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  1. To investigate the clinicopathological features and clinical efficacy among 101 cases of rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to investigate the significance of imatinib mesylate (IM) neoadjuvant...

    Authors: Hongxin Yang, Chaoyong Shen, Xiaonan Yin, Zhaolun Cai, Qian Wang and Bo Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:400
  2. Primary plantar hyperhidrosis (PPH) is an idiopathic disease, characterized by excessive sweating of the feet. It leads to significant disturbance in private and professional daily lifestyle, due to excessive ...

    Authors: Kyung Jae Hur, Hyong Woo Moon, Yong Hyun Park, Woong Jin Bae, Hyuk Jin Cho, U-Syn Ha, Ji Youl Lee, Sae Woong Kim and Sung-Hoo Hong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:397
  3. Surgery remains the major treatment for early breast cancer (BC), but surgery itself is also a trauma which might induce alterations in lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in...

    Authors: Tao He, Zhu Wang, Yunhao Wu, Xinyi Zhang, Xu Li, Jiayuan Li, Liang Du, Jie Chen and Qing Lv
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:396
  4. Postoperative complications continue to constitute a major issue for both the healthcare system and the individual patient and are associated with inferior outcomes and higher healthcare costs. The objective o...

    Authors: Emilie Even Dencker, Alexander Bonde, Anders Troelsen, Kartik Mangudi Varadarajan and Martin Sillesen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:393
  5. Proximal gastrectomy is a widely performed procedure that has become more common with an increasing number of proximal gastric cancer cases. Several types of reconstructive procedures after proximal gastrectom...

    Authors: Zenichiro Saze, Koji Kase, Hiroshi Nakano, Naoto Yamauchi, Akinao Kaneta, Yohei Watanabe, Hiroyuki Hanayama, Suguru Hayase, Tomoyuki Momma and Koji Kono
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:392
  6. Since the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in 1985, there has been much advancement in laparoscopic surgery in terms of reduction in number and size of ports. We report a new technique of performing min...

    Authors: Ali Warsi, Andrew Natsuki Wilson, Kin Seng Tong, Jonathan Gan and Ho Lun Chong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:391
  7. Parastomal hernia and stoma-site hernia are common stoma complications. Parastomal hernia repair is associated with high complication and recurrence rates. Insurance data can provide novel information on the c...

    Authors: Johan Nyman, Mikael Lindmark, Ulf Gunnarsson and Karin Strigård
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:390
  8. Anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap and jejunal flap (JF) were commonly used in tissue reconstruction for pharyngoesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (PESCC) with worsening tissue adhesion and necrosis after ra...

    Authors: Si-Lu Sun, Bing Zhong, Sui-zi Zhou, Jun Liu, Ya-Feng Liu, Shi-Xi Liu and Fei Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:389
  9. With the development of minimally invasive surgery technology, patients with bladder cancer are increasingly receiving laparoscopic radical cystectomy (LRC) or robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) treatm...

    Authors: Yuchen Bai, Shuai Wang, Wei Zheng, EnHui Li, Jing Quan, Fei Wei, Qi Zhang, XiaoLong Qi and DaHong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:388
  10. Currently, the reduction and support of comminuted medial cortex of humeral fracture remains a challenge, Therefore, a novel reduction and fixation technique that employs an anteromedial small locking plate wa...

    Authors: Yuelei Zhang, Lifu Wan, Lecheng Zhang, Chao Yan and Gang Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:387
  11. Severe adhesions and fibrosis between the posterior wall of the gallbladder and liver bed often render total cholecystectomy after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) difficult, leading to h...

    Authors: Masafumi Ie, Morihiro Katsura, Yukihiro Kanda, Takashi Kato, Kazuya Sunagawa and Hidemitsu Mototake
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:386
  12. Understanding trends in limb amputation (LA) can provide insight into the prevention and optimization of health care delivery. We examine the influence of primary (first report) and subsequent (multiple report...

    Authors: Samuel Kwaku Essien, A. Gary Linassi, Colin Farnan, Kassondra Collins and Audrey Zucker-Levin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:385
  13. Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a rare congenital heart disease, characterized by the coronary artery inappropriately originates from the aorta. It is usually classified according to th...

    Authors: Lihua Deng, Tiange Li, Yunfei Ling and Menglin Tang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:384
  14. Whether neutral alignment brings better clinical outcomes is controversial. Consideration of the preoperative knee condition of patients and some limitations of previous studies, we suggested that other index ...

    Authors: Shibai Zhu, Xiaotian Zhang, Xi Chen, Yiou Wang, Shanni Li, Wenwei Qian, Huiming Peng, Wei Wang, Jin Lin, Jin Jin and Xisheng Weng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:383
  15. To the best of our knowledge, splenic rupture caused by hit by a pitch (HBP) has not been previously reported. We present a patient who underwent emergency laparotomy for splenic rupture after being HBP during...

