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Visceral and general surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of visceral surgery and general surgeries not covered by other sections. Submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Bridge to elective surgery (BTS) using self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) is a common alternative to emergency surgery (ES) for acute malignant left-sided colonic obstruction (AMLCO). However, studies regardi...

    Authors: Yuepeng Cao, Qing Chen, Zhizhan Ni, Feng Wu, Chenshen Huang, Jinzhe Zhou, Songze Zhang, Bujun Ge and Qi Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:148

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. There is a general agreement upon the importance of acquiring laparoscopic skills outside the operation room through simulation-based training. However, high-fidelity simulators are cost-prohibitive and elicit...

    Authors: Benjamin De Witte, Charles Barnouin, Richard Moreau, Arnaud Lelevé, Xavier Martin, Christian Collet and Nady Hoyek

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:139

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To analyze whether neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) could improve the survival for patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT). Both neoadjuvan...

    Authors: Jing Li, Qun Zhao, Xueke Ge, Yuzhi Song, Yuan Tian, Shuoshuo Wang, Ming Liu and Xueying Qiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:137

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The best treatment for perforated colonic diverticulitis with generalized peritonitis is still under debate. Concurrent strategies are resection with primary anastomosis (PRA) with or without diverting ileosto...

    Authors: Maximilian Sohn, Ayman Agha, Igors Iesalnieks, Felix Gundling, Jaroslav Presl, Alfred Hochrein, Dario Tartaglia, Antonio Brillantino, Alexander Perathoner, Johann Pratschke, Felix Aigner and Paul Ritschl

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:135

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Increasing rates of breast cancer screening have been associated with an increasing frequency of non-palpable breast lesions detection. Preoperative breast lesion localization is essential for optimizing excis...

    Authors: Isaac Kim, Hee Jun Choi, Jai Min Ryu, Se Kyung Lee, Jong Han Yu, Jeong Eon Lee, Seok Jin Nam, Hyuk Jai Shin and Seok Won Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:134

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Coronavirus Disease 2019 is affecting most countries around the world, including Poland. In response, all elective surgeries have been postponed. We asked patients and surgeons when they want bariatric surgery...

    Authors: Alicja Dudek, Michał Wysocki, Maciej Walędziak, Jacek Szeliga, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Michał Pędziwiatr and Piotr Major

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:131

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Surgical training in the UK and Ireland has faced challenges following the implementation of the European Working Time Directive and postgraduate training reform. The health services are undergoing a digital t...

    Authors: Gemma Humm, Rhiannon L. Harries, Danail Stoyanov and Laurence B. Lovat

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:123

    Content type: Review

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  8. To investigate the readiness for hospital discharge of patients discharged with tubes from the department of hepatobiliary surgery and to explore the influencing factors.

    Authors: Jingyu Qian, Miaofang Qian, Yanyan Ren, Linyan Ye, Fangfang Qian, Linlin Jin, Lili Chen and Haixia Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:121

    Content type: Research article

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  9. During March and April 2020, reductions in non-COVID-19 hospital admissions were observed around the world. Elective surgeries, visits with general practitioners, and diagnoses of medical emergencies were cons...

    Authors: Ibrahim Abu Shakra, Maxim Bez, Samer Ganam, Rola Francis, Amir Muati, Amitai Bickel, Fahed Merei, Ziv Talmi, Khatib Kamal and Eli Kakiashvili

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 forced our healthcare system in the Bronx, New York to cancel nearly all scheduled surgeries. We developed a framework for prioritizing postponed urologic ...

    Authors: Ahmed Aboumohamed, Josh Gottlieb, Matthew DeMasi, Emily Barry, Alexander Sankin and Kara Watts

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:116

    Content type: Research article

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  11. There is limited evidence to clarify the specific relationship between preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (preop-eGFR) and postoperative 30-day mortality in Asian patients undergoing non-cardiac...

