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Table 4 Post-operative data and complications - EC (Elettrocautery); HS (Harmonic Scalpel); SM (LigaSure); TB (Thunder Beat)

From: Advanced hemostasis in axillary lymph node dissection for locally advanced breast cancer: new technology devices compared in the prevention of seroma formation

  EC HS LS TB
Drainage volume - median [range], mL 640 [30–720] 600 [30–650] 600 [90–750] 520 [60–670]
Drainage removal – mean [range], days 5,6 [2–10] 5,1 [2–9] 6[3–9] 5,52 [3–11]
Hospital stay – median [range], days 6 [3–11] 5,6 [3–10] 6,3 [3–11] 5,9 [4–13]
Seroma - n. (%) 14 (64%) 6 (24%) 11 (44%) 4 (16%)
Lymphedema – n. (%) 2 (8%) 2 (8%) 1 (4%) 0 (0%)
Wound infection – n. (%) 1 (4%) 0 (0%) 1 (4%) 1 (4%)