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  1. Hemorrhoids are common. Hemorrhoidectomy should typically be offered to patients whose symptoms result from external hemorrhoids or combined internal and external hemorrhoids with prolapse (grades III/IV). How...

    Authors: Qiuxiang Yu, Congcong Zhi, Lansi Jia and Hui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:251

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Venous thromboembolism remains a common but preventable complication for cancerous lung surgical patients. Current guidelines recommend thromboprophylaxis for lung patients at high risk of thrombosis, while a ...

    Authors: Gu-Ha A-Lai, Ze-Guo Zhuo, Gang Li, Tie-Niu Song, Zhi-Jie Xu, Xu Shen, Peng Yao and Yi-Dan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:250

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The incidence of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is high in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to analyze the incidence and predictive factors of postoperative VTE in patients with u...

    Authors: Norimitsu Shimada, Hiroki Ohge, Hiroki Kitagawa, Kosuke Yoshimura, Norifumi Shigemoto, Shinnosuke Uegami, Yusuke Watadani, Kenichiro Uemura and Shinya Takahashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:247

    Content type: Research

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  4. The future liver remnant (FLR) faces a risk of poor growth in patients with cirrhosis-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after stage-1 radiofrequency-assisted ALPPS (RALPPS). The present study presents a s...

    Authors: Qiang Wang, Shu Chen, Jun Yan, Torkel Brismar, Ernesto Sparrelid, Chengming Qu, Yujun Ji, Shihan Chen and Kuansheng Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research

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  5. It is challenging to proceed thoracoscopic anatomic resection when encountering severe pleural adhesion or calcified peribronchial lymphadenopathy. Compared with multiple-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surg...

    Authors: Chen-Yu Wu, Ying-Yuan Chen, Chao-Chun Chang, Yi-Ting Yen, Wu-Wei Lai, Wei-Li Huang and Yau-Lin Tseng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:244

    Content type: Research

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  6. Prevention of incisional hernias with a prophylactic mesh in emergency surgery is controversial. The present study aimed to analyze the long-term results of prophylactic mesh used for preventing incisional her...

    Authors: A. Bravo-Salva, N. Argudo-Aguirre, A. M. González-Castillo, E. Membrilla-Fernandez, J. J. Sancho-Insenser, L. Grande-Posa, M. Pera-Román and J. A. Pereira-Rodríguez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:243

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically influenced the delivery of healthcare. In line with the UK Royal Colleges’ advice the management of acute appendicitis (AA) changed with greater consideration for non-operati...

    Authors: Heather C. M. Pringle, Urszula Donigiewicz, Melissa-Rose Bennett, Eleanor Walker, George E. Fowler, Sunil Narang, Susan Ball and Robert M. Bethune

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:242

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The effectiveness of surgery of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion in post-menopausal women needs to be investigated. This study evaluated the clinical significance of cold-knife conization in the diag...

    Authors: Xiao Li, Meihua Liu, Yurou Ji and Pengpeng Qu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:241

    Content type: Research

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  9. We aimed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric transplant outcomes and determine whether to continue pediatric transplant activity or not, and how policies intended our center has been effec...

    Authors: Mojtaba Shafiekhani, Kourosh Kazemi, Ali Bahador, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh and Parisa Karimzadeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:240

    Content type: Research

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  10. This study aimed to identify the most valuable predictors of prognosis in glioblastoma (GBM) patients and develop and validate a nomogram to estimate individualized survival probability.

    Authors: Nijiati Kudulaiti, Zhirui Zhou, Chen Luo, Jie Zhang, Fengping Zhu and Jinsong Wu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research

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  11. Pulmonary metastases from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are relatively rare. Systemic chemotherapy is the first choice of treatment in patients with distant metastases, and the role of metastasectomy...

    Authors: Taro Mashiko, Akira Nakano, Yoshihito Masuoka, Seiichiro Yamamoto, Soji Ozawa and Toshio Nakagohri

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:237

    Content type: Research

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  12. Internal hernias occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (RYGB) when small bowel herniates into the intermesenteric spaces that have been created. The closure technique used is related to the internal her...

    Authors: Adam Skidmore and Edo O. Aarts

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:236

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:301

  13. The aim of this study is to clarify the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life in patients who underwent renal transplantation (RT).

    Authors: Naif A. AlEnazi, Khaled S. Ahmad, Ilham A. Elsamahy and Mohamed S. Essa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:235

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The treatment of a displaced proximal humeral fracture is still a matter of controversy. The purpose of this study was to report outcomes at a long-term follow-up after fixation augmentation using peek (polyet...

    Authors: Jiantao Li, Yuan Gao, Caixia Yin, Hao Zhang, Shaobo Nie, Hui Guo, Chenliang Quan, Hua Chen and Wei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:233

    Content type: Research

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  15. Cervicothoracic penetrating injury, considered to be relatively rare, has a complicated mechanism that is difficult to treat. In this report, a special case of cervicothoracic injury caused by foreign body pen...

