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Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 1 of 4

  1. Content type: Case report

    Eccrine porocarcinoma is an extremely rare skin adnexal malignant neoplasia with highly invasive and metastatic potential. We report an additional case of eccrine porocarcinoma with intracranial metastases. Th...

    Authors: Jie Shen, Xinfa Pan, Yongfu Lu, Desheng Pan, Yuehui Ma and Renya Zhan

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:142

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) originating from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are rare and very highly malignant disease with a poor prognosis. Poorly differentiated NECs most commonl...

    Authors: Jong Eun Lee, Sung Hoon Hong, Hae Il Jung, Myoung Won Son, Tae Sung Ahn, Sun Wook Han and Jun Hun Cho

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:135

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  3. Content type: Case report

    Intra-operative identification of parathyroid glands is often a challenge for surgeons performing parathyroid or thyroid surgery. Parathyroid glands stimulated by near-infrared light emit autofluorescence, whi...

    Authors: Carlos Serra, Luís Silveira, António Canudo and Manuel C. Lemos

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:120

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Multiple coronary artery dissection is rare after cardiac surgery. It is difficult to recognize and is easily misdiagnosed as low output syndrome as a result of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

    Authors: Dengshen Zhang, Jun Shi, Jianglong Hou and Yingqiang Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:118

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is an uncommon complication of severe pancreatitis. It is defined as a sustained intraabdominal pressure (IAP) > 20 mmHg (with or without an abdominal perfusion pressure (A...

    Authors: Adele Hwee Hong Lee, Wen-Shen Lee and David Anderson

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:113

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Bacteraemia of the donor is not considered to be contraindication of organ procurement. On the other hand, infection of solid organ transplant recipients remains to be a major cause of their morbidity and mort...

    Authors: Eva Kieslichova, Marek Protus, Dana Nemcova and Eva Uchytilova

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:111

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Post cholecystectomy syndrome is characterized as recurrence of symptoms as experienced before cholecystectomy. In rare cases, a remnant cystic duct is causing these symptoms and occasionally surgical resectio...

    Authors: Labrinus van Manen, Quirijn R. J. G. Tummers, Akin Inderson, Abha Bhalla, Alexander L. Vahrmeijer, Bert A. Bonsing and J. Sven. D. Mieog

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:104

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Spine fractures combined with sternal injury are most commonly occur in the thoracic region. Lower cervical and thoracolumbar injuries have also been reported, especially for the patients with manubriosternal ...

    Authors: Wei-yu Jiang, Yun-lin Chen, Nan-jian Xu, Xu-dong Hu, Chao-yue Ruan and Wei-hu Ma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:101

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  9. Content type: Case report

    A giant phyllodes tumor of the breast is a rare fibroepithelial lesion, and its treatment is controversial. Many case reports have reported performing skin graft reconstruction after tumor excision. Chest wall...

    Authors: Chih-Yu Kuo, Shing-Huey Lin, Kuan-Der Lee, Sho-Jen Cheng, Jan-Show Chu and Shih-Hsin Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:100

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects spine and paraspinal soft tissue. Ankylosing spondylitis is one of the causes of osteoporosis and patients with ankylosing s...

    Authors: Yang Min, Gu Hui-Yun, Zhong Hou-cheng, Xie Yuan-long, Jin Wei, Cai Lin and Wei Ren-xiong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:99

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Occipital neuralgia is one of the postoperative complications of C1 lateral mass screw insertion, which was deemed to be related with the C2 nerve root dysfunction.

    Authors: Jun-Song Yang, Jing Li, Hao Chen, Peng Liu, Chu Chen, Tuan-Jiang Liu, Lei Chu and Ding-Jun Hao

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:96

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  12. Content type: Research article

    No data are available to assess the learning curve for transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic hysterectomy for non-prolapsed uteri in benign gynecologic diseases. The lack of exposure to transvag...

    Authors: Chin-Jung Wang, Justina Go, Hui-Yu Huang, Kai-Yun Wu, Yi-Ting Huang, Yu-Cheng Liu and Cindy Hsuan Weng

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:88

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  13. Content type: Case report

    The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) is the second most performed bariatric surgical procedure. With the increasing number of patients undergoing bariatric surgery, the number of complications is...

    Authors: Kiran Chandni Baran and Maurits de Brauw

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:77

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  14. Content type: Case report

    An orbitocranial injury with a penetrating Intraorbital Foreign Body (IOFB) is listed as a rare cause of penetrating trauma. Since this type of trauma is considered a surgical emergency, taking a thorough hist...

    Authors: Farhad Mirzaei, Firooz Salehpour, Ghaffar Shokuhi, Touraj Asvadi Kermani, Sana Salehi and Sina Parsay

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:76

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Intussusception is a relatively common condition seen in children. In comparison, adult intussusception is rare and usually occurs as a complication in patients with organic diseases. It is responsible for 1% ...

    Authors: Tamuro Hayama, Yojiro Hashiguchi, Kohei Ohno, Yuka Okada, Kentaro Nemoto, Takahiro Yagi, Mitsuo Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Fukushima, Tsuyoshi Ozawa, Ryu Shimada, Koichi Okamoto, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Keijiro Nozawa and Keiji Matsuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:74

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare pathology caused by a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. If intractable by conventional methods (i.e. bedrest, analgesics, or epidural blood patching) it may l...

    Authors: Michael Fiechter, Alexander Ott, Jürgen Beck, Astrid Weyerbrock and Jean-Yves Fournier

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:66

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Tumor lysis syndrome is an unusual metabolic emergency in solid tumors. Perioperative occurrence of this syndrome is extremely rare but may have fatal consequences if not detected and treated on time.

    Authors: Daniel Pindak, Katarina Rejlekova, Miroslav Tomas, Ramadan Aziri, Eva Rovenska, Judita Puskacova and Michal Mego

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:62

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Bezoars are rare but may cause gastrointestinal obstruction and ulcers. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of bezoars in the reconstructed gastric conduit have been reported, but there has been no re...

    Authors: Keiichiro Hatoyama, Yusuke Taniyama, Tadashi Sakurai, Makoto Hikage, Chiaki Sato, Hiroshi Okamoto, Kai Takaya, Yu Onodera and Takashi Kamei

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:59

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Non-parasitic splenic cysts are associated with elevated serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19–9 levels. We report a case in which a 23-year-old female exhibited a large ruptured splenic cyst and an elevated seru...

    Authors: Yoshitaka Imoto, Takahiro Einama, Makiko Fukumura, Keita Kouzu, Hiromi Nagata, Ayano Matsunaga, Mayumi Hoshikawa, Makoto Nishikawa, Akifumi Kimura, Takuji Noro, Suefumi Aosasa, Hideyuki Shimazaki, Hideki Ueno and Junji Yamamoto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:58

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Late solidified hematoma is a rare complication of breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi (LD) flap. The majority of hematomas occur in the immediate postoperative period; however, some cases can occur at...

    Authors: Joon Seok Lee, Hyeon Jun Jeon, Jeeyeon Lee, Ho Yong Park and Jung Dug Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:51

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Kummell’s Disease has insidious progression. Neurological deficit is usually slow in onset and progression and only few cases of acute neurological deficit have been reported. We came across a case of Kummell’...

    Authors: Hyeun Sung Kim, Ravindra Singh, Nitin Maruti Adsul, Sung Woon Oh, Jung Hoon Noh, Jun Hwan Park, I. L. Tae Jang and Seong Hoon Oh

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:49

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  22. Content type: Case report

    The accessory spleen is a congenital defect characterized by a separated ectopic splenic parenchyma. The size is rarely more than 4 cm. The preoperative diagnosis is prohibitive preoperatively. The aims of the...

    Authors: V. Palumbo, M. Mannino, M. Teodoro, G. Menconi, E. Schembari, G. Corsale, I. Di Carlo and A. Toro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:45

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant genetic disease with characteristic café-au-lait spots, neurofibroma, and dystrophic changes in the bones. However, complications involving atlanto-axial dislo...

    Authors: Hayato Kinoshita, Naohisa Miyakoshi, Takashi Kobayashi, Toshiki Abe, Kazuma Kikuchi and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:44

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a disease involving the peritoneum characterized by the production of large quantities of mucinous ascites. PMP has a low incidence, is difficult to diagnose, and has a guarded ...

    Authors: Shili Ning, Yanliang Yang, Chen Wang and Fuwen Luo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:42

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare congenital vascular lesions associated with early quiescence, late expansion, and, ultimately, infiltration and destruction of local soft tissue and bone. The extrem...

    Authors: Akihiko Takeuchi, Hidenori Matsubara, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Shinji Miwa, Kentaro Igarashi, Hiroyuki Inatani and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:35

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare neoplasm that tends to occur in the lower limbs of children and adolescents. Metastatic breast tumors constitute 0.5–2.0% of all malignant mammary neoplas...

    Authors: Yuka Asano, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Koji Takada, Sadao Tokimasa, Tsutomu Takashima, Masahiko Ohsawa, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:30

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Subchondral bone is commonly affected in cases of giant cell tumour (GCT) of the proximal tibia. Numerous studies have stated that retaining a sufficient subchondral bone layer could decrease the possibilities...

    Authors: Minxun Lu, Jie Wang, Fan Tang, Li Min, Yong Zhou, Wenli Zhang and Chongqi Tu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:29

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Gastroparesis is a syndrome characterized by delayed gastric emptying with associated symptoms. It was reported that the symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis had been greatly improved by transpyloric stent place...

