Skip to content

Advertisement

Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Case report

    Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular lesions associated with early quiescence, late expansion, and, ultimately, infiltration and destruction of local soft tissue and bone. The extrem...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Hidenori Matsubara, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Hiroyuki Inatani and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:35

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Case report

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare neoplasm that tends to occur in the lower limbs of children and adolescents. Metastatic breast tumors constitute 0.5–2.0% of all malignant mammary neoplas...

    Authors: Yuka Asano, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Sadao Tokimasa, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:30

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Case report

    Subchondral bone is commonly affected in cases of giant cell tumour (GCT) of the proximal tibia. Numerous studies have stated that retaining a sufficient subchondral bone layer could decrease the possibilities...

    Authors: Minxun Lu, Jie Wang, Fan Tang, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:29

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Case report

    Gastroparesis is a syndrome characterized by delayed gastric emptying with associated symptoms. It was reported that the symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis had been greatly improved by transpyloric stent place...

    Authors: Guo-Gang Liang, Qing-Kai Zhang, Gui-Xin Zhang and Mu-Cang Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:27

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Case report

    Subdural effusion with hydrocephalus (SDEH) is a rare complication of traumatic brain injury, especially following decompressive craniectomy (DC) for posttraumatic cerebral infarction. The diagnosis and treatm...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Yun Ye, Tao Ma, Geng Jia and Huaping Qin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:26

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Case report

    Monobloc resection of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) has a major impact on overall survival and local recurrence. Anatomical boundaries, such as the sciatic notch, increase the risk of fragmentation of the lesion...

    Authors: Elodie Gaignard, Dimitri Tzanis, Toufik Bouhadiba, David C. Kieser, Fabien Robin, Damien Bergeat, Bernard Meunier and Sylvie Bonvalot

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:24

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic portal vein gas (HPVG) is a rare acute abdomen, which is not an independent disease. Meanwhile, HPVG combined with appendicitis has been rarely reported. We found only a similar report by looking for l...

    Authors: Haimin Chen, Qingsong Wu, Hongcai Fang, Bo Liang and Lu Fang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:17

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Case report

    Chest wall necrosis can manifest as a late effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer. Only two cases of fistulas communicating with the respiratory tract as a result of radiation-induced necrosis of the lu...

    Authors: Ryuichi Azuma, Masahito Kajita, Satoshi Kubo and Tomoharu Kiyosawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:14

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Case report

    Angiolipoma is a rare, benign tumor that primarily develops in the limbs and trunk. The occurrence of angiolipoma in the lungs is extremely rare; to date, only two cases of primary bronchial angiolipoma have b...

    Authors: Satoshi Kamata, Itaru Ishida, Takafumi Sugawara, Hiroshi Yaegashi and Hiroyuki Oura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:13

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Case report

    Spinal arachnoid cysts are rare and have varied clinical manifestations depending on the affected spinal region and nerve roots. A complete cyst excision with fistula closure is the first choice of treatment. ...

    Authors: Guang-Yu Ying, Kai-Sheng Chang, Ya-Juan Tang, Chun-Yuan Cheng, Yong-Jian Zhu and Chien-Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:11

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Case report

    Liver is a common location of colorectal metastasis, but intrabiliary growth of liver metastasis is not well recognized. Furthermore, intrabiliary metastasis that discovered over 10 years after excision has ra...

    Authors: Shin Sasaki, Yoriko Nomura, Shogo Fukutomi, Nobuhisa Shirahama, Hironori Kusano, Jun Akiba, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Osamu Nakashima, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:8

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Case report

    Intrahepatic subcapsular hematoma (ISH) is an extremely rare, life-threatening complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Only few cases have been reported. Herein, we reported a rare giant ISH afte...

    Authors: Qiao-fei Liu, Ling-ling Bian, Meng-qing Sun, Rong-hua Zhang, Wei-bin Wang, Yong-ning Li and Jun-chao Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:3

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Case report

    The diagnosis of paraduodenal hernia is still a challenge in clinical practice due to lacking of specific symptoms. Case presentation: An 83-yr-old male patient presented to our department due to severe abdomi...

    Authors: Chong Jin, Jinggang Mo, Guoyu Wang, Hao Jiang, Yifu Feng and Song Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:120

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Case report

    Spleen leaves its normal anatomical position and appears in other locations, which is called ectopic spleen. It is most commonly found in the abdomen or pelvis with seeding of the peritoneum, omentum or mesent...

    Authors: Yumeng Niu, Wenzhou Liu, Lei Xian, Tao Liu, Chusheng Huang and Shengzhuang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:119

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Case report

    Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the “Spigelian belt”, but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, ...

    Authors: Zhou Ye, Mo-Jin Wang, Li-Fen Bai, Han-Xiang Zhuang and Wen Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:109

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Case report

    While LAGB has become uncommon in the bariatric surgery practice, band removal with or without revision surgery is still common. Retained postoperative foreign body, of which surgical sponges are the most comm...

    Authors: Ahmad Ghazal, Mourad Niazi, Israa Kannas, Asmaa Alhasan and Hanadi Hawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:106

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Case report

    Adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are very rare benign tumors that usually present as incidental findings on abdominal imaging. Preoperative differential diagnosis from other benign or malignant adrenal neoplasms ...

    Authors: Carlo V. Feo, Alessandro De Troia, Massimo Pedriali, Simone Sala, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Paolo Carcoforo and Claudio F. Feo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:103

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Case report

    The dermoid cyst considered a cystic teratoma derived from embryonic germinal epithelium is a slow-growing benign tumour. Dermoid cysts may occur in the orbital and periorbital region in paediatric patients an...

