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Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. Idiopathic portal hypertension (IPH) generally has a good prognosis and rarely results in liver transplantation. Furthermore, there are few reports of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for IPH with ext...

    Authors: Shigeyuki Kawachi, Naokazu Chiba, Masashi Nakagawa, Toshimichi Kobayashi, Kosuke Hikita, Toru Sano, Koichi Tomita, Hiroshi Hirano, Yuta Abe, Hideaki Obara and Motohide Shimazu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:257

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Accessory renal artery (ARA) is the most common site for anatomical variation of renal supply artery. Rare studies reported interventional embolization for the management of massive hemorrhage caused by ARA in...

    Authors: Dong Liang, Hui Zhang, Min Yang, Hong Ji, Gang Chen, Ning Yu and Xiaomin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:256

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Double primary cancers have a low incidence rate, and synchronous hepatocellular carcinoma and gallbladder adenocarcinoma are rarely reported. Here, we report such a case— the 12th case of synchronous double p...

    Authors: Yan Xu, Quan-Ning Chen, Hui Wang, Nan-Bin Liu and Bao-Min Shi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:246

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Although spinal schwannomas generally grow very slowly, it has been reported that these clinical growths and their associated neurological symptoms accelerate during pregnancy. Because these cases are rare, su...

    Authors: Koki Kawaguchi, Koji Akeda, Norihiko Takegami, Tatsuya Kurata, Kuniaki Toriyabe, Tomoaki Ikeda and Akihiro Sudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:245

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Acute abdominal wall hernia complications usually require a prompt surgical treatment. The aim of this case series is to report our experience with some unusual cases of apparent acute and subacute hernia comp...

    Authors: Michela Zanatta, Giovanna Brancato, Guido Basile, Francesco Basile and Marcello Donati

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:239

    Content type: Case report

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  6. Pneumoperitoneum to maintain a constant gas flow to assist various surgeries is known to cause severe bradycardia and has been linked to heart failure;; however, a recent study demonstrated that it is not link...

    Authors: Fumito Yamabe, Yozo Mitsui, Orie Hoshino, Tomo Shimizu, Mizuki Kasahara, Hideyuki Kobayashi and Koichi Nakajima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:238

    Content type: Case report

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  7. The management for subacute or chronic fistula after bariatric surgery is very complicated and with no standard protocol yet. It is also an Achilles’ heel of all bariatric surgery. The aim of this case report ...

    Authors: Hung-Hsuan Yen, Yu-Ting Lin, Jin-Ming Wu, Kao-Lang Liu and Ming-Tsan Lin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:231

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Spontaneous gas-forming pyogenic liver abscess (GFPLA) is a rare complication with a high fatality rate in spite of aggressive management. Clinical spectrum of GFPLA can mimic hollow viscus perforation as it u...

    Authors: Thuong Pham Van, Son Vu Ngoc, Ngoc Anh Nguyen Hoang, Doan Hoang Huu and Tung Anh Dinh Duong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:228

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Immunosuppressed patients, including individuals with organ transplantation, have been among susceptible groups with regard to COVID-19, on the other hand pediatric patients more commonly undergo a mild clinic...

    Authors: Hamed Nikoupour, Kourosh Kazemi, Peyman Arasteh, Saba Ghazimoghadam, Hesameddin Eghlimi, Naghi Dara, Siavash Gholami and Saman Nikeghbalian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:224

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Splenic rupture is an emergency condition and a vast number of cases are secondary to trauma. Several underlying pathologies have also been associated with splenic rupture, such as hematological diseases, mali...

    Authors: Mohammadreza Mobayen, Saeed Yousefi, Mohammadsadegh Mousavi and Amin Shafighi Anbaran

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:220

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Gastrointestinal injury following blunt abdominal trauma is uncommon; a combined stomach and duodenal perforating injury is even more rare. Because these two organs are located in different spaces in the abdom...

    Authors: Chun-Chi Lai, Hung-Chang Huang and Ray-Jade Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:217

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Acquired Hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare bleeding diathesis in patients with no previous personal or family bleeding history. The diagnosis of this disease often delays due to unfamiliarity of physicians with it,...

    Authors: Umar Zeb Khan, Xiangwu Yang, Matiullah Masroor, Abdul Aziz, Hui Yi and Hai Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:213

    Content type: Case report

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  13. We present a living donor case with an unexpected large-volume pneumothorax diagnosed using lung ultrasound during a laparoscopic hepatectomy for liver transplantation (LT).