    Authors: Guo-Gang Liang, Qing-Kai Zhang, Gui-Xin Zhang and Mu-Cang Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:27

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Subdural effusion with hydrocephalus (SDEH) is a rare complication of traumatic brain injury, especially following decompressive craniectomy (DC) for posttraumatic cerebral infarction. The diagnosis and treatm...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Yun Ye, Tao Ma, Geng Jia and Huaping Qin

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:26

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Monobloc resection of soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) has a major impact on overall survival and local recurrence. Anatomical boundaries, such as the sciatic notch, increase the risk of fragmentation of the lesion...

    Authors: Elodie Gaignard, Dimitri Tzanis, Toufik Bouhadiba, David C. Kieser, Fabien Robin, Damien Bergeat, Bernard Meunier and Sylvie Bonvalot

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:24

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Hepatic portal vein gas (HPVG) is a rare acute abdomen, which is not an independent disease. Meanwhile, HPVG combined with appendicitis has been rarely reported. We found only a similar report by looking for l...

    Authors: Haimin Chen, Qingsong Wu, Hongcai Fang, Bo Liang and Lu Fang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:17

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Chest wall necrosis can manifest as a late effect of radiation therapy for breast cancer. Only two cases of fistulas communicating with the respiratory tract as a result of radiation-induced necrosis of the lu...

    Authors: Ryuichi Azuma, Masahito Kajita, Satoshi Kubo and Tomoharu Kiyosawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:14

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Angiolipoma is a rare, benign tumor that primarily develops in the limbs and trunk. The occurrence of angiolipoma in the lungs is extremely rare; to date, only two cases of primary bronchial angiolipoma have b...

    Authors: Satoshi Kamata, Itaru Ishida, Takafumi Sugawara, Hiroshi Yaegashi and Hiroyuki Oura

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:13

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Spinal arachnoid cysts are rare and have varied clinical manifestations depending on the affected spinal region and nerve roots. A complete cyst excision with fistula closure is the first choice of treatment. ...

    Authors: Guang-Yu Ying, Kai-Sheng Chang, Ya-Juan Tang, Chun-Yuan Cheng, Yong-Jian Zhu and Chien-Min Chen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:11

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Liver is a common location of colorectal metastasis, but intrabiliary growth of liver metastasis is not well recognized. Furthermore, intrabiliary metastasis that discovered over 10 years after excision has ra...

    Authors: Shin Sasaki, Yoriko Nomura, Shogo Fukutomi, Nobuhisa Shirahama, Hironori Kusano, Jun Akiba, Hisamune Sakai, Toru Hisaka, Osamu Nakashima, Hirohisa Yano, Yoshito Akagi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Koji Okuda

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:8

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  36. Content type: Case report

    Intrahepatic subcapsular hematoma (ISH) is an extremely rare, life-threatening complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Only few cases have been reported. Herein, we reported a rare giant ISH afte...

    Authors: Qiao-fei Liu, Ling-ling Bian, Meng-qing Sun, Rong-hua Zhang, Wei-bin Wang, Yong-ning Li and Jun-chao Guo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2019 19:3

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  37. Content type: Case report

    The diagnosis of paraduodenal hernia is still a challenge in clinical practice due to lacking of specific symptoms. Case presentation: An 83-yr-old male patient presented to our department due to severe abdomi...

    Authors: Chong Jin, Jinggang Mo, Guoyu Wang, Hao Jiang, Yifu Feng and Song Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:120

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  38. Content type: Case report

    Spleen leaves its normal anatomical position and appears in other locations, which is called ectopic spleen. It is most commonly found in the abdomen or pelvis with seeding of the peritoneum, omentum or mesent...

    Authors: Yumeng Niu, Wenzhou Liu, Lei Xian, Tao Liu, Chusheng Huang and Shengzhuang Yang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:119

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  39. Content type: Case report

    Spigelian hernia (SH) is rare and constitutes less than 2% of all hernias. It is reported that more than 90% of SHs lie in the “Spigelian belt”, but SH in the upper abdominal wall is extremely uncommon. Here, ...

    Authors: Zhou Ye, Mo-Jin Wang, Li-Fen Bai, Han-Xiang Zhuang and Wen Zhuang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:109

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  40. Content type: Case report

    While LAGB has become uncommon in the bariatric surgery practice, band removal with or without revision surgery is still common. Retained postoperative foreign body, of which surgical sponges are the most comm...

    Authors: Ahmad Ghazal, Mourad Niazi, Israa Kannas, Asmaa Alhasan and Hanadi Hawa

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:106

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  41. Content type: Case report

    Adrenal cavernous hemangiomas are very rare benign tumors that usually present as incidental findings on abdominal imaging. Preoperative differential diagnosis from other benign or malignant adrenal neoplasms ...

    Authors: Carlo V. Feo, Alessandro De Troia, Massimo Pedriali, Simone Sala, Maria Chiara Zatelli, Paolo Carcoforo and Claudio F. Feo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:103

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