Skip to main content

Visceral and general surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of visceral surgery and general surgeries not covered by other sections. Submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

Page 1 of 11

  1. Gallbladder cancer is a rare but highly malignant cancer, which often progresses to a metastatic stage when diagnosed because of its asymptomatic manifestation. In this study, we intended to analyze the progno...

    Authors: Yingnan Yang, Zhuolong Tu, Chentao Ye, Huajie Cai, Shouzhang Yang, Xuehai Chen and Jinfu Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. To determine the standard remnant liver volume (SRLV) threshold to avoid postoperative hepatic insufficiency inpatients in different stages of hepatic fibrosis who undergo right hemi-hepatectomy.

    Authors: Zhiming Zhang, Gaoxiong Ouyang, Peng Wang, Yuan Ren, Yukai Liu, Jun Chen, Yumei Zhang, Jianyong Liu and Lequn Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:57

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. To investigate the association between postoperative lymph nodes (LNs) recurrence and distinct serum thyroglobulin (Tg) levels in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).

    Authors: Zhichao Xing, Yuxuan Qiu, Zhe Li, Lingyun Zhang, Yuan Fei, Jingqiang Zhu and Anping Su

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:53

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Most evidence regarding lateral lymph node dissection for rectal cancer is from expert settings. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this procedure in a practice-based cohort.

    Authors: Masakatsu Numata, Hiroshi Tamagawa, Keisuke Kazama, Shinnosuke Kawahara, Sho Sawazaki, Toru Aoyama, Yukio Maezawa, Kazuki Kano, Akio Higuchi, Teni Godai, Yusuke Saigusa, Hiroyuki Saeki, Norio Yukawa and Yasushi Rino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. To evaluate the use of a human fibrin glue (Tisseel) for minor bleeding control and approximation of ovarian defect during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy (TNOOC) of benign and non-endometrioti...

    Authors: Yu-Ying Su, Yu-Shan Lin, Lan-Yan Yang, Yu-Bin Pan, Yi-Ting Huang, Cindy Hsuan Weng, Kai-Yun Wu and Chin-Jung Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:49

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Recently, due to increasing reports of stenosis after esophagojejunostomy created using circular staplers and a transorally inserted anvil (OrVil™) following laparoscopic proximal gastrectomy (LPG) and total g...

    Authors: Eiji Nomura, Hajime Kayano, Takatoshi Seki, Rin Abe, Hisamichi Yoshii, Shuji Uda, Akihito Kazuno, Hideki Izumi, Soichiro Yamamoto, Masaya Mukai and Hiroyasu Makuuchi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:47

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  7. Inguinal hernia repair has often been used as a showcase to illustrate practice variation in surgery. This study determined the degree of hospital variation in proportion of patients with an inguinal hernia un...

    Authors: Carmen S. S. Latenstein, Floris M. Thunnissen, Mitchell Harker, Stef Groenewoud, Mark W. Noordenbos, Femke Atsma and Philip R. de Reuver

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:45

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has extraordinarily impacted global healthcare. Neuro-oncological surgery units have peculiar features that make them highly relevant in the strategic reaction ...

    Authors: N. U. Farrukh Hameed, Yixin Ma, Zili Zhen, Shuai Wu, Rui Feng, Weiping Li, Guodong Huang, Jinsong Wu and Zhongping Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:40

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Laparoscopic procedure has inherent merits of smaller incisions, better cosmesis, less postoperative pain, and earlier recovery. In the current study, we presented our method of purely laparoscopic feeding jej...

    Authors: Hsin-I. Tsai, Ta-Chun Chou, Ming-Chin Yu, Chun-Nan Yeh, Meng-Ting Peng, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Po-Jung Su, Chiao-En Wu, Yung-Chia Kuo, Chien-Chih Chiu and Chao-Wei Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:37

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Guidelines do not recommend surgery for patients with oligometastatic disease from esophagogastric adenocarcinoma (EGAC), although some studies suggest a more favorable survival. We analyzed the outcome of oli...

    Authors: Mira Runkel, Rasmus Verst, Julia Spiegelberg, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Jens Hoeppner and Torben Glatz

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:35

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. This study was conducted to assess the long-term outcomes of elderly patients among propensity-score-matched gastric cancer patients after curative gastrectomy and to propose the proper management of elderly g...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Ryo Ishiguro, Wataru Miyauchi, Yuji Shishido, Kozo Miyatani, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Shuichi Takano, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Soichiro Honjo, Hiroaki Saito and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. It is uncertain whether increases in PaCO2 during surgery lead to an increase in plasma potassium concentration and, if so, by how much. Hyperkalaemia may result in cardiac arrhythmias, muscle weakness or paralys...

    Authors: Laurence Weinberg, Dong-Kyu Lee, Chrisdan Gan, Damian Ianno, Alexander Ho, Luke Fletcher, Daniel Banyasz, Shervin Tosif, Daryl Jones, Rinaldo Bellomo and Dharshi Karalapillai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Anastomotic leaks (AL) are among the most serious complications due to the substantial impact on the quality of life and mortality. Inspite of the advance in diagnostic tools such as laboratory tests and radio...

    Authors: Selmy Awad, Ahmed Ibrahim Abd El-Rahman, Ashraf Abbas, Waleed Althobaiti, Shaker Alfaran, Saleh Alghamdi, Saleh Alharthi, Khaled Alsubaie, Soliman Ghedan, Rayan Alharthi, Majed Asiri, Azzah Alzahrani, Nawal Alotaibi, Ashraf Shoma and Mohamed Samir Abou Sheishaa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Managing surgical site infections, with negative culture report in routine diagnosis is a common dilemma in microbiology accounting more than 30% worldwide. The present study attempted to identify the presence...

    Authors: Himanshu Sekhar Behera, Nirupama Chayani, Madhusmita Bal, Hemant Kumar Khuntia, Sanghamitra Pati, Sashibhusan Das and Manoranjan Ranjit

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:28

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare, multisystemic histiocytic disorder, and commonly manifesting as lymphadenopathy in the young male. Abdominal manifestations of RDD are extremely rare.

    Authors: Xuewu Yang, Chuang Fang, Yuanpu Sha, Qi Li, Xing Zhang, Furong Du and Weijun Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:24

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. Symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) are increasing, as are acute and chronic pain episodes and progressive spinal deformities. However, there are no clear surgical treatment criteria f...

    Authors: Zhengwei Xu, Dingjun Hao, Liang Dong, Liang Yan and Baorong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:22

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Impaction of jujube pits in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a special clinical condition in the northern Chinese population. Endoscopic removal is the preferred therapy, but there is no consensus on t...

    Authors: Ji-Tao Song, Xiao-Hua Chang, Shan-Shan Liu, Jing Chen, Ming-Na Liu, Ji-Feng Wen, Ying Hu and Jun Xu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:18

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Transanal dissection of the rectum has been recently introduced for ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) in UC showing promising results. Thanks to the precise identification of the rectotomy site the risk of l...

    Authors: G. T. Capolupo, F. Carannante, G. Mascianà, S. Lauricella, E. Mazzotta and M. Caricato

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:17

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Esophageal leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare tumor that constitutes less than 1% of all malignant esophageal tumors. Concurrent occurrence of esophageal leiomyosarcoma with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is even r...

    Authors: Hamed Gheibollahi, Amirreza Dehghanian, Negar Taheri, Saeid Tavanafar, Seyede Sona Mousavi, Hamidreza Abbasi and Mohammadreza Sasani

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:14

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Partial peri-cystectomy (PPC) is one of the major surgical approaches for hepatic cystic echinococcosis (CE) and has been practiced in most centers worldwide. Cysto-biliary communication (fistula, leakage, rup...

    Authors: Paizula Shalayiadang, Tiemin Jiang, Yusufu Yimiti, Bo Ran, Abudusalamu Aini, Ruiqing Zhang, Qiang Guo, Ayifuhan Ahan, Abuduaini Abulizi, Hao Wen, Yingmei Shao and Tuerganaili Aji

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:12

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. A diagnostic sign on magnetic resonance imaging, suggestive of posterior extrauterine adhesion (PEUA), was identified in patients with placenta previa. However, the clinical features or surgical outcomes of pa...

    Authors: Yoshikazu Nagase, Shinya Matsuzaki, Masayuki Endo, Takeya Hara, Aiko Okada, Kazuya Mimura, Kosuke Hiramatsu, Aiko Kakigano, Erika Nakatsuka, Tatsuya Miyake, Tsuyoshi Takiuchi, Yutaka Ueda, Takuji Tomimatsu and Tadashi Kimura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:10

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Decreased mean platelet volume (MPV) predicts poor prognosis in some cancers. However, its significance as a prognostic indicator in pancreatic cancer (PC) remains unclear.

    Authors: Takuki Yagyu, Hiroaki Saito, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Ei Uchinaka, Masaki Morimoto, Takehiko Hanaki, Joji Watanabe, Tomoyuki Matsunaga, Manabu Yamamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Soichiro Honjo and Yoshiyuki Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:8

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. With the recent emerge of dynamic prediction model on the use of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and renal failure, and its advantage of providing timely predicted results according to the fluctuation of the...

