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  1. In hospitalized patients, abnormal plasma electrolyte concentrations are frequent and have been linked to poor outcomes following acute surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative plasma ...

    Authors: Mohamed Ebrahim, Pia Bükmann Larsen, Damoun Hannani, Sara Liest, Lars Nannestad Jørgensen and Henrik Løvendahl Jørgensen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Oral and maxillofacial surgery specialty has grown rapidly in Kuwait in recent years. However, the general public and healthcare professionals remain unaware of its expanding scope of practice. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Mohammad Kamal, Mohammad Abdulwahab and Ahmed Al-Zaid

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To date, the evidence on the safety and benefits of minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) in elderly patients is still controversy. This study aim to compare the risk and benefit between MIPD and ope...

    Authors: Shih-Min Yin, Yueh-Wei Liu, Yu-Yin Liu, Chee-Chien Yong, Chih-Chi Wang, Wei-Feng Li and Cheng-Hsi Yeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Gallbladder cancer is a rare but highly malignant cancer, which often progresses to a metastatic stage when diagnosed because of its asymptomatic manifestation. In this study, we intended to analyze the progno...

    Authors: Yingnan Yang, Zhuolong Tu, Chentao Ye, Huajie Cai, Shouzhang Yang, Xuehai Chen and Jinfu Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches are broadly used nowadays for a vast spectrum of pathologies sited in the anterior and middle cranial fossa. The usage of neuronavigation systems (neuronavigatio...

    Authors: Vlastimil Novák, Lumír Hrabálek, Jan Valošek, Jakub Jablonský, Jiří Hoza, Ivona Korčáková, Martin Hampl, Přemysl Stejskal and Csaba Hučko

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To determine the standard remnant liver volume (SRLV) threshold to avoid postoperative hepatic insufficiency inpatients in different stages of hepatic fibrosis who undergo right hemi-hepatectomy.

    Authors: Zhiming Zhang, Gaoxiong Ouyang, Peng Wang, Yuan Ren, Yukai Liu, Jun Chen, Yumei Zhang, Jianyong Liu and Lequn Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Synchronous multicentric osteosarcoma (SMOS) is a rare disease characterized by simultaneous multicentricity of intraosseous osteosarcoma without visceral involvement. SMOS, including a skull lesion, which occ...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Araki, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga, Yohei Asano, Takayuki Nojima and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:56

    Content type: Case report

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  8. There are few articles about the surgical techniques of thalamic glioma and the lesions in the basal ganglia area. According to three existing cases and the literature review (Twelve articles were summarized w...

    Authors: Haiyang Yang, Gang Bai, Yongli Zhang, Guolong Chen, Lei Duan, Youyun Bi and Haifeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:55

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Surgeons are likely to get progressively fatigued during the course of a normal workday. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgeon work duration prior to performing distal pancreatectom...

    Authors: Zhen Wan, Xuzhen Wang, Yong Li and Renhua Wan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:54

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To investigate the association between postoperative lymph nodes (LNs) recurrence and distinct serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

    Authors: Zhichao Xing, Yuxuan Qiu, Zhe Li, Lingyun Zhang, Yuan Fei, Jingqiang Zhu and Anping Su

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The treatment of defects on the volar surface of the finger has been scarcely reported, and its utility for digital resurfacing remains unclear. This study compared the outcomes of free medial plantar artery f...

    Authors: Quanzhe Liu, Wenlai Guo, Wenrui Qu, Xiaolan Ou, Rui Li and Heng Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:52

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort.

    Authors: Masakatsu Numata, Hiroshi Tamagawa, Keisuke Kazama, Shinnosuke Kawahara, Sho Sawazaki, Toru Aoyama, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Akio Higuchi, Teni Godai, Yusuke Saigusa, Hiroyuki Saeki, Norio Yukawa and Yasushi Rino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Gastrointestinal lymphomas like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are rare complications of ulcerative colitis (UC), and only a few studies have reported intestinal ulcers caused by DLBCL, which got perfor...

    Authors: Takafumi Suzuki, Kazutsugu Iwamoto, Ryoichi Nozaki, Yasumitsu Saiki, Masafumi Tanaka, Mitsuko Fukunaga and Kazutaka Yamada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:50

    Content type: Case report

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  14. To evaluate the use of a human fibrin glue (Tisseel) for minor bleeding control and approximation of ovarian defect during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy (TNOOC) of benign and non-endometrioti...

