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  1. Incidental carcinoma gall bladder and benign disease in radical cholecystectomy specimen is the cause of concern. We attempted to find out the incidence and reasons thereof in the present study.

    Authors: Kunal Bikram Deo, Mohanasundaram Avudaiappan, Sunil Shenvi, Naveen Kalra, Ritambra Nada, Surinder Singh Rana and Rajesh Gupta
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:343
  2. About 15%—40% of gastric cancer patients have peritoneal metastasis, which leads to poor prognosis. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is considered to be an effective treatment for these patien...

    Authors: Yunzi Wu, Xiaohao Zheng, Chunyang Sun, Shenghui Wang, Shikang Ding, Ming Wu, Jing Zhang, Bingzhi Wang, Liyan Xue, Lin Yang, Yantao Tian and Yibin Xie
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:342
  3. Indocyanine green (ICG) when injected intravenously into the bloodstream allows us to show stomach vascularity in real time. The aim of our study was to observe the preliminary results of the application of in...

    Authors: Giovanna Pavone, Alberto Fersini, Mario Pacilli, Michele De Fazio, Piercarmine Panzera, Antonio Ambrosi and Nicola Tartaglia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:341
  4. Isolated iliac artery aneurysms are rare and difficult to diagnose. It is more common in males. It can be asymptomatic at diagnosis or can present with frank rupture, or symptoms caused by compression on nearb...

    Authors: Mariam Alshammari, Jumana Fatani, Ohood Alotaibi, Khalid Alhajri and Khalil Terro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:340
  5. Liver cirrhosis is a well-known risk factor for carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to construct individual prognostic models for HCC with cirrhosis.

    Authors: Liangliang Xu, Fuzhen Dai, Peng Wang, Lian Li, Ming Zhang and Mingqing Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:339
  6. We report the 20-year experience of the largest Australian unit performing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for ovarian cancer and reflect on learning opportuni...

    Authors: R. Farrell, W. S. Liauw and D. L. Morris
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:338
  7. Transverse patellar fractures can be fixed using various techniques. The purpose of the current study was to assess the clinical outcomes and complication rate of a combined fixation technique using cannulated...

    Authors: Yihan Li, Qingxian Tian, Kunpeng Leng and Meng Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:336
  8. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of most severe postoperative complications following low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer, and has an adverse impact on postoperative recovery. The occurence of AL is ...

    Authors: Haiping Lin, Minhao Yu, Guangyao Ye, Shaolan Qin, Hongsheng Fang, Ran Jing, Tingyue Gong, Yang Luo and Ming Zhong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:335
  9. Laparoscopic-assisted repairs for pediatric inguinal hernia have gained gradual acceptance over the past decade. However, consensus about the optimal management is still lacking. The aim of this study is to co...

    Authors: Shaofeng Wu, Xiaoyu Xing, Rong He, Haiteng Zhao, Liang Zhong and Jie Sun
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:334
  10. Amputation is still the most common therapy for patients suffering from osteosarcoma in Myanmar, despite the fact that limb salvage surgery e.g. Borggreve–Van Nes-Winkelmann rotationplasty for malignant tumors...

    Authors: Laura Sommerauer, Aung Phyo, Eric Pion, Isabel Zucal, Eric Klingelhoefer, Si Thu, Than Win, Sopyay Khin, Thura Kyaw, Hein Htet Zaw, Maung Mg Htwe, Nicola Fabbri, Silke Haerteis and Thiha Aung
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:333
  11. To identify the feasibility, safety, cosmetic outcomes and patient satisfaction of immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction after removal of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel (PAAG) through a small areolar incision as...

    Authors: Dandan Guan, Qiuping Mo and Yajuan Zheng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:332
  12. Bariatric surgery procedures are the most successful and durable treatment for morbid obesity. Hemorrhage represents a life-threatening complication, occurring in 1.3–1.7% of bariatric surgeries.

    Authors: Giovanna Pavone, Alberto Gerundo, Mario Pacilli, Alberto Fersini, Antonio Ambrosi and Nicola Tartaglia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:331
  13. Adequate pain control after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung resection is important to improve postoperative mobilisation, recovery, and to prevent pulmonary complications. So far, no conse...

    Authors: L. N. Spaans, M. G. W. Dijkgraaf, P. Meijer, J. Mourisse, R. A. Bouwman, A. F. T. M. Verhagen and F. J. C. van den Broek
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:330
  14. Recent studies from eastern centers have demonstrate an association between inflammatory response and long-term outcomes after hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection. However, the prognostic impact of inflam...

    Authors: João Paulo Maciel Silva, Fabricio Ferreira Coelho, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Gilton Marques Fonseca, Jaime Arthur Pirola Kruger, José Donizeti de Meira Júnior, Sérgio Carlos Nahas and Paulo Herman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:329
  15. Local duodenectomy and primary closure is a simple option for some nonampullary duodenal neoplasms. Minimizing the resection area while ensuring curability is necessary for safe primary duodenal closure. Howev...

