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  1. Decision-making in patients with acute appendicitis poses a diagnostic challenge worldwide, despite much advancement in abdominal surgery. The Modified Alvarado Scoring System (MASS) has been reported to be a ...

    Authors: Emmanuel S Kanumba, Joseph B Mabula, Peter Rambau and Phillipo L Chalya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:4

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Malignant perivascular epitheliod cell tumor (PEComa) is a very rare entity composed of distinctive perivascular epitheliod cells with variable immunoreactivity for melanocytic and muscle markers. At present t...

    Authors: Federico Selvaggi, Domenico Risio, Roberta Claudi, Roberta Cianci, Domenico Angelucci, Daniela Pulcini, Alberto D'Aulerio, Margherita Legnini, Roberto Cotellese and Paolo Innocenti

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:3

    Content type: Case report

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  3. There is a rise in incidence of esophageal carcinoma due to increasing incidence of adenocarcinoma. Probably the only curative option to date is the use of neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgical resection. T...

    Authors: Surya SAY Biere, Kirsten W Maas, Luigi Bonavina, Josep Roig Garcia, Mark I van Berge Henegouwen, Camiel Rosman, Meindert N Sosef, Elly SM de Lange, H Jaap Bonjer, Miguel A Cuesta and Donald L van der Peet

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:2

    Content type: Study protocol

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  4. Unprovoked superficial thrombophlebitis and subsequent venous thromboembolism are well-described albeit rare presenting features of advanced visceral malignancy that often manifest too late for curative interv...

    Authors: Sri G Thrumurthy, Abeyratne HMP Anuruddha, Merrenna IM De Zoysa and Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2011 11:1

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Resorbable bone hemostasis materials, oxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) and microfibrillar collagen (MFC), remain at the site of application for up to 8 weeks and may impair osteogenesis. Our experimental s...

    Authors: Jonathan K Armstrong, Bo Han, Kenrick Kuwahara, Zhi Yang, Clara E Magyar, Sarah M Dry, Elisa Atti, Sotirios Tetradis and Timothy C Fisher

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:37

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) to eliminate gram-negative bacteria is still not widely accepted, although it reduces the incidence of nosocomial infections. In a previous retrospective ...

    Authors: Franziska Näf, René Warschkow, Walter Kolb, Michael Zünd, Jochen Lange and Thomas Steffen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:36

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Intestinal atresia is a common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction, and management of this disease in limited setup of a developing country is very difficult.

    Authors: Vikal C Shakya, Chandra S Agrawal, Pramod Shrestha, Prakash Poudel, Sudeep Khaniya and Shailesh Adhikary

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:35

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To assess safety, risk factors and clinical outcomes in elderly patients with spinal stenosis after decompressive laminectomy.

    Authors: Asgeir S Jakola, Andreas Sørlie, Sasha Gulati, Øystein P Nygaard, Stian Lydersen and Tore Solberg

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:34

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Currently, there is no consensus opinion regarding the optimal procedure of choice in super-super-morbid obesity (Body mass index, BMI > 60 kg/m2). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is associated with failure to...

    Authors: Bruno Dillemans, Sebastiaan Van Cauwenberge, Sanjay Agrawal, Els Van Dessel and Jan-Paul Mulier

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:33

    Content type: Technical advance

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  10. Changes to the structure of medical training worldwide require doctors to decide on their career specialty at an increasingly early stage after graduation. We studied trends in career choices for surgery, and ...

    Authors: Michael J Goldacre, Louise Laxton, Ewen M Harrison, Jennifer MJ Richards, Trevor W Lambert and Rowan W Parks

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:32

    Content type: Research article

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  11. For many years there has been a debate as to which is the method of choice in treating patients with esophageal perforation. The literature consists mainly of small case series. Strategies for aiding patients ...

    Authors: Michael Hermansson, Jan Johansson, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Göran Hambreus, Per Jönsson, Ramon Lillo-Gil, Ulrika Smedh and Thomas Zilling

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:31

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Penetrating injuries of the abdomen and spinal canal that involve organic material of animal origin are extremely rare and derive from domestic and wild animal attacks or fish attacks.

