Skip to main content

Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 4 of 5

  1. The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the c...

    Authors: Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang and Stefan Heinrich

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:26

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  2. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validat...

    Authors: Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu and Shou-Bin Ning

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:24

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  3. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP), a newly developed operative procedure, is indicated for benign and low-grade malignant disease of the pancreas. However, few studies have reported ...

    Authors: Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryota Tanaka, Jun Tauchi and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:22

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  4. The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cys...

    Authors: Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni and Laura Giacomelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:19

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  6. Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  7. Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  8. An inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as “giant” if descending below the midpoint of the inner thigh of a patient in upright position. In developed countries this is a rare entity. In the literature different su...

    Authors: Julia Isabelle Staubitz, Peter Gassmann, Daniel Wilhelm Kauff and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:135

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  9. Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially ...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Jia Shi, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao and Bo Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:123

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  10. Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. There are few reports of early-stage cases in which tumor invasion reached the lamina propria or muscularis mucosae, ...

    Authors: Shota Kuwabara, Yuma Ebihara, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:122

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  11. Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  12. Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  13. Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  14. Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  15. We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Kazunori Yasumura, Toshinori Iwai, Jiro Maegawa, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Shohei Hirakawa and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:101

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. Adrenocoricotrophic hormone (ACTH) – independent bilateral adrenocortical macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome, and is characterized by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. However,...

    Authors: Mao Tokumoto, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yukie Tauchi, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Satoru Noda, Norikazu Toi, Masahumi Kurajoh, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:97

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  17. Hyperlordosis is common in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), which cannot be controlled by bracing. While the surgical treatment is neither reported nor recommended in previous studies, we report ...

    Authors: Haining Tan, Fan Feng, Youxi Lin, Chong Chen, Zheng Li and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:83

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  18. Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:81

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  19. Although ectopic pancreatic tissue is common in the upper gastrointestinal tract, the incidence of ectopic pancreatic tissue in the jejunum is low, and malignant transformation in ectopic pancreatic tissue is ...

    Authors: Kosei Takagi, Takahito Yagi, Takehiro Tanaka, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:75

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. Adrenal myelolipoma is an uncommon, benign, and hormonally non-functioning tumor that is composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic tissue. Most cases to date are asymptomatic or have epigastri...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Shan-Tao Chien, Chin-Wen Hsu, Yu-Chiuan Wu, Wen-Ching Kung, Chun-Min Su and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:74

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve is one of the most severe complications of thyroid surgery. Several anatomic variations of the nerve increase the likelihood of iatrogenic damage.

    Authors: Gaosong Wu and Kun Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:66

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  22. Presence of retro-aortic left renal vein poses special challenge in creating spleno-renal shunt potentially increasing the chance of shunt failure. The technical feasibility and successful outcome of splenectomy ...

    Authors: Sundeep Jain, Mukesh Kalla, Adil Suleman and Alok Verma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:65

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. Kimura’s disease (KD; eosinophilic granuloma of soft tissue) is an inflammatory granulomatous disorder of unknown cause with eosinophilic infiltration that occurs mainly in soft tissue. KD occurs mainly in the...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Hitoshi Teraoka, Haruhito Kinoshita, Mikio Nanbara, Eiji Noda, Takaaki Chikugo, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:63

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  24. Hemolytic transfusion reactions and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) are life-threatening complications associated with the transfusion of blood products. Hemorrhage is one of the most common surg...

    Authors: Tim N. Beck, Natalee G. Young, Michelle L. Erickson and Ignacio Prats

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:48

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Castleman’s disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology that most commonly presents as a mediastinal nodal mass. It is exceptionally uncommon for Castleman’s disease to present in the me...

    Authors: Umberto Bracale, Francesco Pacelli, Marco Milone, Umberto Marcello Bracale, Maurizio Sodo, Giovanni Merola, Teresa Troiani and Enrico Di Salvo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:38

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  26. Gastroduodenalartery (GDA) pseudo-aneurysms are very rare. Their clinical importance lies in the eventuality of rupture, causing bleeding and ultimately exsanguination.

    Authors: Haithem Zaafouri, Anis Hasnaoui, Sonia Essghaeir, Dhafer Haddad, Meriam Sabbah, Ahmed Bouhafa, Jamel Kharrat and Anis Ben Maamer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:30

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. Chylous leakage is a well-known complication after esophagectomy, but cervical chylous leakage is relatively rare, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herei...

    Authors: Tatsuro Tamura, Naoshi Kubo, Akira Yamamoto, Katsunobu Sakurai, Takahiro Toyokawa, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Masakazu Yashiro, Kiyoshi Maeda, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:20

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  28. The most common cause of perihilar obstruction is cholangiocarcinoma, especially in Thailand. Benign perihilar stricture represents less than 20% of cases. IgG4-related disease and IgG4-related sclerosing chol...

    Authors: Narongsak Rungsakulkij, Pattana Sornmayura and Penampai Tannaphai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:17

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Richter’s hernia is a high-risk ischaemic gastrointestinal disorder that is typically diagnosed in a delayed manner due to a lack of obvious symptoms. Spontaneous umbilical enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) result...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Lei Liu, Hui Huang, Mianxu Jiang and Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:15

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. To report the association between thoracic duct ligation and acute pancreatitis. The association between sudden stop of lymphatic flow and pancreatitis has been established in experimental models.

    Authors: Benoît Bédat, Cosimo Riccardo Scarpa, Samira Mercedes Sadowski, Frédéric Triponez and Wolfram Karenovics

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:9

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  31. This report presents a case of a 57- year old female with advanced Hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis causing a secondary Budd-Chiari Syndrome due to infiltration of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava treated su...

    Authors: Konrad Kobryń, Rafał Paluszkiewicz, Krzysztof Dudek, Urszula Ołdakowska-Jedynak, Michał Korba, Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Piotr Remiszewski, Michał Grąt, Piotr Milkiewicz, Waldemar Patkowski and Marek Krawczyk

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:5

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. The complete resection is one of the most crucial requirements to achieve favorable outcomes in oncologic surgery. The apex of the lung is surrounded complicatedly by the clavicle, the first rib, the subclavia...

    Authors: Yasoo Sugiura, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Masao Naruke, Toshinori Hashizume, Shizuka Kaseda and Etsuo Nemoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:4

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. Despite the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for gastrointestinal ulcers, severe cases of bleeding or perforation due to gastrointestinal ulcers still occur. Giant duodenal ulcer perforation is an uncommon but diff...

    Authors: Chihoko Nobori, Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kentaro Naito, Toshihiro Takami, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:75

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Primary amyloidosis of the breast is an unusual benign disease that mostly occurs in postmenopausal elderly women. Amyloidosis is the deposition of amorphous protein within tissues. Breast biopsy is necessary ...

    Authors: Wakako Tsuji, Eiji Takeuchi, Satoshi Oka, Taro Yamashita and Fumiaki Yotsumoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:62

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  35. Leiomyosarcoma of vascular smooth muscle is a very rare entity. A fair number of cases of vascular leiomyosarcomas have been reported, and the vast majority of these tumors arose from the inferior vena cava.

    Authors: Antje E. Gohrbandt, Torsten Hansen, Christian Ell, Stefan S. Heinrich and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:60

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: