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Case reports

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

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  1. Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition observed in patients with some underlying medical or surgical conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient wi...

    Authors: Yuki Inagaki, Kohei Matsuo, Yoritaka Nakano and Tadashi Kondo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:191

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Abdominal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pseudocyst is an uncommon but important complication of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts. While individual articles have reported many cases of abdominal CSF pseudocyst foll...

    Authors: Hong-Cai Wang, Yi-Lei Tong, Shi-Wei Li, Mao-Song Chen, Bo-Ding Wang and Hai Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:154

    Content type: Case report

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  3. Situs inversus totalis is a rare anatomical variation of both the thoracic and the abdominal organs. Common bile duct strictures can be caused by malignant and benign diseases as well. 7–18% of the latter ones...

    Authors: K. Eitler, Z. Mathe, V. Papp, A. Zalatnai, A. Bibok, P. A. Deak, L. Kobori and G. Telkes

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:153

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Echinococcus is a worldwide zoonosis, primarily causing liver lesions. Accidentally detected, these lesions enter the differential diagnosis of a tumor, including metastasis. This situation is especially chall...

    Authors: Marionna Cathomas, Paolo Abitabile, Rok Dolanc, Christine Glaser and Gieri Cathomas

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:150

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Ganglioneuroma (GN) is ranked by the International Neuroblastoma Pathology Classification as a benign tumor. It can occur anywhere along the sympathetic nerve chain and surgical excision is the treatment of ch...

    Authors: Wagner M. Tavares, Sabrina Araujo de Franca, Amsterdam S. Vasconcelos, David S. L. Parra, Sergio R. R. Araújo and Manoel J. Teixeira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:143

    Content type: Case report

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  6. So called “mycotic” aortic aneurysms account for only 0.7 to 1.3% of all aortic aneurysms and are commonly caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella species. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), a live attenua...

    Authors: M. Buerger, S. Kapahnke, S. Omran, M. Schomaker, M. Rief, A. Greiner and J. P. Frese

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:138

    Content type: Case report

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  7. Gall bladder cancer (GBC) is the fifth most common malignancy in the gastrointestinal system and the most common malignancy of the biliary system. GBC is a very aggressive malignancy having a 5 year survival r...

    Authors: Lovenish Bains, Haraesh Maranna, Pawan Lal, Ronal Kori, Daljit Kaur, Varuna Mallya and Veerpal Singh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:133

    Content type: Case report

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  8. Despite profound advances in conservative management of esophageal perforation, patients’ selection for this type of treatment requires expert clinical judgment. Surgical intervention has been historically int...

    Authors: Armin Amirian, Reza Shahriarirad, Parviz Mardani and Maryam Salimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:129

    Content type: Case report

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  9. Neurofibromatosis comprises neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and type 2 (NF2). Major tumor type of NF1 are neurofibroma recognized as benign peripheral nerve tumor, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST...

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Hongfei Cai, Guangchao Lv and Yang Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:128

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is primary cancer of the liver with poor prognosis because of its high potential for recurrence and metastasis. We experienced a rare case of ICC with hematogenous metasta...

    Authors: Yoriko Nomura, Hisamune Sakai, Jun Akiba, Toru Hisaka, Toshihiro Sato, Yuichi Goto, Masanori Akashi, Shogo Fukutomi, Daisuke Muroya, Hiroki Kanno, Shusuke Okamura, Yuta Yano, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:122

    Content type: Case report

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  11. Osteopetrosis is a genetic disease characterized by defects in osteoclast formation and function. There were a few cases of subtrochanteric femur fractures treated with dynamic hip screw (DHS) in patients with...

    Authors: Haiqi Ding, Hongjiang Chen, Haiming Lin, Jiankun Xu, Zhonglian Huang, Wensheng Li and Jun Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:117

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Sigmoid volvulus is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to reach a diagnosis and avoid morbidity and mort...

    Authors: Abay Wondimu Gosaye, Temesgen Setato Nane and Tihitena Mammo Negussie

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:109

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Peritoneal recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy occurs rarely, accounting for less than 1% of all recurrences. Reported causes of such dissemination include a history of rupture of th...