    Authors: Despoina Georgiadou, George N Zografos, Dennis Vaidakis, Spiridon Avlonitis, Angeliki Katopodi, Emmanouil N Tzirakis, Panagiotis Sioutos, Charalambos Drossos, Penelope Lampropoulou and George Papastratis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:30

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Recently, excellent results are reported on laparoscopic lavage in patients with purulent perforated diverticulitis as an alternative for sigmoidectomy and ostomy.

    Authors: Hilko A Swank, Jefrey Vermeulen, Johan F Lange, Irene M Mulder, Joost AB van der Hoeven, Laurents PS Stassen, Rogier MPH Crolla, Meindert N Sosef, Simon W Nienhuijs, Robbert JI Bosker, Maarten J Boom, Philip M Kruyt, Dingeman J Swank, Willem H Steup, Eelco JR de Graaf, Wibo F Weidema…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:29

    Content type: Study protocol

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  14. An upper limb arteriovenous (AV) fistula is the access of choice for haemodialysis (HD). There have been few reports of saphenofemoral AV fistulas (SFAVF) over the last 10-20 years because of previous suggesti...

    Authors: João A Correa, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Adilson C Pires, João R Breda, Yumiko R Yamazaki, Alexandre C Fioretti, Vitor E Valenti, Luiz Carlos M Vanderlei, Hugo Macedo Junior, Eduardo Colombari and Fausto Miranda Junior

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:28

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Hepatectomy is recommended as the most effective therapy for liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRCLM). It is crucial to elucidate the prognostic clinicopathological factors.

    Authors: Michihiro Hayashi, Yoshihiro Inoue, Koji Komeda, Tetsunosuke Shimizu, Mitsuhiro Asakuma, Fumitoshi Hirokawa, Yoshiharu Miyamoto, Junji Okuda, Atsushi Takeshita, Yuro Shibayama and Nobuhiko Tanigawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:27

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance frequently occur in critically ill and in morbidly obese (MO) patients. Both conditions are associated with altered serum levels of cytokines and adipokines. In addition, o...

    Authors: Andreas Hillenbrand, Uwe Knippschild, Manfred Weiss, Hubert Schrezenmeier, Doris Henne-Bruns, Markus Huber-Lang and Anna M Wolf

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:26

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Persisting abdominal complaints are common after an episode of diverticulitis treated conservatively. Furthermore, some patients develop frequent recurrences. These two groups of patients suffer greatly from t...

    Authors: Bryan JM van de Wall, Werner A Draaisma, Esther CJ Consten, Yolanda van der Graaf, Marten H Otten, G Ardine de Wit, Henk F van Stel, Michael F Gerhards, Marinus J Wiezer, Huib A Cense, Hein BAC Stockmann, Jeroen WA Leijtens, David DE Zimmerman, Eric Belgers, Bart A van Wagensveld, Eric DJA Sonneveld…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:25

    Content type: Study protocol

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  18. Conservative treatment of uncomplicated or mild diverticulitis usually includes antibiotic therapy. It is, however, uncertain whether patients with acute diverticulitis indeed benefit from antibiotics. In most...

    Authors: Çağdaş Ünlü, Niels de Korte, Lidewine Daniels, Esther CJ Consten, Miguel A Cuesta, Michael F Gerhards, Anna AW van Geloven, Edwin S van der Zaag, Joost AB van der Hoeven, Rutger Klicks, Huib A Cense, Rudi MH Roumen, Quirijn AJ Eijsbouts, Johan F Lange, Paul Fockens, Corianne AJM de Borgie…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  19. Development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has a strong impact on the course of disease. Number of patients with this complication increases during the...