    Authors: Min Suk Chae, Jueun Kwak, Kyungmoon Roh, Minhee Kim, Sungeun Park, Ho Joong Choi, Jaesik Park, Jung-Woo Shim, Hyung Mook Lee, Yong-Suk Kim, Young Eun Moon and Sang Hyun Hong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:206

    Content type: Case report

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  14. To reduce the risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak, clinicians utilize a filling material placed in the sella followed by floor reconstruction with various materials, including glue sealing. Cyano-acrylic glue Glu...

    Authors: Majid Bani-Ata, Firas Alzoubi, Bashar Abuzayed, Ala”a A. Alhowary and Abdelwahab J. Aleshawi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:205

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Intrapulmonary teratoma (IPT) is a rare type of extra gonadal teratoma which often presents with non-specific symptoms and can be misdiagnosed as other diseases. Here we report a patient with IPT which was ini...

    Authors: Parviz Mardani, Reyhaneh Naseri, Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Mohammad Hossein Anbardar, Damoun Fouladi and Keivan Ranjbar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:203

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Staphylococcus caprae (Sc) is an uncommon causative organism for human. Lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis (LPS) of Sc is extremely rare and only a few cases have been reported. As far as we know, there is no sp...

    Authors: Zihan Fan, Yong Yang, Dong Li and Qi Fei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:200

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Vaginal vault prolapse is the most frequent long-term complication in patients undergoing hysterectomy and sacralcolpopexy is considered the gold standard. We report our surgical strategy maintaining single-ar...

    Authors: Federico Romano, Andrea Sartore, Denise Mordeglia, Giovanni Di Lorenzo, Guglielmo Stabile and Giuseppe Ricci

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:199

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Intussusception is a form of intestinal obstruction in which a segment of the bowel prolapses into a more distal segment. It is an uncommon condition in children older than 2 years and causes intestinal obstru...

    Authors: Ahmad Sankari Tarabishi, Ziad Aljarad, Baraa Shebli, Ahmad Humam Masri, Rami Anadani, Muhammad Besher Shabouk and Mazen Trissi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:198

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Idiopathic chronic ulcerative enteritis (ICUE) is a very rare disease with high mortality. Because of clinical rarity, several small case reports have been published and there is a lack of large sample study. ...

    Authors: Chang-Yeon Jung and Jung-Min Bae

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:196

    Content type: Case report

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  20. The windswept lower limb deformity describes valgus deformity in one leg with varus deformity in the other. It is mostly seen in young children with metabolic bone diseases (such as rickets) and may lead to le...

    Authors: Xi Yang, Qiang Zou, Yueming Song, Limin Liu and Chunguang Zhou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:195

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Phyllodes tumors (PTs) are well known for local recurrence and progression. Less than 10% of these tumors grow larger than 10 cm. Distant metastases have been reported in up to 22% of malignant PTs, with most ...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Chin-Wen Hsu, Shan-Tao Chien, Zheng-Yi Huang, Wen-Ching Kung and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:187

    Content type: Case report

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  22. Cavernous hemangioma, as a rare tumor, is difficult to differentiate from retroperitoneal lymphoma and paraganglioma. They are more difficult to excise completely through open surgery and traditional laparosco...

    Authors: Zheng-Jun Chen, Dong Wang, Shi-Da Fan, Shang-Qing Ren, Fang Zhou, Yu Nie, Qian Lv and Jing-Zhi Tian

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:186

    Content type: Case report

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  23. The clinical incidence of appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma is low. Moreover, the case reports of postoperative relapse after surgery are rarely based on literature search results. Here, we report such a cas...

    Authors: Wei Chen, Jun-Wen Ye, Xiao-ping Tan, Xiang Peng, Yan Zhang, Jing-Lin Liang and Mei-Jin Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:182

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Laryngeal rhabdomyosarcomas (RMSs) mainly occurred in children, while were extremely rare in adults. Consequently, less information was available to guide clinicians to manage adult RMSs in larynx.

    Authors: Juanjuan Hu, Dan Lu, Jia Ren, Qiao Wen, Jing Zhou, Weigang Gan, Jun Liu, Shixi Liu, Hui Yang and Jian Zou

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:173

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Synovial sarcoma is a soft tissue malignancy that frequently affects the extremities, adjacent to the large joints. Synovial sarcoma has a high rate of distant metastasis; however, pancreatic metastasis is ext...