    Authors: Yu-Ying Su, Yu-Shan Lin, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan, Yi-Ting Huang, Cindy Hsuan Weng, Kai-Yun Wu and Chin-Jung Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Recently, due to increasing reports of stenosis after esophagojejunostomy created using circular staplers and a transorally inserted anvil (OrVil™) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and total g...

    Authors: Eiji Nomura, Hajime Kayano, Takatoshi Seki, Rin Abe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Shuji Uda, Akihito Kazuno, Hideki Izumi, Soichiro Yamamoto, Masaya Mukai and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:47

    Content type: Technical advance

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  16. Inguinal hernia repair has often been used as a showcase to illustrate practice variation in surgery. This study determined the degree of hospital variation in proportion of patients with an inguinal hernia un...

    Authors: Carmen S. S. Latenstein, Floris M. Thunnissen, Mitchell Harker, Stef Groenewoud, Mark W. Noordenbos, Femke Atsma and Philip R. de Reuver

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  17. One of the major issues related to the living donor liver transplantation recipient outcome is still the high rate of biliary complication, especially when multiple biliary ducts are present and multiple anast...

    Authors: Salvatore Gruttadauria, Alessandro Tropea, Duilio Pagano, Sergio Calamia, Calogero Ricotta, Pasquale Bonsignore, Sergio Li Petri, Davide Cintorino and Fabrizio di Francesco

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:44

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The prolapse of a ruptured and extruded bladder after vaginal hysterectomy is rare in clinical practice. We report the case of a significant mass that prolapsed from the vagina after a vaginal hysterectomy in ...

    Authors: Piao-Piao Ye, Xiao-Jian Yan, Yasmeen Bano, Hong-Qin Zhao, Feng-Feng Xie, Fang-Yi Zhang, Yu-Feng Wang, Hui Xie and Hai-Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:43

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a common and serious complication following esophagectomy. We aimed to provide an up-to-date review and critical appraisal of the efficacy and safety of all previous interventions a...

    Authors: Emma J. M. Grigor, Suha Kaaki, Dean A. Fergusson, Donna E. Maziak and Andrew J. E. Seely

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:42

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has extraordinarily impacted global healthcare. Neuro-oncological surgery units have peculiar features that make them highly relevant in the strategic reaction ...

    Authors: N. U. Farrukh Hameed, Yixin Ma, Zili Zhen, Shuai Wu, Rui Feng, Weiping Li, Guodong Huang, Jinsong Wu and Zhongping Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) using slender epiduroscope and a holmium YAG laser is one of the minimally invasive surgical options for lumbar disc herniation. However, the learning curv...

    Authors: Seong Son, Chan Jong Yoo, Byung Rhae Yoo, Woo Seok Kim and Tae Seok Jeong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Chemotherapy can cause thymic atrophy and reduce T-cell output in cancer patients. However, the thymus in young adult patients has regenerative potential after chemotherapy, manifesting as thymic hyperplasia w...

    Authors: Lei Qiu, Yi Zhao, Yang Yang, He Huang, Zhen Cai and Jingsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:38

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Laparoscopic procedure has inherent merits of smaller incisions, better cosmesis, less postoperative pain, and earlier recovery. In the current study, we presented our method of purely laparoscopic feeding jej...

    Authors: Hsin-I. Tsai, Ta-Chun Chou, Ming-Chin Yu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Meng-Ting Peng, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Po-Jung Su, Chiao-En Wu, Yung-Chia Kuo, Chien-Chih Chiu and Chao-Wei Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Guidelines do not recommend surgery for patients with oligometastatic disease from esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (EGAC), although some studies suggest a more favorable survival. We analyzed the outcome of oli...

    Authors: Mira Runkel, Rasmus Verst, Julia Spiegelberg, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Jens Hoeppner and Torben Glatz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Diabetic foot ulcers complications are the major cause of non-traumatic major limb amputation. We aimed at assessing the clinical profiles of diabetic foot ulcer patients undergoing major limb amputation in th...

    Authors: Ahmed Shabhay, Pius Horumpende, Zarina Shabhay, Andrew Mganga, Jeff Van Baal, David Msuya, Kondo Chilonga and Samwel Chugulu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  26. This study was conducted to assess the long-term outcomes of elderly patients among propensity-score-matched gastric cancer patients after curative gastrectomy and to propose the proper management of elderly g...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Ryo Ishiguro, Wataru Miyauchi, Yuji Shishido, Kozo Miyatani, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Shuichi Takano, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Soichiro Honjo, Hiroaki Saito and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  27. It is uncertain whether increases in PaCO2 during surgery lead to an increase in plasma potassium concentration and, if so, by how much. Hyperkalaemia may result in cardiac arrhythmias, muscle weakness or paralys...

    Authors: Laurence Weinberg, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chrisdan Gan, Damian Ianno, Alexander Ho, Luke Fletcher, Daniel Banyasz, Shervin Tosif, Daryl Jones, Rinaldo Bellomo and Dharshi Karalapillai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  28. A hibernoma, also known as a brown fat tumor, is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, which originates from brown adipose tissue remaining in the fetus after the gestational period. It is often detected in adult m...

    Authors: Chao Huang, Lian Zhang, Xiaohan Hu, Quanzhe Liu, Wenrui Qu and Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:30

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Anastomotic leaks (AL) are among the most serious complications due to the substantial impact on the quality of life and mortality. Inspite of the advance in diagnostic tools such as laboratory tests and radio...

    Authors: Selmy Awad, Ahmed Ibrahim Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf Abbas, Waleed Althobaiti, Shaker Alfaran, Saleh Alghamdi, Saleh Alharthi, Khaled Alsubaie, Soliman Ghedan, Rayan Alharthi, Majed Asiri, Azzah Alzahrani, Nawal Alotaibi, Ashraf Shoma and Mohamed Samir Abou Sheishaa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Managing surgical site infections, with negative culture report in routine diagnosis is a common dilemma in microbiology accounting more than 30% worldwide. The present study attempted to identify the presence...

    Authors: Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Nirupama Chayani, Madhusmita Bal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Sanghamitra Pati, Sashibhusan Das and Manoranjan Ranjit

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Primary facial spasm accompanied by arrhythmia is a rare clinical phenomenon and has not been reported before. We describe this phenomenon and discuss its mechanism and treatment.

    Authors: Yufei Liu, Jihu Yang, Xiejun Zhang, Fanfan Chen, Liwei Zhang and Guodong Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, multisystemic histiocytic disorder, and commonly manifesting as lymphadenopathy in the young male. Abdominal manifestations of RDD are extremely rare.

    Authors: Xuewu Yang, Chuang Fang, Yuanpu Sha, Qi Li, Xing Zhang, Furong Du and Weijun Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:24

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) for diffusely spreading bile duct cancer (DSBDC) usually involves a major hepatectomy and a concomitant pancreatoduodenectomy, and is still challenging surgery because of post...

    Authors: Kapil Nagaraj, Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:23

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Impaction of jujube pits in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a special clinical condition in the northern Chinese population. Endoscopic removal is the preferred therapy, but there is no consensus on t...

    Authors: Ji-Tao Song, Xiao-Hua Chang, Shan-Shan Liu, Jing Chen, Ming-Na Liu, Ji-Feng Wen, Ying Hu and Jun Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Transanal dissection of the rectum has been recently introduced for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in UC showing promising results. Thanks to the precise identification of the rectotomy site the risk of l...

    Authors: G. T. Capolupo, F. Carannante, G. Mascianà, S. Lauricella, E. Mazzotta and M. Caricato

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Esophageal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare tumor that constitutes less than 1% of all malignant esophageal tumors. Concurrent occurrence of esophageal leiomyosarcoma with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is even r...

    Authors: Hamed Gheibollahi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Negar Taheri, Saeid Tavanafar, Seyede Sona Mousavi, Hamidreza Abbasi and Mohammadreza Sasani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:14

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumour that leads to various symptoms. Haemoptysis is rarely caused by a pheochromocytoma occurring outside the bronchus or thoracic cavity. Here, we report the ca...

    Authors: Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Masanori Odaira, Takahiro Yokose, Kaori Kameyama and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:13

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Partial peri-cystectomy (PPC) is one of the major surgical approaches for hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) and has been practiced in most centers worldwide. Cysto-biliary communication (fistula, leakage, rup...

    Authors: Paizula Shalayiadang, Tiemin Jiang, Yusufu Yimiti, Bo Ran, Abudusalamu Aini, Ruiqing Zhang, Qiang Guo, Ayifuhan Ahan, Abuduaini Abulizi, Hao Wen, Yingmei Shao and Tuerganaili Aji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  39. This study aimed to explore mid-term clinical results of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with modified trochanteric osteotomy in Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

    Authors: Jing-Yao Jin, Taek-Rim Yoon, Kyung-Soon Park, Sheng-Yu Jin, Dong-Min Jung and Qing-Song Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Decreased mean platelet volume (MPV) predicts poor prognosis in some cancers. However, its significance as a prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unclear.

    Authors: Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Ei Uchinaka, Masaki Morimoto, Takehiko Hanaki, Joji Watanabe, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Soichiro Honjo and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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