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  1. Intramedullary nail (IMN) is one of the key essential minimally invasive “weapons” in orthopaedic trauma, while the distal locking is still challenging for surgeons. Although there are various inventions and t...

    Authors: Hua Gao, Zhenyu Liu, Xiaodong Bai, Guoqiang Xu, Wentao Chen, Ji Ma, Yijun Wang, Jiatian Wang, Gang Wang and Baojun Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:363
  2. Reconstruction of the maxillary defects following tumor ablation remains to be a challenge for surgeons. Virtual surgical planning (VSP), intraoperative cutting guides and stereolithographic models provides th...

    Authors: Mohamed Salah Alwadeai, Leena Ali Al-aroomy, Mostafa Ibrahim Shindy, Ayman Abdel-Wahab Amin and Mohamed Hamdallah Zedan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:362
  3. As one of the most popular methods for treating hemorrhoidal diseases, hemorrhoidectomy with LigaSure devices has been proven to have less postoperative pain and has gained in popularity among surgeons. Howeve...

    Authors: Kung-Chuan Cheng, Ling-Chiao Song, Kuen-Lin Wu, Hong-Hwa Chen and Ko-Chao Lee
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:361
  4. Despite increasing focus on the technical performance of total mesorectal excision over recent decades, anastomotic leakage (AL) continues to be a serious complication for many patients, even in the hands of e...

    Authors: Jacob Damgaard Eriksen, Henriette Vind Thaysen, Katrine Jøssing Emmertsen, Anders Husted Madsen, Anders Tøttrup, Charlotte Buchard Nørager, Ken Ljungmann, Niels Thomassen, Conor Patrick Delaney and Lene Hjerrild Iversen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:360
  5. The surgical strategy among patients with malignancy and coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. In this study, we present the experiences of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients wit...

    Authors: Ming-Kui Zhang, Han-Wen Zhang, Qing-Yu Wu, Hui Xue and Li-Xin Fan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:359
  6. Autologous split-thickness skin grafts (STSGs) remain the mainstay for treatment of large skin defects. Despite its many advantages, there exist critical disadvantages such as unfavorable scar and graft contra...

    Authors: Hyung Min Hahn, Yon Soo Jeong, Il Jae Lee, Min Ji Kim and Hyoseob Lim
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:358
  7. Limb salvage reconstruction for pelvic tumors, especially periacetabular tumors, is challenging. We combined the use of dual mobility bearing and 3D-printed hemipelvic prosthesis to improve function and reduce...

    Authors: Miao Wang, Tianze Liu, Changli Xu, Chang Liu, Bo Li, Qiujian Lian, Tongjiang Chen, Suchi Qiao and Zhiwei Wang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:357
  8. Fractures of the lateral process of the talus (LTPF) are rare and only rarely are associated ligamentous injuries. The injury mechanism is commonly considered to be similar with ankle sprains, where excessive ...

    Authors: Xiang-Yun Jin, Wei-Yuan Xiao, Tao He, Yu-Qi Dong and Chao Zhang
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:356
  9. Over the past two decades, there has been an increase in the amount of primary total hip arthroscopies (THA) which in turn has increased the need for THA revision surgeries. The purpose of this study was to qu...

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Rocco Papalia, Giuseppe Salvatore, Salvatore Maria Tecce, Alexander Jedrzejczak, Martina Marcozzi, Ilaria Piergentili and Vincenzo Denaro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:355
  10. The stability of the Hoffa fracture fixed with a cannulated screw is limited. In the present work, we adopted two cannulated screws from anterior to posterior and posteriorly anti-gliding plate to treat 12 cas...

    Authors: Chunfu Huang, Zuchang Fu, Qingkeng Wang, Ruijin You and Feng Zhao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:354
  11. Performing additional surgery after noncurative endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer is controversial. Our aims are to clarify the risk factors for lymph node metastasis (LNM) and lo...

