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Table 2 Comparison of perioperative surgical outcomes and complications (n = 95)

From: Comparison of perioperative outcomes of single-port laparoscopy, three-port laparoscopy and conventional laparotomy in removing giant ovarian cysts larger than 15 cm

Variants Single-port Laparoscopy Laparotomy Three-port Laparoscopy
Intraoperative
 Operation time (min) 73.91 ± 20.54* 66.57 ± 40.43 88.33 ± 33.69
 Estimated blood loss (ml) 28.91 ± 23.61* 29.71 ± 25.35 63.7 ± 94.01
 Hemoglobin changes (g/dL) 18.58 ± 12.83** 15.80 ± 8.65 26.93 ± 10.45
 Cyst rupture during operation 1 (3.0%)* 1 (2.9%) 6 (22.2%)
Postoperative
 Time until gas passing (hour) 41.53 ± 8.27 47.31 ± 13.33 41.33 ± 10.08
 Time until leaving bed (hour) 17.53 ± 7.26††,** 29.40 ± 9.57 24.56 ± 7.76
 Length of hospital stay (day) 4.06 ± 0.50†††,*** 5.46 ± 1.63 4.81 ± 0.83
 Total hospital cost (US dollar) 3554.3 ± 447.9 3392.3 ± 1224.9 3889.5 ± 970.6
 Complications 2 (6.0%) 5 (14.3%) 2 (7.4%)
  Fever 1 (3.0%) 3 (8.6%) 2 (7.4%)
  Ileus 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.9%) 0 (0.0%)
  Intra-abdominal bleeding 1 (3.0%) 1 (2.9%) 0 (0.0%)
  1. Values were presented as mean ± SD and number (%)
  2. *Denoted a statistically significant difference between single-port and three-port laparoscopy
  3. Denoted a statistically significant difference between single-port laparoscopy and laparotomy
  4. *, **, and ***Denoted P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively
  5. , ††, and †††Denoted P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively