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  1. Content type: Research article

    In order to reduce the incidence of adjacent segment disease (ASD), the current study was designed to establish Chinese finite element models of normal 3rd~7th cervical vertebrae (C3-C7) and anterior cervical ...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yibo Tang and Hongxing Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:119

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In cardiothoracic and abdominal surgery, postoperative complications remain major clinical problems. Early mobilization has been widely practiced and is an important component in preventing complications, incl...

    Authors: Masatoshi Hanada, Yuichi Tawara, Takuro Miyazaki, Shuntaro Sato, Yosuke Morimoto, Masato Oikawa, Hiroshi Niwa, Kiyoyuki Eishi, Takeshi Nagayasu, Susumu Eguchi and Ryo Kozu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:111

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  5. Content type: Case report

    It has been reported that median arcuate ligament syndrome is closely associated with gastric or pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms. Hemodynamic state plays an important role in the formation of the aneurysm...

    Authors: Tetsuro Toriumi, Takuro Shirasu, Atsushi Akai, Yuichi Ohashi, Takatoshi Furuya and Yukihiro Nomura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:116

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 classifies acute cholecystitis (AC) into three grades and recommends appropriate therapy for each grade. For grade II AC, either early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or percutaneou...

    Authors: Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Takanori Morikawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata and Hiroo Naito

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:114

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Thyroid hemorrhage is considered to be an uncommon complication following blunt trauma to the neck. This condition is potentially life-threatening due to airway compression and may therefore require emergency ...

    Authors: Johannes Lemke, Markus N. Schreiber, Doris Henne-Bruns, Gregor Cammerer and Andreas Hillenbrand

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:115

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The UICC/AJCC TNM staging system classifies lymph nodes as N0 and N1 in pancreatic cancer. Aim of the study is to determine whether the number of examine nodes, the nodal ratio (NR) and the logarithm odds of p...

    Authors: Giovanni Ramacciato, Giuseppe Nigri, Niccolo’ Petrucciani, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Matteo Ravaioli, Elio Jovine, Francesco Minni, Gian Luca Grazi, Piero Chirletti, Giuseppe Tisone, Fabio Ferla, Niccolo’ Napoli and Ugo Boggi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:109

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Current risk factors for lymph node metastasis in early gastric cancer have been primarily determined in Asian countries; however their applicability to Western nations is under discussion. The aim of our stud...

    Authors: Rimantas Bausys, Augustinas Bausys, Indre Vysniauskaite, Kazimieras Maneikis, Dalius Klimas, Martynas Luksta, Kestutis Strupas and Eugenijus Stratilatovas

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:108

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To identify the rate of and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia (CIH) after unilateral inguinal hernia repair in adult male patients.

    Authors: Cheng-Hung Lee, Yu-Ting Chiu, Chi-Fu Cheng, Jin-Chia Wu, Wen-Yao Yin and Jian-Han Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:106

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic fractures are severe injuries with frequently associated multi-system trauma and a high mortality rate. The value of the pelvic fracture pattern for predicting transfusion requirements and mortality is ...

    Authors: Fabio Agri, Mylène Bourgeat, Fabio Becce, Kevin Moerenhout, Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier Borens, Bertrand Yersin, Nicolas Demartines and Tobias Zingg

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:104

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) reduces postoperative morbidity, hospital stay and recovery as compared with open distal pancreatectomy. Many authors believe that robotic surgery can overcome the diff...

    Authors: Gian Piero Guerrini, Andrea Lauretta, Claudio Belluco, Matteo Olivieri, Marco Forlin, Stefania Basso, Bruno Breda, Giulio Bertola and Fabrizio Di Benedetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:105

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  15. Content type: Case report

    The latest news shows several cases of contaminated heroin that is found in different parts all over Europe. This information can be helpful for the emergency doctors to find the correct diagnosis of wound bot...

    Authors: M. Schulte, U. Hamsen, T. A. Schildhauer and T. Ramczykowski

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:103

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  16. Content type: Case report

    We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Kazunori Yasumura, Toshinori Iwai, Jiro Maegawa, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Shohei Hirakawa and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:101

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Burr hole craniostomy is a widely used method for the evacuation of CSDH. However it is not clear whether the irrigation during operation improves the prognosis or gives rise to additional complications instea...

