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  1. Immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) increases the risk of renal dysfunction after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Controlled trials have shown improvement of renal function in patients ...

    Authors: Armin D Goralczyk, Andreas Schnitzbauer, Tung Y Tsui, Giuliano Ramadori, Thomas Lorf and Aiman Obed

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. The objective of this clinical study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Activ-L Artificial Disc for treatment of single-level degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine in patients who have ...

    Authors: James J Yue and Fred F Mo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  3. Multilevel spinal fusion surgery has typically been associated with significant blood loss. To limit both the need for transfusions and co-morbidities associated with blood loss, the use of anti-fibrinolytic a...

    Authors: Kushagra Verma, Thomas J Errico, Kenneth M Vaz and Baron S Lonner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Intestinal tuberculosis is a common problem in endemic areas, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. An isolated primary caecal perforation of tubercular origin is exceptionally uncommon.

    Authors: Devendra K Jain, Gaurav Aggarwal, Parvinder S Lubana, Sonia Moses and Nitin Joshi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:12

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Transplantation is the only treatment offering long-term benefit to patients with chronic kidney failure. Live donor nephrectomy is performed on healthy individuals who do not receive direct therapeutic benefi...

    Authors: Leonienke FC Dols, Niels FM Kok, Turkan Terkivatan, TC Khe Tran, Frank CH d'Ancona, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Ingrid RAM zur borg, Ian PJ Alwayn, Mark P Hendriks, Ine M Dooper, Willem Weimar and Jan NM IJzermans

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  6. Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) is challenging with respect to both patient selection and choice of surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of ACDF, with ...

    Authors: Bjarne Lied, Paal Andre Roenning, Jarle Sundseth and Eirik Helseth

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A new surgical technique, the Perineal Stapled Prolapse resection (PSP) for external rectal prolapse was introduced in a feasibility study in 2008. This study now presents the first results of a larger patient...

    Authors: Franc H Hetzer, Amir H Roushan, Katja Wolf, Ulrich Beutner, Jan Borovicka, Jochen Lange and Lukas Marti

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The differences between the metastatic property of moderately (Mod) and well (Wel) differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma remain unclear. Since Mod is unable to form complete acini, therefore an epithelial-m...

    Authors: Shozo Yokoyama, Katsunari Takifuji, Tsukasa Hotta, Kenji Matsuda, Toshiji Tominaga, Yoshimasa Oku, Toru Nasu, Koichi Tamura, Junji Ieda and Hiroki Yamaue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:8

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Hepatic artery thrombosis is a devastating complication after orthotopic liver transplantation often requiring revascularization or re-transplantation. It is associated with considerably increased morbidity an...

    Authors: Armin D Goralczyk, Volker Meier, Giuliano Ramadori, Aiman Obed and Thomas Lorf

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:7

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  10. During a previous study to define and compare incidence risks of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for elective laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy at two hospitals in Jamaica, secondary analysis comp...

    Authors: Jeffrey M East and Derek IG Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) decrease platelet-function, which suggests that SSRI use may increase the risk of post-surgical bleeding. Few studies have investigated this potential association.

    Authors: Rune Gärtner, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton, Heidi H Hundborg, Lars Pedersen, Timothy L Lash, Henrik Toft Sørensen and Niels Kroman

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:3

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Retrograde ("fundus first") dissection is frequently used in open cholecystectomy and although feasible in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) it has not been widely practiced. LC is most simply carried out usin...

    Authors: Michael D Kelly

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Family history, male gender and age are significant risk factors for inguinal hernia disease. Family history provides evidence for a genetic trait and could explain early recurrence after inguinal hernia repai...

    Authors: Petra Lynen Jansen, Uwe Klinge, Marc Jansen and Karsten Junge

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The antibiotics used for prophylaxis during surgery may influence the rate of surgical site infections. Tetracyclines are attractive having a long half-life and few side effects when used in a single dose regi...

    Authors: Gunnar Baatrup, Roy M Nilsen, Rune Svensen and Per E Akselsen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Over the last decade there has been a paradigm shift in the management of breast cancer, subsequent to revised surgical oncology guidelines and consensus statements which were derived in light of landmark brea...