    Authors: Runwen Liu, Yunqiang Cai, He Cai, Yajia Lan, Lingwei Meng, Yongbin Li and Bing Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Incisional surgical site infection (SSI) is a significant source of postoperative morbidity resulting in increased length of stay and cost. In this study, our aim was to evaluate the association between thickn...

    Authors: Bikas Thapa, Edward Sutanto and Raju Bhandari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:6

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Mesentericoportal vein (MPV) resection in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surgery has become a common procedure. A few studies had described the use of falciform ligament (FL) for MPV reconstruction an...

    Authors: Yi Shao, Jiaojiao Feng, Yuancong Jiang, Zhenhua Hu, Jian Wu, Min Zhang, Yan Shen and Shusen Zheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. It has been postulated that the hyperadrenergic state caused by surgical trauma is associated with worse outcomes and that β-blockade may improve overall outcome by downregulation of adrenergic activity. Esoph...

    Authors: Souheil Reda, Rebecka Ahl, Eva Szabo, Erik Stenberg, Maximilian Peter Forssten, Gabriel Sjolin, Yang Cao and Shahin Mohseni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:333

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Trocar site incisional hernia (TSIH) is the most frequent complication associated with laparoscopic surgery. Few studies currently describe its incidence or risk factors. The aim of this report is to determine...

    Authors: Ana Ciscar, Josep M. Badia, Francesc Novell, Santiago Bolívar and Esther Mans

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:330

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Few articles have studied individuals with prediabetes after sleeve gastrectomy. Bile acid and lipid levels remain inconsistent in postbariatric patients. The purpose of this study was to explore bile acid, gl...

    Authors: Tsz Kin Mak, Shifang Huang, Bingsheng Guan, Hoyin Au, Tsz Hong Chong, Juzheng Peng, Fazhi Chen, Chuqiao Liang, Wanjing Lai, LongLam Ho, Cunchuan Wang and Jingge Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Calculous pyonephrosis is a disease characterized by infectious hydronephrosis associated with pyogenic destruction of the renal parenchyma, with complete or almost complete loss of renal function.

    Authors: Jun Liu, Liang Chen, Lizhe An, Kai Ma, Xiongjun Ye, Qingquan Xu, Xiaobo Huang and Liulin Xiong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:327

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The use of a self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) as a bridge to surgery has increased for patients with obstructing colorectal cancer. However, relatively few reports have compared SEMS as a bridge to electi...

    Authors: Bing Li, Shi-Lun Cai, Zhen-Tao Lv, Ping-Hong Zhou, Li-Qing Yao, Qiang Shi, Zhi-Peng Qi, Di Sun, Ayimukedisi Yalikong, En-Pan Xu, Jian-Min Xu and Yun-Shi Zhong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:326

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. Early diagnosis of anastomotic leakage (AL) after esophageal resection is crucial for the successful management of this complication. Inflammatory serological markers are indicators of complications during the...

    Authors: Lukas F. Liesenfeld, Peter Sauer, Markus K. Diener, Ulf Hinz, Thomas Schmidt, Beat P. Müller-Stich, Thilo Hackert, Markus W. Büchler and Anja Schaible

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:324

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. The incidence of obesity has been constantly growing and bariatric procedures are considered to be the most effective treatment solution for morbidly obese patients. The results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrect...

    Authors: Paulina Woźniewska, Inna Diemieszczyk, Dawid Groth, Łukasz Szczerbiński, Barbara Choromańska, Agnieszka Błachnio-Zabielska, Adam Krętowski and Hady Razak Hady

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:323

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Increases in the levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and creatinine (Cr) and decreases in those of albumin (Alb) are commonly observed in acute pancreatitis (AP). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the ...

    Authors: Zhifeng Zhao, Yeping Yu, Rongli Xie, Kaige Yang, Dan Xu, Li Li, Jiayun Lin, Lei Zheng, Chihao Zhang, Xin Xu, Ying Chen, Zhiwei Xu, Erchen Chen, Meng Luo and Jian Fei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Nerve identification is recommended in inguinal hernia repair to reduce or avoid postoperative pain. The aim of this prospective observational study was to identify nerve prevalence and find a correlation betw...

