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Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 1 of 4

  1. The cystic duct has been included in the staging classification scheme for gallbladder cancer since the 2010 publication of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (7th edition). To our knowledge, only seven other case...

    Authors: Pankaj Prasoon, Yuki Hirose, Jun Sakata, Kizuki Yuza, Kazuki Moro, Koji Toge, Kohei Miura, Masayuki Nagahashi, Takashi Kobayashi, Kouei Nihei, Atsuo Nakamura and Toshifumi Wakai

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:183

    Content type: Case report

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  2. The complex anatomy of the head and neck creates a formidable challenge for surgical reconstruction. However, good functional reconstruction plays a vital role in the quality of life of patients undergoing hea...

    Authors: Chao Li, Yongchong Cai, Wei Wang, Yan Sun, Guojun Li, Amy L. Dimachkieh, Weidong Tian and Ronghao Sun

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:182

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Duodenal fibrolipoma and duodenum-jejunum intussusception are both rare occasions in clinical practice. The diagnosis of duodenal fibrolipoma mainly depends on endoscopy examination, supplemented by CT and MRI...

    Authors: Bangbo Zhao, Xingtong Zhou and Weibin Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:169

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Appendiceal inversion with neoplasia in adults is an extremely rare event with a reported incidence of < 0.01%. Preoperative diagnosis is very important for surgical treatment; however, it is very difficult to...

    Authors: Xinlu Liu, Ge Liu, Yanfeng Liu, Hongsheng Zhou, Liyu Yu, Yun Xu, Xue Song and Jing Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:168

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Abdominal cocoon is a rare peritoneal lesion and is difficult to diagnose because of its lack of special clinical manifestations. Until now, there is no case report of abdominal cocoon combined with cryptorchi...

    Authors: Bingqing Yue, Zilian Cui, Weiting Kang, Hanbo Wang, Yuzhu Xiang, Zhilong Huang and Xunbo Jin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:167

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Coronary artery aneurysms in most cases require surgical treatment once diagnosed. Lifelong anticoagulation is often needed after surgery. We herein describe a 55-year-old man who was asymptomatic and diagnose...

    Authors: Yan Ren, Lin Xie, Weiqiang Ruan, Yajiao Li, Peng Ji, Changping Gan and Ke Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:166

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Triple neural tube defects are rare. To the author’s knowledge, there are only four reported cases available in the literature up to date. Controversies exist with regards to the development of neural tube def...

    Authors: Jayant Kumar Yadav, Ahtesham Khizar, Pradhumna Kumar Yadav, Ghulam Mustafa and Sajid Nazir Bhatti

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:164

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Iatrogenic bile duct injuries (BDIs) are mostly associated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy but may also occur following gastroduodenal surgery or liver resection. Delayed diagnosis of type of injury with an ...

    Authors: Jerzy Lubikowski, Bernard Piotuch, Anna Stadnik, Marta Przedniczek, Piotr Remiszewski, Piotr Milkiewicz, Michael A. Silva and Maciej Wojcicki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:162

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Intussusception in adult patient is rare. Gastroduodenal intussusception due to the gastrointestinal stromal tumors is infrequently described in the literature. Authors present a case of gastroduodenal intussu...

    Authors: Mihajlo Đokić, Jerica Novak, Miha Petrič, Branislava Ranković, Miha Štabuc and Blaž Trotovšek

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:158

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Endovascular treatment has been recognized as the first line therapy for renal artery aneurysm (RAA). However, RAA related with malignancies had been sporadically reported in the literature. Stent insertion sh...

    Authors: Jian-zhong Zhang, Peng Zhang, Li-yang Wu, Yong Wang, Kun Gao, Qiang Huang and Xiao-hui Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:154

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) has emerged as an equally viable option to deceased donor liver transplant for treating end stage liver disease patients. Optimising the recipient outcome without comp...

    Authors: Nikam Vinayak, Mohanka Ravi, Golhar Ankush, Bhade Rashmi, Rao Prashantha, Gadre Parul and Shrimal Anurag

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:149

    Content type: Case report

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  12. We are a reporting a rare case of retroperitoneal schwanomma with atypical pre and postoperative manifestations. Retroperitoneal schwannomas are rare tumors that are difficult to preoperatively diagnose.