    Authors: Naoya Kobayashi, Hisao Kano, Tsukasa Kuwana, Katsuhiro Nakagawa, Masaru Matsuoka, Shingo Ihara, Nami Sawada, Junko Yamaguchi and Kosaku Kinoshita
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:382
  16. There are 80 million forcibly displaced persons worldwide, 26.3 million of whom are refugees. Many refugees live in camps and have complex health needs, including a high burden of non-communicable disease. It ...

    Authors: Sarah Rapaport, Hilary Ngude, Amber Lekey, Mohamed Abbas, Peter J. Winch, Kent Stevens and Zachary Obinna Enumah
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:381
  17. This study investigated the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic splenectomy conducted in the contexts of both laparoscopic secondary surgery for isolated recurrence in the spleen and primary laparoscopic cy...

    Authors: Antonio Macciò, Elisabetta Sanna, Fabrizio Lavra, Giacomo Chiappe, Marco Petrillo and Clelia Madeddu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:380
  18. Elucidating how robotic skills are best obtained will enable surgeons to best develop future robotic training programs. We perform a randomized controlled trial to assess the performance of robotic compared to...

    Authors: John J. Kanitra, Nashwa Khogali-Jakary, Sahil B. Gambhir, Alan T. Davis, Michael Hollis, Caroline Moon, Rama Gupta, Pamela S. Haan, Cheryl Anderson, Deborah Collier, David Henry and Srinivas Kavuturu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:379
  19. It was controversial to operate on the primary site of breast cancer (BC) with bone metastasis only. We investigated the impact of surgery on BC patients with bone metastases via a SEER database retrospective ...

    Authors: Pai Peng, Jiang-Yuan Chen, Yun-Tao Han, Xin Chen, Hong-Yuan Li, Chao-Hua Hu and Jin-Li Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:378
  20. The bone transport using the unilateral external fixator, one of the Ilizarov techniques, is widely practiced in lower limb reconstructive surgery. Pin tract infection (PTI), one of most common complication, h...

    Authors: Kai Liu, Alimujiang Abulaiti, Yanshi Liu, Feiyu Cai, Peng Ren and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:377
  21. Pilonidal sinus is a common health problem. The current study aimed to compare the impact of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) with that of minimally invasive techniques in terms of pain reduction, return ...

    Authors: Can Yahya Boztug, Tulay Karaagac Akyol, Cigdem Benlice, Mehmet Ali Koc, Beyza Doganay Erdogan, Osman Ilhami Ozcebe, Mehmet Ayhan Kuzu and Cihangir Akyol
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:373
  22. Contrary to adult inguinal hernia surgery, large-scale investigations using registries or administrative data are missing in paediatric surgery. We aimed to fill this gap by analysing German administrative hos...

    Authors: Andreas Heydweiller, Ralf Kurz, Arne Schröder and Christina Oetzmann von Sochaczewski
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:372
  23. Modified radical mastectomy is the procedure of choice in centers with little to no radiotherapy services. Studying the in-hospital outcome and complications associated with the procedure is important in low-i...

    Authors: Giziew Bawoke, Segni Kejela, Abebe Alemayehu and Girmaye Tamirat Bogale
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:371
  24. Surgical site infections (SSI) are the most common healthcare-associated infection, and gastrointestinal surgery is frequently followed by a high incidence of SSI. Epidemiological analysis of the temporal tren...

    Authors: Tomoko Takahashi and Hiroshi Nishiura
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:370
  25. Determining the modifiable risk factors for postoperative complications is particularly significant in patients undergoing colorectal surgery since those are associated with worse long-term outcomes.

    Authors: B. Balci, G. Kilinc, B. Calik and C. Aydin
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:369
  26. Primary lung acinic cell carcinoma is very rare. Here we report a young female patient who suffered the largest primary lung acinic cell carcinoma with severe mediastinal deviation which has never been reporte...

    Authors: Xueyu Chen, Yajie Zhang, Fangxiu Luo and Hecheng Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:368
  27. Jejunal feeding is an invaluable method by which to improve the nutritional status of patients undergoing neoadjuvant and surgical treatment of oesophageal malignancies. However, the insertion of a feeding jej...

    Authors: Sotiris Mastoridis, Giada Bracalente, Christine-Bianca Hanganu, Michela Neccia, Antonio Giuliani, Richard Gillies, Robert Marshall, Nicholas Maynard and Bruno Sgromo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:367
  28. Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a common complication following splenectomy. It affects between 5 and 55% of patients undergoing surgery with no clearly defined pre-operative risk factors. The aim of this stud...

    Authors: Guillaume Péré, Hubert Basselerie, Charlotte Maulat, Armando Pitocco, Pierrick Leblanc, Antoine Philis, Charles Henri Julio, Géraud Tuyeras, Etienne Buscail and Nicolas Carrere
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:366
  29. Umbilical hernia repair, despite its perceived simplicity, is associated with recurrence between 2.7 and 27%, in mesh repair and non mesh repair respectively. Many factors are recognized contributors to recurr...