    Authors: Shinichiro Makimoto, Yutaka Mushiake, Tomoya Takami, Hiroshi Shintani, Naoki Kataoka, Tomoyuki Yamaguchi and Shoji Oura
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:352
  12. Intravertebral cleft is common in osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, and the bone sclerosis around the fissure brings difficulties to the surgical treatment. It is not known whether the balloon dilat...

    Authors: Nanning Lv, Xiaoxiao Feng, Haojun Liu, Xuejun Jia, Shanqin Han and Mingming Liu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:351
  13. To avoid skin necrosis, an 8 cm distance between the new and previous incision is recommended in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). It was hypothesized that making a new incision less than 8 cm...

    Authors: Ali Yeganeh, Mehdi Moghtadaei, Alireza Ghaznavi, Nader Tavakoli, Mohammad Soleimani, Sahand Cheraghiloohesara and Nima Taheri
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:350
  14. In accordance with previous reports on the utility of polyethylene glycolic acid (PGA) felt and fibrin glue for postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), we usually perform distal pancreatectomy (DP) with a PGA...

    Authors: Keishi Kawasaki, Tatsuya Hayashi, Makoto Takahashi and Yasuhiro Morita
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:349
  15. There is no general consensus on the feasibility and safety of robotic pancreatoduodenectomy (RPD) and whether it increases surgical risks. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety, feasibility, and ...

    Authors: Wei Guo, Xiaofei Ye, Jiangfa Li, Shiliu Lu, Ming Wang, Zefeng Wang, Jianni Yao, Shuiping Yu, Guandou Yuan and Songqing He
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:348
  16. Complex ventral hernias (VHs) represent a real challenge to both general and plastic surgeons. This study aims to compare Sublay Mesh-Only Repair to Posterior Component Separation “PCS” with Transversus Abdomi...

    Authors: Mohamed Rabie, Mahmoud Abdelnaby, Mosaad Morshed and Mostafa Shalaby
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:346
  17. This retrospective study aimed to compare long-term oncological outcomes between laparoscopic-assisted colectomy (LAC) with extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) and totally laparoscopic colectomy (TLC) with intraco...

    Authors: Hiroki Hamamoto, Yusuke Suzuki, Yoshiaki Takano, Toru Kuramoto, Masatsugu Ishii, Wataru Osumi, Shinsuke Masubuchi, Keitaro Tanaka and Kazuhisa Uchiyama
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:345
  18. Mini laparotomy cholecystectomy (MLC) is an alternative surgical procedure in conditions where laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is not feasible. MLC is a simpler and easier technique compared to LC. MLC invol...

    Authors: Adeodatus Yuda Handaya, Joshua Andrew, Ahmad Shafa Hanif, Kevin Radinal Tjendra and Azriel Farrel Kresna Aditya
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:344
  19. Incidental carcinoma gall bladder and benign disease in radical cholecystectomy specimen is the cause of concern. We attempted to find out the incidence and reasons thereof in the present study.

    Authors: Kunal Bikram Deo, Mohanasundaram Avudaiappan, Sunil Shenvi, Naveen Kalra, Ritambra Nada, Surinder Singh Rana and Rajesh Gupta
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:343
  20. About 15%—40% of gastric cancer patients have peritoneal metastasis, which leads to poor prognosis. Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is considered to be an effective treatment for these patien...

    Authors: Yunzi Wu, Xiaohao Zheng, Chunyang Sun, Shenghui Wang, Shikang Ding, Ming Wu, Jing Zhang, Bingzhi Wang, Liyan Xue, Lin Yang, Yantao Tian and Yibin Xie
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:342
  21. Indocyanine green (ICG) when injected intravenously into the bloodstream allows us to show stomach vascularity in real time. The aim of our study was to observe the preliminary results of the application of in...

    Authors: Giovanna Pavone, Alberto Fersini, Mario Pacilli, Michele De Fazio, Piercarmine Panzera, Antonio Ambrosi and Nicola Tartaglia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:341
  22. Isolated iliac artery aneurysms are rare and difficult to diagnose. It is more common in males. It can be asymptomatic at diagnosis or can present with frank rupture, or symptoms caused by compression on nearb...

