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Table 2 Clinical results of nano-carbon and titanium clip markers

From: Application of nano-carbon and titanium clip combined labeling in robot-assisted laparoscopic transverse colon cancer surgery

Variables No. of patients (%)
Surgical approach  
 Transverse colectomy 5 (31.25%)
 Right hemicolectomy 3 (18.75%)
 Left hemicolectomy 8 (50.00%)
Tumor localization by nano-carbon
 Precise 16
 Dyeing dispersion 0
 Dyeing disappears 0
Postoperative complications
 Bleeding 0
 Anastomotic fistula 0
 Intestinal obstruction 1 (6.75%)
 Infection 1 (6.75%)