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Table 2 Factors associated with seroma

From: Experience with modified radical mastectomy in a low-income country: a multi-center prospective observational study

No Variables Category Seroma rate (%) p-value (univariable analysis) AOR p-value
Seroma No seroma
1 Diabetes Yes 6 (85.7) 1 (14.3) 0.001 6.2 (1.5–8.7) 0.043
No 9 (11.2) 71 (88.8)    
2 Neoadjuvant Yes 7 (41.2) 10 (58.8) 0.006 8.9 (1.2–14.2) 0.035
No 8 (11.4) 62 (88.6)    
3 LN harvest ≥ 10 LN 14 (31.1) 31 (68.9) 0.006 1.5 (1.11–3.1) 0.10
< 10 LN 1 (2.4) 41 (97.6)    
4 BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2 7 (87.5) 1 (12.5) < 0.001 1.4 (1.2–2.3) 0.14
< 24 kg/m2 8 (10.1) 71 (89.9)    
  1. LN lymph nodes, AOR adjusted odds ratio, BMI Body Mass Index