    Authors: Roberto Cirocchi, Isabella Mercurio, Claudio Nazzaro, Angelo De Sol, Carlo Boselli, George Rettagliata, Nicola Vanacore, Alberto Santoro, Domenico Mascagni, Claudio Renzi, Massimo Lancia, Fabio Suadoni, Guido Zanghì, Piergaspare Palumbo, Paolo Bruzzone, Guglielmo Tellan…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:319

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Strain episodes, defined as phases of higher workload, stress or negative emotions, occur everyday in the operating room (OR). Accurate knowledge of when strain is most intense for the different OR team member...

    Authors: Sandra Keller, Steven Yule, Douglas S. Smink, Vivian Zagarese, Shawn Safford and Sarah Henrickson Parker

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:318

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. This study aimed to investigate the association between enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) nursing program and stoma-related complications (SRCs) and prognosis in patients with low rectal cancer (LRC) unde...

    Authors: Weiling Shao, Honggang Wang, Qun Chen, Wen Zhao, Yulian Gu and Guoqin Feng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:316

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has reached Poland on March 4th, 2020 and undoubtedly affected all areas of life and medical care, including bariatric care. The study was planned to identify the impact of the SARS-CoV...

    Authors: Piotr Major, Tomasz Stefura, Michał Wysocki, Piotr Małczak, Anna Rzepa, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Jacek Szeliga and Michał Pędziwiatr

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:314

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, German health care centres were restructured for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. This was accompanied by the suspension of the surgical programme. The aim of...

    Authors: Christian Stöß, Marcella Steffani, Kay Kohlhaw, Claudia Rudroff, Ludger Staib, Daniel Hartmann, Helmut Friess and Michael W. Müller

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:313

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), which often causes a common complication such as abdominal wall hernia, is a prevalent alternative therapy for end-stage renal failure patients. However, relev...

    Authors: Qiyu Chi, Zheng Shi, Zhibo Zhang, Chunzhong Lin, Guozhong Liu and Shangeng Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:310

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Although a larger proportion of colorectal surgeries have been performed laparoscopically in the last few years, a steep learning curve prevents us from considering laparoscopic colorectal surgery as the gold ...

    Authors: Ioannis G. Gkionis, Mathaios E. Flamourakis, Eleni S. Tsagkataki, Eleni I. Kaloeidi, Konstantinos G. Spiridakis, Georgios E. Kostakis, Athanasios K. Alegkakis and Manousos S. Christodoulakis

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:308

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Patient-related risk factors such as diabetes mellitus and obesity are increasing in western countries. At the same time the indications for liver resection in both benign and malignant diseases have been sign...

    Authors: Alexander Fischer, Juri Fuchs, Christos Stravodimos, Ulf Hinz, Adrian Billeter, Markus W. Büchler, Arianeb Mehrabi and Katrin Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Single parathyroid adenoma is the main cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), with surgery remaining the gold standard for its treatment. The ability to preoperatively predict the parathyroid adenoma siz...

    Authors: Marios Papadakis, Norbert Weyerbrock, Hubert Zirngibl and Cornelia Dotzenrath

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:303

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare clinical condition that is caused by a variety of underlying diseases. However, the factors that would permit accurate identification of bowel ischemia, requiring sur...

    Authors: Manato Fujii, Suguru Yamashita, Mayuko Tanaka, Jo Tashiro, Yoshiharu Takenaka, Kazuki Yamasaki and Yukiyoshi Masaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Large or complex trachea defects often require some tissue to reconstruct, various flaps have been reported for reconstructing this defect. However, pedicled thoracoacromial artery perforator flap have not bee...

    Authors: Di Deng, Feng Xu, Jifeng Liu, Bo Li, Linke Li, Jun Liu and Fei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. Liver metastasis (LIM) of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is associated with poor prognosis. The present study aimed at developing and validating nomogram to predict LIM in patients with GIST, thus helpi...

    Authors: Guowei Zhou, Keshuai Xiao, Guanwen Gong, Jiabao Wu, Ya Zhang, Xinxin Liu, Zhiwei Jiang and Chaoqun Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Laparoscopic surgery has achieved significant results in elderly patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the short-term and long-term outcomes of open surgery and laparoscopic surgery...

    Authors: Yih-Jong Chern, Hsin-Yuan Hung, Jeng-Fu You, Yu-Jen Hsu, Jy-Ming Chiang, Pao-Shiu Hsieh and Wen-Sy Tsai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:294

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Currently, more than 30% of the population in the gulf demonstrate a body mass index (BMI) exceeding 30. This burden of obesity has proven to take a toll on the population; therefore, we created the first Kuwa...

    Authors: Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Taleb Jumaa, Jasim Al Abbad, Fareed Salam, Mustafa Abbas, Mubarak Al Kandari and Aws Al Ozairi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:292

    Content type: Research article

    Published on: