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Table 2 Univariate analysis of independent risk factors for the development of a clinically relevant POPF after DP (Type 0/A versus B/C)

From: Chronic pancreatitis of the pancreatic remnant is an independent risk factor for pancreatic fistula after distal pancreatectomy

  POPF 0/A n = 98 POPF B/C n = 26 P-value
Sex (m/f) n = 59/n = 39 n = 15/n = 11 0.816*
Age 95% CI 0.952-1.009 0.179** (OR 0.98)
Blood loss (intraoperative) 95% CI 1.000-1.001 0.007** (OR 1.001)
OR time 95% CI 1.000-1.007 0.082** (OR 1.003)
Diagnosis    0.072*
PDAC n = 16 n = 6  
IPMN n = 42 n = 11  
Chronic pancreatitis n = 8 n = 1  
Metastasis n = 4 n = 2  
NET n = 25 n = 2  
Others n = 3 n = 4  
ASA score    0.335*
1 n = 9 n = 5  
2 n = 60 n = 15  
3 n = 29 n = 6  
Nicotine    
Yes/No n = 20/n = 78 n = 7/n = 19 0.474*
Alcohol abuse    
Yes/No n = 26/n = 72 n = 9/n = 17 0.416*
Hypertension    
Yes/No n = 48/n = 50 n = 8/n = 18 0.097*
Preoperative diabetes    
Yes/No n = 28/n = 70 n = 4/n = 22 0.172*
Postoperative diabetes    
Yes/No n = 29/n = 69 n = 4/n = 22 0.145*
Preoperative IDDM    
Yes/No n = 10/n = 88 n = 0/n = 26 0.089*
Chronic pancreatitis in remnant    
Yes/No n = 12/n = 86 n = 9/n = 17 0.007*
Preoperative weight loss    
Yes/No n = 31/n = 67 n = 7/n = 19 0.643*
UICC Stage (any malignant tumor)    
0 n = 69 n = 16  
Ia n = 3 n = 0  
Ib n = 6 n = 1 0.512*
IIa n = 4 n = 2  
IIb n = 12 n = 6  
III n = 1 n = 1  
IV n = 3 n = 0  
  1. *χ2-test , **binary logistic regression analysis; p < 0.05 statistically significant.