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Trauma care and orthopedic surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of trauma surgery and general orthopedic surgery including traumatic brain injury, submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Double-door laminoplasty is an effective method in treating patients with cervical spondylosis. Many patients with cervical spondylosis experience a set of atypical symptoms such as vertigo and tinnitus, and w...

    Authors: Yuqing Sun, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Kai Yan, Jie Yu, Shan Zheng and Wei Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:31

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Curr...

    Authors: Stefan M. Zimmermann, Lukas W. Schwitter, Max J. Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:29

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Ethical concerns for surgical training on patients, limited working hours with fewer cases per trainee and the potential to better select talented persons for arthroscopic surgery raise the interest in simulat...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, Ilhui Wicki, Livia Holenstein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Christian Gerber

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:14

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Complex proximal humerus fractures with metaphyseal comminution remain challenging regarding reduction and stability. In most fracture patterns the hard bone of the bicipital groove remains intact. In this cas...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Bastian Marquaß, Johannes Fakler, Hanno Steinke, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:10

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety of bioabsorbable plates and screws in humans.

    Authors: Mehmet Isyar, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Gurdal Nusran, Olcay Guler, Sercan Yalcin and Mahir Mahirogullari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:127

    Content type: Research article

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  6. In a previous report, we described a method of reconstruction using tumor-bearing autograft treated by liquid nitrogen for malignant bone tumor. Here we present the first case of bone deformity correction foll...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Toshiharu Shirai, Hideji Nishida, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Koji Watanabe, Shinji Miwa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:124

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The reported incidence of hollow viscus injuries (HVI) in blunt trauma patients is approximately 1 %. The most common site of injury to the intestine in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is the small bowel followed...

    Authors: Michail G. Vailas, Demetrios Moris, Stamatios Orfanos, Chrysovalantis Vergadis and Alexandros Papalampros

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:121

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  8. Patients with hazardous alcohol intake are overrepresented in emergency departments and surgical wards. These patients have an increased risk of postoperative complications with prolonged hospital stays and ad...

    Authors: Hanne Tønnesen, Julie Weber Egholm, Kristian Oppedal, Jes Bruun Lauritzen, Bjørn Lindegård Madsen and Bolette Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:52

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  9. Influence of skin incision position on physiological and biochemical changes in tissue after primary total knee replacement. A prospective randomised controlled trial.

    Authors: David Q Donaldson, Matthew Torkington, Iain C Anthony, Eugene F Wheelwright, Mark JG Blyth and Bryn G Jones

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:44

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common last-resort treatment for hip disease, but postoperative patients often complain of discrepancies in leg length. This study introduces a device designed to increase the...

    Authors: Lei Yang, Zhanle Zheng, Wei Chen, Juan Wang and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:29

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Traditional approaches to deformity correction of degenerative lumbar scoliosis include anterior-posterior approaches and posterior-only approaches. Most patients are treated with posterior-only approaches bec...

    Authors: Ming-Kai Hsieh, Lih-Huei Chen, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Po-Liang Lai and Wen-Jer Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:26

    Content type: Research article

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  12. In Literature fractures of the mandible that involve the condyle ranges from 20% to 35% and various possible surgical options are described according to the varying pathological situations. Up to the present, ...

    Authors: Evaristo Belli, Gianmauro Liberatore, Mici Elidon, Giovanni Dell’Aversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Fabio Maglitto, Luciano Catalfamo and Giacomo De Riu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:16

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2015 15:70

  13. Sciatic nerve injury is a disastrous adverse complication of surgery and can cause debilitating pain, functional impairment and poor quality of life. Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have...

    Authors: Ruiyu Liu, Jiawei Liang, Kunzheng Wang, Xiaoqian Dang and Chuanyi Bai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:14

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Traumatic acute bilateral mass-occupying lesions (TABML) is a common entity in head injury, with high morbidity and mortality. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the benefits of different treatment options ...

    Authors: Yu Hu, Hong Sun, Yanqing Yuan, Qiang Li, Siqing Huang, Shu Jiang, Kaili Liu and Chaohua Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:6

    Content type: Research article

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  15. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of four major ligaments in the knee that provide stability during physical activity. A tear in the ACL is characterized by joint instability that leads to decreased ...

    Authors: Brian W Wu, Max Berger, Jonathan C Sum, George F Hatch III and E Todd Schroeder

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:102

    Content type: Study protocol

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  16. A few studies focused on unilateral or bilateral pedicle screw (PS) fixation of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) to treat lumbar degenerative diseases have been published. T...

    Authors: Liang Wang, Yipeng Wang, Zhengyao Li, Bin Yu and Ye Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:87

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The rates of soft tissue reconstruction and amputation after open tibial fractures have not been studied on a national perspective. We aimed to determine the frequency of soft tissue coverage after open tibial...

    Authors: Ulrika Tampe, Rüdiger J Weiss, Birgit Stark, Pehr Sommar, Zewar Al Dabbagh and Karl-Åke Jansson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:80

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a rare and potentially detrimental complication of soft-tissue trauma, amputations, central nervous system injury (traumatic brain injuries, spinal cord lesions, tumors, enceph...

    Authors: Xianghong Zhang, Shuo Jie, Tang Liu and Xiangsheng Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:74

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. During the last 2 decades, many studies on the treatment of mandibular condyle fracture have been published. The incidence of mandibular condyle fractures is variable, ranging from 17.5% to 52% of all mandibul...

    Authors: Alessia Spinzia, Renato Patrone, Evaristo Belli, Giovanni Dell’Aversana Orabona, Claudio Ungari, Fabio Filiaci, Alessandro Agrillo, Giacomo De Riu, Silvio Mario Meloni, Gianmauro Liberatore and Pasquale Piombino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:68

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus tendon (ST) grafts has become more popular and has achieved relatively good results; however optimal reconstruction technique, single-tunnel or...

    Authors: Zhiyong Hou, Jove Graham, Yingze Zhang, Kent Strohecker, Daniel Feldmann, Thomas R Bowen, Wei Chen and Wade Smith

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:53

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In muscular skeletal oncology aiming to achieve wide surgical margin is one of the main factors influencing patient prognosis. In cases where lesions are either meta or epiphyseal, surgery most often compromis...

    Authors: Carmine Zoccali, Barbara Rossi, Virginia Ferraresi, Vincenzo Anelli and Alessandro Rita

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:52

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. The posterior and anterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA and ACHA) are crucial for the blood supply of humeral head. We aimed to identify simple landmarks for guiding the quick access to PCHA and ACHA, which...

    Authors: Yi-xin Chen, Yi Zhu, Fu-hua Wu, Xin Zheng, Yu-fan Wangyang, Han Yuan, Xiao-xiao Xie, Dong-ya Li, Chang-jun Wang and Hong-fei Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:39

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Craniospinal junction tumors are rare but severe lesions. Surgical stabilization has been established to be an ideal treatment for upper cervical tumor pathology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ...

    Authors: Jun Zou, Chenxi Yuan, Ruofu Zhu, Zhiming Zhang, Weimin Jiang and Huilin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. We present a series of patients with blunt abdominal trauma who underwent damage control laparotomy (DCL) and introduce a nomogram that we created to predict survival among these patients.

    Authors: Shang-Yu Wang, Chien-Hung Liao, Chih-Yuan Fu, Shih-Ching Kang, Chun-Hsiang Ouyang, I-Ming Kuo, Jr-Rung Lin, Yu-Pao Hsu, Chun-Nan Yeh and Shao-Wei Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:24

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Bony destructive injury of the calcaneus (BDIC) represents one of the most severe comminuted fractures of the calcaneus in which soft tissue coverage remains intact. The features of this injury include a colla...

    Authors: Yanling Su, Wei Chen, Qi Zhang, Song Liu, Tao Zhang and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) constitute a major health care problem, not only because of their high incidence but also because of their direct and indirect negative impacts on both patients’ health-r...

    Authors: Chia-Wei Yu, Ming-Kai Hsieh, Lih-Huei Chen, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Po-Liang Lai, Wen-Jer Chen, Wen-Chien Chen and Meng-Ling Lu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2014 14:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Demineralised bone matrix (DBM) has shown to be effective in enhancing posterior fusion of the spine. Several animal studies and clinical investigations in humans showed its successful remodelling. The use of ...

    Authors: Samy Bouaicha, Brigitte von Rechenberg, Georg Osterhoff, Guido A Wanner, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément ML Werner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Odontoid fractures account for approximately 20% of all fractures of the cervical spine. They represent the most common cervical spine injury for patients older than 70 years, the majority being type II fractu...

    Authors: Max J Scheyerer, Stefan M Zimmermann, Hans-Peter Simmen, Guido A Wanner and Clément ML Werner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:54

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a frequently underestimated cause of lower back (LBP). A simple clinical test of sufficient validity would be desirable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value...

    Authors: Clément M L Werner, Armando Hoch, Lucienne Gautier, Matthias A König, Hans-Peter Simmen and Georg Osterhoff

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:52

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Controversy exits over the role of Böhler’s angle in assessing the injury severity of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures and predicting the functional outcome following internal fixation. This study...

    Authors: Yanling Su, Wei Chen, Tao Zhang, Xingwang Wu, Zhanpo Wu and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:40

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Chondral defects of the articular surface are a common condition that can lead to osteoarthritis if not treated. Therapy of this condition is a topic of constant debate and a variety of chondral repair strateg...

    Authors: Karl F Schüettler, Johannes Struewer, Marga B Rominger, Peter Rexin and Turgay Efe

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:11

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. Early accurate assessment of burn depth is important to determine the optimal treatment of burns. The method most used to determine burn depth is clinical assessment, which is the least expensive, but not the ...

    Authors: M Jenda Hop, Jakob Hiddingh, Carlijn M Stekelenburg, Hedwig C Kuipers, Esther Middelkoop, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis, Suzanne Polinder and Margriet E van Baar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2013 13:2

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  33. Ultrasonic scalpel (UC) and monopolar electrocautery (ME) are common tools for soft tissue dissection. However, morphological data on the related tissue alteration are discordant. We developed an automatic dev...

    Authors: Kia Homayounfar, Johanna Meis, Klaus Jung, Bernd Klosterhalfen, Thilo Sprenger, Lena-Christin Conradi, Claus Langer and Heinz Becker

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2012 12:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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