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Case reports

Section edited by Marco Allaix

This section welcomes submissions of case reports from all surgical specialties, including those covered by other sections.

Page 1 of 3

  1. Content type: Case report

    Fecal Incontinence (FI) can seriously affect quality of life. The treatment of fecal incontinence starts conservatively but in case of failure, different surgical approaches may be proposed to the patient. Rec...

    Authors: Francesca Mandolfino, Rosario Fornaro, Cesare Stabilini, Marco Casaccia, Tommaso Testa and Marco Frascio

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:53

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Actinomycosis is a rare chronic invasive disease caused by Actinomyces spp. Although abdominopelvic actinomycosis, which involves the colon and the pelvic organs extensively, has been frequently reported, abdomin...

    Authors: Song Soo Yang and Yeong Cheol Im

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:51

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  3. Content type: Case report

    The genesis of the “complex type” classification of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) is unclear, and the pancreaticobiliary anatomy is also varied according to each case. We encountered a patient with PBM ...

    Authors: Yukihiro Sanada, Yasunaru Sakuma and Naohiro Sata

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:50

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Lipomas are very common benign tumors of mature fatty tissue that can occur in any part of the body. However, lipomas of the parietal peritoneum are extremely rare.

    Authors: Hanlim Choi, DongHee Ryu, Jae-Woon Choi, Yanjie Xu and Yook Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:49

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Appendiceal intussusception is very rare condition with an estimated incidence of 0.01%. Therefore, it is likely to be overlooked. In addition, making the diagnosis before or during surgery is very difficult.

    Authors: Byung-Soo Park, Dong Hoon Shin, Dong-il Kim, Gyung Mo Son and Hyun Sung Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:48

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  6. Content type: Case report

    Chylous ascites is considered to be an intra-abdominal collection of creamy colored fluid with triglyceride content of > 110 mg/dL. Chylous ascites is an uncommon but serious complication of numerous surgical ...

    Authors: Louai R. Zaidan, Elhaitham K. Ahmed, Bachar Halimeh, Yasser Radwan and Khalil Terro

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:43

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a widely accepted technique to treat local infectious wounds of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, fascia, or muscle. Recently, several reports describing the efficacy of ...

    Authors: Yusuke Fujii, Yoshitsugu Tajima, Shunsuke Kaji, Takashi Kishi, Yoshiko Miyazaki, Takahito Taniura and Noriyuki Hirahara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:41

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  8. Content type: Case report

    The management of metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) has changed dramatically in the last 20 years, and the role of surgery in the immunotherapy’s era is under debate. Metastatic lesions interesting pancrea...

    Authors: Andrea Boni, Giovanni Cochetti, Stefano Ascani, Michele Del Zingaro, Francesca Quadrini, Alessio Paladini, Diego Cocca and Ettore Mearini

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:40

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  9. Content type: Case report

    Safe excision of spinal cord tumors depends on sufficient visualization of the tumor and surrounding structures. In patients with spinal cord tumor adjacent to a stenotic spinal canal, extensive bony decompres...

    Authors: Naohisa Miyakoshi, Daisuke Kudo, Michio Hongo, Yuji Kasukawa, Yoshinori Ishikawa and Yoichi Shimada

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:38

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  10. Content type: Case report

    The anatomic variations of the visceral arteries are not uncommon. The liver arterial blood supply shows 50% variability between humans, with the most common anatomy being one hepatic artery arising from the c...

    Authors: Evangelos Tagkalos, Florian Jungmann, Hauke Lang and Stefan Heinrich

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:26

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  11. Content type: Case report

    Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a Mendelian disease characterized by gastrointestinal hamartomas, mucocutaneous pigmentation (MP), and increased cancer risk. Serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11) is the only validat...

    Authors: Zi-Ye Zhao, Yu-Liang Jiang, Bai-Rong Li, Jing Li, Xiao-Wei Jin, En-Da Yu and Shou-Bin Ning

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:24

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  12. Content type: Case report

    Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP), a newly developed operative procedure, is indicated for benign and low-grade malignant disease of the pancreas. However, few studies have reported ...

    Authors: Kenjiro Kimura, Go Ohira, Ryosuke Amano, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Ryota Tanaka, Jun Tauchi and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:22

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  13. Content type: Case report

    The mediastinal ectopic thyroid is very rare, accounting for less than 1% of all cases of ectopic thyroid tissue. The differential diagnoses with other diseases such as lymphomas, thymic tumors and dermoid cys...

    Authors: Alessio Metere, Tiziano De Giacomo, Massimo Vergine, Marco Biffoni and Laura Giacomelli

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:19

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  14. Content type: Case report

    The wrist joint is an extremely rare site for osteosarcoma. Joint structure preservation to maintain good limb function is well described in case of knee osteosarcoma, whereas it is not described in case of wr...

    Authors: Takashi Higuchi, Norio Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Hayashi, Akihiko Takeuchi, Kensaku Abe, Yuta Taniguchi, Yoshihiro Araki, Kaoru Tada and Hiroyuki Tsuchiya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:12

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  15. Content type: Case report

    Penetrating aortic trauma remains one of the most challenging injuries with a high mortality rate if left untreated, or if the surgical treatment is delayed. We present an uncommon case of a late diagnosed abd...

    Authors: Alessia Giaquinta, Dovile Mociskyte, Giuseppe D’Arrigo, Giuseppe Barbagallo, Francesco Certo, Massimiliano Veroux and Pierfrancesco Veroux

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:6

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Aortoesophageal fistula (AEF) and arch pseudoaneurysm are rare complications induced by a foreign body, and considerable controversy remains regarding the appropriate management strategies. We herein report a ...

    Authors: Jia-yu Shen, Hong-wei Zhang, Kang-jun Fan, Hu Liao, Er-yong Zhang and Jia Hu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2018 18:3

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  17. Content type: Case report

    An inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as “giant” if descending below the midpoint of the inner thigh of a patient in upright position. In developed countries this is a rare entity. In the literature different su...

    Authors: Julia Isabelle Staubitz, Peter Gassmann, Daniel Wilhelm Kauff and Hauke Lang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:135

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Delayed epidural hematoma (DEH) following evacuation of traumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) or acute epidural hematoma (EDH) is a rare but devastating complication, especially when it occurs sequentially ...

    Authors: Ruhong Wu, Jia Shi, Jiachao Cao, Yumin Mao and Bo Dong

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:123

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Primary malignant melanoma of the esophagus (PMME) is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. There are few reports of early-stage cases in which tumor invasion reached the lamina propria or muscularis mucosae, ...

    Authors: Shota Kuwabara, Yuma Ebihara, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe and Satoshi Hirano

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:122

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Uterine leiomyomas represent the gynecological neoplasm with the highest prevalence worldwide. This apparently benign pathological entity may permeate into the venous system causing the so-called intravenous l...

    Authors: Lidia Castagneto Gissey, Germano Mariano, Layla Musleh, Pasquale Lepiane, Marco Colasanti, Roberto L. Meniconi, Federico Ranocchi, Francesco Musumeci, Mario Antonini and Giuseppe M. Ettorre

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:118

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Duodenal obstruction occurs mainly due to physical lesions such as duodenal ulcers or tumors. Obstruction due to bezoars is rare. We describe an extremely rare case of obstruction in the third portion of the d...

    Authors: Yukinori Yamagata, Kazuyuki Saito, Kosuke Hirano, Yawara Kubota, Ryuji Yoshioka, Takashi Okuyama, Emiko Takeshita, Nobumi Tagaya, Shinichi Sameshima, Tamaki Noie and Masatoshi Oya

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:117

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Although various endoscopic techniques in situs inversus have been reported, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with situs inversus is always challenging even for an experienced ...

    Authors: Jung Min Lee, Jae Min Lee, Jong Jin Hyun, Hyuk Soon Choi, Eun Sun Kim, Bora Keum, Yoon Tae Jeen, Hoon Jai Chun, Hong Sik Lee and Chang Duck Kim

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:112

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Rectovaginal fistulas represent 5% of all anorectal fistulae and are a disastrous manifestation of Crohn’s disease that negatively affects patients’ social and sexual quality of life. Treatment remains challen...

    Authors: Gaetano Gallo, Alberto Realis Luc, Giuseppe Clerico and Mario Trompetto

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:107

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  24. Content type: Case report

    We present the cases of 2 patients with invasive thyroid cancer, who underwent reconstructive surgery using a deltopectoral flap. Although the overall rate of extrathyroidal extension in patients with thyroid ...

    Authors: Taro Mikami, Shintaro Kagimoto, Yuichiro Yabuki, Kazunori Yasumura, Toshinori Iwai, Jiro Maegawa, Nobuyasu Suganuma, Shohei Hirakawa and Katsuhiko Masudo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:101

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Adrenocoricotrophic hormone (ACTH) – independent bilateral adrenocortical macronodular hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing’s syndrome, and is characterized by bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. However,...

    Authors: Mao Tokumoto, Naoyoshi Onoda, Yukie Tauchi, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Satoru Noda, Norikazu Toi, Masahumi Kurajoh, Masahiko Ohsawa, Yuto Yamazaki, Hironobu Sasano, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:97

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Hyperlordosis is common in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), which cannot be controlled by bracing. While the surgical treatment is neither reported nor recommended in previous studies, we report ...

    Authors: Haining Tan, Fan Feng, Youxi Lin, Chong Chen, Zheng Li and Jianxiong Shen

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:83

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Common complications of pelvic fractures include visceral injury, large-volume hemorrhage, genitourinary injury, rectal injury, and pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, traumatic hernia is a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Ryota Tanaka, Hisashi Nagahara, Kiyoshi Maeda, Hiroshi Ohtani, Masatsune Shibutani, Tatsuro Tamura, Tetsuro Ikeya, Kenji Sugano, Yasuhito Iseki, Katsunobu Sakurai, Sadaaki Yamazoe, Kenjiro Kimura, Takahiro Toyokawa, Ryosuke Amano, Naoshi Kubo, Hiroaki Tanaka…

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:81

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Although ectopic pancreatic tissue is common in the upper gastrointestinal tract, the incidence of ectopic pancreatic tissue in the jejunum is low, and malignant transformation in ectopic pancreatic tissue is ...

    Authors: Kosei Takagi, Takahito Yagi, Takehiro Tanaka, Yuzo Umeda, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise and Toshiyoshi Fujiwara

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:75

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  29. Content type: Case report

    Adrenal myelolipoma is an uncommon, benign, and hormonally non-functioning tumor that is composed of mature adipose tissue and normal hematopoietic tissue. Most cases to date are asymptomatic or have epigastri...

    Authors: Hui-Pu Liu, Wen-Yen Chang, Shan-Tao Chien, Chin-Wen Hsu, Yu-Chiuan Wu, Wen-Ching Kung, Chun-Min Su and Ping-Hung Liu

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:74

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Presence of retro-aortic left renal vein poses special challenge in creating spleno-renal shunt potentially increasing the chance of shunt failure. The technical feasibility and successful outcome of splenectomy ...

    Authors: Sundeep Jain, Mukesh Kalla, Adil Suleman and Alok Verma

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:65

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve is one of the most severe complications of thyroid surgery. Several anatomic variations of the nerve increase the likelihood of iatrogenic damage.

    Authors: Gaosong Wu and Kun Wang

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:66

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  32. Content type: Case report

    Kimura’s disease (KD; eosinophilic granuloma of soft tissue) is an inflammatory granulomatous disorder of unknown cause with eosinophilic infiltration that occurs mainly in soft tissue. KD occurs mainly in the...

    Authors: Kenji Kuroda, Shinichiro Kashiwagi, Hitoshi Teraoka, Haruhito Kinoshita, Mikio Nanbara, Eiji Noda, Takaaki Chikugo, Kosei Hirakawa and Masaichi Ohira

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:63

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Hemolytic transfusion reactions and transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) are life-threatening complications associated with the transfusion of blood products. Hemorrhage is one of the most common surg...

    Authors: Tim N. Beck, Natalee G. Young, Michelle L. Erickson and Ignacio Prats

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:48

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  34. Content type: Case report

    Castleman’s disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology that most commonly presents as a mediastinal nodal mass. It is exceptionally uncommon for Castleman’s disease to present in the me...

    Authors: Umberto Bracale, Francesco Pacelli, Marco Milone, Umberto Marcello Bracale, Maurizio Sodo, Giovanni Merola, Teresa Troiani and Enrico Di Salvo

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:38

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Gastroduodenalartery (GDA) pseudo-aneurysms are very rare. Their clinical importance lies in the eventuality of rupture, causing bleeding and ultimately exsanguination.

    Authors: Haithem Zaafouri, Anis Hasnaoui, Sonia Essghaeir, Dhafer Haddad, Meriam Sabbah, Ahmed Bouhafa, Jamel Kharrat and Anis Ben Maamer

    Citation: BMC Surgery 2017 17:30

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