    Authors: Helen M Heneghan, Ruth S Prichard, Amanda Devaney, Karl J Sweeney, C Malone, Ray McLaughlin and Michael J Kerin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Laparoscopic liver surgery is becoming increasingly common. This cohort study was designed to directly compare perioperative outcomes of the left lateral segmentectomy via laparoscopic and open approach.

    Authors: Kirstin A Carswell, Filippos G Sagias, Beth Murgatroyd, Mohamed Rela, Nigel Heaton and Ameet G Patel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Thyroid nodules represent a common problem brought to medical attention. Four to seven percent of the United States adult population (10–18 million people) has a palpable thyroid nodule, however the majority (...

    Authors: Alexander Stojadinovic, George E Peoples, Steven K Libutti, Leonard R Henry, John Eberhardt, Robin S Howard, David Gur, Eric A Elster and Aviram Nissan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III prognostic system has not been previously validated in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after orthotopic liver transplantation ...

    Authors: Mark T Keegan, Bhargavi Gali, James Y Findlay, Julie K Heimbach, David J Plevak and Bekele Afessa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:11

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The splenic cysts constitute a very rare clinical entity. They may occur secondary to trauma or even being more seldom due to parasitic infestations, mainly caused by ecchinocccus granulosus. Literature lacks ...

    Authors: Gokhan Adas, Oguzhan Karatepe, Merih Altiok, Muharrem Battal, Omer Bender, Deniz Ozcan and Servet Karahan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:9

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Development of incisional hernia after open abdominal surgery remains a major cause of post-operative morbidity. The aim of this study was to determine the current practice of surgeons in terms of access to an...

    Authors: Nuh N Rahbari, Phillip Knebel, Markus K Diener, Christoph Seidlmayer, Karsten Ridwelski, Hartmut Stöltzing and Christoph M Seiler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:8

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Incisional hernia after abdominal surgery is a well-known complication. Controversy still exists with respect to the choice of hernia repair technique. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term...

    Authors: Lars Peter Holst Andersen, Mads Klein, Ismail Gögenur and Jacob Rosenberg

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:6

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Piezoresistive pressure measurement technique (PRM) has previously been applied for direct IAP measurement in a porcine model using two different devices. Aim of this clinical study was to assess both devices ...

    Authors: Jens Otto, Daniel Kaemmer, Marcel Binnebösel, Marc Jansen, Rolf Dembinski, Volker Schumpelick and Alexander Schachtrupp

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:5

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Recent non-randomized studies suggest that extended endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) is equally effective in removing large rectal adenomas as transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). If equally effective, E...

    Authors: Frank JC van den Broek, Eelco JR de Graaf, Marcel GW Dijkgraaf, Johannes B Reitsma, Jelle Haringsma, Robin Timmer, Bas LAM Weusten, Michael F Gerhards, Esther CJ Consten, Matthijs P Schwartz, Maarten J Boom, Erik J Derksen, A Bart Bijnen, Paul HP Davids, Christiaan Hoff, Hendrik M van Dullemen…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:4

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  24. The benefits of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for breast cancer patients with histologically negative axillary nodes, in whom axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is thereby avoided, are now established. ...

    Authors: Jeffrey M East, Christopher SP Valentine, Emil Kanchev and Garfield O Blake

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:2

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer related death in Western countries. Advantages in surgical techniques, radiation and chemotherapy had almost no impact on the long term survival of a...

    Authors: Andre Mihaljevic, Peter Büchler, Jan Harder, Ralf Hofheinz, Michael Gregor, Stephan Kanzler, Wolff Schmiegel, Volker Heinemann, Esther Endlicher, Günter Klöppel, Thomas Seufferlein and Michael Geissler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:1

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  26. In peripheral vascular bypass surgery different synthetic materials are available for bypass grafting. It is unclear which of the two commonly used materials, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) or polyester (Dacron®)...

    Authors: Stephanie Roll, Jacqueline Müller-Nordhorn, Thomas Keil, Hans Scholz, Daniela Eidt, Wolfgang Greiner and Stefan N Willich

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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  27. A surgical resection is currently the preferred treatment for esophageal cancer if the tumor is considered to be resectable without evidence of distant metastases (cT1-3 N0-1 M0). A high percentage of irradica...

