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Table 1 Perioperative characteristics and parameters

From: Association between postoperative changes in the gut microbiota and pseudopsia after cardiac surgery: prospective observational study

  Number of patients (%) (n = 21)
Age (years), median (range) 62 (22–80)
Male sex, n (%) 16 (76.2)
Smoking status
 Never smoker 9 (42.9)
 Previous smoker 10 (47.6)
 Current smoker 2 (9.5)
Hypertension 11 (52.4)
Diabetes mellitus 3 (14.3)
Dyslipidemia 9 (42.9)
Operation, n (%)
 Valve surgery 17 (81.0)
 Valve surgery + CABG 2 (9.5)
 Tumor removal 1 (4.8)
 Myectomy 1 (4.8)
Dairy-based ingestion of lactobacillus, n (%) 10 (47.6)
Postoperative delirium, n (%) 0 (0)
Postoperative pseudopsia, n (%) 3 (14.3)
Postoperative insomnia, n (%) 11 (52.4)
  1. Valve surgery included aortic valve replacement (n = 9), mitral valve repair (n = 8), and mitral valve replacement (n = 2)
  2. CABG coronary artery bypass grafting
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