    Authors: Qiang-Ping Wang, Ye Yuan, Jun-Wen Guan and Xiao-Bing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:99

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Case cancellation (CC) has significant impact on the efficiency of operating room (OR) management, which can be mitigated by taking preventive measures. In this study, using the data of the West China Hospital...

    Authors: Kaiye Yu, Xiaolei Xie, Li Luo and Renrong Gong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:100

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  19. Content type: Case report

    At present, Da Vinci robotic assisted hepatectomy has been routinely carried out in conditional units. But there is no report concerning the use of Da Vinci robots for hepatic hydatid cystectomy and experience...

    Authors: Haibo Zou, Lanyun Luo, Hua Xue, Guan Wang, Xiankui Wang, Le Luo, Yutong Yao, Guangming Xiang and Xiaolun Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:98

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Adrenocoricotrophic hormone (ACTH) – independent bilateral adrenocortical macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome, and is characterized by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. However,...

    Authors: Mao Tokumoto, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yukie Tauchi, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Satoru Noda, Norikazu Toi, Masahumi Kurajoh, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:97

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Median arcuate ligament syndrome is a rare condition with abdominal symptoms. Accepted treatment options are open release of median arcuate ligament, laparoscopic release of edian arcuate ligament, robot-assis...

    Authors: Mansur Duran, Florian Simon, Neslihan Ertas, Hubert Schelzig and Nikolaos Floros

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:95

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  22. Content type: Case report

    The metastasis of malignant tumors to the spleen is rare, and only a small percentage of cases can be treated surgically, as splenic metastases generally occur in the context of multivisceral metastatic cancer...

    Authors: Tsutomu Namikawa, Yasuhiro Kawanishi, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Takahito Sugase, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tatsuya Kumon, Makoto Hiroi, Michiya Kobayashi and Kazuhiro Hanazaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:96

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death. While surgical resection remains the foundation for potentially curative treatment, survival benefit is achieved with adjuvant oncological...

    Authors: Knut Jørgen Labori, Kristoffer Lassen, Dag Hoem, Jon Erik Grønbech, Jon Arne Søreide, Kim Mortensen, Rune Smaaland, Halfdan Sorbye, Caroline Verbeke and Svein Dueland

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:94

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Advanced minimally invasive techniques including robotic surgery are being employed with increasing frequency around the world, primarily in order to improve the surgical outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy (...

    Authors: Ke Chen, Yu Pan, Bin Zhang, Hendi Maher, Xian-fa Wang and Xiu-jun Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:93

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Over the past decade, mini-laparoscopic cholecystectomy (MLC) and single-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SILC) have been the two main successful mini-invasive surgical interventions for the treatment of cho...

    Authors: Xuan Tan, Guobin Wang, Yong Tang, Jie Bai, Kaixiong Tao and Lin Ye

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:91

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to reveal the appropriate timing for the intravenous administration of flurbiprofen axetil for preventing mesenteric traction syndrome (MTS), caused by prostacyclin release.

    Authors: Hidemasa Takahashi, Dai Shida, Kyoko Tagawa, Ryo Iwamoto, Makoto Arita, Hiroyuki Arai and Takeo Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:90

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Angioembolization is the method of choice for treating haemorrhage after blunt pelvic trauma. The aim of this study was to determine technical factors related to endovascular procedures which might be related ...

    Authors: Rafael Rehwald, Elisabeth Schönherr, Johannes Petersen, Hans-Christian Jeske, Anna Fialkovska, Anna Katharina Luger, Astrid Ellen Grams, Alexander Loizides, Werner Jaschke and Bernhard Glodny

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:89

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  28. Content type: Technical advance

    Donor organ shortage is a significant problem in kidney transplantation. Improvement of perfusion techniques can increase the number of available organs. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficiency ...

    Authors: Xiuwu Han, Xuhui Zhu, Tao Li, Yansheng Li, Hui Shan, Peng Zhang and Bulang He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:88

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  29. Content type: Research article

    We reviewed our experience with patients presenting with trauma and peritonitis who underwent an open abdomen (OA) procedure, and compared outcomes between Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) and a modified...