    Authors: Takahiro Yokose, Minoru Kitago, Go Oshima, Kodai Abe, Yohei Masugi, Eisuke Miura, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Yohji Matsusaka, Yutaka Endo, Kenji Toyama, Shigeo Okuda and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:175

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies indicate that more aggressive treatments, including surgical resection or locoregional treatment, may benefit selec...

    Authors: Xiaodong Song, Yong He, Huihong Liang, Menling Han and Zili Shao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:174

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Pancreatic fistula is a common complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy, which could be caused by: soft pancreatic tissue, pancreatic duct diameter < 3 mm and body mass index ≥25 kg/m2. Here we report a case of...

    Authors: Hanteng Yang, Yanxian Ren, Zeyuan Yu, Huinian Zhou, Shuze Zhang, Changjiang Luo and Zuoyi Jiao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:170

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Delta-shaped anastomosis is a common method of intracorporeal gastroduodenostomy in totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. One common postoperative complication of this procedure is anastomotic stenosis, and...

    Authors: Jun Arima, Kohei Taniguchi, Toshihiro Kobayashi, Ichiro Tsunematsu, Shuji Kagota, Junna Sakane, Yusuke Suzuki, Kazuhisa Uchiyama and Masako Hiramatsu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:163

    Content type: Case report

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  29. Hernia mesh erosion into the urinary bladder is a rare complication of hernioplasty, and mesh immigration is the most probable pathophysiology. There is no report describing mesh erosion induced by fixing tack...

    Authors: Wan-Zhang Liu, Jun-Hai Qian, Zhi-Jiu Shen, Bin-Bin Yang and Yue Cheng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:161

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Granular cell tumor (GCT) of the thyroid is a rare benign tumor of Schwann cell origin with a favorable prognosis and only 10 cases have been reported so far in scientific literature. The present case study de...

    Authors: Yu-qin He, Hai-zhen Lu, De-zhi Li, Mo-qi Chen, Kai Wang, Zhen-gang Xu and Shao-yan Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:154

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Tuberculosis (TB) is classified according to the site of disease as pulmonary or extrapulmonary. Extrapulmonary TB is less common than its counterpart in which it can be found anywhere in the body including th...

    Authors: Vee Chuan Hoe, Allim Khairuddin, Jun Sam Tan, Mohd Sharifudin Sharif, Nornazirah Azizan and Firdaus Hayati

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:145

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Hepatic hemangioma (HH) is the most common benign tumor of the liver. In special conditions such as rapidly growing tumors, persistent pain, hemorrhage and when pressure effect on adjacent organs exist treatme...

    Authors: Hesameddin Eghlimi, Peyman Arasteh and Nazanin Azade

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:142

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Biliary metastasis of colorectal cancer is a manifestation of metastatic liver carcinoma, and is often difficult to differentiate from cholangiocarcinoma. Further, lower bile duct metastasis of colorectal canc...

    Authors: Yoichi Nakagawa, Atsuyuki Maeda, Kazuaki Seita and Yuji Kaneoka

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:137

    Content type: Case report

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  34. Liver abscess due to gastrointestinal perforation by foreign bodies is rare. Furthermore, there are few case reports of liver abscess via the portal vein caused by perforation of the lower gastrointestinal tra...

    Authors: Seiji Natsuki, Yasuhito Iseki, Hishashi Nagahara, Tatsunari Fukuoka, Masatsune Shibutani and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:121

    Content type: Case report

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  35. Adult pancreatic hemangioma is an extremely rare type of benign vascular tumor. To date, about 20 cases have been reported in the English literature. Adult patients with pancreatic hemangiomas usually have no ...

    Authors: Chong Jin, Jing-gang Mo, Hao Jiang, Lie-zhi Wang, Heng Zou and Kun-Peng Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:118

    Content type: Case report

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  36. Both tibial plateau fractures and extensor apparatus injuries are serious injuries to the knee joint that generally do not occur in the same patient. We report a rare case of open tibial plateau fracture combi...

    Authors: Daohong Zhao, Weiqiang Li, Luping Liu, Ning Lu, Leijie Chen and Jun Zhang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:114

    Content type: Case report

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  37. Metronidazole (MNZ) has been clearly established as a medication for amebic liver abscess. In uncomplicated cases, surgical drainage should be avoided. We report a case of amebic liver abscess refractory to MN...

    Authors: Keita Kouzu, Takahiro Einama, Makoto Nishikawa, Makiko Fukumura, Hiromi Nagata, Toshimitsu Iwasaki, Yoichi Miyata, Yasuhiro Obuchi, Kazuo Hase, Hideki Ueno, Yoji Kishi and Junji Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:112

    Content type: Case report

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