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  1. The federal and provincial governments in Canada have invested an enormous amount of resources to measure, report and reduce surgical wait times. Yet these measures under-report the wait period that patients’ ...

    Authors: Trafford Crump, Kevin Wing, Nick Bansback and Jason M Sutherland
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:4
  2. The biological and clinical significance of multifocal and multicentric (MF/MC) breast cancers and the choice of appropriate surgical treatment for these tumors are still debated.

    Authors: Alessandro Neri, Daniele Marrelli, Tiziana Megha, Francesca Bettarini, Damiana Tacchini, Lorenzo De Franco and Franco Roviello
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:1
  3. Although studies have suggested that a relationship exists between hospital teaching status and quality improvement activities, it is unknown whether this relationship exists for trauma centres.

    Authors: Vikas P Chaubey, Derek J Roberts, Mauricio B Ferri, Niklas H Bobrovitz and Henry T Stelfox
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:112
  4. Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is most common in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The bi-directional spread is a key feature of LNM in patients with thoracic esophageal SCC (TE-SCC). The purpose of this ...

    Authors: Junqiang Chen, Sangang Wu, Xiongwei Zheng, Jianji Pan, Kunshou Zhu, Yuanmei Chen, Jiancheng Li, Lianming Liao, Yu Lin and Zhongxing Liao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:110
  5. We examined the effect of exogenous factor XIII (FXIII) concentrate in patients with prolonged air leak (PAL) after pulmonary lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer.

    Authors: Hidetoshi Inoue, Noritoshi Nishiyama, Shinjiro Mizuguchi, Koshi Nagano, Nobuhiro Izumi, Hiroaki Komatsu and Shigefumi Suehiro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:109
  6. Primary mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of the kidney is an extremely rare malignant tumor. To our best knowledge, only 9 such cases have been reported so far.

    Authors: Vitalie Gherman, Ciprian Tomuleasa, Catalina Bungardean, Nicolae Crisan, Victor-Dan Ona, Bogdan Feciche, Alexandru Irimie and Ioan Coman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:107
  7. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is generally safe and well-accepted. In rare cases, it is associated with complications (intra- e postoperative bleeding, visceral injury and surgical site infection). Splenic...

    Authors: Girolamo Geraci, Antonino Picciurro, Andrea Attard, Giuseppe Modica, Massimo Cajozzo and Carmelo Sciumè
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:106
  8. Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), which has been demonstrated to be safely applied on kinds of surgeries, may represent an improvement over conventional multi-port laparoscopic surgery. However, the...

    Authors: Dianbo Yao, Shuodong Wu, Yongnan Li, Yongsheng Chen, Xiaopeng Yu and Jinyan Han
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:105
  9. In terms of gynaecological laparoscopic surgery, major complications affecting great vessels, and especially the retroperitoneal ones, are unusual.

    Authors: Diana García-Alcázar, Beatriz García-Chapinal, Emma Batllori-Badia, Gregorio López-González, Estela Lorenzo-Hernando, Jesús S Jiménez-López, Leticia Muñoz-Hernando and José Luis Muñoz-González
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:104
  10. Skin closure during cesarean section is often performed with subcuticular running sutures by using a nonabsorbable suture material. However, this material has the risk of incomplete removal after wound healing...

    Authors: Ki-Jin Ryu, Ki Hoon Ahn and Soon Cheol Hong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:103
  11. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four major ligaments in the knee that provide stability during physical activity. A tear in the ACL is characterized by joint instability that leads to decreased ...

    Authors: Brian W Wu, Max Berger, Jonathan C Sum, George F Hatch III and E Todd Schroeder
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:102
  12. Laparoscopy for bariatric surgery became the surgery of choice for surgeons worldwide. However, it is also more difficult to learn and has a great potential for complications. The specific training is fundamen...

    Authors: Fabio R Thuler, Wilson R de Freitas Jr, Elias J Ilias, Paulo Kassab and Carlos Alberto Malheiros
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:101
  13. Hydatid disease is endemic in certain areas of the world and it is located mostly in the liver. Intraperitoneal rupture is rare. Rupture may result from trauma or may occur spontaneously from increased pressur...

    Authors: Manel Limeme, Sana Yahyaoui, Houneida Zaghouani, Mosaab Ghannouchi, Abdelmajid Khnissi, Habib Amara, Rached Letaief, Dejla Bakir and Chakib Kraiem
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:99
  14. A steady decline in gastric cancer mortality rate over the last few decades is observed in Western Europe. However it is still not clear if this trend applies to Eastern Europe where high incidence rate of gas...

    Authors: Antanas Mickevicius, Povilas Ignatavicius, Rytis Markelis, Audrius Parseliunas, Dainora Butkute, Mindaugas Kiudelis, Zilvinas Endzinas, Almantas Maleckas and Zilvinas Dambrauskas
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:98
  15. Comorbidity is a predictor of postoperative complications (PCs) in gastrectomy. However, it remains unclear which comorbidities are predictors of PCs in patients who undergo laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (L...

