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Table 1 Bowel habits before and after surgery (n = 100)

From: Bowel symptoms and self-care strategies of survivors in the process of restoration after low anterior resection of rectal cancer

Before surgery After surgery
  n % n %
Frequency of defecation
 (1–3)times/day 44 44 23 23
 (4–7)times/day 41 41 32 32
  > 7times/day 12 12 25 25
 (2–3)times/week 3 3 1 1
 Periodic bowel movements 0 0 19 19
Stool consistency
 Hard lumps 14 14 9 9
 Sausage-shaped 32 32 4 4
  Finger-shaped 1 1 52 52
 Soft blobs 20 20 12 12
 Fluffy pieces 28 28 10 10
 Liquid 5 5 1 1
 Miscellaneous 0 0 12 12