    Authors: Bárbara Justo Carvalho, Kayo Augusto de Almeida Medeiros, Diego Ramos Martines, Fernanda Nii, Leonardo Zumerkorn Pipek, Gustavo Heluani Antunes de Mesquita, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D’Albuquerque, Alberto Meyer and Wellington Andraus

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:148

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Eccrine porocarcinoma is an extremely rare skin adnexal malignant neoplasia with highly invasive and metastatic potential. We report an additional case of eccrine porocarcinoma with intracranial metastases. Th...

    Authors: Jie Shen, Xinfa Pan, Yongfu Lu, Desheng Pan, Yuehui Ma and Renya Zhan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:142

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) originating from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are rare and very highly malignant disease with a poor prognosis. Poorly differentiated NECs most commonl...

    Authors: Jong Eun Lee, Sung Hoon Hong, Hae Il Jung, Myoung Won Son, Tae Sung Ahn, Sun Wook Han and Jun Hun Cho

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:135

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Intra-operative identification of parathyroid glands is often a challenge for surgeons performing parathyroid or thyroid surgery. Parathyroid glands stimulated by near-infrared light emit autofluorescence, whi...

    Authors: Carlos Serra, Luís Silveira, António Canudo and Manuel C. Lemos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:120

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Multiple coronary artery dissection is rare after cardiac surgery. It is difficult to recognize and is easily misdiagnosed as low output syndrome as a result of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Dengshen Zhang, Jun Shi, Jianglong Hou and Yingqiang Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:118

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is an uncommon complication of severe pancreatitis. It is defined as a sustained intraabdominal pressure (IAP) > 20 mmHg (with or without an abdominal perfusion pressure (A...

    Authors: Adele Hwee Hong Lee, Wen-Shen Lee and David Anderson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:113

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Bacteraemia of the donor is not considered to be contraindication of organ procurement. On the other hand, infection of solid organ transplant recipients remains to be a major cause of their morbidity and mort...

    Authors: Eva Kieslichova, Marek Protus, Dana Nemcova and Eva Uchytilova

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:111

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Post cholecystectomy syndrome is characterized as recurrence of symptoms as experienced before cholecystectomy. In rare cases, a remnant cystic duct is causing these symptoms and occasionally surgical resectio...

    Authors: Labrinus van Manen, Quirijn R. J. G. Tummers, Akin Inderson, Abha Bhalla, Alexander L. Vahrmeijer, Bert A. Bonsing and J. Sven. D. Mieog

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:104

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Spine fractures combined with sternal injury are most commonly occur in the thoracic region. Lower cervical and thoracolumbar injuries have also been reported, especially for the patients with manubriosternal ...

    Authors: Wei-yu Jiang, Yun-lin Chen, Nan-jian Xu, Xu-dong Hu, Chao-yue Ruan and Wei-hu Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:101

    Content type: Case report

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  21. A giant phyllodes tumor of the breast is a rare fibroepithelial lesion, and its treatment is controversial. Many case reports have reported performing skin graft reconstruction after tumor excision. Chest wall...

    Authors: Chih-Yu Kuo, Shing-Huey Lin, Kuan-Der Lee, Sho-Jen Cheng, Jan-Show Chu and Shih-Hsin Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:100

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects spine and paraspinal soft tissue. Ankylosing spondylitis is one of the causes of osteoporosis and patients with ankylosing s...

    Authors: Yang Min, Gu Hui-Yun, Zhong Hou-cheng, Xie Yuan-long, Jin Wei, Cai Lin and Wei Ren-xiong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:99

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Occipital neuralgia is one of the postoperative complications of C1 lateral mass screw insertion, which was deemed to be related with the C2 nerve root dysfunction.

    Authors: Jun-Song Yang, Jing Li, Hao Chen, Peng Liu, Chu Chen, Tuan-Jiang Liu, Lei Chu and Ding-Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:96

    Content type: Case report

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  24. No data are available to assess the learning curve for transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic hysterectomy for non-prolapsed uteri in benign gynecologic diseases. The lack of exposure to transvag...

    Authors: Chin-Jung Wang, Justina Go, Hui-Yu Huang, Kai-Yun Wu, Yi-Ting Huang, Yu-Cheng Liu and Cindy Hsuan Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:88

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is the second most performed bariatric surgical procedure. With the increasing number of patients undergoing bariatric surgery, the number of complications is...

    Authors: Kiran Chandni Baran and Maurits de Brauw

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:77

    Content type: Case report

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  26. An orbitocranial injury with a penetrating Intraorbital Foreign Body (IOFB) is listed as a rare cause of penetrating trauma. Since this type of trauma is considered a surgical emergency, taking a thorough hist...