    Authors: Xueying Luo, Sujing Zheng, Baoer Liu, Liping Yang, Ya Li, Feng Li, Rui Gao, Haofei Hu and Jinsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Cumulating evidence indicates that the systemic inflammatory response (SIR) plays a crucial role in the prognosis of various cancers. We aimed to generate a preoperative risk grade (PRG) by integrating SIR mar...

    Authors: Jianping Zhao, Yao Chen, Jingjing Wang, Jian Wang, Ying Wang, Songshan Chai, Yuxin Zhang, Xiaoping Chen and Wanguang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:113

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (PDAC) remains one of the most lethal malignancies. To date, no guidelines exists for isolated resectable metachronous disease. It is still unknown, which patients may ben...

    Authors: S. A. Safi, N. Lehwald-Tywuschik, A. Rehders, G. Fluegen, L. Haeberle, V. Keitel and W. T. Knoefel

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Tracheobronchial foreign body aspiration (TFBA) is a critical disease in children and is extremely dangerous, even life-threatening. The factors affecting the occurrence and prognosis of TFBA are complex. The ...

    Authors: Weigang Gan, Ning Xiao, Yiyuan Feng, Danmei Zhou, Juanjuan Hu, Shixi Liu and Jian Zou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Recent studies suggest red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was a prognostic factor in various types of cancer patients, although the results are controversial. The objective of this study was to investigat...

    Authors: Xingchen Li, Qichen Chen, Xinyu Bi, Jianjun Zhao, Zhiyu Li, Jianguo Zhou, Zhen Huang, Yefan Zhang, Rui Mao, Hong Zhao and Jianqiang Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:105

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Pancreatojejunostomy (PJ) is one of the most difficult and challenging abdominal surgical procedures. There are no appropriate training systems available outside the operating room (OR). We developed a structu...

    Authors: Kenichi Oshiro, Kazuhiro Endo, Kazue Morishima, Yuji Kaneda, Masaru Koizumi, Hideki Sasanuma, Yasunaru Sakuma, Alan Kawarai Lefor and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:102

    Content type: Technical advance

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  17. The importance of platelets in the pathogenesis of metastasis formation is increasingly recognized. Although evidence from epidemiologic studies suggests positive effects of aspirin on metastasis formation, th...

    Authors: E. Pretzsch, J. G. D’Haese, B. Renz, M. Ilmer, T. Schiergens, R. C. Miksch, M. Albertsmeier, M. Guba, M. K. Angele, J. Werner and H. Nieß

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Digitally designed surgical templates for minimally invasive temporomandibular joint (TMJ) surgery (MITMJS) are a promising tool for improving the safety of these procedures. Given the TMJ anatomy, the templat...

    Authors: Matthias Krause, Mohammad Kamal, Daniel Kruber, Dirk Halama, Thomas Hierl, Bernd Lethaus and Alexander K. Bartella

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:93

    Content type: Technical advance

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  19. The treatment of chronic pancreatitis requires a surgical approach in patients who are refractory to medical therapy. During surgical treatment, ductal decompression is required, but a pancreatectomy is necess...

    Authors: Kenta Saito, Yoichi Matsuo, Goro Ueda, Kan Omi, Yuichi Hayashi, Hiroyuki Imafuji, Ken Tsuboi, Mamoru Morimoto, Ryo Ogawa, Hiroki Takahashi, Itaru Naitoh, Kazuki Hayashi, Hiromi Kataoka and Shuji Takiguchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:91

    Content type: Technical advance

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  20. The gut microbiota (GM) has been proposed as one of the main determinants of colorectal surgery complications and theorized as the “missing factor” that could explain still poorly understood complications. Her...

    Authors: Annamaria Agnes, Caterina Puccioni, Domenico D’Ugo, Antonio Gasbarrini, Alberto Biondi and Roberto Persiani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:83

    Content type: Review

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  21. In recent years, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has become a field of special interest for colorectal surgeons. Some researchers have reported transanal specimen extraction in the laparosc...

