous case report of a poorly differentiated carcinoma arising from an adenolymphoma of the parotid gland (Warthin's tumour). The absence of clinical symptoms, and the aspecificity of the ...

    Authors: Stefano Ferrero, Laura Cattaneo, Andrea Peri, Paola Braidotti, Ugo Cioffi, Gabriele Scaramellini, Michele M Ciulla, Matilde De Simone, Carmelo Arizzi and Lorenzo Pignataro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2003 3:1

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  23. Content type: Research article

    The proportion of older patients in cardiac surgery is continuously increasing. 37% of patients undergoing heart surgery in Germany in the year 2000 were 70 years of age and older. We have studied the role of ...

    Authors: Amir Mortasawi, Bert Arnrich, Ulrich Rosendahl, Inez Frerichs, Alexander Albert, Jörg Walter and Jürgen Ennker

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:8

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  24. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of HIV infection and AIDS is rising in Nigeria. Surgeons are at risk of occupationally acquired infection as a result of intimate contact with the blood and body fluids of patients. This study se...

    Authors: Clement A Adebamowo, Emma R Ezeome, Johnson A Ajuwon and Temidayo O Ogundiran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:7

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Existing animal models provide only indirect information about the pathogenesis of infections caused by indigenous gastrointestinal microflora and the kinetics of bacterial translocation. The aim of this study...

    Authors: Stephan Samel, Michael Keese, Martha Kleczka, Sybille Lanig, Norbert Gretz, Mathias Hafner, Jörg Sturm and Stefan Post

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:6

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Canadian trauma units have relatively little experience with major cardiac trauma (disruption of a cardiac chamber) so injury outcome may not be comparable to that reported from other countries. We compared ou...

    Authors: Khaled Alanezi, G Scott Milencoff, Frank GH Baillie, Andre Lamy and John D Urschel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:4

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Suspected acute appendicitis is the most frequent cause for emergency operations in visceral surgery worldwide. In approximately twenty percent of all cases however, the diagnosis is incorrect and patients und...

    Authors: Lucas M Bachmann, Dominique B Bischof, Stephan A Bischofberger, Marco G Bonani, Franziska M Osann and Johann Steurer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:2

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The relatively rare carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater is a neoplasia with a good prognosis compared to pancreatic cancer. Preoperative staging is important in planning the most suitable surgical intervention.

    Authors: Panagiotis Skordilis, Ioannis A Mouzas, Philippos D Dimoulios, Georgios Alexandrakis, Joanna Moschandrea and Elias Kouroumalis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2002 2:1

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this clinical study is to evaluate the feasibility of using 2-mm laparoscopic instruments to perform an appendectomy in patients with clinically suspected acute appendicitis and compare the outc...

    Authors: Gamal Mostafa, Brent D Matthews, Ronald F Sing, Kent W Kercher and B Todd Heniford

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2001 1:4

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Recurrences have been a significant problem following hernia repair. Prosthetic materials have been increasingly used in hernia repair to prevent recurrences. Their use has been associated with several advanta...

    Authors: George H Sakorafas, Ioannis Halikias, Christos Nissotakis, Nikolaos Kotsifopoulos, Alexios Stavrou, Constantinos Antonopoulos and George A Kassaras

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2001 1:3

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is a promising alternative to open surgery although concerns exist in regard to laparoscopic treatment of pheocromocytoma. This report compares the outcome of laparoscopic and conven...

    Authors: Bjørn Edwin, Airazat M Kazaryan, Tom Mala, Per F Pfeffer, Tor Inge Tønnessen and Erik Fosse

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2001 1:2

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