    Authors: Farhad Mirzaei, Firooz Salehpour, Ghaffar Shokuhi, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Sana Salehi and Sina Parsay

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:76

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Intussusception is a relatively common condition seen in children. In comparison, adult intussusception is rare and usually occurs as a complication in patients with organic diseases. It is responsible for 1% ...

    Authors: Tamuro Hayama, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Kohei Ohno, Yuka Okada, Kentaro Nemoto, Takahiro Yagi, Mitsuo Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Fukushima, Tsuyoshi Ozawa, Ryu Shimada, Koichi Okamoto, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Keijiro Nozawa and Keiji Matsuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:74

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare pathology caused by a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. If intractable by conventional methods (i.e. bedrest, analgesics, or epidural blood patching) it may l...

    Authors: Michael Fiechter, Alexander Ott, Jürgen Beck, Astrid Weyerbrock and Jean-Yves Fournier

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:66

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Tumor lysis syndrome is an unusual metabolic emergency in solid tumors. Perioperative occurrence of this syndrome is extremely rare but may have fatal consequences if not detected and treated on time.

    Authors: Daniel Pindak, Katarina Rejlekova, Miroslav Tomas, Ramadan Aziri, Eva Rovenska, Judita Puskacova and Michal Mego

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:62

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Bezoars are rare but may cause gastrointestinal obstruction and ulcers. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of bezoars in the reconstructed gastric conduit have been reported, but there has been no re...

    Authors: Keiichiro Hatoyama, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Makoto Hikage, Chiaki Sato, Hiroshi Okamoto, Kai Takaya, Yu Onodera and Takashi Kamei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:59

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Non-parasitic splenic cysts are associated with elevated serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19–9 levels. We report a case in which a 23-year-old female exhibited a large ruptured splenic cyst and an elevated seru...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Imoto, Takahiro Einama, Makiko Fukumura, Keita Kouzu, Hiromi Nagata, Ayano Matsunaga, Mayumi Hoshikawa, Makoto Nishikawa, Akifumi Kimura, Takuji Noro, Suefumi Aosasa, Hideyuki Shimazaki, Hideki Ueno and Junji Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:58

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Late solidified hematoma is a rare complication of breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi (LD) flap. The majority of hematomas occur in the immediate postoperative period; however, some cases can occur at...

    Authors: Joon Seok Lee, Hyeon Jun Jeon, Jeeyeon Lee, Ho Yong Park and Jung Dug Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:51

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Kummell’s Disease has insidious progression. Neurological deficit is usually slow in onset and progression and only few cases of acute neurological deficit have been reported. We came across a case of Kummell’...

    Authors: Hyeun Sung Kim, Ravindra Singh, Nitin Maruti Adsul, Sung Woon Oh, Jung Hoon Noh, Jun Hwan Park, I. L. Tae Jang and Seong Hoon Oh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:49

    Content type: Case report

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  34. The accessory spleen is a congenital defect characterized by a separated ectopic splenic parenchyma. The size is rarely more than 4 cm. The preoperative diagnosis is prohibitive preoperatively. The aims of the...

    Authors: V. Palumbo, M. Mannino, M. Teodoro, G. Menconi, E. Schembari, G. Corsale, I. Di Carlo and A. Toro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:45

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant genetic disease with characteristic café-au-lait spots, neurofibroma, and dystrophic changes in the bones. However, complications involving atlanto-axial dislo...

    Authors: Hayato Kinoshita, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:44

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a disease involving the peritoneum characterized by the production of large quantities of mucinous ascites. PMP has a low incidence, is difficult to diagnose, and has a guarded ...

    Authors: Shili Ning, Yanliang Yang, Chen Wang and Fuwen Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:42

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular lesions associated with early quiescence, late expansion, and, ultimately, infiltration and destruction of local soft tissue and bone. The extrem...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Hidenori Matsubara, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Hiroyuki Inatani and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:35

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare neoplasm that tends to occur in the lower limbs of children and adolescents. Metastatic breast tumors constitute 0.5–2.0% of all malignant mammary neoplas...

    Authors: Yuka Asano, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Sadao Tokimasa, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:30

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Subchondral bone is commonly affected in cases of giant cell tumour (GCT) of the proximal tibia. Numerous studies have stated that retaining a sufficient subchondral bone layer could decrease the possibilities...

    Authors: Minxun Lu, Jie Wang, Fan Tang, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:29

    Content type: Case report

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