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Trauma care and orthopedic surgery

Section edited by Mark Hammerberg

This section publishes articles covering all aspects of trauma surgery and general orthopedic surgery including traumatic brain injury, submissions can cover training, practice and basic research. Randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Blunt pelvic injuries are often associated with pelvic fractures and injuries to the rectum and genitourinary tract. Pelvic fractures can lead to life-threatening hemorrhage, which is a common cause of morbidi...

    Authors: Myoung Jun Kim, Jae Gil Lee and Seung Hwan Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:101

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Over-aggressive intravenous fluid therapy with crystalloids has adverse effects in trauma patients. We assessed the role of large-volume (≥5l) administration of crystalloids within 24h of injury as an independ...

    Authors: D.G. Jones, J. Nantais, J. B. Rezende-Neto, S. Yazdani, P. Vegas and S. Rizoli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:93

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A wide variety of hemostats are available as adjunctive measures to improve hemostasis during surgical procedures if residual bleeding persists despite correct application of conventional methods for hemorrhag...

    Authors: Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Giovanni Bellanova, Massimo Chiarugi, Andrea Mingoli, Giorgio Olivero, Sergio Ribaldi, Gregorio Tugnoli, Silvia Basilicò, Francesca Bindi, Laura Briani, Federica Renzi, Piero Chirletti, Giuseppe Di Grezia, Antonio Martino, Rinaldo Marzaioli…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:68

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Coated polyglactin 910 suture with chlorhexidine (NEOSORB® Plus) has recently been developed to imbue the parent suture with antibacterial activity against organisms that commonly cause surgical site infection...

    Authors: Bum Sik Tae, Ju Hyun Park, Jung Kwon Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim and Chang Wook Jeong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:45

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Delayed reconstruction of acetabular fractures remains a challenging task for orthopedists because of malunion, fracture line absorption, and scar formation. Accurate osteotomy, interfragmentary release, and p...

    Authors: Xi Zhou, Qiang Zhang, Wenhao Song, Dongsheng Zhou and Yu He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:30

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to introduce a novel intraoperative lateral ankle dislocation approach during surgical treatment for patients with unstable trimalleolar fractures involving posterior ankle comminuted...

    Authors: Wenzhao Xing, Peng Xie, Linjie Wang, Changcheng Liu, Jian Cui, Zhiguo Zhang and Liang Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:23

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Here we report a rare case of lumbar spine epidural abscess and facet joint septic arthritis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae, which had spread to the iliopsoas muscles, leading to urine retention.

    Authors: Costansia Bureta, Hiroyuki Tominaga, Takuya Yamamoto, Takao Setoguchi, Hideki Kawamura, Satoshi Nagano, Ichiro Kawamura, Masahiko Abematsu, Hironori Kakoi, Yasuhiro Ishidou and Setsuro Komiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:16

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    The standard aftercare treatment in surgically treated trauma patients with fractures around or in a joint, known as (peri)- or intra-articular fractures of the lower extremities, is either non-weight bearing ...

    Authors: Pishtiwan H. S. Kalmet, Guido Meys, Yvette Y. v. Horn, Silvia M. A. A. Evers, Henk A. M. Seelen, Paul Hustinx, Heinrich Janzing, Alexander vd Veen, Coen Jaspars, Jan Bernard Sintenie, Taco J. Blokhuis, Martijn Poeze and Peter R. G. Brink

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:8

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  9. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of pelvic ring fractures in the elderly significantly increased. Because of persistent pain and immobilization associated with this injury, surgical treatment is recommended. To minimise comorbid...

    Authors: Andreas Höch, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Christoph Josten and Jörg Böhme

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:132

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the risk factor associated with total or subtotal meniscectomy for respective medial and lateral meniscus injury.

    Authors: Dong Jiang, Xiao Luo, Yingfang Ao, Xi Gong, Yong-jian Wang, Hai-jun Wang, Yu Miao, Nan Li, Ji-ying Zhang and Jia-kuo Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:127

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The choice of surgical methods for lumbosacral tuberculosis is controversial due to the complex anterior anatomy and peculiar biomechanics of the lumbosacral junction. The objective of this study was to explor...

    Authors: Weiwei Li, Jun Liu, Liqun Gong, Yongchun Zhou and Dapeng Duan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:124

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In order to reduce the incidence of adjacent segment disease (ASD), the current study was designed to establish Chinese finite element models of normal 3rd~7th cervical vertebrae (C3-C7) and anterior cervical ...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Yibo Tang and Hongxing Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:119

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Pelvic fractures are severe injuries with frequently associated multi-system trauma and a high mortality rate. The value of the pelvic fracture pattern for predicting transfusion requirements and mortality is ...

    Authors: Fabio Agri, Mylène Bourgeat, Fabio Becce, Kevin Moerenhout, Mathieu Pasquier, Olivier Borens, Bertrand Yersin, Nicolas Demartines and Tobias Zingg

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:104

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Burr hole craniostomy is a widely used method for the evacuation of CSDH. However it is not clear whether the irrigation during operation improves the prognosis or gives rise to additional complications instea...