    Authors: Yang Hui, Xinxin Yang, Dengdian Ma, Mengwei Yao, Xinying Liu, Yunbing Dai, Qinyuan Huang, Tao Liu, Jing Xu and Xiaoyu Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:232

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Previous research on parastomal hernia repair following ileal conduit urinary diversion is limited. This nationwide cohort study aims to present the results of keyhole and Sugarbaker techniques in parastomal h...

    Authors: Elisa Mäkäräinen-Uhlbäck, Jaana Vironen, Markku Vaarala, Pia Nordström, Anu Välikoski, Jyrki Kössi, Ville Falenius, Aristotelis Kechagias, Anne Mattila, Pasi Ohtonen, Tom Scheinin and Tero Rautio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:231

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Conservative surgery has proven advantageous in controlling hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) and preserving speech and swallowing function in carefully selected patients, typically with early T-st...

    Authors: Wenming Li, Dongmin Wei, Ye Qian, Shengda Cao, Dayu Liu, Dapeng Lei and Xinliang Pan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:230

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Enhanced Recovery Surgical Programs were initially applied to colorectal procedures and used as multimodal approach to relieve the response to surgical stress. An important factor that negatively impacts the s...

    Authors: Fábio Lopes de Queiroz, Antonio Lacerda-Filho, Adriana Cherem Alves, Fábio Henrique de Oliveira, Paulo Rocha França Neto and Rodrigo de Almeida Paiva

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:229

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Appendectomy for acute appendicitis is the most common procedure performed emergently by general surgeons in the United States. The current management of acute appendicitis is increasingly controversial as non...

    Authors: John P. Skendelas, Victor S. Alemany, Vincent Au, Devika Rao, John McNelis and Peter K. Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:228

    Content type: Research

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  20. Preperitoneal herniation is a rare complication after transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) and may be caused by inadequate peritoneal closure. We herein report two cases of postoperative small bowe...

    Authors: Zhenyu Zou, Yilin Zhu, Fan Wang, Jinxin Cao, Yuchen Liu, Huiqi Yang and Minggang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:227

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Forearm autotransplantation after parathyroidectomy has turned into the standard method for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) treatment in chronic kidney disease patients. Our study aimed to explore the eff...

    Authors: Bin Zhou, Lei Zhu, Cheng Xiang, Feng Cheng, Xi Zhu, Yi Zhou and Yong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:226

    Content type: Research article

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  22. In our present study, we aimed to investigate (1) whether cervical facet degeneration (FD) affects the clinical functional scores of patients with cervical radiculopathy after single-segment anterior cervical ...

    Authors: Zheng Wang, Zhen Liu, Zhi-Wei Wang, Wen-Yuan Ding and Da-Long Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:225

    Content type: Research

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  23. Adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) of the ampulla of Vater (AmV) is exceedingly rare with more aggressive behavior and worse prognosis than adenocarcinoma. The finding of ASC at the AmV in combination to the gastri...

    Authors: Shuo Li, Mengqing Sun, Yingxin Wei, Yunlu Feng, Xiaoyan Chang, Yan You, Ziwen Liu and Xianlin Han

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:224

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Due to improvements in operative techniques and medical equipment, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery has become a mainstay of thoracic surgery. Nevertheless, in multiport thoracoscopic surgery, there have b...

    Authors: Haitao Xu, Shuai Ren, Tianyu She, Jingyu Zhang, Lianguo Zhang, Teng Jia and Qingguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Free flap surgery is an essential procedure in soft tissue reconstruction. Complications due to vascular compromise often require revision surgery or flap removal. We present hyperspectral imaging (HSI) as a n...

    Authors: Lukas H. Kohler, Hannes Köhler, Simon Kohler, Stefan Langer, Rima Nuwayhid, Ines Gockel, Nick Spindler and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:222

    Content type: Research

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  26. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common epithelial tumor of the esophagus. Upper endoscopy with multiple minimally invasive biopsies should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Leiomyoma of esophagus is r...

    Authors: Saadat Mehrabi, Mohammad Javad Yavari Barhaghtalab, Safoora Hejazinia and Hossein Saedi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:221

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. A novel trauma workflow system called the hybrid emergency room (Hybrid ER), which combines a sliding CT scanner system with interventional radiology features (IVR-CT), was initially instituted in our emergenc...

    Authors: Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Fukuki Saito, Kazuhisa Yoshiya, Yasushi Nakamori and Yasuyuki Kuwagata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:219

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. Despite increasing acceptance in colorectal surgery, natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery for the treatment of gastric cancer is still in its infancy, especially via the transrectal approach, whi...