    Authors: Ma. Luisa Villalón, Ma. De Los Ángeles Leal, José R. Chávez, Eduardo M. Santillán, Ismael Lares-Asseff, Verónica Loera, Laura Valencia, Blanca Camacho, Brenda Alvarado, Vilma Cervantes, Leslie Patrón and Horacio Almanza

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:98

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Case report

    Adenocarcinoma derived from umbilicus is very rare. Most adenocarcinomas in umbilicus are secondary events. Carcinoma derived from sweat glands is sporadic, highly radioresistant and has a clinical appearance ...

    Authors: Adeodatus Yuda Handaya, Nova Yuli Prasetyo Budi, Guntur Marganing Adi Nugroho and Aditya Rifqi Fauzi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:85

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Case report

    Perineum necrotizing fasciitis, also known as Fournier gangrene (FG), is a rare but highly mortal infectious necrotizing fasciitis with or without involvement of the underlying muscle. Evidence exists that neg...

    Authors: Yuan Tian, Ting Liu, Chuan-qi Zhao, Ze-yuan Lei, Dong-li Fan and Tong-chun Mao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:77

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Case report

    We experienced a rare case of benign arterial stricture of the right posterior hepatic artery (RPHA) caused by atherosclerosis in a patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

    Authors: Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Yoriko Nomura, Daisuke Muroya, Syoichiro Arai, Hisamune Sakai, Ryuichi Kawahara, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:76

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Case report

    Morgagni’s hernia (MH) is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with limited available literature. Late presentations are infrequent and the ones complicated due to gastric volvulus are even rarer. An...

    Authors: Zoya Fatima Rizwan Ladiwala, Rija Sheikh, Ayesha Ahmed, Ibrahim Zahid and Amjad Siraj Memon

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:67

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Case report

    Situs inversus totalis (SIT) refers to an unusual condition involving reversal of abdominal and thoracic viscera, with an incidence rate of 1/5000–20,000 adults. Minimally invasive surgeries for SIT patients a...

    Authors: Beibei Cui, Sanlin Lei, Kuijie Liu and Hongliang Yao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:64

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Case report

    Since the advent of immunohistochemistry for the diagnosis of stromal tumours, the incidence of leiomyosarcomas has significantly decreased. Nowadays, gastric leiomyosarcoma is an exceptionally rare tumour. We...

    Authors: Anis Hasnaoui, Raja Jouini, Dhafer Haddad, Haithem Zaafouri, Ahmed Bouhafa, Anis Ben Maamer and Ehsen Ben Brahim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:62

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Case report

    Fecal Incontinence (FI) can seriously affect quality of life. The treatment of fecal incontinence starts conservatively but in case of failure, different surgical approaches may be proposed to the patient. Rec...

    Authors: Francesca Mandolfino, Rosario Fornaro, Cesare Stabilini, Marco Casaccia, Tommaso Testa and Marco Frascio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:53

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare chronic invasive disease caused by Actinomyces spp. Although abdominopelvic actinomycosis, which involves the colon and the pelvic organs extensively, has been frequently reported, abdomin...

    Authors: Song Soo Yang and Yeong Cheol Im

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:51

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Case report

    The genesis of the “complex type” classification of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is unclear, and the pancreaticobiliary anatomy is also varied according to each case. We encountered a patient with PBM ...

    Authors: Yukihiro Sanada, Yasunaru Sakuma and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:50

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Case report

    Lipomas are very common benign tumors of mature fatty tissue that can occur in any part of the body. However, lipomas of the parietal peritoneum are extremely rare.

    Authors: Hanlim Choi, DongHee Ryu, Jae-Woon Choi, Yanjie Xu and Yook Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:49

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Case report

    Appendiceal intussusception is very rare condition with an estimated incidence of 0.01%. Therefore, it is likely to be overlooked. In addition, making the diagnosis before or during surgery is very difficult.

    Authors: Byung-Soo Park, Dong Hoon Shin, Dong-il Kim, Gyung Mo Son and Hyun Sung Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:48

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Case report

    Chylous ascites is considered to be an intra-abdominal collection of creamy colored fluid with triglyceride content of > 110 mg/dL. Chylous ascites is an uncommon but serious complication of numerous surgical ...

    Authors: Louai R. Zaidan, Elhaitham K. Ahmed, Bachar Halimeh, Yasser Radwan and Khalil Terro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:43

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Case report

    Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a widely accepted technique to treat local infectious wounds of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle. Recently, several reports describing the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Yusuke Fujii, Yoshitsugu Tajima, Shunsuke Kaji, Takashi Kishi, Yoshiko Miyazaki, Takahito Taniura and Noriyuki Hirahara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:41

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Case report

    The management of metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, and the role of surgery in the immunotherapy’s era is under debate. Metastatic lesions interesting pancrea...

    Authors: Andrea Boni, Giovanni Cochetti, Stefano Ascani, Michele Del Zingaro, Francesca Quadrini, Alessio Paladini, Diego Cocca and Ettore Mearini

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:40

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Case report

    Safe excision of spinal cord tumors depends on sufficient visualization of the tumor and surrounding structures. In patients with spinal cord tumor adjacent to a stenotic spinal canal, extensive bony decompres...

    Authors: Naohisa Miyakoshi, Daisuke Kudo, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:38

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Case report

    The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the c...

    Authors: Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang and Stefan Heinrich

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:26

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Case report

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validat...

    Authors: Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu and Shou-Bin Ning

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:24

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Case report

    Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP), a newly developed operative procedure, is indicated for benign and low-grade malignant disease of the pancreas. However, few studies have reported ...

    Authors: Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryota Tanaka, Jun Tauchi and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:22

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Case report

    The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cys...

    Authors: Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni and Laura Giacomelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:19

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Case report

    The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Case report

    Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Case report

    Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3

    Published on: