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Table 1 Extent of resection, morbidity, mortality and long-term outcome according to patients’ age distribution

From: Resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma in elderly patients – is it reasonable?

  < 70 >70 Young
30–49.9
Middle-age
50–69.9
Old
>  70
All %
Resectiona 99 51 23 76 51 150  
 Extended resection 57 30 16 41 30 87 58
 Major resection 17 9 3 14 9 26 17.3
 Minor resection 25 12 4 21 12 37 24.7
Exploration 36 24 8 28 24 60  
Resection rate 73.3% 68% 74,2% 73.1% 68% 71.4%  
Morbidityb
 no morbidity 51 30 13 38 30 81 54
 Grade I or II 10 7 10 7 17 11.3
 Grade IIIa 19 9 5 14 9 28 18.7
 Grade IIIb 2 1 2 1 3 2
 Grade IV a 6 3 3 6 4
 Grade IVb 2 2 2 1.3
Mortality (Grade V) 9 4 2 7 4 13 8.7
Overall survival c
 Median (months) 27.2 20.2 19.3 30.1 20.2 23.6  
 1-year 80% 76% 74% 82% 76% 79%  
 3-year 37% 23% 27% 40% 23% 32%  
 5-year 20% 11% 13% 22% 11% 17%  
Recurrence-free survival c
 Median (months) 10.5 8.4 9 11 8.4 9.7  
 1-year 43% 28% 33% 45% 28% 38%  
 3-year 21% 8% 7% 24% 8% 16%  
 5-year 15% 8% 17% 8% 12%  
  1. aextended resections were all resection ≥5 segments, ALPPS, mesohepatectomy and all resections with visceral and/or vascular extensions, major resections were resections of 4 segments (all hemihepatectomies), minor resections were all ≤3 segments; b highest morbidity of resection group; c only resection group, perioperative deaths were excluded