    Authors: Dejan V Radenkovic, Djordje Bajec, Nenad Ivancevic, Vesna Bumbasirevic, Natasa Milic, Vasilije Jeremic, Pavle Gregoric, Aleksanadar Karamarkovic, Borivoje Karadzic, Darko Mirkovic, Dragoljub Bilanovic, Radoslav Scepanovic and Vladimir Cijan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:22

    Content type: Study protocol

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  20. Randomised controlled trials with a long term follow-up (3 to 10 years) have demonstrated that mesh repair is superior to suture closure of incisional hernia with lower recurrence rates (5 to 20% versus 20 to ...

    Authors: Christoph Seiler, Petra Baumann, Peter Kienle, Andreas Kuthe, Jens Kuhlgatz, Rainer Engemann, Moritz v Frankenberg and Hanns-Peter Knaebel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:21

    Content type: Study protocol

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  21. Postoperative adhesions occur when fibrous strands of internal scar tissue bind anatomical structures to one another. The most common cause of intra-abdominal adhesions is previous intra-abdominal surgical int...

    Authors: Reinhold Lang, Petra Baumann, Karl-Walter Jauch, Claudia Schmoor, Christine Weis, Erich Odermatt and Hanns-Peter Knaebel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:20

    Content type: Study protocol

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  22. Colonic intussusception is a rare congenital abnormality, mostly manifesting before the age of two with abdominal pain and acute intestinal obstruction with or without bleeding. In adults it may occur idiopath...

    Authors: Carolin Reiser-Erkan, Mert Erkan, Erika Ulbrich, Jörg Nährig and Jörg Kleeff

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:19

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The present developments in colon surgery are characterized by two innovations: the introduction of the laparoscopic operation technique and fast recovery programs such as the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (...

    Authors: Jurrian C Reurings, Willem R Spanjersberg, Henk JM Oostvogel, Erik Buskens, John Maring, Flip Kruijt, Camiel Rosman, Peter van Duivendijk, Cees HC Dejong and Cees JHM van Laarhoven

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:18

    Content type: Study protocol

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  24. Few patients with lung metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) are candidates for surgical therapy with a curative intent, and it is currently impossible to identify those who may benefit the most from thoraco...

    Authors: Ulrich Landes, John Robert, Thomas Perneger, Gilles Mentha, Vincent Ott, Philippe Morel and Pascal Gervaz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:17

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Incidence of liver hydatid cyst (LHC) rupture ranged 15%-40% of all cases and most of them concern the bile duct tree. Patients with biliocystic communication (BCC) had specific clinic and therapeutic aspect. ...

    Authors: Hadj Omar El Malki, Yasser El Mejdoubi, Amine Souadka, Raouf Mohsine, Lahcen Ifrine, Redouane Abouqal and Abdelkader Belkouchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:16

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) increases the risk of renal dysfunction after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Controlled trials have shown improvement of renal function in patients ...

    Authors: Armin D Goralczyk, Andreas Schnitzbauer, Tung Y Tsui, Giuliano Ramadori, Thomas Lorf and Aiman Obed

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:15

    Content type: Study protocol

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  27. The objective of this clinical study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Activ-L Artificial Disc for treatment of single-level degenerative disc disease of the lumbar spine in patients who have ...

    Authors: James J Yue and Fred F Mo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:14

    Content type: Study protocol

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  28. Multilevel spinal fusion surgery has typically been associated with significant blood loss. To limit both the need for transfusions and co-morbidities associated with blood loss, the use of anti-fibrinolytic a...

    Authors: Kushagra Verma, Thomas J Errico, Kenneth M Vaz and Baron S Lonner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:13

    Content type: Study protocol

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  29. Intestinal tuberculosis is a common problem in endemic areas, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. An isolated primary caecal perforation of tubercular origin is exceptionally uncommon.

    Authors: Devendra K Jain, Gaurav Aggarwal, Parvinder S Lubana, Sonia Moses and Nitin Joshi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:12

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Transplantation is the only treatment offering long-term benefit to patients with chronic kidney failure. Live donor nephrectomy is performed on healthy individuals who do not receive direct therapeutic benefi...

    Authors: Leonienke FC Dols, Niels FM Kok, Turkan Terkivatan, TC Khe Tran, Frank CH d'Ancona, Johan F Langenhuijsen, Ingrid RAM zur borg, Ian PJ Alwayn, Mark P Hendriks, Ine M Dooper, Willem Weimar and Jan NM IJzermans

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:11

    Content type: Study protocol

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  31. Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion (ACDF) is challenging with respect to both patient selection and choice of surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of ACDF, with ...

    Authors: Bjarne Lied, Paal Andre Roenning, Jarle Sundseth and Eirik Helseth

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:10

    Content type: Research article

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  32. A new surgical technique, the Perineal Stapled Prolapse resection (PSP) for external rectal prolapse was introduced in a feasibility study in 2008. This study now presents the first results of a larger patient...

    Authors: Franc H Hetzer, Amir H Roushan, Katja Wolf, Ulrich Beutner, Jan Borovicka, Jochen Lange and Lukas Marti

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:9

    Content type: Research article

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  33. The differences between the metastatic property of moderately (Mod) and well (Wel) differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma remain unclear. Since Mod is unable to form complete acini, therefore an epithelial-m...

    Authors: Shozo Yokoyama, Katsunari Takifuji, Tsukasa Hotta, Kenji Matsuda, Toshiji Tominaga, Yoshimasa Oku, Toru Nasu, Koichi Tamura, Junji Ieda and Hiroki Yamaue

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:8

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Hepatic artery thrombosis is a devastating complication after orthotopic liver transplantation often requiring revascularization or re-transplantation. It is associated with considerably increased morbidity an...

    Authors: Armin D Goralczyk, Volker Meier, Giuliano Ramadori, Aiman Obed and Thomas Lorf

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:7

    Content type: Case report

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  35. During a previous study to define and compare incidence risks of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for elective laparoscopic and open cholecystectomy at two hospitals in Jamaica, secondary analysis comp...

    Authors: Jeffrey M East and Derek IG Mitchell

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:6

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) decrease platelet-function, which suggests that SSRI use may increase the risk of post-surgical bleeding. Few studies have investigated this potential association.

    Authors: Rune Gärtner, Deirdre Cronin-Fenton, Heidi H Hundborg, Lars Pedersen, Timothy L Lash, Henrik Toft Sørensen and Niels Kroman

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2010 10:3

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Retrograde ("fundus first") dissection is frequently used in open cholecystectomy and although feasible in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) it has not been widely practiced. LC is most simply carried out usin...

    Authors: Michael D Kelly

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:19

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Family history, male gender and age are significant risk factors for inguinal hernia disease. Family history provides evidence for a genetic trait and could explain early recurrence after inguinal hernia repai...

    Authors: Petra Lynen Jansen, Uwe Klinge, Marc Jansen and Karsten Junge

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:18

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The antibiotics used for prophylaxis during surgery may influence the rate of surgical site infections. Tetracyclines are attractive having a long half-life and few side effects when used in a single dose regi...

    Authors: Gunnar Baatrup, Roy M Nilsen, Rune Svensen and Per E Akselsen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:17

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Over the last decade there has been a paradigm shift in the management of breast cancer, subsequent to revised surgical oncology guidelines and consensus statements which were derived in light of landmark brea...

    Authors: Helen M Heneghan, Ruth S Prichard, Amanda Devaney, Karl J Sweeney, C Malone, Ray McLaughlin and Michael J Kerin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:15

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Laparoscopic liver surgery is becoming increasingly common. This cohort study was designed to directly compare perioperative outcomes of the left lateral segmentectomy via laparoscopic and open approach.

    Authors: Kirstin A Carswell, Filippos G Sagias, Beth Murgatroyd, Mohamed Rela, Nigel Heaton and Ameet G Patel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:14

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Thyroid nodules represent a common problem brought to medical attention. Four to seven percent of the United States adult population (10–18 million people) has a palpable thyroid nodule, however the majority (...

    Authors: Alexander Stojadinovic, George E Peoples, Steven K Libutti, Leonard R Henry, John Eberhardt, Robin S Howard, David Gur, Eric A Elster and Aviram Nissan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2009 9:12

    Content type: Research article

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