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Trauma care and orthopedic surgery

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of trauma surgery and general orthopedic surgery including traumatic brain injury, submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. The application of short femoral stems is partially restricted in revision surgery. This study will demonstrate the therapeutic effect and unsuitable situation for short stem revision.

    Authors: Zeming Liu, Bo Liu, Bingshi Zhang, Wenhui Ma, Tao Wu, Jia Huo, Sikai Liu and Yongtai Han

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:192

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. For a long time, surgical difficulty is mainly evaluated based on subjective perception rather than objective indexes. Moreover, the lack of systematic research regarding the evaluation of surgical difficulty ...

    Authors: Chengyue Ji, Yuluo Rong, Jiaxing Wang, Guoyong Yin, Jin Fan, Pengyu Tang, Dongdong Jiang, Wei Liu, Xuhui Ge, Shunzhi Yu and Weihua Cai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Treatment of congenital hemivertebra is challenging and data on long-term follow-up (≥ 5 years) are lacking. This study evaluated the surgical outcomes of posterior thoracolumbar hemivertebra resection and sho...

    Authors: Beixi Bao, Qingjun Su, Yong Hai, Peng Yin, Yaoshen Zhang, Shiqi Zhu and Zhencheng Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Pre-existing degeneration of adjacent segment is an important risk factor for adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD), but only limited and controversial studies have addressed its management.

    Authors: Xinliang Zhang, Jinwen Zhu, Yibing Li, Dingjun Hao and Wenjie Gao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:161

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Uniportal full endoscopic posterolateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (Endo-TLIF) with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is a promising, minimally invasive method for the treatment of lumbar spondy...

    Authors: Derong Xu, Shuo Han, Chao Wang, Kai Zhu, Chuanli Zhou and Xuexiao Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:149

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Anterior decompression with fusion (ADF) has often been performed for degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) in patients with poor cervical spine alignment and/or anterior cord compression. We aimed to identif...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Inose, Takashi Hirai, Toshitaka Yoshii, Atsushi Kimura, Katsushi Takeshita, Hirokazu Inoue, Asato Maekawa, Kenji Endo, Takeo Furuya, Akira Nakamura, Kanji Mori, Shunsuke Kanbara, Shiro Imagama, Shoji Seki, Shunji Matsunaga, Kunihiko Takahashi…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:144

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The open-door laminoplasty is an effective procedure for the treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy. However, little information is available about the surgical results of open-door laminoplasty in the t...

    Authors: Zhi-Chao Wang, Shu-Zhong Li, Xin-Fei Qu, Chu-Qiang Yin, Yuan-Liang Sun, Yue-Lei Wang, Jie Wang, Chen-Jing Liu, Zhen-Lu Cao and Ting Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:141

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Knot tying technique is an extremely important basic skill for all surgeons. Clinically, knot slippage or suture breakage will lead to wound complications. Although some previous studies described the knot-tyi...

    Authors: Kengo Harato, Mitsuru Yagi, Kazuya Kaneda, Yu Iwama, Akihiko Masuda, Yosuke Kaneko, Akihito Oya, Noboru Matsumura, Taku Suzuki, Robert Nakayama and Shu Kobayashi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:75

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Elective implant removal (IR) after fracture fixation is one of the most common procedures within (orthopedic) trauma surgery. The rate of surgical site infections (SSIs) in this procedure is quite high, espec...

    Authors: Fay R K Sanders, Diederick Penning, Manouk Backes, Siem A Dingemans, Susan van Dieren, Anne M Eskes, J Carel Goslings, Peter Kloen, Ron A A Mathôt, Niels W L Schep, Ingrid J B Spijkerman and Tim Schepers

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:69

    Content type: Study protocol

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  10. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and kyphoplasty (PKP) have been widely used to treat neurologically intact osteoporotic Kümmell’s disease (KD), but it is still unclear which treatment is more advantageous. O...

    Authors: Shou-qian Dai, Rong-qing Qin, Xiu Shi and Hui-lin Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:65

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches are broadly used nowadays for a vast spectrum of pathologies sited in the anterior and middle cranial fossa. The usage of neuronavigation systems (neuronavigatio...

    Authors: Vlastimil Novák, Lumír Hrabálek, Jan Valošek, Jakub Jablonský, Jiří Hoza, Ivona Korčáková, Martin Hampl, Přemysl Stejskal and Csaba Hučko

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) using slender epiduroscope and a holmium YAG laser is one of the minimally invasive surgical options for lumbar disc herniation. However, the learning curv...

    Authors: Seong Son, Chan Jong Yoo, Byung Rhae Yoo, Woo Seok Kim and Tae Seok Jeong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:39

    Content type: Research article

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  13. An annular closure device (ACD) could potentially prevent recurrent herniation by blocking larger annular defects after limited microdiscectomy (LMD). The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of ...

    Authors: Jenny C. Kienzler, Sofia Rey, Oliver Wetzel, Hermien Atassi, Sabrina Bäbler, Felice Burn and Javier Fandino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The treatment of hepatic injury can be complex. Medical clinical centers are often the first line hospitals for the diagnosis and treatment of hepatic trauma in China. The aim of the study is to summarize the ...

    Authors: Weidong Hu, Zipeng Xu, Xu Shen, Yanyan Gu, Zhengxing Dai, Jie Chen, Zhenghai Zhu, Ying Zhou, Wanwen Zhao and Chaobo Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:16

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Common peroneal nerve (CPN) injury is one of the most common nerve injuries in the lower extremities and the motor functional recovery of injured common peroneal nerve (CPN) was often unsatisfactory, the mecha...

    Authors: Zhenhui Liu, Maimaiaili Yushan, Yanshi Liu and Aihemaitijiang Yusufu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:11

    Content type: Research article

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  16. This study aimed to explore mid-term clinical results of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with modified trochanteric osteotomy in Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

    Authors: Jing-Yao Jin, Taek-Rim Yoon, Kyung-Soon Park, Sheng-Yu Jin, Dong-Min Jung and Qing-Song Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:9

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lymph node metastasis (LNM) is an important factor for thyroid cancer patients’ treatment and prognosis. The aim of this study was to explore the clinical value of ultrasound features and radiomics analysis in...

    Authors: Fu Li, Denghua Pan, Yun He, Yuquan Wu, Jinbo Peng, Jiehua Li, Ye Wang, Hong Yang and Junqiang Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:315

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a rare but feared complication in hand surgery. Although multimodal therapy concepts are recommended, there is only low evidence on efficacy of such approaches. Further...

    Authors: D. Kotsougiani-Fischer, J. S. Choi, J. S. Oh-Fischer, Y. F. Diehm, V. F. Haug, L. Harhaus, E. Gazyakan, C. Hirche, U. Kneser and S. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:306

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Atlantoaxial fusion has been widely used for the treatment of atlantoaxial instability (AAI). However, atlantoaxial fusion sacrifices the motion of atlantoaxial articulation, and postoperative loss of cervical...

    Authors: Byeong Jin Ha, Yu Deok Won, Je Il Ryu, Myung-Hoon Han, Jin Hwan Cheong, Jae Min Kim, Hyoung-Joon Chun, Koang-Hum Bak and In-Suk Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

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  20. It is rare that drains cannot be removed after surgery, however, this situation cannot be completely avoided, and is also hard to deal with. The main reason for a tethered drain is inadvertent suture fixation....

    Authors: Hui Li, Yan Du, Jia-bin Wu, Pan Wang, Jun Yang, Ping Hu and Tao Ai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:264

    Content type: Technical advance

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  21. Blunt abdominal traumas are often associated with intra-abdominal injuries and pelvic fractures. Traumatic abdominal wall hernias due to disruption of the abdominal wall muscles may be overlooked. Delayed diag...

    Authors: Leïlani Delaune, Sylvain Steinmetz, Hafize Heutschi-Öztürk and Olivier Borens

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:253

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Surgical fixation is recommended for type II and III odontoid fractures (OFx) with major translation of the odontoid fragment, regardless of the patient’s age, and for all type II OFx in patients aged ≥50 year...

    Authors: Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Eirik Helseth, Pål Rønning, Jalal Mirzamohammadi, Marianne Efskind Harr, Tor Brommeland, Mads Aarhus, Christina Teisner Høstmælingen, Håvard Ølstørn, Pål Nicolay Fougner Rydning, Magnus Mejlænder-Evjensvold, Nils Christian Utheim and Hege Linnerud

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:236

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The incidence of fractures around the femoral prosthesis among patients undergoing hip arthroplasty is increasing and has become the third leading cause of hip revision. While numerous methods for the surgical...

    Authors: Jian-Ning Sun, Yu Zhang, Ye Zhang, Jia-Ming Zhang, Xiang-Yang Chen and Shuo Feng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:226

    Content type: Research article

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  24. The bony fusion of allograft bone using titanium mesh in the posterior-only surgical treatment of thoracic and thoracolumbar spinal tuberculosis has not been explained in detail. We aimed to analyze the effica...

    Authors: Bingjin Wang, Wenbin Hua, Wencan Ke, Yukun Zhang, Xianlin Zeng and Cao Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:133

    Content type: Research article

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  25. In children, fracture non-union is uncommon yet, curiously, non-union of distal fibula fractures are rarely reported. Historically, the most common treatment of a lateral malleolus fracture after an ankle spra...

    Authors: Marco Turati, Giulio Leone, Nicolò Zanchi, Robert J. Omeljaniuk, Lilia Brahim, Giovanni Zatti, Aurélien Courvoisier and Marco Bigoni

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:125

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Despite being a preventable complication of surgical procedures, surgical site infections (SSIs) continue to threaten public health with significant impacts on the patients and the health-care human and financ...