    Authors: Hikaru Hayashi, Akira Shimizu, Hiroaki Motoyama, Koji Kubota, Tsuyoshi Notake, Shinsuke Sugenoya, Kiyotaka Hosoda, Koya Yasukawa, Ryoichiro Kobayashi and Yuji Soejima

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:107

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Breast augmentation with polyacrylamide gel (PAAG) injection was approved in China in 1998 and later banned in 2006. The ban ensued numerous complaints from patients such as pain, induration, deformation, infe...

    Authors: Bin Wang, Jiaming Sun and Jing Tong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:104

    Content type: Case report

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  15. A pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF) is a rare condition that is associated with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). Few reports have described managing PAVMs using uniportal video-assisted thorac...

    Authors: R. Li, Y. Zhou, S. Kang, F. Kong, L. Guan, Y. Zhao and X. Yin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  16. It is important to understand the branching pattern of the celiac artery for a safe surgery. Various branching anomalies of the celiac artery were classified by Adachi in 1928. In Adachi’s classification, type...

    Authors: Takayoshi Kishino, Kensuke Kumamoto, Akihiro Kondo, Seiji Noge, Yasuhisa Ando, Jun Uemura, Hironobu Suto, Eisuke Asano, Minoru Oshima, Hisashi Usuki, Keiichi Okano and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:99

    Content type: Case report

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  17. Upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with multiple pathological types is extremely rare in the clinic, but the recurrence rate and mortality these patients are high. At present, there is no standard...

    Authors: Shangqing Ren, Hualin Feng, Yige Bao, Yi Wei, Yong Ou, Yaoqian Wang, Qian Lv, Shan Zhong, Fang Zhou, Shida Fan, Qiang Wang, Cheng Luo, Zhengjun Chen, Yu Nie and Dong Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:96

    Content type: Case report

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  18. Orbital solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare neoplasms. Recurrent, hypervascular, malignant variations of orbital SFTs have recently been noted and can present a surgical challenge.

    Authors: Xiawei Wang, Jianqin Shen, Hongguang Cui, Jianwei Pan, Xiaodong Teng, Min Yan, Shi Feng and Wei Ding

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:92

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Primitive neuroectodermal tumours are clinically rare. Here, we report a case of a large peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour of the abdominal wall. The defect was reconstructed with the longest lateral...

    Authors: Xin Zhou, Pan You, Shuqing Huang, Xiang Li, Tongchun Mao, Anming Liu, Rongshuai Yan, Yiming Zhang, Wenlei Zhuo and Shaoliang Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:90

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Angular pregnancy is characterized as implant medial to the uterotubal junction in lateral angular of uterine. It was a rare obstetric complication with severe complications like uterine rupture and retained p...

    Authors: Yin Meichen, Fei Jing, Zhai Lingyun and Zhou Jianwei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:76

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Synchronous multicentric osteosarcoma (SMOS) is a rare disease characterized by simultaneous multicentricity of intraosseous osteosarcoma without visceral involvement. SMOS, including a skull lesion, which occ...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Araki, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Norio Yamamoto, Akihiko Takeuchi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Takashi Higuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Hirotaka Yonezawa, Sei Morinaga, Yohei Asano, Takayuki Nojima and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:56

    Content type: Case report

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  22. There are few articles about the surgical techniques of thalamic glioma and the lesions in the basal ganglia area. According to three existing cases and the literature review (Twelve articles were summarized w...

    Authors: Haiyang Yang, Gang Bai, Yongli Zhang, Guolong Chen, Lei Duan, Youyun Bi and Haifeng Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:55

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Gastrointestinal lymphomas like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) are rare complications of ulcerative colitis (UC), and only a few studies have reported intestinal ulcers caused by DLBCL, which got perfor...

