Skip to main content


Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 3 of 4

  1. Content type: Case report

    Kimura’s disease (KD; eosinophilic granuloma of soft tissue) is an inflammatory granulomatous disorder of unknown cause with eosinophilic infiltration that occurs mainly in soft tissue. KD occurs mainly in the...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Hitoshi Teraoka, Haruhito Kinoshita, Mikio Nanbara, Eiji Noda, Takaaki Chikugo, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:63

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Case report

    Hemolytic transfusion reactions and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) are life-threatening complications associated with the transfusion of blood products. Hemorrhage is one of the most common surg...

    Authors: Tim N. Beck, Natalee G. Young, Michelle L. Erickson and Ignacio Prats

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:48

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Case report

    Castleman’s disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology that most commonly presents as a mediastinal nodal mass. It is exceptionally uncommon for Castleman’s disease to present in the me...

    Authors: Umberto Bracale, Francesco Pacelli, Marco Milone, Umberto Marcello Bracale, Maurizio Sodo, Giovanni Merola, Teresa Troiani and Enrico Di Salvo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:38

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Case report

    Gastroduodenalartery (GDA) pseudo-aneurysms are very rare. Their clinical importance lies in the eventuality of rupture, causing bleeding and ultimately exsanguination.

    Authors: Haithem Zaafouri, Anis Hasnaoui, Sonia Essghaeir, Dhafer Haddad, Meriam Sabbah, Ahmed Bouhafa, Jamel Kharrat and Anis Ben Maamer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:30

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Case report

    Chylous leakage is a well-known complication after esophagectomy, but cervical chylous leakage is relatively rare, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herei...

    Authors: Tatsuro Tamura, Naoshi Kubo, Akira Yamamoto, Katsunobu Sakurai, Takahiro Toyokawa, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kazuya Muguruma, Masakazu Yashiro, Kiyoshi Maeda, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:20

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Case report

    The most common cause of perihilar obstruction is cholangiocarcinoma, especially in Thailand. Benign perihilar stricture represents less than 20% of cases. IgG4-related disease and IgG4-related sclerosing chol...

    Authors: Narongsak Rungsakulkij, Pattana Sornmayura and Penampai Tannaphai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:17

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Case report

    Richter’s hernia is a high-risk ischaemic gastrointestinal disorder that is typically diagnosed in a delayed manner due to a lack of obvious symptoms. Spontaneous umbilical enterocutaneous fistula (ECF) result...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Lei Liu, Hui Huang, Mianxu Jiang and Tao Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:15

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Case report

    To report the association between thoracic duct ligation and acute pancreatitis. The association between sudden stop of lymphatic flow and pancreatitis has been established in experimental models.

    Authors: Benoît Bédat, Cosimo Riccardo Scarpa, Samira Mercedes Sadowski, Frédéric Triponez and Wolfram Karenovics

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:9

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Case report

    This report presents a case of a 57- year old female with advanced Hepatic Alveolar Echinococcosis causing a secondary Budd-Chiari Syndrome due to infiltration of the suprahepatic inferior vena cava treated su...

    Authors: Konrad Kobryń, Rafał Paluszkiewicz, Krzysztof Dudek, Urszula Ołdakowska-Jedynak, Michał Korba, Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Piotr Remiszewski, Michał Grąt, Piotr Milkiewicz, Waldemar Patkowski and Marek Krawczyk

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:5

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Case report

    The complete resection is one of the most crucial requirements to achieve favorable outcomes in oncologic surgery. The apex of the lung is surrounded complicatedly by the clavicle, the first rib, the subclavia...

    Authors: Yasoo Sugiura, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Masao Naruke, Toshinori Hashizume, Shizuka Kaseda and Etsuo Nemoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:4

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Case report

    Despite the efficacy of pharmacotherapy for gastrointestinal ulcers, severe cases of bleeding or perforation due to gastrointestinal ulcers still occur. Giant duodenal ulcer perforation is an uncommon but diff...

    Authors: Chihoko Nobori, Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Hiroaki Tanaka, Kentaro Naito, Toshihiro Takami, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:75

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Case report

    Primary amyloidosis of the breast is an unusual benign disease that mostly occurs in postmenopausal elderly women. Amyloidosis is the deposition of amorphous protein within tissues. Breast biopsy is necessary ...

    Authors: Wakako Tsuji, Eiji Takeuchi, Satoshi Oka, Taro Yamashita and Fumiaki Yotsumoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:62

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Case report

    Leiomyosarcoma of vascular smooth muscle is a very rare entity. A fair number of cases of vascular leiomyosarcomas have been reported, and the vast majority of these tumors arose from the inferior vena cava.