    Authors: Mikito Inokuchi, Keiji Kato, Hirofumi Sugita, Sho Otsuki and Kazuyuki Kojima
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:97
  16. Operating room to intensive care unit handoffs are high-risk events for critically ill patients. Studies in selected patient populations show that standardizing operating room to intensive care unit handoffs i...

    Authors: Meghan B Lane-Fall, Rinad S Beidas, Jose L Pascual, Meredith L Collard, Hannah G Peifer, Tyler J Chavez, Mark E Barry, Jacob T Gutsche, Scott D Halpern, Lee A Fleisher and Frances K Barg
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:96
  17. Benign anorectal conditions are fairly common. Physicians of various specialties usually see patients with these conditions before being referred to colorectal specialists, frequently with an incorrect diagnosis.

    Authors: Constantine P Spanos, Apostolos Tsapas, Manolis Abatzis-Papadopoulos, Eleni Theodorakou and Giorgios N Marakis
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:95
  18. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) reflects the balance between pro- and anti-tumor immune activities. We evaluated whether NLR is associated with pathologic tumor response and prognosis in rectal cancer patien...

    Authors: Ik Yong Kim, Sei Hwan You and Young Wan Kim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:94
  19. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is known for its wide variability in biological behaviors and it is difficult to predict its malignant potential. The aim of this study is to explore the characteristics a...

    Authors: Ming Wang, Jia Xu, Yun Zhang, Lin Tu, Wei-Qing Qiu, Chao-Jie Wang, Yan-Ying Shen, Qiang Liu and Hui Cao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:93
  20. Scoring models are widely established in the intensive care unit (ICU). However, the importance in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) remains unclear. Our aim was to analyze scoring system...

    Authors: Felix Krenzien, Ivan Matia, Georg Wiltberger, Hans-Michael Hau, Moritz Schmelzle, Sven Jonas, Udo X Kaisers and Peter T Fellmer
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:92
  21. The acute inflammatory response following mesh implantation has been often evaluated in vitro and in animal models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acute inflammatory response near the prosthesis in ...

    Authors: Rosalia Patti, Anna Maria Caruso, Paolo Aiello, Giuseppe Livio Angelo, Salvatore Buscemi and Gaetano Di Vita
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:91
  22. Although Mirizzi syndrome is widely reported in literature, little is known about acute acalcholous cholecystitis determinig the findings of a Mirizzi syndrome.

    Authors: Marco Milone, Mario Musella, Paola Maietta, Dario Guadioso, Anna Pisapia, Guido Coretti, Giovanni De Palma and Francesco Milone
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:90

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2018 18:69

  23. An emerging field of research describes the role of pre operative health behaviours, known as prehabilitation. The preoperative period may be a more physically and emotionally salient time to introduce and foster...

    Authors: Daniel Santa Mina, Andrew G Matthew, William J Hilton, Darren Au, Rashami Awasthi, Shabbir MH Alibhai, Hance Clarke, Paul Ritvo, John Trachtenberg, Neil E Fleshner, Antonio Finelli, Duminda Wijeysundera, Armen Aprikian, Simon Tanguay and Franco Carli
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:89
  24. A few studies focused on unilateral or bilateral pedicle screw (PS) fixation of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) to treat lumbar degenerative diseases have been published. T...

    Authors: Liang Wang, Yipeng Wang, Zhengyao Li, Bin Yu and Ye Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:87
  25. The prevalence of postoperative wound infection in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis surgery is significantly higher than that in patients with other spinal surgery. Hyperbaric oxygen has been used as a su...

    Authors: Mustafa Erkan Inanmaz, Kamil Cagri Kose, Cengiz Isik, Halil Atmaca and Hakan Basar
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:85
  26. Myomectomy is now often performed laparoscopically rather than by laparotomy to alleviate the risk of postoperative adhesions and reduce postoperative pain. However, intracorporeal knot-tying under direct lapa...

    Authors: Yoichi Aoki, Iwaho Kikuchi, Jun Kumakiri, Mari Kitade, Azusa Shinjo, Rie Ozaki, Yu Kawasaki and Satoru Takeda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:84
  27. Diabetic foot infections are a frequent clinical problem. About 50% of patients with diabetic foot infections who have foot amputations die within five years. Properly managed most can be cured, but many patie...

    Authors: Elroy P Weledji and Pius Fokam
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:83
  28. Microwave ablation (MWA) is used to treat patients with unresectable liver cancer. Our institution applied a novel microwave generator capable of automatically adjusting energy levels based on feedback related...