    Authors: Takeshi Miwa, Suguru Yamada, Kazuto Shibuya, Katsuhisa Hirano, Hideki Takami, Toru Watanabe, Masamichi Hayashi, Isaku Yoshioka, Yasuhiro Kodera and Tsutomu Fujii
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:328
  16. Chondroblastomas are rare, benign, locally aggressive lesions that appear in the epiphysis. Surgery for femoral head chondroblastoma (FHCB) is difficult. Conventional treatment with curettage via a drilled tun...

    Authors: Hirohisa Katagiri, Mitsuru Takahashi, Hideki Murata, Junji Wasa, Michihito Miyagi and Yosuke Honda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:327
  17. Chondral delamination is the separation or debonding of the articular cartilage from the underlying subchondral bone. The hyaline cartilage has a limited capacity for healing, meaning it does not possess the i...

    Authors: Marah Mansour, Yazan Abboud, Mhd Alaa Aldin Alhaffar, Ola Souliman, Massa Haffar, Younes Mustafa, Tamim Alsuliman and Michel Samaan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:325
  18. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a commonly performed bariatric surgery. Gastric stenosis and leaks are 2 major complications associated with LSG and revision surgery might be needed. Herein, we report...

    Authors: I.-Sung Chen, Ming-Shian Tsai, Jian-Han Chen, Chung-Yen Chen, I.-Lin Chen and Chi-Ming Tai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:323
  19. We reviewed 3 different types of tuberculous sacroiliitis via anterior and posterior approaches to determine the efficacy and safety of this surgical approach by describing clinical presentation, imaging, and ...

    Authors: Qi Tian, Linhao Na, Shicong Cao, Zheng Tian and Zheng Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:322
  20. Preoperatively diagnosing irreversible intestinal ischemia in patients with strangulated bowel obstruction is difficult. Therefore, this study aimed to establish a prediction model for irreversible intestinal ...

    Authors: Toshimichi Kobayashi, Naokazu Chiba, Itsuki Koganezawa, Masashi Nakagawa, Kei Yokozuka, Shigeto Ochiai, Takahiro Gunji, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Satoshi Tabuchi, Eiji Hidaka and Shigeyuki Kawachi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:321
  21. In papillary thyroid cancer patients, the extent of dissection is still a matter of debate. Evaluating Delphian lymph nodes (DLNs) during the surgery has been speculated as a valuable tool to determine the ext...

    Authors: Abbas Alibakhshi, Saman Sheikhi, Seyed Mostafa Meshkati Yazd, Ali Ardekani, Keivan Ranjbar and Reza Shahriarirad
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:320
  22. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of stage III Kummell disease without neurological deficit.

    Authors: Hanwen Li, Yingchuang Tang, Zixiang Liu, Huilin Yang, Zhigang Zhang, Kai Zhang and Kangwu Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:319
  23. Pancreatojejunostomy stricture (PJS) is a rare long-term complication of pancreaticojejunal anastomosis. This study aimed to investigate the role of surgery in the management of pancreatojejunostomy strictures.

    Authors: Feng Guo, Shimeng Huang, Tewodross Getu Wolde, Zipeng Lu, Jianmin Chen, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao and Jishu Wei
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:318
  24. Adjunct hemostats can be of use in certain surgical settings. We compared the effectiveness of two hemostats, Hemopatch® and Surgicel® Original in controlling bleeding from liver lesions in an experimental model.

    Authors: Selman Uranues, Abraham Fingerhut, Eve Levin, Daniel Spazierer, Nastaran Rahimi and Bernhard Baumgartner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:316
  25. This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative real time ultrasound-assisted flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage in the treatment of parapelvic cysts, ...

    Authors: Ting Huang, Qing Yang, Haixiao Wu, Desheng Zhu, Yang Hu and Min Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:315
  26. In recent years, time in range (TIR), defined as a percentage within a target time range, has attracted much attention. This study was aimed to investigate the short-term effects of Time in Rang on diabetic pa...

    Authors: Su Li, Ze-Xin Huang, Dong-hao Lou, Ye-Yong Jiang and Sheng Zhao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:314
  27. Compared with open comminuted calcaneal fractures, less emphasis is placed on postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) of closed comminuted calcaneal fractures. This study aimed to identify the risk factors...

    Authors: Jia-sen Hu, Cheng-bin Huang, Shu-ming Mao, Kang-hao Fang, Zong-yi Wu and You-ming Zhao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:313
  28. Etiology of hyperlactatemia in ICU patients is heterogeneous—septic, cardiogenic or hemorrhagic shock seem to be predominant reasons. Multiple studies show hyperlactatemia as an independent predictor for ICU m...

    Authors: Julia Spiegelberg, Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Sibylla Claus, Mira Runkel, Stefan Utzolino, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl and Lampros Kousoulas
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:312
  29. Liver transplantation is one of the most effective treatments for end-stage liver disease. Split liver transplantation (SLT) can effectively improve the utilization efficiency of grafts. However, split liver t...

    Authors: Dong Wang, Ning Fan, Xin Wang, Yandong Sun, Ge Guan, Jianhong Wang, Xiaodan Zhu, Yunjin Zang, Jinzhen Cai and Yuan Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:311
  30. Historically, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has been considered the gold standard of bariatric surgery (BS). This procedure acts as a mixed restrictive and malabsorptive operation.

