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Visceral and general surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of visceral surgery and general surgeries not covered by other sections. Submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. It is uncertain whether increases in PaCO2 during surgery lead to an increase in plasma potassium concentration and, if so, by how much. Hyperkalaemia may result in cardiac arrhythmias, muscle weakness or paralys...

    Authors: Laurence Weinberg, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chrisdan Gan, Damian Ianno, Alexander Ho, Luke Fletcher, Daniel Banyasz, Shervin Tosif, Daryl Jones, Rinaldo Bellomo and Dharshi Karalapillai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Anastomotic leaks (AL) are among the most serious complications due to the substantial impact on the quality of life and mortality. Inspite of the advance in diagnostic tools such as laboratory tests and radio...

    Authors: Selmy Awad, Ahmed Ibrahim Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf Abbas, Waleed Althobaiti, Shaker Alfaran, Saleh Alghamdi, Saleh Alharthi, Khaled Alsubaie, Soliman Ghedan, Rayan Alharthi, Majed Asiri, Azzah Alzahrani, Nawal Alotaibi, Ashraf Shoma and Mohamed Samir Abou Sheishaa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, multisystemic histiocytic disorder, and commonly manifesting as lymphadenopathy in the young male. Abdominal manifestations of RDD are extremely rare.

    Authors: Xuewu Yang, Chuang Fang, Yuanpu Sha, Qi Li, Xing Zhang, Furong Du and Weijun Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:24

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) are increasing, as are acute and chronic pain episodes and progressive spinal deformities. However, there are no clear surgical treatment criteria f...

    Authors: Zhengwei Xu, Dingjun Hao, Liang Dong, Liang Yan and Baorong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Impaction of jujube pits in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a special clinical condition in the northern Chinese population. Endoscopic removal is the preferred therapy, but there is no consensus on t...

    Authors: Ji-Tao Song, Xiao-Hua Chang, Shan-Shan Liu, Jing Chen, Ming-Na Liu, Ji-Feng Wen, Ying Hu and Jun Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Transanal dissection of the rectum has been recently introduced for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in UC showing promising results. Thanks to the precise identification of the rectotomy site the risk of l...

    Authors: G. T. Capolupo, F. Carannante, G. Mascianà, S. Lauricella, E. Mazzotta and M. Caricato

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Esophageal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare tumor that constitutes less than 1% of all malignant esophageal tumors. Concurrent occurrence of esophageal leiomyosarcoma with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is even r...

    Authors: Hamed Gheibollahi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Negar Taheri, Saeid Tavanafar, Seyede Sona Mousavi, Hamidreza Abbasi and Mohammadreza Sasani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:14

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Partial peri-cystectomy (PPC) is one of the major surgical approaches for hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) and has been practiced in most centers worldwide. Cysto-biliary communication (fistula, leakage, rup...

    Authors: Paizula Shalayiadang, Tiemin Jiang, Yusufu Yimiti, Bo Ran, Abudusalamu Aini, Ruiqing Zhang, Qiang Guo, Ayifuhan Ahan, Abuduaini Abulizi, Hao Wen, Yingmei Shao and Tuerganaili Aji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

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  9. A diagnostic sign on magnetic resonance imaging, suggestive of posterior extrauterine adhesion (PEUA), was identified in patients with placenta previa. However, the clinical features or surgical outcomes of pa...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Nagase, Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Takeya Hara, Aiko Okada, Kazuya Mimura, Kosuke Hiramatsu, Aiko Kakigano, Erika Nakatsuka, Tatsuya Miyake, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Yutaka Ueda, Takuji Tomimatsu and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Decreased mean platelet volume (MPV) predicts poor prognosis in some cancers. However, its significance as a prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unclear.

    Authors: Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Ei Uchinaka, Masaki Morimoto, Takehiko Hanaki, Joji Watanabe, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Soichiro Honjo and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

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  11. With the recent emerge of dynamic prediction model on the use of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and renal failure, and its advantage of providing timely predicted results according to the fluctuation of the...

    Authors: Runwen Liu, Yunqiang Cai, He Cai, Yajia Lan, Lingwei Meng, Yongbin Li and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Incisional surgical site infection (SSI) is a significant source of postoperative morbidity resulting in increased length of stay and cost. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the association between thickn...