    Authors: Antje E. Gohrbandt, Torsten Hansen, Christian Ell, Stefan S. Heinrich and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:60

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Case report

    Psoas abscess is a rare clinical disease of various origins. Most common causes include hematogenous spread of bacteria from a different primary source, spondylodiscitis or perforated intestinal organs. But ra...

    Authors: Matthias Mehdorn, Tim-Ole Petersen, Michael Bartels, Boris Jansen-Winkeln and Woubet Tefera Kassahun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:55

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Case report

    Thoracic disc surgeries make up only a small number of all spine surgeries performed, but they can have a considerable number of postoperative complications. Numerous approaches have been developed and studied...

    Authors: Luiz Henrique Dias Sandon, Gun Choi, EunSoo Park and Hyung-Chang Lee

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:47

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Case report

    The McKittrick-Wheelock syndrome is a rare depletion syndrome caused by a secretory villous adenoma or a carcinoma of the rectosigmoid tract. An aggressive hydroelectrolyte rebalancing is often needed, and cur...

    Authors: Annamaria Agnes, Domenico Novelli, Giovanni Battista Doglietto and Valerio Papa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:39

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Case report

    IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized disorder, characterized by massive IgG4+ lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration, storiform fibrosis, causing enlargement, nodules or thickening of the vari...

    Authors: Dimitar Bulanov, Elena Arabadzhieva, Sasho Bonev, Atanas Yonkov, Diana Kyoseva, Tihomir Dikov and Violeta Dimitrova

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:37

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Case report

    Bochdalek hernia (BH) is generally congenital, presenting with respiratory distress. However, this pathology is rarely detected in adults. Some adult cases of BH present with symptoms attributed to the hernia,...

    Authors: Satoru Kikuchi, Masahiko Nishizaki, Shinji Kuroda, Shunsuke Kagawa and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:34

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Case report

    Laparoscopic abdominal surgery may prove difficult in patients who have undergone previous abdominal procedures. No reports in the medical literature have presented an aborted laparoscopic procedure for failed...

    Authors: Daniel M Balkin, Quan-Yang Duh, Gabriel M Kind, David S Chang and Mary H McGrath

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:28

    Published on:

    The Erratum to this article has been published in BMC Surgery 2016 16:44

  20. Content type: Case report

    Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) is a major postoperative complication after pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PpPD) and sometimes causes reflux esophagitis. In most cases, this morbidity is controllable...

    Authors: Masahide Fukaya, Tetsuya Abe and Masato Nagino

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:19

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Case report

    Preclinical and early clinical external pelvic stabilization using commercially available devices has become common in trauma patient care. Thus, in the emergency department an increasing number of patients wi...

    Authors: Jörg Bayer, Thorsten Hammer, Dirk Maier, Norbert Paul Südkamp and Oliver Hauschild

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:11

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Case report

    Polypropylene meshes are widely used in hernia repairs. Hernia meshes have been developed incorporating coatings of active agents. One commercially available mesh has a fish oil coating which is promoted as ha...

    Authors: Chia Yew Kong, Lee Lee Lai, Amanda Yin Yen Khoo, Nazarina Abdul Rahman and Kin Fah Chin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:8

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Case report

    Severe knee flexion contractures greater than 80° are rare and challenging to manage. Previous studies have demonstrated unsatisfactory clinical results after correcting these deformities because residual flex...

    Authors: Qiang He, Lin Xiao, Jianbing Ma and Guanghui Zhao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2016 16:7

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Case report

    Although neuroendocrine tumors are most commonly found in the digestive system, neuroendocrine tumors originating from the bile duct are rare, and neuroendocrine carcinomas derived from the perihilar bile duct...

    Authors: Yasuhiro Kihara, Hiroshi Yokomizo, Takahiro Urata, Michiko Nagamine and Toshihiko Hirata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:125

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Case report

    Richter’s hernia has an early misleading presentation with tendency to strangulation due to common lack of obstructive symptoms which may lead to delay in diagnosis and hence increased mortality. Rarely inguin...

    Authors: Kuldip Singh Ahi, Ashish Moudgil, Kamna Aggarwal, Chandrashekhar Sharma and Kamlesh Singh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:67

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Case report

    Inguinal hernias account for 75 % of abdominal wall hernias, with a lifetime risk of 27 % in men and 3 % in women. Major complications are recurrence, chronic pain, and surgical site infection, but their frequ...