    Authors: Foolad Eghbali, Mansour Bahardoust, Abdolreza Pazouki, Gelayol Barahman, Adnan Tizmaghz, Amir Hajmohammadi, Reza Karami and Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini-Baharanchi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:310
  31. Despite a significant decrease of surgery-related mortality and morbidity, anastomotic leakage still occurs in a significant number of patients after esophagectomy. The two main endoscopic treatments in case o...

    Authors: Pasquale Scognamiglio, Matthias Reeh, Nathaniel Melling, Marcus Kantowski, Ann-Kathrin Eichelmann, Seung-Hun Chon, Nader El-Sourani, Gerhard Schön, Alexandra Höller, Jakob R. Izbicki and Michael Tachezy
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:309
  32. Natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has the advantages of less postoperative pain, fast bowel function recovery, reduced hospital stay and better cosmetic effects. In our centre, anterior resec...

    Authors: Zhang Ke, Deng Zijian, Hu Hai, Yan Jin, Rui Yuanyi, Yi Bo and Zheng Yangchun
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:308
  33. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of the preoperative aminotransferase to albumin ratio (AAR) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.

    Authors: Wei Peng, Junyi Shen, Junlong Dai, Shusheng Leng, Fei Xie, Yu Zhang, Shun Ran, Xin Sun and Tianfu Wen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:307
  34. Post-partum abdominal wall insufficiency (PPAWI) with rectus diastasis is present in over 30% of women after pregnancy. Little is known about how PPAWI affects the social, sexual life and self-esteem of patien...

    Authors: Maciej Śmietański, Irmina Anna Śmietańska and Mateusz Zamkowski
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:305
  35. Cerebral infarction (CI) is an unusual complication in patients with bleeding disorders. To our knowledge, this is the first case of postoperative internal border-zone infarction (I-BZI) from Hemophilia A.

    Authors: Yiqing Ling, Zhenyu Shi, Chenying Su, Xiaochen Liu, Lingxin Zheng, Xiaohao Pan, Yan Sun, Xuan Zhang, Jinling Wei, Ju Li, Peijian Tong and Taotao Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:303
  36. Day of the week when elective gastrointestinal surgery is performed may be influenced by various background and tumor-related factors. Relationships between postoperative outcome and when in the week gastrecto...

    Authors: Tsuneyuki Uchida, Ryuichi Sekine, Kenichi Matsuo, Gaku Kigawa, Takahiro Umemoto, Mikio Makuuchi and Kuniya Tanaka
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:302
  37. Postoperative cholangitis is a late complication of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study aimed to elucidate the pathogenesis of post-PD cholangitis (PPDC) and explore its optimal treatment.

    Authors: Yasuhiro Kihara and Hiroshi Yokomizo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:301
  38. Cancellations of cases are common; most of those cancellations are due to avoidable causes. It is a major cause of psychological trauma for patients and their families. Although little is known in Ethiopia, th...

    Authors: Mulualem Gete Feleke, Tesfaye Yitna Chichiabellu and Tadele Lankrew Ayalew
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:300
  39. Stapled haemorrhoidopexy (SH) has resulted in a unique collection of procedural complications with postoperative mucocele a particularly rare example. This study is designed to comprehensively describe the cha...

    Authors: Xing-Yang Wan, Yuan-Ji Fu, Gui-Ming Li, Guo-Zhong Xiao, Zhi-Wei Guo, Dong-Lin Ren, Bo Cao and Hong-Cheng Lin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:298
  40. The purpose of this study was to determine how the drain fluid volume on the first day after surgery (DFV 1) can be used to predict clinically relevant post-operative pancreatic fistula following distal pancre...

    Authors: Quanyu Zhou, Wei He, Yao liu, Bo liao, Yong Liang, Bing Mo, Shujun Yin, Weian Tang, Yuhong Shi and Yuxiao Xia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:297
  41. Perineal wound complications are common after abdominoperineal resection (APR) for rectal adenocarcinoma. Delayed wound healing may postpone postoperative adjuvant therapy and, therefore, lead to a worse survi...

    Authors: Tellu Salmenkylä, Katariina Kilpivaara, Pasi Ohtonen, Tero Rautio and Elisa Mäkäräinen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:296
  42. Benign splenic lesions are rarely encountered. This study aimed to review the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes in a case series of 30 pediatric patients.

    Authors: Zengmeng Wang, Chunhui Peng, Dongyang Wu, Kai Wang, Jiatong Xu, Jihang Sun, Wenbo Pang, Cailin Ding and Yajun Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:295
  43. Malignant melanotic nerve sheath tumor (MMNST), formerly called melanotic schwannoma, is a rare tumor of neural crest derivation which most frequently arises from the region of spinal or autonomic nerves near ...

    Authors: Kuan-Yu Lin, Lujen Chen, Siu-Wan Hung, Sheng-Chun Hung, Cheng-Kuang Yang, Chih-Jung Chen and Kun-Yuan Chiu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:293

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