    Authors: Bikas Thapa, Edward Sutanto and Raju Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Mesentericoportal vein (MPV) resection in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surgery has become a common procedure. A few studies had described the use of falciform ligament (FL) for MPV reconstruction an...

    Authors: Yi Shao, Jiaojiao Feng, Yuancong Jiang, Zhenhua Hu, Jian Wu, Min Zhang, Yan Shen and Shusen Zheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

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  14. It has been postulated that the hyperadrenergic state caused by surgical trauma is associated with worse outcomes and that β-blockade may improve overall outcome by downregulation of adrenergic activity. Esoph...

    Authors: Souheil Reda, Rebecka Ahl, Eva Szabo, Erik Stenberg, Maximilian Peter Forssten, Gabriel Sjolin, Yang Cao and Shahin Mohseni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Trocar site incisional hernia (TSIH) is the most frequent complication associated with laparoscopic surgery. Few studies currently describe its incidence or risk factors. The aim of this report is to determine...

    Authors: Ana Ciscar, Josep M. Badia, Francesc Novell, Santiago Bolívar and Esther Mans

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Few articles have studied individuals with prediabetes after sleeve gastrectomy. Bile acid and lipid levels remain inconsistent in postbariatric patients. The purpose of this study was to explore bile acid, gl...

    Authors: Tsz Kin Mak, Shifang Huang, Bingsheng Guan, Hoyin Au, Tsz Hong Chong, Juzheng Peng, Fazhi Chen, Chuqiao Liang, Wanjing Lai, LongLam Ho, Cunchuan Wang and Jingge Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Calculous pyonephrosis is a disease characterized by infectious hydronephrosis associated with pyogenic destruction of the renal parenchyma, with complete or almost complete loss of renal function.

    Authors: Jun Liu, Liang Chen, Lizhe An, Kai Ma, Xiongjun Ye, Qingquan Xu, Xiaobo Huang and Liulin Xiong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:327

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The use of a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery has increased for patients with obstructing colorectal cancer. However, relatively few reports have compared SEMS as a bridge to electi...

    Authors: Bing Li, Shi-Lun Cai, Zhen-Tao Lv, Ping-Hong Zhou, Li-Qing Yao, Qiang Shi, Zhi-Peng Qi, Di Sun, Ayimukedisi Yalikong, En-Pan Xu, Jian-Min Xu and Yun-Shi Zhong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:326

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage (AL) after esophageal resection is crucial for the successful management of this complication. Inflammatory serological markers are indicators of complications during the...

    Authors: Lukas F. Liesenfeld, Peter Sauer, Markus K. Diener, Ulf Hinz, Thomas Schmidt, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Thilo Hackert, Markus W. Büchler and Anja Schaible

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The incidence of obesity has been constantly growing and bariatric procedures are considered to be the most effective treatment solution for morbidly obese patients. The results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrect...

    Authors: Paulina Woźniewska, Inna Diemieszczyk, Dawid Groth, Łukasz Szczerbiński, Barbara Choromańska, Agnieszka Błachnio-Zabielska, Adam Krętowski and Hady Razak Hady

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Increases in the levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine (Cr) and decreases in those of albumin (Alb) are commonly observed in acute pancreatitis (AP). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the ...

    Authors: Zhifeng Zhao, Yeping Yu, Rongli Xie, Kaige Yang, Dan Xu, Li Li, Jiayun Lin, Lei Zheng, Chihao Zhang, Xin Xu, Ying Chen, Zhiwei Xu, Erchen Chen, Meng Luo and Jian Fei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:322

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Nerve identification is recommended in inguinal hernia repair to reduce or avoid postoperative pain. The aim of this prospective observational study was to identify nerve prevalence and find a correlation betw...

    Authors: Roberto Cirocchi, Isabella Mercurio, Claudio Nazzaro, Angelo De Sol, Carlo Boselli, George Rettagliata, Nicola Vanacore, Alberto Santoro, Domenico Mascagni, Claudio Renzi, Massimo Lancia, Fabio Suadoni, Guido Zanghì, Piergaspare Palumbo, Paolo Bruzzone, Guglielmo Tellan…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Strain episodes, defined as phases of higher workload, stress or negative emotions, occur everyday in the operating room (OR). Accurate knowledge of when strain is most intense for the different OR team member...