    Authors: Yu Ohkura, Shusuke Haruta, Hisashi Shinohara, Seigi Lee, Yudai Fukui, Nao Kobayashi, Kota Momose, Masaki Ueno and Harushi Udagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:64

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Case report

    Skull and intracranial metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have seldom been reported. A skull metastasis of HCC with a tumor bleeding resulting in spontaneous subdural hematoma (SDH) is extremely un...

    Authors: Cien-Leong Chye, Kuo-Hsuan Lin, Chang-Hsien Ou, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, I-Wei Chang and Cheng-Loong Liang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:60

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Case report

    Internal hernias include paraduodenal, pericecal, through foramen of Winslow, intersigmoid and retroanastomotic hernias. These hernias could be either congenital or acquired after abdominal surgery. They accou...

    Authors: Duminda Subasinghe, Chathuranga Tisara Keppetiyagama and Dharmabandhu N Samarasekera

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:57

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Case report

    Pheochromocytoma is a disease where catecholamines are secreted. If pheochromocytoma occurs during pregnancy, it can be difficult to diagnose because it is similar to pregnancy-induced hypertension. Furthermor...

    Authors: Kishu Kitayama, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Ryosuke Amano, Satoru Noda, Go Ohira, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Kae Hamamoto, Akihiro Hamuro, Masahiko Ohsawa, Naoyoshi Onoda and Kosei Hirakawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:55

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Case report

    Right hepatic arterial injury (RHAI) is the most common vascular injury sustained during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, occurring in up to 7% of cholecystectomies. RHAI is also the most common vascular injury a...

    Authors: Soondoos Raashed, Manju D Chandrasegaram, Khaled Alsaleh, Glen Schlaphoff and Neil D Merrett

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:51

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Case report

    Although cavernous hemangioma is one of the most frequently encountered benign hepatic neoplasms, hepatic sclerosed hemangioma is very rare. We report a case of hepatic sclerosed hemangioma that was difficult ...

    Authors: Shunsuke Miyamoto, Akihiko Oshita, Yutaka Daimaru, Masaru Sasaki, Hideki Ohdan and Atsushi Nakamitsu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:45

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic portal venous gas associated with non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia is indicative of a serious pathology that leads to bowel necrosis and it has a high mortality rate. Although non-occlusive mesenteric...

    Authors: Shota Maezawa, Motoo Fujita, Takeaki Sato and Shigeki Kushimoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:37

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Case report

    The term intussusception refers to invagination of a segment of the gastrointestinal tract into the lumen of an adjacent segment. This is a rare entity and it is more prevalent in children and less common in a...

    Authors: Hager Aref, Abrar Nawawi, Abdulmalik Altaf and Murad Aljiffry

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:36

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Case report

    Isolated retroperitoneal cystic masses are uncommon with an estimated incidence of 1/5750 to 1/250,000. The majority present with size related symptoms, complications, or a mass. Approximately a third of patie...

    Authors: Julie Ahn, Manju D Chandrasegaram, Khaled Alsaleh, Benjamin L Woodham, Adrian Teo, Amithaba Das, Neil D Merrett and Christos Apostolou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:25

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Case report

    Gorham’s disease is a rare osteolytic disorder characterized by progressive resorption of bone and replacement of osseous matrix by a proliferative non-neoplastic vascular or lymphatic tissue. A standardized t...

    Authors: Victoria Ohla, Ahmed B Bayoumi, Markus Hefty, Matthew Anderson and Ekkehard M Kasper

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:24

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Case report

    Situs inversus is a rare and silent autosomal recessive disorder occurring in 1:5,000 to 1:20,000 individuals. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a standard treatment for gallbladder disease in the general populati...

    Authors: Natthawut Phothong, Thawatchai Akaraviputh, Vitoon Chinswangwatanakul and Atthaphorn Trakarnsanga

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:23

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Case report

    Endovascular aneurysm repair has revolutionized the therapeutic strategy for abdominal aortic aneurysm. However, hostile proximal aneurysmal neck and tortuosity of access vessels remain challenges in selecting...

    Authors: Qinglong Zeng, Lianjun Huang, Xiaoyong Huang and Mingliang Peng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:20

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Case report

    Reduction en masse of inguinal hernia is a rare condition following manual reduction of an unrecognized incarcerated inguinal hernia. The preoperative diagnosis and surgical treatment via an inguinal approach ...

    Authors: Naoya Yamada, Atsushi Akai, Akihiko Seo, Yukihiro Nomura and Nobutaka Tanaka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2015 15:9

    Published on: