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Table 3 Multivariable analysis of predictors for cardiopulmonary complications

From: Estimated intraoperative blood loss correlates with postoperative cardiopulmonary complications and length of stay in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic lung cancer lobectomy: a retrospective cohort study

Estimated factors Odds ratio 95% confidence interval P-value
Age (≥65 vs. < 65 years) 1.18 0.60–2.33 0.62
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1.51 0.73–3.12 0.27
Preoperative respiratory infection 4.55 1.89–10.93 0.001
Diabetes mellitus 4.04 1.62–10.04 0.003
Neoadjuvant therapy 2.50 0.78–7.99 0.12
Estimated intraoperative blood loss (≥100 vs. < 100 mL) 3.01 1.47–6.16 0.003
Operation time (≥120 vs. < 120 min) 2.38 1.16–4.89 0.018
Pulmonary fissure completeness (Incomplete vs. Complete) 1.19 0.61–2.33 0.61
Conversion to thoracotomy 1.26 0.36–4.35 0.72
T-stage (T2–3 vs. T1) 1.74 0.91–3.31 0.093