    Authors: Sandra Keller, Steven Yule, Douglas S. Smink, Vivian Zagarese, Shawn Safford and Sarah Henrickson Parker

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

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  24. This study aimed to investigate the association between enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) nursing program and stoma-related complications (SRCs) and prognosis in patients with low rectal cancer (LRC) unde...

    Authors: Weiling Shao, Honggang Wang, Qun Chen, Wen Zhao, Yulian Gu and Guoqin Feng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has reached Poland on March 4th, 2020 and undoubtedly affected all areas of life and medical care, including bariatric care. The study was planned to identify the impact of the SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Piotr Major, Tomasz Stefura, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Małczak, Anna Rzepa, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Jacek Szeliga and Michał Pędziwiatr

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

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  26. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, German health care centres were restructured for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This was accompanied by the suspension of the surgical programme. The aim of...

    Authors: Christian Stöß, Marcella Steffani, Kay Kohlhaw, Claudia Rudroff, Ludger Staib, Daniel Hartmann, Helmut Friess and Michael W. Müller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), which often causes a common complication such as abdominal wall hernia, is a prevalent alternative therapy for end-stage renal failure patients. However, relev...

    Authors: Qiyu Chi, Zheng Shi, Zhibo Zhang, Chunzhong Lin, Guozhong Liu and Shangeng Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Although a larger proportion of colorectal surgeries have been performed laparoscopically in the last few years, a steep learning curve prevents us from considering laparoscopic colorectal surgery as the gold ...

    Authors: Ioannis G. Gkionis, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Eleni I. Kaloeidi, Konstantinos G. Spiridakis, Georgios E. Kostakis, Athanasios K. Alegkakis and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Patient-related risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and obesity are increasing in western countries. At the same time the indications for liver resection in both benign and malignant diseases have been sign...

    Authors: Alexander Fischer, Juri Fuchs, Christos Stravodimos, Ulf Hinz, Adrian Billeter, Markus W. Büchler, Arianeb Mehrabi and Katrin Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Single parathyroid adenoma is the main cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), with surgery remaining the gold standard for its treatment. The ability to preoperatively predict the parathyroid adenoma siz...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Norbert Weyerbrock, Hubert Zirngibl and Cornelia Dotzenrath

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare clinical condition that is caused by a variety of underlying diseases. However, the factors that would permit accurate identification of bowel ischemia, requiring sur...

    Authors: Manato Fujii, Suguru Yamashita, Mayuko Tanaka, Jo Tashiro, Yoshiharu Takenaka, Kazuki Yamasaki and Yukiyoshi Masaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Large or complex trachea defects often require some tissue to reconstruct, various flaps have been reported for reconstructing this defect. However, pedicled thoracoacromial artery perforator flap have not bee...

    Authors: Di Deng, Feng Xu, Jifeng Liu, Bo Li, Linke Li, Jun Liu and Fei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Liver metastasis (LIM) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is associated with poor prognosis. The present study aimed at developing and validating nomogram to predict LIM in patients with GIST, thus helpi...

    Authors: Guowei Zhou, Keshuai Xiao, Guanwen Gong, Jiabao Wu, Ya Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Zhiwei Jiang and Chaoqun Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Laparoscopic surgery has achieved significant results in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the short-term and long-term outcomes of open surgery and laparoscopic surgery...

    Authors: Yih-Jong Chern, Hsin-Yuan Hung, Jeng-Fu You, Yu-Jen Hsu, Jy-Ming Chiang, Pao-Shiu Hsieh and Wen-Sy Tsai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Currently, more than 30% of the population in the gulf demonstrate a body mass index (BMI) exceeding 30. This burden of obesity has proven to take a toll on the population; therefore, we created the first Kuwa...

    Authors: Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Taleb Jumaa, Jasim Al Abbad, Fareed Salam, Mustafa Abbas, Mubarak Al Kandari and Aws Al Ozairi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Adult hemiliver transplantation (AHLT) is an important approach given the current shortage of donor livers. However, the suitability of AHLT versus adult whole liver transplantation (AWLT) for recipients with ...

    Authors: LingXiang Kong, Tao Lv, Li Jiang, Jian Yang and Jiayin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:290

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for gastrointestinal neoplasms can be technically difficult for trainee endoscopists. Presently, there is no consensus for trainees to select the endo-knife type in ESD. ...

    Authors: Ryoji Ichijima, Mitsuru Esaki, Shun Yamakawa, Yosuke Minoda, Sho Suzuki, Chika Kusano, Hisatomo Ikehara and Takuji Gotoda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:287

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The return of gastrointestinal function is an important sign of postoperative recovery in patients undergoing surgery with general anaesthesia. We aimed to summarize the effects of stellate ganglion block on t...

    Authors: Bei Wen, Yajie Wang, Cong Zhang and Zhijian Fu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:284

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test is the main method of evaluating the liver reserve function before hepatectomy. However, some patients may be allergic to ICG or the equipment of ICG clearance test w...

    Authors: Jinli Zheng, Wei Xie, Yang Huang, Yunfeng Zhu and Li Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:283

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Vision is an essential element of laparoscopic surgery that defines the outcome of an operation in regards to time, mistakes and precision. A 3-dimensional (3D) perspective may improve vision during an operati...

    Authors: Tibor Andrea Zwimpfer, Dominik Lacher, Bernhard Fellmann-Fischer and Michael Mueller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:276

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Obesity is a growing public health concern in most western countries. More and more patients with high body mass index (BMI) are undergoing surgical procedures of all kinds and, in this context, obese patients...

    Authors: Gian Luigi Canu, Fabio Medas, Federico Cappellacci, Michele Guido Podda, Giorgio Romano, Enrico Erdas and Pietro Giorgio Calò

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:275

    Content type: Research article

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  42. The uncut Roux-en-y anastomosis (URYA) has some clinical advantages after distal gastrectomy (DG). Little evidence exists regarding the influence of peristalsis on this anastomosis. We aimed to evaluate short-...

    Authors: Cui Hangtian, Huang Huabing, Luo Tianhang, Yin Xiaoyi and Fang Guoen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:274

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Liver resection (LR) and enucleation (EN) are the main surgical treatment for giant hepatic hemangioma (HH), but how to choose the type of surgery is still controversial. This study aimed to explore the effica...

    Authors: Mingguang Ju, Feng Xu, Wenyan Zhao and Chaoliu Dai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:271

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Wound healing and scar quality after trauma are subject to impairment through excessive wound healing, chronic wound or even surgical site infections. Optimizing the process of scar formation and skin healing ...

    Authors: Laura K. Berninghausen, Georg Osterhoff, Stefan Langer and Lukas H. Kohler

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:268

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Chronic radiation proctitis (CRP) with rectal ulcer is a common complication after pelvic malignancy radiation, and gradually deteriorating ulcers will result in severe complications such as fistula. The aim o...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Huang, Qinghua Zhong, Huaiming Wang, Jie Zhao, Yingyi Kuang, Qi Guan, Yanjiong He, Qiyuan Qin, Hui Wang and Tenghui Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:267

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The clinical outcomes of patients who received distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (DPS) and spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (SPDP) have been generally investigated. However, postoperative hematolog...

    Authors: Ming Cui, Jing-Kai Liu, Bang Zheng, Qiao-Fei Liu, Lu Zhang, Li Zhang, Jun-Chao Guo, Meng-Hua Dai, Tai-Ping Zhang and Quan Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:265

    Content type: Research article

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  47. Several inflammation-based scores are used to assess the surgical outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of the present study was to elucidate the prognostic value of the prognostic nutritional in...

    Authors: Akihiro Tanemura, Shugo Mizuno, Aoi Hayasaki, Kazuyuki Gyoten, Takehiro Fujii, Yusuke Iizawa, Hiroyuki Kato, Yasuhiro Murata, Naohisa Kuriyama, Masashi Kishiwada, Hiroyuki Sakurai and Shuji Isaji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:261

    Content type: Research article

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