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Table 5 Results of the univariate analysis of the possible variables that influenced the tolerance or nontolerance to the accelerated recovery program in the subgroups of the SARP group (n = 84)

From: Conditions associated with worse acceptance of a simplified accelerated recovery after surgery protocol in laparoscopic colorectal surgery

Variables Tolerance to “SARP” Nontolerance to “SARP” p-value
(n = 51) (n = 33)
Postoperative complications (Clavien–Dindo), n (%)
Yes, CD ≥ 1 4 (19.0) 17 (81)  < 0.0001b
No 47 (74.6) 16 (25.4)  
Need to perform ostomy, n (%)
Yes 2 (14.3) 12 (85.7)  < 0.0001b
No 49 (70) 21 (30.0)  
Duration of surgery, min   0.004d
Mean ± SD 217.87 ± 56.86 262.00 ± 75.89
Median (Q1; Q3) 252.50 (210.00; 305.00) 210.00 (180.00; 240.00)
Type of surgery, n (%)
Colectomy 49 (70.0) 21 (30.0)  
Proctectomy 2 (14.3) 12 (85.7)  < 0.0001b
BMI, n (%)    
 < 25 14 (50) 14 (50) 0.069b
 ≥ 25 30 (71.4) 12 (28.6)  
BMI, n (%)    
Eutrophic 13 (46.4) 14 (53.6) 0.064b
Overweight 20 (70.7) 10 (29.3)  
Obese 9 (90) 1 (10)  
Age, n (%)    
 < 65 years 45 (65.2) 24 (34.8) 0.566b
 ≥ 65 years 8 (57.1) 6 (42.9)  
Age range, n (%)
 < 40 years 6 (66.7) 3 (33.3) 0.406c
40 to 60 years 32 (62.7) 19 (37.3)  
60 to 70 years 10 (66.7) 5 (33.3)  
 > 70 years 3 (33.3) 6 (66.7)  
Sex, n (%)    
Female 32 (62.7) 19 (37.3) 0.790a
Male 21 (65.6) 11 (34.4)  
ASA classification, n (%)
1 24 (60.0) 16 (40.0) 0.481a
2 29 (67.4) 14 (32.6)  
Presence of comorbidity, n (%)
Yes 33 (63.5) 19 (36.5) 0.923b
No 20 (64.5) 11 (35.5)  
Disease, n (%)
Malignant 31 (54.4) 26 (45.6) 0.084b
Benign 20 (74.1) 7 (25.9)  
Surgical time, n (%)
 ≤ 3 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
 > 3 51 (60.7) 33 (39.3)
ICU time, n (%)
Up to 1 day 46 (62.2) 28 (37.8) 0.477c
More than 1 day 7 (77.8) 2 (22.2)  
Use of opioids, n (%)
Yes 41 (62.1) 25 (37.9) 0.517b
No 12 (70.6) 5 (29.4)  
  1. Bold values indicate factors that negatively influenced the acceptance of SARP, in the univariate analysis
  2. SARP simplified accelerated postoperative recovery program, RC right colectomy, TME total mesorectal excision, CD Clavien–Dindo, SD standard deviation, Q1; Q3 interquartile interval, ICU intensive care unit, ASA American Society of Anesthesiology
  3. *Pearson’s chi-square test
  4. aMann-Whitney U test; basymptotic chi-square test; cexact chi-square test; dStudent’s t-test