    Authors: Mariam Alshammari, Jumana Fatani, Ohood Alotaibi, Khalid Alhajri and Khalil Terro
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:340
  23. Liver cirrhosis is a well-known risk factor for carcinogenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to construct individual prognostic models for HCC with cirrhosis.

    Authors: Liangliang Xu, Fuzhen Dai, Peng Wang, Lian Li, Ming Zhang and Mingqing Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:339
  24. We report the 20-year experience of the largest Australian unit performing cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for ovarian cancer and reflect on learning opportuni...

    Authors: R. Farrell, W. S. Liauw and D. L. Morris
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:338
  25. Transverse patellar fractures can be fixed using various techniques. The purpose of the current study was to assess the clinical outcomes and complication rate of a combined fixation technique using cannulated...

    Authors: Yihan Li, Qingxian Tian, Kunpeng Leng and Meng Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:336
  26. Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of most severe postoperative complications following low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer, and has an adverse impact on postoperative recovery. The occurence of AL is ...

    Authors: Haiping Lin, Minhao Yu, Guangyao Ye, Shaolan Qin, Hongsheng Fang, Ran Jing, Tingyue Gong, Yang Luo and Ming Zhong
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:335
  27. Laparoscopic-assisted repairs for pediatric inguinal hernia have gained gradual acceptance over the past decade. However, consensus about the optimal management is still lacking. The aim of this study is to co...

    Authors: Shaofeng Wu, Xiaoyu Xing, Rong He, Haiteng Zhao, Liang Zhong and Jie Sun
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:334
  28. Amputation is still the most common therapy for patients suffering from osteosarcoma in Myanmar, despite the fact that limb salvage surgery e.g. Borggreve–Van Nes-Winkelmann rotationplasty for malignant tumors...

    Authors: Laura Sommerauer, Aung Phyo, Eric Pion, Isabel Zucal, Eric Klingelhoefer, Si Thu, Than Win, Sopyay Khin, Thura Kyaw, Hein Htet Zaw, Maung Mg Htwe, Nicola Fabbri, Silke Haerteis and Thiha Aung
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:333
  29. To identify the feasibility, safety, cosmetic outcomes and patient satisfaction of immediate prosthetic breast reconstruction after removal of Polyacrylamide Hydrogel (PAAG) through a small areolar incision as...

    Authors: Dandan Guan, Qiuping Mo and Yajuan Zheng
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:332
  30. Bariatric surgery procedures are the most successful and durable treatment for morbid obesity. Hemorrhage represents a life-threatening complication, occurring in 1.3–1.7% of bariatric surgeries.

    Authors: Giovanna Pavone, Alberto Gerundo, Mario Pacilli, Alberto Fersini, Antonio Ambrosi and Nicola Tartaglia
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:331
  31. Adequate pain control after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for lung resection is important to improve postoperative mobilisation, recovery, and to prevent pulmonary complications. So far, no conse...

    Authors: L. N. Spaans, M. G. W. Dijkgraaf, P. Meijer, J. Mourisse, R. A. Bouwman, A. F. T. M. Verhagen and F. J. C. van den Broek
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:330
  32. Recent studies from eastern centers have demonstrate an association between inflammatory response and long-term outcomes after hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection. However, the prognostic impact of inflam...

    Authors: João Paulo Maciel Silva, Fabricio Ferreira Coelho, Alex Jones Flores Cassenote, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Gilton Marques Fonseca, Jaime Arthur Pirola Kruger, José Donizeti de Meira Júnior, Sérgio Carlos Nahas and Paulo Herman
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:329
  33. Local duodenectomy and primary closure is a simple option for some nonampullary duodenal neoplasms. Minimizing the resection area while ensuring curability is necessary for safe primary duodenal closure. Howev...

    Authors: Takeshi Miwa, Suguru Yamada, Kazuto Shibuya, Katsuhisa Hirano, Hideki Takami, Toru Watanabe, Masamichi Hayashi, Isaku Yoshioka, Yasuhiro Kodera and Tsutomu Fujii
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:328
  34. Chondroblastomas are rare, benign, locally aggressive lesions that appear in the epiphysis. Surgery for femoral head chondroblastoma (FHCB) is difficult. Conventional treatment with curettage via a drilled tun...