    Authors: Wondimeneh Shibabaw Shiferaw, Yared Asmare Aynalem, Tadesse Yirga Akalu and Pammla Margaret Petrucka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Long term results of endovascular coiling are yet scarce. This study reviews the impact of comorbidities on the success of endovascular coiling of both ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Endovascu...

    Authors: Saima Ahmad

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:104

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Most contemporary studies suggested that intersegmental parameters including disc height and local lordosis contribute to the sagittal balance of fused lumbar. Although similar clinical outcomes following MIS-...

    Authors: Fuping Li, Chen Li, Xin Xi, Zhili Zeng, Bin Ma, Ning Xie, Hang Wang, Yan Yu and Liming Cheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture (OTLBF) is common in seniors. Due to the fracture of the posterior vertebra and spinal canal occupancy, the risk of cement leakage and spine injury is high in OTLBF pa...

    Authors: Xuan-geng Deng, Xiao-ming Xiong, Dun Wan, Hua-gang Shi, Guo-long Mei and Wei Cui

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:96

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) has become an important minimally invasive surgical technique for fracture stabilization and pain relief in patients with vertebral compression fractures. However, intraspinal ce...

    Authors: Ziquan Li, Keyi Yu, Xiao Chang, Siyi Cai, Jun Gao and Yipeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:74

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The objective of the study was to investigate the association between obesity and the presence of secondary surgery following neurolysis, direct nerve repair, or nerve grafting in patients with traumatic brach...

    Authors: Pichitchai Atthakomol, Kamilcan Oflazoglu, Kyle R. Eberlin, Jonathan Winograd, Neal C. Chen and Sang-Gil Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:73

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The development of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) following ACDF is well established. There is no analytical study related to effects of plate profile on the biomechanics of the adjacent-level after ACDF....

    Authors: Xin-Feng Li, Lin-Yu Jin, Chao-Ge Liang, Hong-Ling Yin and Xiao-Xing Song

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:66

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) causes physiological, metabolic, end-organ and inflammatory changes that need to be addressed for better management of severely injured patient...

    Authors: Mitra Sadeghi, Emanuel M. Dogan, Christina Karlsson, Kjell Jansson, Jenny Seilitz, Per Skoog, Tal M. Hörer and Kristofer F. Nilsson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:43

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between lumbar multifidus fat infiltration and lumbar postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). Several clinical studies have found that spine postop...

    Authors: Chaohui Sang, Xushi Chen, Hailong Ren, Zhandong Meng, Jianming Jiang and Yi Qin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:35

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Nonfusion fixation is an effective way to treat lumbar degeneration. In the present study, we analyzed the clinical effects and radiographic outcomes of the Isobar TTL system used to treat two-segment lumbar d...

    Authors: Zhi-Sheng Ji, Hua Yang, Yu-Hao Yang, Shao-Jin Li, Jian-Xian Luo, Guo-Wei Zhang and Hong-Sheng Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Vertebral compression fracture is one of the most common complications of osteoporosis. In this study an unilateral curved vertebroplasty device was developed, and the safety, effectiveness, and surgical param...

    Authors: Rui Zhong, Jianheng Liu, Runsheng Wang, Yihao Liu, Binbin Chen, Wei Jiang, Keya Mao and Peifu Tang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:193

    Content type: Research article

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  37. When restoring the appearance and function of the fingers, hand surgeons face a challenge in choosing a suitable surgical method to repair finger skin defects.

    Authors: Haoliang Hu, Hong Chen, Jinjiong Hong, Weisheng Mao, Mintao Tian, Liping Wang, Jianghui Dong and Xueyuan Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  38. Although various studies have described the outcomes and complications of each treatment for OF 4 in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs), there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment r...

    Authors: Weiyang Zhong, Xinjie Liang, Xiaoji Luo and Zhengxue Quan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:178

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a procedure performed by a spine surgeon who undergoes either orthopedic or neurosurgical training. The relationship between short-term adverse outcomes and spine specialty is...

    Authors: Kejia Hu, Motao Liu, Amy J. Wang, Gexin Zhao, Yuhao Sun, Chaoqun Yang, Yiwang Zhang, Matthew M. Hutter, Dehong Feng, Bomin Sun and Ziv Williams

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:163

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Wound-related complications are an inevitable issue faced by spinal surgeons. Negative pressure drainage remains the most commonly used method to prevent postoperative hematoma and related complications. This ...

    Authors: Wu Sun, Jing-hua Gao, Li-guo Zhu, Wei Xiao, Zhen-zhong Wang, Ke-xin Yang, Qing Zhang and Bao-jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:161

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Surgery remains the main curative option for the treatment of intraspinal tumour. The purpose of the present study was to analyze the clinical outcomes of laminoplasty with process-lamina complex replantation ...

    Authors: Zhaojun Song, Zhi Zhang, Yongjie Ye, Jiazhuang Zheng and Fandong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:131

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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