    Authors: M van Heijl, JJB van Lanschot, LB Koppert, MI van Berge Henegouwen, K Muller, EW Steyerberg, H van Dekken, BPL Wijnhoven, HW Tilanus, DJ Richel, ORC Busch, JF Bartelsman, CCE Koning, GJ Offerhaus and A van der Gaast

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:21

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  28. For many patients with aorto-occlusive disease, where stent deployment is not possible, surgery remains the only treatment option available. The aim of this study was to assess the results of aortic reconstruc...

    Authors: Gareth Morris-Stiff, Samuel Ogunbiyi, Richard K Winter, Russell Brown and Michael H Lewis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:19

    Content type: Research article

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  29. The gold standard for assessment of intraabdominal pressure (IAP) is via intravesicular pressure measurement (IVP). This accepted technique has some inherent problems, e.g. indirectness. Aim of this clinical s...

    Authors: Jens Otto, Daniel Kaemmer, Andreas Biermann, Marc Jansen, Rolf Dembinski, Volker Schumpelick and Alexander Schachtrupp

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Endoscopic resectional techniques for colon cancer are undermined by their inability to determine lymph node status. This limits their application to only those lesions at the most minimal risk of lymphatic di...

    Authors: Ronan A Cahill, Joel Leroy and Jacques Marescaux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  31. A standard of care for the treatment of small renal masses is partial nephrectomy. The open and laparoscopic approaches have been well described in the literature. Robotic assistance may augment partial nephre...

    Authors: Sam B Bhayani and Nitin Das

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  32. With the availability of infliximab, nowadays recurrent Crohn's disease, defined as disease refractory to immunomodulatory agents that has been treated with steroids, is generally treated with infliximab. Infl...

    Authors: Emma J Eshuis, Willem A Bemelman, Ad A van Bodegraven, Mirjam AG Sprangers, Patrick MM Bossuyt, AW Marc van Milligen de Wit, Rogier MPH Crolla, Djuna L Cahen, Liekele E Oostenbrug, Meindert N Sosef, Annet MCJ Voorburg, Paul HP Davids, C Janneke van der Woude, Johan Lange, Rosalie C Mallant, Maarten J Boom…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:15

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Waiting time and costs from referral to day case outpatient surgery are at an unacceptably high level. The waiting time in Norway averages 240 days for common surgical conditions. Furthermore, in North Norway ...

    Authors: Knut Magne Augestad, Arthur Revhaug, Barthold Vonen, Roar Johnsen and Rolv-Ole Lindsetmo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  34. Several randomized controlled trials have compared different suture materials and techniques for abdominal wall closure with respect to the incidence of incisional hernias after midline laparotomy and shown th...

    Authors: Lars Fischer, Petra Baumann, Johannes Hüsing, Christoph Seidlmayer, Markus Albertsmeier, Annette Franck, Steffen Luntz, Christoph M Seiler and Hanns-Peter Knaebel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:12

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Low transsphincteric fistulas less than 1/3 of the sphincter complex are easy to treat by fistulotomy with a high success rate. High transsphincteric fistulas remain a surgical challenge. Various surgical proc...

    Authors: Paul J van Koperen, Willem A Bemelman, Patrick MM Bossuyt, Michael F Gerhards, Quirijn AJ Eijsbouts, Willem F van Tets, Lucas WM Janssen, F Robert Dijkstra, Annette D van Dalsen and J Frederik M Slors

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:11

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  36. With the increasing number of non palpable breast carcinomas, the need of a good and reliable localization method increases. Currently the wire guided localization (WGL) is the standard of care in most countri...

    Authors: Stijn van Esser, Monique GG Hobbelink, Petra HM Peeters, Erik Buskens, Iris M van der Ploeg, Willem PTHM Mali, Inne H M Borel Rinkes and Richard van Hillegersberg

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:9

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  37. Standard methods for assessment of organ viability during surgery are typically limited to visual cues and tactile feedback in open surgery. However, during laparoscopic surgery, these processes are impaired. ...

    Authors: Nicole J Crane, Peter A Pinto, Douglas Hale, Frederick A Gage, Doug Tadaki, Allan D Kirk, Ira W Levin and Eric A Elster

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2008 8:8

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

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