    Authors: Hirohisa Katagiri, Mitsuru Takahashi, Hideki Murata, Junji Wasa, Michihito Miyagi and Yosuke Honda
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:327
  35. Chondral delamination is the separation or debonding of the articular cartilage from the underlying subchondral bone. The hyaline cartilage has a limited capacity for healing, meaning it does not possess the i...

    Authors: Marah Mansour, Yazan Abboud, Mhd Alaa Aldin Alhaffar, Ola Souliman, Massa Haffar, Younes Mustafa, Tamim Alsuliman and Michel Samaan
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:325
  36. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a commonly performed bariatric surgery. Gastric stenosis and leaks are 2 major complications associated with LSG and revision surgery might be needed. Herein, we report...

    Authors: I.-Sung Chen, Ming-Shian Tsai, Jian-Han Chen, Chung-Yen Chen, I.-Lin Chen and Chi-Ming Tai
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:323
  37. We reviewed 3 different types of tuberculous sacroiliitis via anterior and posterior approaches to determine the efficacy and safety of this surgical approach by describing clinical presentation, imaging, and ...

    Authors: Qi Tian, Linhao Na, Shicong Cao, Zheng Tian and Zheng Guo
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:322
  38. Preoperatively diagnosing irreversible intestinal ischemia in patients with strangulated bowel obstruction is difficult. Therefore, this study aimed to establish a prediction model for irreversible intestinal ...

    Authors: Toshimichi Kobayashi, Naokazu Chiba, Itsuki Koganezawa, Masashi Nakagawa, Kei Yokozuka, Shigeto Ochiai, Takahiro Gunji, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Satoshi Tabuchi, Eiji Hidaka and Shigeyuki Kawachi
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:321
  39. In papillary thyroid cancer patients, the extent of dissection is still a matter of debate. Evaluating Delphian lymph nodes (DLNs) during the surgery has been speculated as a valuable tool to determine the ext...

    Authors: Abbas Alibakhshi, Saman Sheikhi, Seyed Mostafa Meshkati Yazd, Ali Ardekani, Keivan Ranjbar and Reza Shahriarirad
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:320
  40. To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) and percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of stage III Kummell disease without neurological deficit.

    Authors: Hanwen Li, Yingchuang Tang, Zixiang Liu, Huilin Yang, Zhigang Zhang, Kai Zhang and Kangwu Chen
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:319
  41. Pancreatojejunostomy stricture (PJS) is a rare long-term complication of pancreaticojejunal anastomosis. This study aimed to investigate the role of surgery in the management of pancreatojejunostomy strictures.

    Authors: Feng Guo, Shimeng Huang, Tewodross Getu Wolde, Zipeng Lu, Jianmin Chen, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao and Jishu Wei
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:318
  42. Adjunct hemostats can be of use in certain surgical settings. We compared the effectiveness of two hemostats, Hemopatch® and Surgicel® Original in controlling bleeding from liver lesions in an experimental model.

    Authors: Selman Uranues, Abraham Fingerhut, Eve Levin, Daniel Spazierer, Nastaran Rahimi and Bernhard Baumgartner
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:316
  43. This study aims to investigate the efficacy and safety of intraoperative real time ultrasound-assisted flexible ureteroscopic holmium laser incision and internal drainage in the treatment of parapelvic cysts, ...

    Authors: Ting Huang, Qing Yang, Haixiao Wu, Desheng Zhu, Yang Hu and Min Xu
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:315
  44. In recent years, time in range (TIR), defined as a percentage within a target time range, has attracted much attention. This study was aimed to investigate the short-term effects of Time in Rang on diabetic pa...

    Authors: Su Li, Ze-Xin Huang, Dong-hao Lou, Ye-Yong Jiang and Sheng Zhao
    Citation: BMC Surgery 2022 22:314

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