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Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. Content type: Case report

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validat...

    Authors: Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu and Shou-Bin Ning

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:24

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP), a newly developed operative procedure, is indicated for benign and low-grade malignant disease of the pancreas. However, few studies have reported ...

    Authors: Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryota Tanaka, Jun Tauchi and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:22

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  3. Content type: Case report

    The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cys...

    Authors: Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni and Laura Giacomelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:19

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  4. Content type: Case report

    The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3

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  7. Content type: Case report

    An inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as “giant” if descending below the midpoint of the inner thigh of a patient in upright position. In developed countries this is a rare entity. In the literature different su...

    Authors: Julia Isabelle Staubitz, Peter Gassmann, Daniel Wilhelm Kauff and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:135

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially ...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Jia Shi, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao and Bo Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:123

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. There are few reports of early-stage cases in which tumor invasion reached the lamina propria or muscularis mucosae, ...

    Authors: Shota Kuwabara, Yuma Ebihara, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:122

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112

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  13. Content type: Case report

    Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107

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  14. Content type: Case report

    We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Kazunori Yasumura, Toshinori Iwai, Jiro Maegawa, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Shohei Hirakawa and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:101

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Adrenocoricotrophic hormone (ACTH) – independent bilateral adrenocortical macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome, and is characterized by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. However,...

    Authors: Mao Tokumoto, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yukie Tauchi, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Satoru Noda, Norikazu Toi, Masahumi Kurajoh, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:97

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