    Authors: Qiang-Ping Wang, Ye Yuan, Jun-Wen Guan and Xiao-Bing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:99

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Angioembolization is the method of choice for treating haemorrhage after blunt pelvic trauma. The aim of this study was to determine technical factors related to endovascular procedures which might be related ...

    Authors: Rafael Rehwald, Elisabeth Schönherr, Johannes Petersen, Hans-Christian Jeske, Anna Fialkovska, Anna Katharina Luger, Astrid Ellen Grams, Alexander Loizides, Werner Jaschke and Bernhard Glodny

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:89

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Spinal brucellosis is a less commonly reported infectious spinal pathology. There are few reports regarding the surgical treatment of spinal brucellosis in existing literature. This retrospective study was con...

    Authors: Yakefu Abulizi, Wei-Dong Liang, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Maierdan Maimaiti and Wei-Bin Sheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:82

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Surgical-site infections due to intraoperative contamination are chiefly ascribable to airborne particles carrying microorganisms. The purpose of this study is to identify the actions that increase the number ...

    Authors: Chieko Noguchi, Hironobu Koseki, Hidehiko Horiuchi, Akihiko Yonekura, Masato Tomita, Takashi Higuchi, Shinya Sunagawa and Makoto Osaki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:78

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Since its introduction, the Revised Trauma Score (RTS) has been widely used to determine the prognosis of trauma patients. Recent studies have revealed a need to change the parameters of the RTS. We have desig...

    Authors: Jin Hee Jeong, Yong Joo Park, Dong Hoon Kim, Tae Yun Kim, Changwoo Kang, Soo Hoon Lee, Sang Bong Lee, Seong Chun Kim and Daesung Lim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:77

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Dislocation is the second most common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The effectiveness of soft tissue repair to reduce dislocation rate is still debated and thus a meta-analysis was conducted.

    Authors: Yiqin Zhou, Shiqi Cao, Lintao Li, Manoj Narava, Qiwei Fu and Qirong Qian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:60

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  20. Content type: Technical advance

    Limb length discrepancy is one of the most common complications after hip arthroplasty. We developed a device - intraoperative limb-length measurement and osteotomy device (ILMOD), and applied it to patients w...

    Authors: Zhanle Zheng, Lei Yang, Yanling Su, Xian Yu, Zhiyong Hou and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:57

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Implant breakage after the fixation of traumatic fractures is rare; however, when it occurs, it is debilitating for the patients and a challenge for surgeons. The purpose of this study was to analyze and ident...

    Authors: Hongzhi Lv, Wenli Chang, Peizhi Yuwen, Na Yang, Xiaoli Yan and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:46

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Surigical site infection has been a challenge for surgeons for many years, the prevalence of serum albumin <3.5g/dL has been reported to be associated with increased orthopaedic complications. However, the pro...

    Authors: Peizhi Yuwen, Wei Chen, Hongzhi Lv, Chen Feng, Yansen Li, Tao Zhang, Pan Hu, Jialiang Guo, Ye Tian, Lei Liu, Jiayuan Sun and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:7

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Spinal fusion surgery is associated with significant blood loss, which may result in potential clinical complications, it is necessary to take safe and effective measures to reduce blood loss in surgery. We pe...

    Authors: Derong Xu, Zhinan Ren, Xin Chen, Qianyu Zhuang, Lin Sheng and Shugang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:80

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Back and neck pain are common after road traffic injury and are treated by spine surgery in some cases. This study aimed to describe the outcomes of spine surgery in people who made an insurance claim after ro...

    Authors: Pooria Sarrami, Rafael Ekmejian, Justine M. Naylor, Joseph Descallar, Robindro Chatterji and Ian A. Harris

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:76

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cephalomedullary Nail (CMN) is seen as the mainstay of internal fixation in femoral fractures. The purpose of the study was to present an accurate calculation method by simulating diverse anterior bow femoral ...

    Authors: Dong Ren, Yueju Liu, Ming Li, Zhaohui Song, Shuangquan Yao and Pengcheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:68

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Patient selection for surgical treatment of subaxial cervical spine fractures (S-CS-fx) may be challenging and is dependent on fracture morphology, the integrity of the discoligamentous complex, neurological s...

    Authors: Hege Linnerud Fredø, Syed Ali Mujtaba Rizvi, Mehran Rezai, Pål Rønning, Bjarne Lied and Eirik Helseth

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:56

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  27. Content type: Technical advance

    Infected nonunion of the humeral diaphysis is a challenging problem for orthopedic surgeons. This study aimed to evaluate the outcome of using a locking compression plate (LCP) as a definitive external fixator...

    Authors: Cong Xiao, Fan Tang, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang, Yi Luo, Hong Duan and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:53

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Apart from transepicondylar axis, the native femoral sulcus was also reported to be used as a guide for the femoral component position in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it was not shown in patients wi...

