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  1. To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a new minimally-invasive surgical approach–anteromedial minimally-invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO)–in the treatment of middle and distal humeral shaft fractures.

    Authors: Jing Yang, Dapeng Liu, Lina Zhang, Zhanxin Lu, Tang Liu and Cheng Tao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research

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  2. Postoperative anastomotic leakage (AL) is associated with not only prolonged hospital stay and increased medical costs, but also poor prognosis in esophageal cancer. Several studies have addressed the utility ...

    Authors: Atsushi Sugimoto, Takahiro Toyokawa, Yuichiro Miki, Mami Yoshii, Tatsuro Tamura, Katsunobu Sakurai, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka, Shigeru Lee, Kazuya Muguruma, Masakazu Yashiro and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:348

    Content type: Research

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  3. Bronchogenic cyst is congenital aberration of bronchopulmonary malformation, which is rarely encountered in the abdomen and retroperitoneum. We present a case report and literature review of retroperitoneal br...

    Authors: Kaitao Yuan, Man Shu, Yan Ma, Weidong Feng, Jinning Ye and Yujie Yuan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:347

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Currently no optimal localization technique has been established for localization of ground glass opacity (GGO). We aimed to introduce a localization technique using geometric localization for peripheral GGO.

    Authors: Mengjun Bie, Xuemin Zhao, Min Zhang, Guang Fu and Mingjian Ge

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:345

    Content type: Research

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  5. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is the gold standard for the treatment of cholelithiasis in most countries of the world. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of LC in the surgery departme...

    Authors: Wais Farda, Mohammad Kamal Tani, Richard G. Manning, Mohammad Samim Fahmi and Nasratullah Barai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:344

    Content type: Research

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  6. There is no consensus for when publicly funded breast reduction is indicated and recommendations in guidelines vary greatly, indicating a lack of evidence and unequal access. The primary aim of this review was...

    Authors: Emmelie Widmark-Jensen, Susanne Bernhardsson, Maud Eriksson, Håkan Hallberg, Christian Jepsen, Lennart Jivegård, Ann Liljegren, Max Petzold, Mikael Svensson, Fredrik Wärnberg and Emma Hansson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research

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  7. Fluid administration is a key tool in the maintenance of normovolemia in patients with cardiac surgery. The trials that evaluated the safety of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 in cardiac surgical patients...

    Authors: Ling Wei, Dongping Li and Lin Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:342

    Content type: Research

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  8. The aims of the present study were to demonstrate the anatomical change of superior mesenteric vein (SMV) branches and to show how the Cattell Braasch maneuver facilitates a safer ligation of these venous bran...

    Authors: Masayuki Akita, Eri Maeda, Tohru Nishimura, Koichiro Abe, Akihito Kozuki, Kunio Yokoyama, Tomohiro Tanaka, Shinji Kishi and Kunihiko Kaneda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:341

    Content type: Technical advance

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  9. Subglottic paragangliomas (PGs) are exceptionally rare and unpredictable, occasionally presenting at an atypical location. There are three different clinical forms of subglottic PGs: intraluminal (tracheal PGs...

    Authors: Juanjuan Hu, Haiyang Wang, Jianli Chen, Xuelin Pan, Di Deng, Lufang Zhuo, Shixi Liu, Maiyue He, Fei Chen and Hui Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:340

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Management of bowel traumatic injuries is a challenge. Although anastomotic or suture leak remains a feared complication, preserving bowel continuity is increasingly the preferred strategy. The aim of this stu...

    Authors: Camille Tantardini, Gaëlle Godiris-Petit, Séverine Noullet, Mathieu Raux, Fabrice Menegaux and Nathalie Chereau

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:339

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score has been widely used to evaluate the nutritional and immunological status. Clinical value of postoperative CONUT (PoCONUT) score in hepatocellular carcinoma (HC...

    Authors: Wei Peng, Minghong Yao, Kang Zou, Chuan Li, Tianfu Wen and Xin Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:338

    Content type: Research

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  12. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is the preferred choice for treating clavicle fractures. The brachial plexus injury caused by ORIF of a clavicle fracture is very rare. If it is not treated in time,...

    Authors: Zhenyu Cao, Yufei Hou, Xiaochen Su, Menghao Teng, Wenchen Ji and Meng Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:337

    Content type: Case report

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  13. To Explore the perioperative application of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) and negative-pressure wound therapy in the elderly patients with colorectal cancer.

    Authors: Han-rong Liu, Ping Yang, Song Han, Yu Zhang and Hui-yin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:336

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The coexistence of primary hyperparathyroidism and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is common and may be associative with more aggressive PTC, with higher rates of extrathyroidal extension and multicentricity...

    Authors: Junhao Ma, Zhuochao Mao, Yunjin Yao, Yimin Lu, Haohao Wang, Yan Yang, Jun Yang, Weibin Wang and Lisong Teng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:335

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Definitions of postoperative hypoparathyroidism (hypoPT) have never reached consent until the American Thyroid Association (ATA) statement was released, with new characteristics and challenges.

    Authors: Yuxuan Qiu, Zhichao Xing, Yuan Fei, Yuanfan Qian, Yan Luo and Anping Su

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:334

    Content type: Research

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  16. An open abdomen with frozen adherent bowels is classified as grade 4 in Björck’s open abdomen classification, and skin grafting after wound granulation is a typical closure option. We achieved delayed primary ...

    Authors: Yoshimasa Akashi, Koichi Ogawa, Kaoru Sasaki, Jaejeong Kim, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Katsuji Hisakura, Yusuke Ohara, Yohei Owada, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Osamu Shimomura, Shinji Hashimoto, Mitsuru Sekido and Tatsuya Oda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:333

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Lumbar hernia is caused by a defect in the abdominal wall. Due to its rarity, there is no established consensus on optimal treatment for lumbar hernia yet. Thus, we here investigated the clinical, surgical cha...

    Authors: Chaoyong Shen, Guixiang Zhang, Sen Zhang, Yuan Yin, Bo Zhang, Yinghan Song and Wenzhang Lei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The effect of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute Type B aortic has been confirmed, However, when patients with malignant disease suffer from acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD), the effec...

    Authors: Taiping Liang, Hongqiao Zhu, Lei Zhang, Shuangshuang Li, Xiaomin He, Kaiwen Zhao, Zaiping Jing and Jian Zhou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:330

    Content type: Research

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  19. Mediastinal lymph node metastases (MLNM) are not rare in thyroid cancer, but their treatment has not been extensively studied. This study aimed to explore the preliminary application of video mediastinoscopy-a...

    Authors: Yuntao Song, Liang Dai, Guohui Xu, Tianxiao Wang, Wenbin Yu, Keneng Chen and Bin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:329

    Content type: Research

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  20. Primary intrahepatic bile duct dilatation can be very harmful to patients although it belongs to benign biliary disease. It can occur in any part of the liver, intraoperative laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) guid...

    Authors: Ming-chun Lai, Lei Geng, Shu-sen Zheng and Jun-fang Deng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:328

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Retroperitoneal vascular leiomyosarcoma (RVLMS) is an extremely rare disease in clinical practice, and it has poor prognosis. This article is to explore the diagnosis and treatment of RVLMS and present our exp...

    Authors: Hong-xian Zhang, Kai Wang, Peng Hong, Min Lu, Zhuo Liu, Lei Liu, Guo-liang Wang and Lu-lin Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research

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  22. The relationship between chronological nutritional changes and development of fatty liver after total gastrectomy (TG) in gastric cancer (GC) patients is still unclear. This study aimed to evaluate relationshi...

    Authors: Naohiko Nakamura, Shinichi Kinami, Jun Fujita, Daisuke Kaida, Yasuto Tomita, Takashi Miyata, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hideto Fujita, Nobuhiko Ueda and Hiroyuki Takamura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:325

    Content type: Research

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  23. Three-dimensional reduction plays a vital role in surgical reduction of irreversible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD). However, the most commonly used combination of C1 pedicle screw (PS) or lateral mass screw ...

    Authors: Shengyuan Zhou, Bo Yuan, Weicong Liu, Yifan Tang, Xiongsheng Chen and Lianshun Jia

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:324

    Content type: Research

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  24. The Lisfranc injury is a complex injury of the midfoot. It can result in persistent pain and functional impairment if treated inappropriately. In Lisfranc fracture dislocation, treatment options are primary ar...

    Authors: N. A. C. van den Boom, G. A. N. L. Stollenwerck, S. M. A. A. Evers and M. Poeze

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:323

    Content type: Study protocol

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  25. Emergency laparotomy (EL) is a central, high-risk procedure in emergency surgery. Patients in need of an EL present an acute pathology in the abdomen that must be operated on in order to save their lives. Usua...

    Authors: Terje Jansson Timan, Gustav Hagberg, Ninni Sernert, Ove Karlsson and Mattias Prytz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study was designed to investigate the prognostic effect of preoperative body mass index (BMI) for Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with non-metastasis gastric cancer (GC) who underwent D2 gastrectomy...

    Authors: Zaisheng Ye, Shenghong Wei, Yi Zeng, Yi Wang, Zhitao Lin, Shu Chen, Yunqing Xie, Qiuhong Zheng and Luchuan Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Major abdominal surgery is still a great contributor to postoperative morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Major abdominal surgery leads to hypoperfusion, which has an impact on postoperative morbi...

    Authors: Kiyemba Henry, Kadondi Merab, Muyanja Leonard, Kintu-Luwaga Ronald, Kakembo Nasser and Galukande Moses

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:319

    Content type: Research

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  28. Hemobilia refers to bleeding into the biliary tract. Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) rupture is an uncommon cause of hemobilia, and cases of HAP associated with Mirizzi syndrome are extremely rare. Althoug...