    Authors: Haipeng Meng, Jinchao Liu, Hui Xu, Song Wang, Yu Rong, Yanling Xu and Gang Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:218

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Variation of the vertebral artery bifurcation is rare. This branching abnormality can cause unexpected vertebral artery damage and bleeding during thoracoscopic esophagectomy. There are few reports of abnormal...

    Authors: Yuta Sato, Yoshihiro Tanaka, Takeharu Imai, Yuji Hatanaka, Naoki Okumura, Nobuhisa Matsuhashi, Takao Takahashi and Kazuhiro Yoshida

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:217

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Spinal epidural lipomatosis is a rare cause of lumbar spinal stenosis. While conservative therapy is applicable for most of cases, surgical intervention is necessary for severe ones. This is the first time we ...

    Authors: Xiao Han, Derong Xu, ZhiNan Ren, Xin Chen, Zheng Li and Shugang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:215

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kiichi Sugimoto, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Yuki Ii, Kota Amemiya, Hiroyuki Sugo, Tomoaki Ito, Shinya Munakata, Makoto Takahashi, Yutaka Kojima, Yuichi Tomiki, Koichi Sato, Akio Saiura and Seiji Kawasaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:214

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Surgery 2021 21:188

  32. We retrospectively reviewed and consecutively collected the clinical data of distal gastric cancer patients who received surgical treatment, and we discuss the safety and feasibility of double layered end-to-e...

    Authors: XinSheng Zhang, WeiBin Zhang, MengLang Yuan, XiaoMeng Shi, HongYi Chen, Zhen Feng, ZiHao Chen, DunBo Liu, EnJun Yan and ShuangYi Ren

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Acute colon perforation is a pediatric surgical emergency. We aimed to analyze the different etiologies and clinical characteristics of acute non-traumatic colon perforation beyond the neonatal period and to i...

    Authors: Sarah Siyin Tan, Kai Wang, Wenbo Pang, Dongyang Wu, Chunhui Peng, Zengmeng Wang, Dan Zhang and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research

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  34. Postoperative peritoneal adhesion (PPA) is regarded as fibrous bands connecting both injured abdominal wall and organs or adjacent tissues. It is associated with T helper (Th)1 and Th2 differentiation. However...

    Authors: Lili Yang, Ziyu Lian, Bin Zhang, Zhengjun Li, Li Zeng, Wenlin Li and Yaoyao Bian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:211

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Little was know about the association between the CHA2DS2-VASc score and postoperative outcomes. Our purpose is to evaluate the effects of CHA2DS2-VASc score on the perioperative outcomes in patients with atri...

    Authors: Li-Chin Sung, Chih-Chung Liu, Chao-Shun Lin, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Yih-Giun Cherng, Ta-Liang Chen and Chien-Chang Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Burst abdomen (BA) is a severe complication after abdominal surgery, which often requires urgent repair. However, evidence on surgical techniques to prevent burst abdomen recurrence (BAR) is scarce.

    Authors: Matthias Mehdorn, Linda Groos, Woubet Kassahun, Boris Jansen-Winkeln, Ines Gockel and Yusef Moulla

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Obesity can affect postoperative outcomes of gastrectomy. Visceral fat area is superior to body mass index in predicting postoperative complications. However, visceral fat area measurement is time-consuming an...

    Authors: Shinichiro Shiomi, Tetsuro Toriumi, Koichi Yagi, Raito Asaoka, Yasuhiro Okumura, Kotaro Wakamatsu, Susumu Aikou, Hiroharu Yamashita, Sachiyo Nomura and Yasuyuki Seto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Although conventional laparoscopy has gradually accepted as a surgical treatment for ovarian cancer, reducing the port numbers of laparoscopy still has great challenge for larger ovarian tumors. Thus, this stu...

    Authors: Xiaoying Wang and Yan Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Postoperative hypoparathyroidism is the main reason for outpatient follow-up and long-term oral calcium and calcitriol treatment. Our study investigated the influencing factors and powerful predictors of short...

    Authors: Duntao Su, Fada Xia, Wanze Huang, Zhejia Zhang, Ning Bai, Di Wang, Xin Liao and Xinying Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Robotic distal gastrectomy (RDG) has been increasingly used for the treatment of gastric cancer (GC). However, whether RDG has a clinical advantage over laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) is yet to be deter...

    Authors: Taro Isobe, Naotaka Murakami, Taizan Minami, Yuya Tanaka, Hideaki Kaku, Yuki Umetani, Junya Kizaki, Keishiro Aoyagi, Fumihiko Fujita and Yoshito Akagi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Anastomosis-related complications are common after the radical resection of colon cancer. Among such complications, severe stenosis or completely occluded anastomosis (COA) are uncommon in clinical practice, a...

    Authors: Junnan Gu, Shenghe Deng, Yinghao Cao, Fuwei Mao, Hang Li, Huili Li, Jiliang Wang, Ke Wu and Kailin Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:201

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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