    Authors: Gangyong Huang, Jun Xia, Siqun Wang, Yibing Wei, Jianguo Wu, Feiyan Chen, Jie Chen and Jingsheng Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:33

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Double-door laminoplasty is an effective method in treating patients with cervical spondylosis. Many patients with cervical spondylosis experience a set of atypical symptoms such as vertigo and tinnitus, and w...

    Authors: Yuqing Sun, Aikeremujiang Muheremu, Kai Yan, Jie Yu, Shan Zheng and Wei Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:31

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a frequent complication following orthopedic and trauma surgery. It often leads to substantial morbidity as many affected patients suffer from pain and joint contractures. Curr...

    Authors: Stefan M. Zimmermann, Lukas W. Schwitter, Max J. Scheyerer, Thorsten Jentzsch, Hans-Peter Simmen and Clément M. L. Werner

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:29

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Ethical concerns for surgical training on patients, limited working hours with fewer cases per trainee and the potential to better select talented persons for arthroscopic surgery raise the interest in simulat...

    Authors: Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, Ilhui Wicki, Livia Holenstein, Sandro F. Fucentese and Christian Gerber

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:14

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Complex proximal humerus fractures with metaphyseal comminution remain challenging regarding reduction and stability. In most fracture patterns the hard bone of the bicipital groove remains intact. In this cas...

    Authors: Jan Theopold, Bastian Marquaß, Johannes Fakler, Hanno Steinke, Christoph Josten and Pierre Hepp

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:10

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  33. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the safety of bioabsorbable plates and screws in humans.

    Authors: Mehmet Isyar, Ibrahim Yilmaz, Gurdal Nusran, Olcay Guler, Sercan Yalcin and Mahir Mahirogullari

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:127

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  34. Content type: Case report

    In a previous report, we described a method of reconstruction using tumor-bearing autograft treated by liquid nitrogen for malignant bone tumor. Here we present the first case of bone deformity correction foll...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Toshiharu Shirai, Hideji Nishida, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Koji Watanabe, Shinji Miwa and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:124

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  35. Content type: Case report

    The reported incidence of hollow viscus injuries (HVI) in blunt trauma patients is approximately 1 %. The most common site of injury to the intestine in blunt abdominal trauma (BAT) is the small bowel followed...

    Authors: Michail G. Vailas, Demetrios Moris, Stamatios Orfanos, Chrysovalantis Vergadis and Alexandros Papalampros

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:121

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  36. Content type: Study protocol

    Patients with hazardous alcohol intake are overrepresented in emergency departments and surgical wards. These patients have an increased risk of postoperative complications with prolonged hospital stays and ad...

    Authors: Hanne Tønnesen, Julie Weber Egholm, Kristian Oppedal, Jes Bruun Lauritzen, Bjørn Lindegård Madsen and Bolette Pedersen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:52

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Influence of skin incision position on physiological and biochemical changes in tissue after primary total knee replacement. A prospective randomised controlled trial.

    Authors: David Q Donaldson, Matthew Torkington, Iain C Anthony, Eugene F Wheelwright, Mark JG Blyth and Bryn G Jones

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:44

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common last-resort treatment for hip disease, but postoperative patients often complain of discrepancies in leg length. This study introduces a device designed to increase the...

    Authors: Lei Yang, Zhanle Zheng, Wei Chen, Juan Wang and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:29

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Traditional approaches to deformity correction of degenerative lumbar scoliosis include anterior-posterior approaches and posterior-only approaches. Most patients are treated with posterior-only approaches bec...

    Authors: Ming-Kai Hsieh, Lih-Huei Chen, Chi-Chien Niu, Tsai-Sheng Fu, Po-Liang Lai and Wen-Jer Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:26

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  40. Content type: Research article

    In Literature fractures of the mandible that involve the condyle ranges from 20% to 35% and various possible surgical options are described according to the varying pathological situations. Up to the present, ...

    Authors: Evaristo Belli, Gianmauro Liberatore, Mici Elidon, Giovanni Dell’Aversana Orabona, Pasquale Piombino, Fabio Maglitto, Luciano Catalfamo and Giacomo De Riu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:16

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2015 15:70

  41. Content type: Research article

    Sciatic nerve injury is a disastrous adverse complication of surgery and can cause debilitating pain, functional impairment and poor quality of life. Patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) have...

    Authors: Ruiyu Liu, Jiawei Liang, Kunzheng Wang, Xiaoqian Dang and Chuanyi Bai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:14

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Traumatic acute bilateral mass-occupying lesions (TABML) is a common entity in head injury, with high morbidity and mortality. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the benefits of different treatment options ...

    Authors: Yu Hu, Hong Sun, Yanqing Yuan, Qiang Li, Siqing Huang, Shu Jiang, Kaili Liu and Chaohua Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:6

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