Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparative analysis of demographics, comorbidities, and surgery characteristics

From: Long-term follow-up of prophylactic mesh reinforcement after emergency laparotomy. A retrospective controlled study

  Total (N = 187) Group M (N = 56) Group S (N= 131) P value
Demographic variables
 Age,yr (SD) 65.4 (16.8) 68.39(15.2) 64.16(17.34) 0.51
 Sex male/female (%) 84/103 (44.9/55.1) 23/33 (27.4/32) 61/70(72.6/68) 0.29
 ASA score I-II/III-IV 82/105 (43.9/56.1) 21/35 (25.6/33.3) 61/70(74.4/66.7) 0.71
Risk factors for incisional hernia (%)
 Smoking 71 (30) 20 (35.2%) 51 (38.9) 0.67
 COPD 29 (15.3) 12 (21.4) 17 (13) 0.11
 DM 33 (17.6) 24 (18.3) 9 (16.1) 0.71
 Inmunosupresion 20 (10.7) 14 (10.7) 6 (10.7) 0.99
 Previous abdominal operation 92 (49.2) 35 (62) 57 (43.2) 0.01
 Obesity ( BMI > 30) 62 (34.4) 21 (38.9) 41 (32.5) 0.41
Operative Diagnostics (%)
 Neoplasm 38 (20.3) 11 (29.6) 27 (20.6) 0.57
 Obstruction 42 (22.5) 19 (45.2) 23 (54.3) 0.14
 Peritonitis 72 (38.5) 21 (37.5) 51 (38.8) 0.85
 Hemorrhage 23 (12.3) 4 (7.1) 19 (14.5) 0.16
 Ischemia 11 (5.9) 1 (1.8) 10 (7.6) 0.12
Type of surgery
 Revision laparotomy (%) 49 (26.2) 21 (32.5) 28 (15) 0.02