    Authors: Si Yu, Yong Ji, Tedong Luo, Pengjie Xu, Zuojun Zhen and Jianzhong Deng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prognostic value of external vs internal pancreatic duct stents after pancreaticoduodenectomy remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the benefits of external and internal stents using the Fist...

    Authors: Yuancong Jiang, Qin Chen, Yi Shao, Zhenzhen Gao, Ming Jin, Bingqiang Gao, Bo Zhou and Sheng Yan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) which is a reasonable surgical approach for left-sided pancreatic cancer is emphasis on the complete resection of regional lymph nodes and tumor-free ...

    Authors: Ren-Chao Zhang, Xin-Jun Gan, Wei Song, Song-Tao Shi, Hui-Fang Yu and Yi-Ping Mou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:78

    Content type: Research article

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  24. We compared the advantages and disadvantages of modified triangular anastomosis and tubular anastomosis for digestive tract reconstruction in patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of righ...

    Authors: Tianfang Xia, Zhenguo Pan, Jie Zhang and Guo Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Intestinal failure (IF) is a rare but severe form of organ failure. The condition is defined as body’s inability to absorb adequate fluids, macronutrients and minerals for growth and development, so that intra...

    Authors: Kiarash Ashrafzadeh, Mojtaba Shafiekhani, Nazanin Azadeh, Maryam Esmaeili and Hamed Nikoupour

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:73

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Most hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients’ liver function indexes are abnormal. We aimed to investigate the relationship between (alkaline phosphatase + gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase)/lymphocyte ratio (AGLR...

    Authors: Yan Liao, Rongyu Wei, Renzhi Yao, Liling Qin, Jun Li, Junxiong Yu and Weijia Liao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:72

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The present study aims to assess the preliminary outcomes of the effectiveness of wrapping the ligamentum teres hepatis (LTH) around the gastroduodenal artery stump for the prevention of erosion hemorrhage aft...

    Authors: Lingwei Meng, He Cai, Yunqiang Cai, Yongbin Li and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Congenital primary inguinal hernia is a common condition among children. Although much literature regarding inguinal hernia is available, large scale analysis are few, and rarely do they expand on gender diffe...

    Authors: Kai Wang, Sarah Siyin Tan, Yue Xiao, Zengmeng Wang, Chunhui Peng, Wenbo Pang, Dongyang Wu and Yajun Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Perianal/perineal rhabdomyosarcomas (PRMS) are easily misdiagnosed soft tissue tumours with a poor prognosis. This study was designed to analyze the clinical, diagnostic, pathological and prognostic features o...

    Authors: Yaoyu Guo, Bang Hu, Dandan Huang, Xinhua Wang, Juan Li, Di Zhang, Xueying Li, Gong Chen and Donglin Ren

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:66

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In hospitalized patients, abnormal plasma electrolyte concentrations are frequent and have been linked to poor outcomes following acute surgery. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative plasma ...

    Authors: Mohamed Ebrahim, Pia Bükmann Larsen, Damoun Hannani, Sara Liest, Lars Nannestad Jørgensen and Henrik Løvendahl Jørgensen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Oral and maxillofacial surgery specialty has grown rapidly in Kuwait in recent years. However, the general public and healthcare professionals remain unaware of its expanding scope of practice. The aim of the ...

    Authors: Mohammad Kamal, Mohammad Abdulwahab and Ahmed Al-Zaid

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  32. To date, the evidence on the safety and benefits of minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) in elderly patients is still controversy. This study aim to compare the risk and benefit between MIPD and ope...

    Authors: Shih-Min Yin, Yueh-Wei Liu, Yu-Yin Liu, Chee-Chien Yong, Chih-Chi Wang, Wei-Feng Li and Cheng-Hsi Yeh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Gallbladder cancer is a rare but highly malignant cancer, which often progresses to a metastatic stage when diagnosed because of its asymptomatic manifestation. In this study, we intended to analyze the progno...

