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Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. Peritoneal recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy occurs rarely, accounting for less than 1% of all recurrences. Reported causes of such dissemination include a history of rupture of th...

    Authors: Hikaru Hayashi, Akira Shimizu, Hiroaki Motoyama, Koji Kubota, Tsuyoshi Notake, Shinsuke Sugenoya, Kiyotaka Hosoda, Koya Yasukawa, Ryoichiro Kobayashi and Yuji Soejima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:107

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Breast augmentation with polyacrylamide gel (PAAG) injection was approved in China in 1998 and later banned in 2006. The ban ensued numerous complaints from patients such as pain, induration, deformation, infe...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Jiaming Sun and Jing Tong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:104

    Content type: Case report

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  3. A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare condition that is associated with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). Few reports have described managing PAVMs using uniportal video-assisted thorac...

    Authors: R. Li, Y. Zhou, S. Kang, F. Kong, L. Guan, Y. Zhao and X. Yin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  4. It is important to understand the branching pattern of the celiac artery for a safe surgery. Various branching anomalies of the celiac artery were classified by Adachi in 1928. In Adachi’s classification, type...

    Authors: Takayoshi Kishino, Kensuke Kumamoto, Akihiro Kondo, Seiji Noge, Yasuhisa Ando, Jun Uemura, Hironobu Suto, Eisuke Asano, Minoru Oshima, Hisashi Usuki, Keiichi Okano and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:99

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with multiple pathological types is extremely rare in the clinic, but the recurrence rate and mortality these patients are high. At present, there is no standard...

    Authors: Shangqing Ren, Hualin Feng, Yige Bao, Yi Wei, Yong Ou, Yaoqian Wang, Qian Lv, Shan Zhong, Fang Zhou, Shida Fan, Qiang Wang, Cheng Luo, Zhengjun Chen, Yu Nie and Dong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:96

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Orbital solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare neoplasms. Recurrent, hypervascular, malignant variations of orbital SFTs have recently been noted and can present a surgical challenge.

    Authors: Xiawei Wang, Jianqin Shen, Hongguang Cui, Jianwei Pan, Xiaodong Teng, Min Yan, Shi Feng and Wei Ding

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:92

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Primitive neuroectodermal tumours are clinically rare. Here, we report a case of a large peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the abdominal wall. The defect was reconstructed with the longest lateral...

    Authors: Xin Zhou, Pan You, Shuqing Huang, Xiang Li, Tongchun Mao, Anming Liu, Rongshuai Yan, Yiming Zhang, Wenlei Zhuo and Shaoliang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:90

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Angular pregnancy is characterized as implant medial to the uterotubal junction in lateral angular of uterine. It was a rare obstetric complication with severe complications like uterine rupture and retained p...

    Authors: Yin Meichen, Fei Jing, Zhai Lingyun and Zhou Jianwei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:76

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Synchronous multicentric osteosarcoma (SMOS) is a rare disease characterized by simultaneous multicentricity of intraosseous osteosarcoma without visceral involvement. SMOS, including a skull lesion, which occ...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Araki, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga, Yohei Asano, Takayuki Nojima and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:56

    Content type: Case report

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  10. There are few articles about the surgical techniques of thalamic glioma and the lesions in the basal ganglia area. According to three existing cases and the literature review (Twelve articles were summarized w...

    Authors: Haiyang Yang, Gang Bai, Yongli Zhang, Guolong Chen, Lei Duan, Youyun Bi and Haifeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:55

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Gastrointestinal lymphomas like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are rare complications of ulcerative colitis (UC), and only a few studies have reported intestinal ulcers caused by DLBCL, which got perfor...

    Authors: Takafumi Suzuki, Kazutsugu Iwamoto, Ryoichi Nozaki, Yasumitsu Saiki, Masafumi Tanaka, Mitsuko Fukunaga and Kazutaka Yamada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:50

    Content type: Case report

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  12. The prolapse of a ruptured and extruded bladder after vaginal hysterectomy is rare in clinical practice. We report the case of a significant mass that prolapsed from the vagina after a vaginal hysterectomy in ...

