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Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Case report

    Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the “Spigelian belt”, but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, ...

    Authors: Zhou Ye, Mo-Jin Wang, Li-Fen Bai, Han-Xiang Zhuang and Wen Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:109

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  2. Content type: Case report

    While LAGB has become uncommon in the bariatric surgery practice, band removal with or without revision surgery is still common. Retained postoperative foreign body, of which surgical sponges are the most comm...

    Authors: Ahmad Ghazal, Mourad Niazi, Israa Kannas, Asmaa Alhasan and Hanadi Hawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:106

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are very rare benign tumors that usually present as incidental findings on abdominal imaging. Preoperative differential diagnosis from other benign or malignant adrenal neoplasms ...

    Authors: Carlo V. Feo, Alessandro De Troia, Massimo Pedriali, Simone Sala, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Paolo Carcoforo and Claudio F. Feo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:103

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  4. Content type: Case report

    The dermoid cyst considered a cystic teratoma derived from embryonic germinal epithelium is a slow-growing benign tumour. Dermoid cysts may occur in the orbital and periorbital region in paediatric patients an...

    Authors: Ma. Luisa Villalón, Ma. De Los Ángeles Leal, José R. Chávez, Eduardo M. Santillán, Ismael Lares-Asseff, Verónica Loera, Laura Valencia, Blanca Camacho, Brenda Alvarado, Vilma Cervantes, Leslie Patrón and Horacio Almanza

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:98

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Adenocarcinoma derived from umbilicus is very rare. Most adenocarcinomas in umbilicus are secondary events. Carcinoma derived from sweat glands is sporadic, highly radioresistant and has a clinical appearance ...

    Authors: Adeodatus Yuda Handaya, Nova Yuli Prasetyo Budi, Guntur Marganing Adi Nugroho and Aditya Rifqi Fauzi

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:85

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  6. Content type: Case report

    We experienced a rare case of benign arterial stricture of the right posterior hepatic artery (RPHA) caused by atherosclerosis in a patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

    Authors: Yuichi Goto, Satoki Kojima, Yoriko Nomura, Daisuke Muroya, Syoichiro Arai, Hisamune Sakai, Ryuichi Kawahara, Toru Hisaka, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:76

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Perineum necrotizing fasciitis, also known as Fournier gangrene (FG), is a rare but highly mortal infectious necrotizing fasciitis with or without involvement of the underlying muscle. Evidence exists that neg...

    Authors: Yuan Tian, Ting Liu, Chuan-qi Zhao, Ze-yuan Lei, Dong-li Fan and Tong-chun Mao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:77

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Morgagni’s hernia (MH) is a rare type of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with limited available literature. Late presentations are infrequent and the ones complicated due to gastric volvulus are even rarer. An...

    Authors: Zoya Fatima Rizwan Ladiwala, Rija Sheikh, Ayesha Ahmed, Ibrahim Zahid and Amjad Siraj Memon

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:67

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Situs inversus totalis (SIT) refers to an unusual condition involving reversal of abdominal and thoracic viscera, with an incidence rate of 1/5000–20,000 adults. Minimally invasive surgeries for SIT patients a...

    Authors: Beibei Cui, Sanlin Lei, Kuijie Liu and Hongliang Yao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:64

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Since the advent of immunohistochemistry for the diagnosis of stromal tumours, the incidence of leiomyosarcomas has significantly decreased. Nowadays, gastric leiomyosarcoma is an exceptionally rare tumour. We...

    Authors: Anis Hasnaoui, Raja Jouini, Dhafer Haddad, Haithem Zaafouri, Ahmed Bouhafa, Anis Ben Maamer and Ehsen Ben Brahim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:62

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Fecal Incontinence (FI) can seriously affect quality of life. The treatment of fecal incontinence starts conservatively but in case of failure, different surgical approaches may be proposed to the patient. Rec...

    Authors: Francesca Mandolfino, Rosario Fornaro, Cesare Stabilini, Marco Casaccia, Tommaso Testa and Marco Frascio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:53

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare chronic invasive disease caused by Actinomyces spp. Although abdominopelvic actinomycosis, which involves the colon and the pelvic organs extensively, has been frequently reported, abdomin...

    Authors: Song Soo Yang and Yeong Cheol Im

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:51

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  13. Content type: Case report

    The genesis of the “complex type” classification of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is unclear, and the pancreaticobiliary anatomy is also varied according to each case. We encountered a patient with PBM ...

    Authors: Yukihiro Sanada, Yasunaru Sakuma and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:50

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  14. Content type: Case report

    Lipomas are very common benign tumors of mature fatty tissue that can occur in any part of the body. However, lipomas of the parietal peritoneum are extremely rare.

    Authors: Hanlim Choi, DongHee Ryu, Jae-Woon Choi, Yanjie Xu and Yook Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:49

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Appendiceal intussusception is very rare condition with an estimated incidence of 0.01%. Therefore, it is likely to be overlooked. In addition, making the diagnosis before or during surgery is very difficult.

    Authors: Byung-Soo Park, Dong Hoon Shin, Dong-il Kim, Gyung Mo Son and Hyun Sung Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:48

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Chylous ascites is considered to be an intra-abdominal collection of creamy colored fluid with triglyceride content of > 110 mg/dL. Chylous ascites is an uncommon but serious complication of numerous surgical ...

    Authors: Louai R. Zaidan, Elhaitham K. Ahmed, Bachar Halimeh, Yasser Radwan and Khalil Terro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:43

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a widely accepted technique to treat local infectious wounds of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle. Recently, several reports describing the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Yusuke Fujii, Yoshitsugu Tajima, Shunsuke Kaji, Takashi Kishi, Yoshiko Miyazaki, Takahito Taniura and Noriyuki Hirahara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:41

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  18. Content type: Case report

    The management of metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, and the role of surgery in the immunotherapy’s era is under debate. Metastatic lesions interesting pancrea...

    Authors: Andrea Boni, Giovanni Cochetti, Stefano Ascani, Michele Del Zingaro, Francesca Quadrini, Alessio Paladini, Diego Cocca and Ettore Mearini

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:40

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Safe excision of spinal cord tumors depends on sufficient visualization of the tumor and surrounding structures. In patients with spinal cord tumor adjacent to a stenotic spinal canal, extensive bony decompres...

    Authors: Naohisa Miyakoshi, Daisuke Kudo, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:38

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  20. Content type: Case report

    The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the c...

    Authors: Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang and Stefan Heinrich

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:26

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validat...

    Authors: Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu and Shou-Bin Ning

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:24

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP), a newly developed operative procedure, is indicated for benign and low-grade malignant disease of the pancreas. However, few studies have reported ...

    Authors: Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryota Tanaka, Jun Tauchi and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:22

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  23. Content type: Case report

    The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cys...

    Authors: Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni and Laura Giacomelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:19

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  24. Content type: Case report

    The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3

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  27. Content type: Case report

    An inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as “giant” if descending below the midpoint of the inner thigh of a patient in upright position. In developed countries this is a rare entity. In the literature different su...

    Authors: Julia Isabelle Staubitz, Peter Gassmann, Daniel Wilhelm Kauff and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:135

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially ...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Jia Shi, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao and Bo Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:123

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. There are few reports of early-stage cases in which tumor invasion reached the lamina propria or muscularis mucosae, ...

    Authors: Shota Kuwabara, Yuma Ebihara, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:122

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107

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  34. Content type: Case report

    We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Kazunori Yasumura, Toshinori Iwai, Jiro Maegawa, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Shohei Hirakawa and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:101

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Adrenocoricotrophic hormone (ACTH) – independent bilateral adrenocortical macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome, and is characterized by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. However,...

    Authors: Mao Tokumoto, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yukie Tauchi, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Satoru Noda, Norikazu Toi, Masahumi Kurajoh, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:97

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Hyperlordosis is common in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), which cannot be controlled by bracing. While the surgical treatment is neither reported nor recommended in previous studies, we report ...

    Authors: Haining Tan, Fan Feng, Youxi Lin, Chong Chen, Zheng Li and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:83

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  37. Content type: Case report

    Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:81

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