    Authors: Giulia Montori, Niccolò Allievi, Federico Coccolini, Leonardo Solaini, Luca Campanati, Marco Ceresoli, Paola Fugazzola, Roberto Manfredi, Stefano Magnone, Matteo Tomasoni and Luca Ansaloni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:86

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Chronic debilitating pain is a rare but significant cause of postoperative morbidity after inguinal surgery. Such pain is usually of neuropathic origin and frequently caused by intraoperative nerve damage. In ...

    Authors: Ioannis Karampinis, Johannes Weiss, Lothar Pilz, Stefan Post and Florian Herrle

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:85

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The presence and the prognostic significance of perigastric tumor deposits (TDs) in primary gastric cancer have not been extensively studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance p...

    Authors: Shrestha Anup, Jun Lu, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Qian Yu, Ying-Hong Yang and Chang-Ming Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:84

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Hyperlordosis is common in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), which cannot be controlled by bracing. While the surgical treatment is neither reported nor recommended in previous studies, we report ...

    Authors: Haining Tan, Fan Feng, Youxi Lin, Chong Chen, Zheng Li and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:83

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Spinal brucellosis is a less commonly reported infectious spinal pathology. There are few reports regarding the surgical treatment of spinal brucellosis in existing literature. This retrospective study was con...

    Authors: Yakefu Abulizi, Wei-Dong Liang, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Maierdan Maimaiti and Wei-Bin Sheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:82

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:81

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Cost reduction measures in medicine are gaining greater importance nowadays, especially in high-volume procedures such as laparoscopic appendectomy (LAE). Currently there are two common methods of dissecting t...

    Authors: Matthias Mehdorn, Olaf Schürmann, H. Maximilian Mehdorn and Ines Gockel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:80

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  36. Content type: Research article

    One–stage laparoscopic common bile duct (CBD) stone clearance and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LCBDE+LC) for cholecystocholedocholithiasis ( CCL) can be performed with similar short and long-term outcomes tha...

    Authors: Anne Mattila, Johanna Mrena and Ilmo Kellokumpu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:79

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Surgical-site infections due to intraoperative contamination are chiefly ascribable to airborne particles carrying microorganisms. The purpose of this study is to identify the actions that increase the number ...

    Authors: Chieko Noguchi, Hironobu Koseki, Hidehiko Horiuchi, Akihiko Yonekura, Masato Tomita, Takashi Higuchi, Shinya Sunagawa and Makoto Osaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:78

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Since its introduction, the Revised Trauma Score (RTS) has been widely used to determine the prognosis of trauma patients. Recent studies have revealed a need to change the parameters of the RTS. We have desig...

    Authors: Jin Hee Jeong, Yong Joo Park, Dong Hoon Kim, Tae Yun Kim, Changwoo Kang, Soo Hoon Lee, Sang Bong Lee, Seong Chun Kim and Daesung Lim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:77

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Although ectopic pancreatic tissue is common in the upper gastrointestinal tract, the incidence of ectopic pancreatic tissue in the jejunum is low, and malignant transformation in ectopic pancreatic tissue is ...

    Authors: Kosei Takagi, Takahito Yagi, Takehiro Tanaka, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:75

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  40. Content type: Case report

    Adrenal myelolipoma is an uncommon, benign, and hormonally non-functioning tumor that is composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic tissue. Most cases to date are asymptomatic or have epigastri...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Shan-Tao Chien, Chin-Wen Hsu, Yu-Chiuan Wu, Wen-Ching Kung, Chun-Min Su and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:74

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Endoscopic resection (ER) has been widely accepted as the standard treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC). However, in patients considered to have undergone non-curative ER due to their potential risk of lym...

    Authors: Satoru Kikuchi, Shinji Kuroda, Masahiko Nishizaki, Tetsuya Kagawa, Hiromitsu Kanzaki, Yoshiro Kawahara, Shunsuke Kagawa, Takehiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Okada and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:72

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  42. Content type: Research article

    While immunohistochemistry (IHC) methods have been widely conducted for the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) in developed countries, there are very few studies on their use in developing countries wher...

    Authors: Josephine Amanda Setiadi, Andi Dwihantoro, Kristy Iskandar, Didik Setyo Heriyanto and Gunadi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:71

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