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Table 5 Repetitive measurements of carbohydrate profile after LSG by age groups

From: The influence of patient’s age on metabolic and bariatric results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in 2-year observation

Variables 0 1 month 3 months 6 months 12 months 24 months p-value
FPG (mg/dl)  < 45 109 (100–132) 98 (90–108) 95 (87–102) 97 (89–106) 92 (84–98) 92 (87–98)  < 0.001
FPG (mg/dl)  ≥ 45 103.5 (94.5–113) 105 (95–115) 99.5 (91–108) 100 (92–109) 95 (90–100) 97 (88–103)  < 0.001
p-value ≥ 45 vs. < 45  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.026 0.001 0.005  
Insulin (mIU/l)  < 45 20.6 (13.6–29.3) 11.5 (7.9–16.7) 10.15 (7.2–14.5) 9.2 (5.1–15.7) 7.9 (6–12.5) 11.9 (7.9–18.7)  < 0.001
Insulin (mIU/l)  ≥ 45 24.3 (16.5–34.5) 11.8 (8.1–16.1) 10.85 (7.8–15.6) 8.3 (5.5–13.7) 8.6 (6.8–11.8) 13.3 (8.2–16.75)  < 0.001
p-value ≥ 45 vs. < 45 0.003 0.227 0.281 0.978 0.240 0.784  
HOMA-IR  < 45 5.41 (3.26–8.78) 2.69 (1.63–3.71) 2.22 (1.42–3.26) 1.84 (0.97–3.66) 1.50 (1.14–2.64) 2.59 (1.60–3.77)  < 0.001
HOMA-IR  ≥ 45 6.8 (4.19–10.29) 2.86 (1.86–4.09) 2.53 (1.63–3.39) 1.75 (1.17–3.03) 1.77 (1.36–2.49) 2.81 (1.71–3.76)  < 0.001
p-value ≥ 45 vs. < 45  < 0.001 0.060 0.060 0.748 0.104 0.886  
HbA1c (%)  < 45 5.5 (5.2–5.9) 5.3 (5–5.8) 5.2 (5–5.6) 5.2 (4.7–5.4) 5.1 (5–5.4) 5.4 (5.1–5.6)  < 0.001
HbA1c (%)  ≥ 45 5.8 (5.4–6.6) 5.7 (5.3–6.2) 5.4 (5.2–5.9) 5.4 (4.9–5.7) 5.3 (5.1–5.6) 5.5 (5.1–5.8)  < 0.001
p-value ≥ 45 vs. < 45  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.064  
  1. FPG, fasting plasma glucose; HOMA-IR, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance index; HbA1c, glycated hemoglobin