    Authors: Takafumi Suzuki, Kazutsugu Iwamoto, Ryoichi Nozaki, Yasumitsu Saiki, Masafumi Tanaka, Mitsuko Fukunaga and Kazutaka Yamada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:50

    Content type: Case report

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  24. The prolapse of a ruptured and extruded bladder after vaginal hysterectomy is rare in clinical practice. We report the case of a significant mass that prolapsed from the vagina after a vaginal hysterectomy in ...

    Authors: Piao-Piao Ye, Xiao-Jian Yan, Yasmeen Bano, Hong-Qin Zhao, Feng-Feng Xie, Fang-Yi Zhang, Yu-Feng Wang, Hui Xie and Hai-Hong Jiang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:43

    Content type: Case report

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  25. Chemotherapy can cause thymic atrophy and reduce T-cell output in cancer patients. However, the thymus in young adult patients has regenerative potential after chemotherapy, manifesting as thymic hyperplasia w...

    Authors: Lei Qiu, Yi Zhao, Yang Yang, He Huang, Zhen Cai and Jingsong He

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:38

    Content type: Case report

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  26. A hibernoma, also known as a brown fat tumor, is a rare benign soft tissue tumor, which originates from brown adipose tissue remaining in the fetus after the gestational period. It is often detected in adult m...

    Authors: Chao Huang, Lian Zhang, Xiaohan Hu, Quanzhe Liu, Wenrui Qu and Rui Li

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:30

    Content type: Case report

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  27. Primary facial spasm accompanied by arrhythmia is a rare clinical phenomenon and has not been reported before. We describe this phenomenon and discuss its mechanism and treatment.

    Authors: Yufei Liu, Jihu Yang, Xiejun Zhang, Fanfan Chen, Liwei Zhang and Guodong Huang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:27

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Hepatopancreatoduodenectomy (HPD) for diffusely spreading bile duct cancer (DSBDC) usually involves a major hepatectomy and a concomitant pancreatoduodenectomy, and is still challenging surgery because of post...

    Authors: Kapil Nagaraj, Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:23

    Content type: Case report

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  29. A horseshoe kidney is a congenital malformation involving the fusion of the bilateral kidneys and is often accompanied by anomalies of the ureteropelvic and vascular systems. When performing resection of color...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Yoshizawa, Kuniyuki Gomi, Arano Makino, Ryo Hisamune, Sinsuke Sugenoya, Kou Shimada, Kiyotomi Maruyama, Motohiro Mihara and Shoji Kajikawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:15

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Pheochromocytoma is a catecholamine-secreting tumour that leads to various symptoms. Haemoptysis is rarely caused by a pheochromocytoma occurring outside the bronchus or thoracic cavity. Here, we report the ca...

    Authors: Yutaka Endo, Minoru Kitago, Masahiro Shinoda, Hiroshi Yagi, Yuta Abe, Shutaro Hori, Masanori Odaira, Takahiro Yokose, Kaori Kameyama and Yuko Kitagawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:13

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy that is strongly associated with chronic liver disease. Isolated hepatic tuberculosis is an uncommon type of tuberculosis. Concomitant...

    Authors: Hind S. Alsaif, Ali Hassan, Osamah Refai, Khaled Awary, Haitham Kussaibi, Mona H. Ismail and Ibrahim Alghnimi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2021 21:2

    Content type: Case report

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  32. Benign foregut cysts usually develop in the thorax most of all in the mediastinum. Rare cases involving various abdominal organs, such as liver, stomach or pancreas have been previously published, mostly occur...

    Authors: Jozsef Furak, Anna Rieth, Aurel Ottlakan, Tibor Nemeth, Laszlo Torday, Laszlo Tiszlavicz and Gyorgy Lazar

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:332

    Content type: Case report

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  33. Serous cysto-adenoma (SCA) is a rare benign neoplasm of the pancreas. SCA can mimic other pancreatic lesions, such as neuroendocrine tumours. 68Gallium-DOTA-peptide Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is able t...

    Authors: Gennaro Nappo, Niccola Funel, Simone Giudici, Paola Spaggiari, Giovanni Capretti, Silvia Carrara, Giovanna Pepe and Alessandro Zerbi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2020 20:331

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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