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Table 4 Patients with postoperative pneumatosis intestinalis (PI)/portal venous gas (PVG)

From: Postoperative pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) and portal venous gas (PVG) may indicate bowel necrosis: a 52-case study

Bowel necrosis Sex Age (y) PI/PVG Preoperative diagnosis Initial surgery Time to postoperative PI/PVG (days) Postoperative diagnosis Postoperative treatment Outcome
Yes Male 20 PI Appendicitis Appendectomy 7 Postoperative abscess Open abdominal drainage Alive
Yes Female 84 PI/PVG Sigmoid colon cancer Sigmoidectomy 3 NOMI Exploratory laparotomy Dead
Yes Male 67 PI/PVG Perforated appendicitis Intraperitoneal irrigation and drainage 1 Perforated appendicitis Intraperitoneal irrigation & drainage Dead
Yes Female 48 PI Metastases of uterine cancer, obstructive ileus Radical hysterectomy + partial small bowel resection 24 Obstructive ileus Observation + antibiotic therapy Dead
Yes Female 56 PI Sigmoid colon cancer Sigmoidectomy 3 Anastomotic breakdown Hartmann’s operation + construction of artificial anus Alive
Yes Male 74 PI/PVG Esophageal cancer Subtotal esophagectomy 6 Toxic megacolon Observation + antibiotic therapy Dead
Yes Female 55 PI Uterine cancer Total hysterectomy 16 Strangulated ileus Ileus surgery + partial small bowel resection Alive
Yes Male 55 PVG Pancreatic head cancer Pancreaticoduodenectomy 15 Postoperative pancreatic fistula Observation + antibiotic therapy Dead
No Male 82 PVG AAA Aortic replacement 1 NOMI suspicion Observation + antibiotic therapy Alive
  1. NOMI non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia, AAA abdominal aortic aneury