    Authors: Yutaka Shishido, Koji Fujimoto, Yasumichi Yano, Eisei Mitsuoka, Takashi Komatsubara, Seiji Shio, Masayuki Ishii and Hiroshi Higashiyama

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:318

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Microwave ablation (MWA) is a minimally invasive technique for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided MWA in the treatment o...

    Authors: Baoying Xia, Boyang Yu, Xiaofei Wang, Yu Ma, Feng Liu, Yanping Gong, Xiuhe Zou, Jianyong Lei, Anping Su, Tao Wei, Jingqiang Zhu, Qiang Lu and Zhihui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:317

    Content type: Research

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  30. Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is the most common complication following pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). The data about active smoking in relation to gastric motility have been inconsistent and specifically the ef...

    Authors: Jana Enderes, Jessica Teschke, Martin von Websky, Steffen Manekeller, Jörg C. Kalff and Tim R. Glowka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:316

    Content type: Research

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  31. Amyand’s hernia is a rare hernia defined as an inguinal hernia that contains the appendix within the hernia sac. Current treatment of Amyand’s hernia remains controversial. Our study retrospectively reviewed 6...

    Authors: Yijie Gao, Taotao Zhang, Min Zhang, Zhengxu Hu, Qiao Li and Xiangwen Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:315

    Content type: Research

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  32. Chronic strictures following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) are a troublesome complication that can lead to significant morbidity. The use of stents has been described but the need for X-ray and risk of migra...

    Authors: Adam Peter Skidmore

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:314

    Content type: Technical advance

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  33. This study aimed to compare the clinical efficacy of digital subtraction angiography (DSA) combined arterial thrombectomy versus simple arterial thrombectomy in the treatment of acute lower limb ischemia (ALI).

    Authors: Hongwei Ge, Bin Song, Xin Wang, Yunfeng Zhu, Yiming Huang, Weibin Huang and Yongbin Zhu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:313

    Content type: Research article

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  34. For colorectal liver metastases, surgery is a high-risk procedure due to perioperative morbidity. The objective was to assess severity of complications after fast-track liver surgery for colorectal liver metas...

    Authors: Charlotte Egeland, Andreas Arendtsen Rostved, Nicolai Aagaard Schultz, Hans-Christian Pommergaard, Thomas Røjkjær Daugaard, Line Buch Thøfner, Allan Rasmussen and Jens G. Hillingsø

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:312

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Injuries to the thenar muscle mass or the thenar branch of the median nerve and resulting loss of thumb opposition lead to a massive impairment of hand function. For decades, reconstructive approaches were bas...

    Authors: Martin Aman, Arne H. Boecker, Mirjam Thielen, Camillo T. Mueller, Amir K. Bigdeli, Ulrich Kneser and Leila Harhaus

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:310

    Content type: Research

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  36. Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is common and usually requires surgical intervention. Intestinal plication is a traditional but critical strategy for SBO in certain scenarios. This study is to compare the short-...

    Authors: Song Liu, Qiongyuan Hu, Lihua Shao, Xiaofeng Lu, Xiaofei Shen, Shichao Ai, Ping Zeng, Meng Wang and Wenxian Guan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:309

    Content type: Research

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  37. The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in gastric cancer with liver metastasis (GCLM) patients who were contraindicated for either hepatect...

    Authors: Bin Zhou, Ning He, Jiaze Hong, Tong Yang, Derry Minyao Ng, Xudong Gao, Kun Yan, Xiaoxiang Fan, Zhi Zheng, Ping Chen, Jianjun Zheng and Qi Zheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:308

    Content type: Research

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  38. Proximal gastrectomy acts as a function-preserving operation for upper-third gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term surgical outcomes between proximal gastrectomy with gastric tube...

    Authors: Zhiguo Li, Yan Ma, Guiting Liu, Ming Fang and Yingwei Xue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:249

    Content type: Research article

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  39. 46XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) is a rare subtype of disorder of sex development (DSD). 46YY PGD is a congenital disease with atypical chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex development. The patient in ...

    Authors: Rui Lin, Nanbin Liu, Xiuyan Wang, Xuyou Zhu, Daojing Huang and Baomin Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:307

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  40. The last procedure performed by the surgeon in laparoscopic surgery is to extract the specimen through the smallest incision possible. This experiment aimed to explore the maximum diameter of specimens that ca...

    Authors: Yuanbi Huang, Tian Yi, Huajie He, Qiguang Li, Xian Long, Gaohua Hu, Qiwei Chen, Yongpeng Li, Rongchao Chen and Xianlin Yi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:305

    Content type: Research

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  41. En bloc right hemicolectomy with pancreatoduodenectomy (RHCPD) is the optimum treatment to achieve the adequate margin of resection (R0) for locally advanced right-sided colon cancer with duodenal invasion. In...

    Authors: Xiao-Luan Yan, Kun Wang, Quan Bao, Hong-Wei Wang, Ke-min Jin, Jun-Yun Wang and Bao-Cai Xing

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:302

    Content type: Research article

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