    Authors: Piao-Piao Ye, Xiao-Jian Yan, Yasmeen Bano, Hong-Qin Zhao, Feng-Feng Xie, Fang-Yi Zhang, Yu-Feng Wang, Hui Xie and Hai-Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:43

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Chemotherapy can cause thymic atrophy and reduce T-cell output in cancer patients. However, the thymus in young adult patients has regenerative potential after chemotherapy, manifesting as thymic hyperplasia w...

    Authors: Lei Qiu, Yi Zhao, Yang Yang, He Huang, Zhen Cai and Jingsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:38

    Content type: Case report

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  14. A hibernoma, also known as a brown fat tumor, is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, which originates from brown adipose tissue remaining in the fetus after the gestational period. It is often detected in adult m...

    Authors: Chao Huang, Lian Zhang, Xiaohan Hu, Quanzhe Liu, Wenrui Qu and Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:30

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Primary facial spasm accompanied by arrhythmia is a rare clinical phenomenon and has not been reported before. We describe this phenomenon and discuss its mechanism and treatment.

    Authors: Yufei Liu, Jihu Yang, Xiejun Zhang, Fanfan Chen, Liwei Zhang and Guodong Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) for diffusely spreading bile duct cancer (DSBDC) usually involves a major hepatectomy and a concomitant pancreatoduodenectomy, and is still challenging surgery because of post...

    Authors: Kapil Nagaraj, Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:23

    Content type: Case report

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  17. A horseshoe kidney is a congenital malformation involving the fusion of the bilateral kidneys and is often accompanied by anomalies of the ureteropelvic and vascular systems. When performing resection of color...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Yoshizawa, Kuniyuki Gomi, Arano Makino, Ryo Hisamune, Sinsuke Sugenoya, Kou Shimada, Kiyotomi Maruyama, Motohiro Mihara and Shoji Kajikawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:15

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumour that leads to various symptoms. Haemoptysis is rarely caused by a pheochromocytoma occurring outside the bronchus or thoracic cavity. Here, we report the ca...

    Authors: Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Masanori Odaira, Takahiro Yokose, Kaori Kameyama and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:13

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy that is strongly associated with chronic liver disease. Isolated hepatic tuberculosis is an uncommon type of tuberculosis. Concomitant...

    Authors: Hind S. Alsaif, Ali Hassan, Osamah Refai, Khaled Awary, Haitham Kussaibi, Mona H. Ismail and Ibrahim Alghnimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:2

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Benign foregut cysts usually develop in the thorax most of all in the mediastinum. Rare cases involving various abdominal organs, such as liver, stomach or pancreas have been previously published, mostly occur...

    Authors: Jozsef Furak, Anna Rieth, Aurel Ottlakan, Tibor Nemeth, Laszlo Torday, Laszlo Tiszlavicz and Gyorgy Lazar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:332

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Serous cysto-adenoma (SCA) is a rare benign neoplasm of the pancreas. SCA can mimic other pancreatic lesions, such as neuroendocrine tumours. 68Gallium-DOTA-peptide Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is able t...

    Authors: Gennaro Nappo, Niccola Funel, Simone Giudici, Paola Spaggiari, Giovanni Capretti, Silvia Carrara, Giovanna Pepe and Alessandro Zerbi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:331

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Mucinous cyst neoplasm of the liver (MCN-L) comprise less than 5% of all cystic liver lesions and is characterized by the presence of ovarian stroma and absence of bile duct communication.

    Authors: Raphaella Ferreira, Phillipe Abreu, Vagner Birk Jeismann, Vanderlei Segatelli, Fabricio Ferreira Coelho and Andre Ibrahim David

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:328

    Content type: Case report

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  23. In cases of Hirschsprung disease, complete and reproducible resection of the aganglionic bowel is ideal to achieve good postoperative bowel function. Reliable identification of the upper margin of the surgical...

    Authors: Kazuki Yokota, Hizuru Amano, Toyoki Kudo, Takeshi Yamamura, Yujiro Tanaka, Takahisa Tainaka, Chiyoe Shirota, Wataru Sumida, Satoshi Makita, Aitaro Takimoto, Masanao Nakamura, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Akinari Hinoki and Hiroo Uchida

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:317

    Content type: Technical advance

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  24. The common complications of radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy usually include wound infection, hemorrhage or hematomas, lymphocele, uretheral injury, ileus and incisional hernias. However, intern...

    Authors: Wen Ai, Zhihua Liang, Feng Li and Haihua Yu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:312

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Hemobilia occurs mainly due to iatrogenic factors such as impairment of the right hepatic or cystic artery, and/or common bile duct in hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery. However, little or no cases with hemobil...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Yoshida, Yuzo Umeda, Masaya Iwamuro, Kazuyuki Matsumoto, Hironari Kato, Mayu Uka, Yusuke Matsui, Ryuichi Yoshida, Takashi Kuise, Kazuya Yasui, Kosei Takagi, Hiroyuki Araki, Takahito Yagi and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:307

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Paragangliomas (PGLs) are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumours arising from extra-adrenal chromaffin cells. PGLs are clinically rare, difficult to diagnose and usually require surgical intervention. PGLs most...

    Authors: Yanliang Yang, Guangzhi Wang, Haofeng Lu, Yaqing Liu, Shili Ning and Fuwen Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:304

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Leiomyosarcoma usually develops in the myometrium and is characterized by a high recurrence rate, frequent hematogenous dissemination, and poor prognosis. Metastasis is usually to lungs, liver, and bone, and o...

    Authors: Fiorella Cazzato, Angela D’Ercole, Graziano De Luca, Francesca B. Aiello and Adelchi Croce

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:297

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Sacrococcygeal teratomas are tumors originating from pluripotent embryonic germ cell layers located in the fetal coccyx. These tumors are highly vascular if they undergo malignant transformation. Typically, th...

    Authors: Esubalew T. Mindaye, Mulugeta Kassahun, Sarah Prager and Tesfaye H. Tufa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:295

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Pulmonary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome that mainly occurs in patients with lung cancer. Most symptoms occur symmetrically, and unilateral symptoms without clubbing are ...

    Authors: Gang Xu, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:293

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, originating from vascular endothelial cells, accounting for approximatively 1–2% of soft tissue sarcomas. It is characterized by a rapid proliferation and high metastati...

    Authors: Stefano Presacco, Amedea L. Agnes, Sabina Magalini, Arnaldo Carbone, Maurizio Martini and Annamaria Agnes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:291

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Schwannomas are nerve sheath tumors that commonly originate from the stomach and small intestine. A primary schwannoma of the diaphragm is rare and does not show any symptoms until it grows to a certain size. ...

    Authors: Ayako Kamiya, Yukinori Yamagata, Hiroshi Yoshida, Kenichi Ishizu, Takeyuki Wada, Tsutomu Hayashi, Sho Otsuki, Takaki Yoshikawa and Hitoshi Katai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:289

    Content type: Case report

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  32. The sternum is considered an unusual tumor site, corresponding to 15% of all thoracic wall tumors. Primary sternal tumors are even rarer and most commonly malignant. We present the case of a young man who cons...

    Authors: Liliana Fernández-Trujillo, Saveria Sangiovanni, Eliana I. Morales, Valeria Marin, Luz F. Sua and Mauricio Velasquez

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:288

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Gardner syndrome is a subtype of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized by a combination of adenomatous intestinal polyps and extracolonic lesions such as multiple osteomas, dental abnormalities, ...

    Authors: Liquan Jin, Yunbo Tan, Ziting Su, Shan Huang, Sita Pokhrel, Hongbo Shi and Yiming Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:282

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  34. Bezoars are collections of indigestible material in the gastrointestinal tract, mostly described in children. Polyurethane “plastobezoars” consisting of composites used in the construction industry are rarely ...

    Authors: Krzysztof Ziaja, Jerzy Chudek, Aleksander Chlubek, Mariola Sznapka, Tomasz Toborek and Damian Ziaja

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:281

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Ewing sarcoma (ES) or primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) represents a spectrum of poorly differentiated and aggressive malignancies. It rarely arises from the kidney and accounts for less than 1% of renal...

    Authors: Li Cheng, Yujie Xu, Hong Song, Houbao Huang and Dong Zhuo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:280

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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