    Authors: Yingnan Yang, Zhuolong Tu, Chentao Ye, Huajie Cai, Shouzhang Yang, Xuehai Chen and Jinfu Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To determine the standard remnant liver volume (SRLV) threshold to avoid postoperative hepatic insufficiency inpatients in different stages of hepatic fibrosis who undergo right hemi-hepatectomy.

    Authors: Zhiming Zhang, Gaoxiong Ouyang, Peng Wang, Yuan Ren, Yukai Liu, Jun Chen, Yumei Zhang, Jianyong Liu and Lequn Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

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  35. To investigate the association between postoperative lymph nodes (LNs) recurrence and distinct serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

    Authors: Zhichao Xing, Yuxuan Qiu, Zhe Li, Lingyun Zhang, Yuan Fei, Jingqiang Zhu and Anping Su

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort.

    Authors: Masakatsu Numata, Hiroshi Tamagawa, Keisuke Kazama, Shinnosuke Kawahara, Sho Sawazaki, Toru Aoyama, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Akio Higuchi, Teni Godai, Yusuke Saigusa, Hiroyuki Saeki, Norio Yukawa and Yasushi Rino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

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  37. To evaluate the use of a human fibrin glue (Tisseel) for minor bleeding control and approximation of ovarian defect during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy (TNOOC) of benign and non-endometrioti...

    Authors: Yu-Ying Su, Yu-Shan Lin, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan, Yi-Ting Huang, Cindy Hsuan Weng, Kai-Yun Wu and Chin-Jung Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Recently, due to increasing reports of stenosis after esophagojejunostomy created using circular staplers and a transorally inserted anvil (OrVil™) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and total g...

    Authors: Eiji Nomura, Hajime Kayano, Takatoshi Seki, Rin Abe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Shuji Uda, Akihito Kazuno, Hideki Izumi, Soichiro Yamamoto, Masaya Mukai and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:47

    Content type: Technical advance

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  39. Inguinal hernia repair has often been used as a showcase to illustrate practice variation in surgery. This study determined the degree of hospital variation in proportion of patients with an inguinal hernia un...

    Authors: Carmen S. S. Latenstein, Floris M. Thunnissen, Mitchell Harker, Stef Groenewoud, Mark W. Noordenbos, Femke Atsma and Philip R. de Reuver

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has extraordinarily impacted global healthcare. Neuro-oncological surgery units have peculiar features that make them highly relevant in the strategic reaction ...

    Authors: N. U. Farrukh Hameed, Yixin Ma, Zili Zhen, Shuai Wu, Rui Feng, Weiping Li, Guodong Huang, Jinsong Wu and Zhongping Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Laparoscopic procedure has inherent merits of smaller incisions, better cosmesis, less postoperative pain, and earlier recovery. In the current study, we presented our method of purely laparoscopic feeding jej...

    Authors: Hsin-I. Tsai, Ta-Chun Chou, Ming-Chin Yu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Meng-Ting Peng, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Po-Jung Su, Chiao-En Wu, Yung-Chia Kuo, Chien-Chih Chiu and Chao-Wei Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Guidelines do not recommend surgery for patients with oligometastatic disease from esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (EGAC), although some studies suggest a more favorable survival. We analyzed the outcome of oli...

    Authors: Mira Runkel, Rasmus Verst, Julia Spiegelberg, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Jens Hoeppner and Torben Glatz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

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  43. This study was conducted to assess the long-term outcomes of elderly patients among propensity-score-matched gastric cancer patients after curative gastrectomy and to propose the proper management of elderly g...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Ryo Ishiguro, Wataru Miyauchi, Yuji Shishido, Kozo Miyatani, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Shuichi Takano, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Soichiro Honjo, Hiroaki Saito and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Managing surgical site infections, with negative culture report in routine diagnosis is a common dilemma in microbiology accounting more than 30% worldwide. The present study attempted to identify the presence...

    Authors: Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Nirupama Chayani, Madhusmita Bal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Sanghamitra Pati, Sashibhusan Das and Manoranjan Ranjit

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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