    Authors: Po-Chin Liang, Hong-Shiee Lai, Tiffany Ting-Fang Shih, Chih-Horng Wu and Kai-Wen Huang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:82
  29. Post-operative anastomotic insufficiency following major hepato-biliary surgery has significant impacts on the post-operative course. Recent reports have revealed that platelets play an important role in liver...

    Authors: Takehiro Noji, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Yuma Ebihara, Toru Nakamura, Kentaro Kato, Joe Matsumoto, Eiichi Tanaka, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:81
  30. The rates of soft tissue reconstruction and amputation after open tibial fractures have not been studied on a national perspective. We aimed to determine the frequency of soft tissue coverage after open tibial...

    Authors: Ulrika Tampe, Rüdiger J Weiss, Birgit Stark, Pehr Sommar, Zewar Al Dabbagh and Karl-Åke Jansson
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:80
  31. In patients with strangulation ileus, the severity of bowel ischemia is unpredictable before surgery. To consider a grading scale of anoxic damage, we evaluated the pathological findings and investigated predi...

    Authors: Ryuji Takahashi, Yoshito Akagi, Takaho Tanaka, Atsushi Kaibara, Sugako Kajiwara, Ichirou Shima, Jun Taguchi, Tomoaki Mizobe, Tatsuyuki Kakuma and Kazuo Shirouzu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:79
  32. Free jejunal interposition is a useful technique for reconstruction of the cervical esophagus. However, the distal anastomosis between the graft and the remaining thoracic esophagus or a gastric conduit can be...

    Authors: Christina Hackl, Felix C Popp, Katharina Ehehalt, Lena-Marie Dendl, Volker Benseler, Philipp Renner, Martin Loss, Jurgen Dolderer, Lukas Prantl, Thomas Kühnel, Hans J Schlitt and Marc H Dahlke
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:78
  33. Laparoscopic adhesiolysis is emerging as an alternative for open surgery in adhesive small bowel obstruction. Retrospective studies suggest that laparoscopic approach shortens hospital stay and reduces complic...

    Authors: Ville Sallinen, Heidi Wikström, Mikael Victorzon, Paulina Salminen, Vesa Koivukangas, Eija Haukijärvi, Berndt Enholm, Ari Leppäniemi and Panu Mentula
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:77
  34. Routine placement of intraperitoneal drains has been shown to be ineffective or potentially harmful in various abdominal surgical procedures. Studies assessing risks and benefits of abdominal drains for pancre...

    Authors: Ulrich Nitsche, Tara C Müller, Christoph Späth, Lynne Cresswell, Dirk Wilhelm, Helmut Friess, Christoph W Michalski and Jörg Kleeff
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:76
  35. Primary colorectal lymphoma represents a rare minority among the colonic neoplasms. Early diagnosis is often difficult because of unspecific symptoms, with subsequent delays in diagnosis and management. We des...

    Authors: Domenico Risio, Rossana Percario, Margherita Legnini, Francesco Caldaralo, Domenico Angelucci, Camilla Marinelli, Alberto D'Aulerio, Roberto Cotellese, Luca Napolitano and Paolo Innocenti
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:75
  36. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a rare and potentially detrimental complication of soft-tissue trauma, amputations, central nervous system injury (traumatic brain injuries, spinal cord lesions, tumors, enceph...

    Authors: Xianghong Zhang, Shuo Jie, Tang Liu and Xiangsheng Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:74
  37. Midline laparotomy closure carries a significant risk of incisional hernia. This study examines the behavior of two new suture materials, an elastic material, polyurethane (PUe), and a barbed polydioxanone (PD...

    Authors: Juan M Bellón, Paloma Pérez-López, Raquel Simón-Allue, Sandra Sotomayor, Bárbara Pérez-Köhler, Estefanía Peña, Gemma Pascual and Begoña Calvo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:70
  38. Surgical site infection is a major contributor to increased mortality and health care costs globally which can be reduced by appropriate antibiotic prophylactic use. In Palestine, there is no published data ab...

    Authors: Samar MJ Musmar, Hiba Ba`ba and Ala` Owais
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:69
  39. During the last 2 decades, many studies on the treatment of mandibular condyle fracture have been published. The incidence of mandibular condyle fractures is variable, ranging from 17.5% to 52% of all mandibul...

    Authors: Alessia Spinzia, Renato Patrone, Evaristo Belli, Giovanni Dell’Aversana Orabona, Claudio Ungari, Fabio Filiaci, Alessandro Agrillo, Giacomo De Riu, Silvio Mario Meloni, Gianmauro Liberatore and Pasquale Piombino
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:68
  40. Hospitalization and surgery are critical negative life events that lead to the experience of considerable anxiety in patients. Patients may perceive the day of surgery as the biggest and the most threatening d...

    Authors: Seifu Nigussie, Tefera Belachew and Wadu Wolancho
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:67

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