    Authors: Jennifer Mannion, Mohamed Khalid Hamed, Ritu Negi, Alison Johnston, Magda Bucholc and Michael Sugrue
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:365
  30. Robot-assisted surgery is being increasingly adopted in treating colorectal cancer, and the transition from laparoscopic surgery to robot-assisted surgery is a trend. The evidence of the benefits of robot-assi...

    Authors: Pedja Cuk, Andreas Kristian Pedersen, Kate Lykke Lambertsen, Christian Backer Mogensen, Michael Festersen Nielsen, Per Helligsø, Ismail Gögenur and Mark Bremholm Ellebæk
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:363
  31. Laparoscopic transgastric necrosectomy (LTGN) has been used in treatment of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON) for more than a decade. However, the safety and effectiveness of LTGN for WON with sinistral por...

    Authors: Feng Cao, Ang Li, Xiaohui Wang, Chongchong Gao, Jia Li and Fei Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:362
  32. Although the traditional bilateral surgical approach to treat hiatal hernia (HH) with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can provide local protection of the vagus nerve, the integrity of the entire vagus n...

    Authors: Zhi Zheng, Xiaoye Liu, Chenglin Xin, Weitao Zhang, Yan Gao, Na Zeng, Mengyi Li, Jun Cai, Fandong Meng, Dong Liu, Jie Zhang, Jie Yin, Jun Zhang and Zhongtao Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:361
  33. To evaluate the survival rate of porous tantalum rod implantation in the treatment of osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), evaluate its clinical effect and imaging results.

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Wang Chen, Zhi Yang, Jian-Ning Sun, Zheng-Hao Hu, Zi-Jian Hua, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:360
  34. Lymph node dissection (LND) is of great significance in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Although the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines recommend routine LND in ICC, the effects of ...

    Authors: Hanjie Hu, Gang Xu, Shunda Du, Zhiwen Luo, Hong Zhao and Jianqiang Cai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:359
  35. The WALANT (wide-awake local anesthesia with no tourniquet) technique was based on local infiltration of lidocaine and epinephrine. This technique has rapidly gained popularity in recent years and can perform ...

    Authors: Yen-Chang Lin, Wei-Chieh Chen, Chun-Yu Chen and Shyh-Ming Kuo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:358
  36. Hand injury is commonly associated with multiple soft tissue defects. Polyfoliate flaps grafting is the optimal approach for multiple wounds.The feasibility of clinical using of free thoracodorsal artery polyf...

    Authors: Wenquan Ding, Jianbo Xue, Yingling Zhou, Lingfeng He and Xiaofeng Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:357
  37. Acute pancreatitis after liver resection is a rare but serious complication, and few cases have been described in the literature. Extended lymphadenectomy, and long ischemia due to the Pringle maneuver could b...

    Authors: Sophie Chopinet, Emilie Bollon, Jean-François Hak, Laurent Reydellet, Valéry Blasco, Farouk Tradi, Guillaume Louis, Emilie Grégoire and Jean Hardwigsen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:356
  38. Robotic surgery has been taken as a new modality to surpass the technical limitations of conventional surgery. Here we aim to compare the oncologic outcomes of patients with rectal cancer receiving robotic vs....

    Authors: Xiong Lei, Lingling Yang, Zhixiang Huang, Haoran Shi, Zhen Zhou, Cheng Tang and Taiyuan Li
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:355
  39. Patients with prolonged and intense neutrophilia after spinal surgery are at high risk of developing surgical site infection (SSI). To date, there is no standard method for the objective assessment of the inte...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inose, Yutaka Kobayashi, Shingo Morishita, Yu Matsukura, Masato Yuasa, Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii and Atsushi Okawa
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:354
  40. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a high-life time risk undergoing abdominal surgery and are prone to develop incisional hernias (IH) in the postoperative course. Therefore, we investigated t...

    Authors: Daniel Heise, Charles Schram, Roman Eickhoff, Jan Bednarsch, Marius Helmedag, Sophia M. Schmitz, Andreas Kroh, Christian Daniel Klink, Ulf Peter Neumann and Andreas Lambertz
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:353
  41. Thyroid surgery, performed for benign or malignant pathologies, is one of the most frequently performed procedures and its frequency has even been increasing in recent years. Postoperative bleeding, recurrent ...

    Authors: Paolo Del Rio, Paolo Carcoforo, Fabio Medas, Elena Bonati, Tommaso Loderer, Margherita Koleva Radica and Piergiorgio Calò
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:352
  42. Uncertain nutritional outcomes following common metabolic surgical techniques are concerning given the long-term potential for postoperative metabolic bone disease. This study aims to investigate the variation...

    Authors: Reshi Suthakaran, Imeshi Indigahawela, Krinal Mori, Kiat Lim and Ahmad Aly
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:351
  43. Lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is still the approach of choice for the treatment of chronic anal fissure (CAF) regardless to the internal anal sphincter tone but it is burdened by high risk post-operati...

    Authors: Beatrice D’Orazio, Girolamo Geraci, Sebastiano Bonventre, Dario Calì and Gaetano Di Vita
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:350

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